Climate, Technology and Governance
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Climate, Technology and Governance



Group presentation on Geoengineering at Baruch College for CIS 9230: Globalization and Technology.

Group presentation on Geoengineering at Baruch College for CIS 9230: Globalization and Technology.



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  • Agenda slide
  • Ice melting is accelerating Global Warming by reducing
  • Ice melting is accelerating Global Warming by reducing
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Climate, Technology and Governance Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGroup 3 Presenters:Ryan RadcliffeBobby KhondkerMatt BrownChristine Stoddard
  • 2. Climate, Technology, and GovernancePath to Success Globalization’s Negative Effects Environmental Degradation Geoengineering is a Tool Governance is the Solution The Future is in our hands
  • 3. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceThe Globalization Effect
  • 4. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceEnvironmental Degradation Water Pollution  Less than 3% of the World’s water is usable  Water contamination  Chain effect of Global Warming Soil Pollution  Globalization hastens Erosion & Deforestation  Waste-dumping, pesticides & fertilizers Air Pollution  Greenhouse gas emissions  Effect on the Ozone Layer
  • 5. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGeoengineering“large-scale engineering of our environment in order tocombat or counteract the effects of changes inatmospheric chemistry” - National Academy of SciencesGeoengineering Approaches Carbon Sequestration/Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) Solar Radiation Management (SRM)
  • 6. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceCDR Approaches Land Based Ocean BasedEnhanced Air Capture CO2Weathering Oceanic Upwelling Ocean Fertilization or Down welling(Olivine) (Artificial Trees)
  • 7. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceArtificial Trees Brain child of Columbia University Professor Claus Lackner. In one day, each tree capture same amount of CO2 emitted by 20 vehicles "This is an industry still in its infancy and will eventually rival (Artificial the size of todays energy markets." Billy Gridley of Global Research Technologies ) (Olivine Trees)
  • 8. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceSolar Radiation Management Reduce incidence and absorption of solar radiation Sunlight is reflected/diverted Desert Reflectors Surface Albedo Ocean Albedo Cloud AlbedoStratospheric Aerosols Space Based
  • 9. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceCloud Albedo Projectfunded by Bill Gates Machines spray seawater 3,000 feet into air The machines are developed by Silver Lining, based in San Francisco
  • 10. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceStratospheric Aerosols Approach similar to the effects of Volcanic Eruption of Mount Pinatubo (Philippines) in 1991. Mount Pinatubos various gases reached 21 miles high into the atmosphere within two hours of the eruption. The aerosol cloud spread around the earth in two weeks and covered the planet within a year. The entire planet was cooled 0.4 to 0.5°C.
  • 11. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceStratospheric AerosolsMount Pinatubo Eruption Geoengineered release of Aerosols
  • 12. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceSpace-based Techniques Positioning Sun Shields in space to reflect or deflect solar radiation Where (L1)? How many? Design? Deployment?
  • 13. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceMethod Comparison
  • 14. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceWhat we have seen… Technologies have been presented that address what to do. The Challenge is how to execute them correctly – droplet size, type of aerosol, mirror configuration etc…. Disruptive technologies also exist that have proven how to execute the technology. Our challenge now is : what to do about it.
  • 15. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGreat Power, Great Responsibility
  • 16. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGovernance Kyoto Protocol initiated in 1997  Adaptation  Mitigation Modest emission-reduction targets are missed Countermeasures (geoengineering) needed
  • 17. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGovernance No treaty explicitly addresses Geoengineering 2009 Royal Society report  Existing national land use planning and environmental controls are likely to be applicable  1972 London Convention on Marine Dumping
  • 18. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGovernance Models Unilateral Consortium InternationalDecision Making: Fastest Fast SlowestLegitimacy: Least More MostCost Sharing: Least More Most Unilateral  Unlikely unless already feeling the dramatic results Consortium  Most likely for research and advocacy International  Most likely
  • 19. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGovernance Requirements Policy and budget guidelines Cost sharing and technology transfer strategies Dispute settlement, compensation and liability Answer difficult questions  Which strategies should be researched/implemented?  Balance global warming and side effects?  Take the edge off or substitute for mitigation?  Long term solution or emergency measure?
  • 20. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGovernance UNFCCC Best candidate for International Governance Significance between Protocol and UNFCCC  Encouraged vs Committed Protocol Mechanisms Protocol Goals
  • 21. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceConclusion Technology & Governance Battling Climate Change Like most technologies Regulation is necessary Geoengineering capable of significant positive or negative impacts Ethical Positions vs Reality
  • 22. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceConclusion Winning the Battle against Climate Change We have the ability to question & understand the problem We have the ability to solve the problem Tech & Globalization  the tools that caused the problem  served as the vehicle for increased industrial activity  the same tools will fix the problem
  • 23. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceConclusion Geoengineering  Not the only answer  Part of the solution  Combined w/ Governance & Commitment  Reversing the effects of Climate Change
  • 24. Climate, Technology, and GovernanceGovernance Kyoto Q&A Protocol/UNFCCC