EuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan


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EuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan

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EuroEco 2010 Zhanna Galyan

  1. 1. Situation and Trends in Tourism and Protected Areas: Cases from Armenia European Ecotourism Conference Pjarnu, Estonia 26-30 of September 2010 Zhanna Galyan Armenian Ecotourism Association
  2. 2. Armenia in brief  29,743 square kilometres   The terrain is mostly mountainous  Тhe highest point - 4,095 metres  Тhe lowest point - 375 metres  The climate is highland continental
  3. 3. Biodiversity  3,500 species of higher vascular plants  351 species of birds  83 mammals  8 amphibians, 53 reptiles, 31 fish  Around 17,000 species of invertebrates  Rich in endemic and rare species  One of the centres of origin for wild progenitors of crops and livestock
  4. 4. Is this the world's oldest shoe? For lovers of fashion, it's the ultimate vintage shoe. The shoe was made from a single piece of leather, tanned using vegetable oil, and shaped to fit the wearer's foot Read more:
  5. 5. Nature Trails
  6. 6. Nature Trail Panel: Yerevan- Geghard Monastery
  7. 7. Nature Trail Panel: ARAGATSOTN
  8. 8. Nature Trail Panel: ARMASH IBA
  9. 9. Field Guides and other relevant sources
  10. 10. A Field Guide to Birds of Armenia M.S. Adamian & D. Klem, Jr.  A richly illustrated book depicting 346 species  Range distribution maps and easy identification tips.  Text description of all species along with 61 color plates by distinguished bird artists.  Detailed distribution map of the location of еach bird species and its abundance.
  11. 11. A new exciting website dedicated to the wild birds of Armenia has recently been launched. The authors of the project are freelance ornithologists: Vasil Ananian (Armenia) and Chris Bradshaw (United Kingdom)
  12. 12. A Field Guide to Butterflies of Armenia - Coming in 2012  Field identification guides for all 220 species recorded in Armenia up to date.  15 new species and subspecies will be described.  Color plates will show standard and rare morphs.
  13. 13. 416 pages, 650 photos. 390 pages, color & b/w photos
  14. 14. If we succeeded in our efforts to develop ecotourism in protected areas ? Negative and Positive cases
  15. 15. Sevan National Park Negative impacts of tourism  Infrastructure  The attitude of service providers  Behavioral patterns of tourists
  16. 16. Khosrov State Reserve  Our suggestions to correct the itineraries to avoid the migration corridors for endangered plants and animals.  A typical case of Greenwashing  SOS Khosrov campaign
  17. 17. Dilijan National Park  Motorised quadricycle tours  Littered picnic places  Tree cutting
  18. 18. Vis vitae
  19. 19. WWF-Armenia ecotourism projects in protected areas
  20. 20. KHOSROV FOREST RESERVE 1. The visitor program is prepared 1. The visitor centre is constructed staffed and fully operating 1. The camp site and 3 trails 1. The website is running 1. Billboards, road signs, leaflet, guidebook and documentary are produced 1. Local guides are selected and trained 1. National tour operators are involved in cooperation
  21. 21. SHIKAHOGH RESERVE 1. The visitor program is prepared 1. The booklet, website, road signs and billboards 1. The visitor part of the administration building is renovated, furnished and equipped 1. Filming of a documentary is ongoing 1. Selection and training of guides 1. FAM tours for tour operators and journalists
  22. 22. Community-based tourism Projects in close vicinity to protected areas  Aim to reduce exploitation of conservation areas by supplying local people with viable economic alternatives  Are planned to be based on the active creative involvement of many people in all phases of Ecotourism: planning, development, management, implementation and profit distribution.
  23. 23. WWF Armenia - Community Based Projects
  24. 24. Bezoar goat observation site in Shatin village  Renovated and furnished the B&B facility  Billboards and signs  The staff of B&B is trained
  25. 25. Biodiversity Protection and Community Development  3 communities located near protected areas in southern Armenia: Arevik National Park, Shikahogh Reserve and Gnishik Sanctuary establishing B&B facilities  Alternative incomes to local people to avert them from overexploitation of natural resources
  26. 26. GEF small grants – community based projects:
  27. 27. Involvement of local communities in conservation and ecotourism in Khosrov Reserve  establishment of a campsite in the buffer zone  billboards and road signs  tents, binoculars and spotting scopes for visitors;  training of local people on nature conservation and ecotourism  brochures and booklets on conservation and ecotourism
  28. 28. Strengthening the role of local IBA (Important Bird Areas) caretaker  Visitor center at Dsegh IBA to promote cooperation and build platform for local community and stakeholders and contribute to creation of alternative income source from ecotourism development  Future plans - development of B&Bs
  29. 29. ARMECAS Our Mission: We are united to promote ecotourism – the force that will contribute to a better understanding of our natural and cultural heritage and will provide revenue to the local community sufficient for people to value and therefore to protect the environment as a source of income.
  30. 30. The major goals of ecotourism development in protected areas :  Identify options for the integration into the tourism business in order to get proper share of tourism income  Effectively manage the tourism to minimize the negative environmental impact
  31. 31. ARMECAS activities in this context:  Assessment of potential. Advertisement and marketing campaign:;  Elaboration, planning and sample study of ecotours. Familiarization trips for national tour-operators  Ecotourism in the Specially Protected Natural Areas: Guide for Planning and Management.  Ecotourism parts of the Management Plans for the Protected Areas  Ecotourism Planning and Management Training for tourism staff and/or managers of the protected areas.
  32. 32. Ecotourism in Protected Natural Areas. Guide for Planning and Management  For planners and managers of specially protected natural areas  For the decision makers in this field  Also useful for local communities, private tourism operators, tourism accommodation owners and others.
  33. 33. General Recommendations for Ecotourism Development  Recommendations for policy makers and development planners  Recommendations for PA management  Cooperation between conservation and tourism business.  Recommendations for tourism businesses
  34. 34. Thank you for attention!
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