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The Uncanny Valley:
“That frakkin’ toaster is freaking me out!”




                                          By Ruth Elli...
Chocolate appreciator

Work at     Stamford Interactive
                                               Usability person

 ...
What this presentation is
          about...
Take a very brief look at different
 types of robots
Look at the Uncanny Vall...
Disclaimer
I’m not a roboticist
But I’m fascinated by human-robot /
 human-computer interactions
What is a robot?
“A robot is a virtual or mechanical
  artificial agent. In practice, it is
  usually an electro-mechanica...
This is a robot




ABB Assembly Line Robot By avramc from http://www.flickr.com/photos/28695713@N00/445073590/
Available ...
This is a robot




Source:  http://www.zcars.com.au/images/knight‐rider‐kitt1.jpg
These are not robots




Robot Attack! By Dan Coulter from http://www.flickr.com/photos/dancoulter/21042744/
Available und...
Let’s play a game
  creepy or not
Roomba




Linus stalking the Roomba By Eirik Newth from http://www.flickr.com/photos/eiriknewth/282273087/in/set‐72157594...
R2D2




Source: http://www.gadgetshop.com/media/gadgetshop/products/ProductGalleryImage4/306688.jpg
ASIMO




ASIMO By tanjun from http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanjun/82441127/
Available under a Creative Commons Attributio...
Domo




Domo from http://people.csail.mit.edu/edsinger/image/domo/press_img/domo_screwdriver_a.jpg
Terminator




Source: http://www.scificool.com/avatars‐sam‐worthington‐nabs‐terminator‐role/
Cylon centurion




Source: 
http://www.galacticabbs.com/index.php?act=Print&client=print
er&f=28&t=1605
WALL•E and EVE




Source: http://gallery.filmofilia.com/gallery/wall‐e_movie_stills/image/44/
Cameron (terminator)




                                                                                Source: http://th...
Keepon




KeeponBy JanneM from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jannem/214869878/
Available under a Creative Commons Attribut...
Einstein HUBO




  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Einstein‐Hubo.jpg
  Video source: http://www.hansonrobotics....
Repliee R1




Source: By Hiroshi Ishiguro, from http://www.primidi.com/2006/12/27.html
Repliee Q2




Source: http://plcscadasystems.blogspot.com/2009/01/japan‐membuat‐sex‐robots.html
So what is this creepiness factor?
The Uncanny Valley
As robots appear more human like,
 they appear more familiar.
Almost human can seem almost
  strange an...
Based on  Masahiro Mori and Karl F. MacDorman graph




                          Uncanny Valley graph
                   ...
Why does it exist?
                  Quite a few theories
                  Looking at a subset of theories today:
       ...
Shared circuits for empathy




Sources: 
1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny ‐ http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=853
2...
Shared circuits for empathy




Sources: 
1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny ‐ http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=853
2...
Cognitive dissonance of liminal
                               objects
                  Artificial human forms signify a
...
Cognitive dissonance of liminal
                              objects




Sources: 
1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny...
Further examples of the Uncanny
                    Valley
         Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within                     ...
CGI animation
         2 approaches addressing the uncanny valley




Source: http://www.cartoonary.com/the‐incredibles/im...
Crossing the uncanny valley?
Meet Emily
       Image Metrics Tech Demo




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLiX5d3rC6o&feature=related
Keen to learn more?
The Uncanny Valley by Masahiro Mori -
    http://www.androidscience.com/theuncannyvalley/proceedings20...
Like lolcats? Try lolbots




Source: http://lolbots.com/?p=809




                                                  Sour...
Other types of robots you may want
           to check out
Real robots:               Film/TV robots:
  Kismet            ...
Thanks!
Ruth Ellison
Email:     me@ruthellison.com
Web:       www.ruthellison.com
           @RuthEllison


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The Uncanny Valley - BarCamp Canberra

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This was presented at BarCamp Canberra #2 at ANU, on Saturday 28 March 2009.

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Transcript of "The Uncanny Valley - BarCamp Canberra"

  1. 1. The Uncanny Valley: “That frakkin’ toaster is freaking me out!” By Ruth Ellison Twitter: @RuthEllison For BarCamp Canberra #2 On 28th March 2009
  2. 2. Chocolate appreciator Work at Stamford Interactive Usability person Information architect Loves gadgets User experience person Robot lover I’m Ruth
  3. 3. What this presentation is about... Take a very brief look at different types of robots Look at the Uncanny Valley phenomenon
  4. 4. Disclaimer I’m not a roboticist But I’m fascinated by human-robot / human-computer interactions
  5. 5. What is a robot? “A robot is a virtual or mechanical artificial agent. In practice, it is usually an electro-mechanical system which, by its appearance or movements, conveys a sense that it has intent or agency of its own.” - Wikipedia
  6. 6. This is a robot ABB Assembly Line Robot By avramc from http://www.flickr.com/photos/28695713@N00/445073590/ Available under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 2.0 Generic license
  7. 7. This is a robot Source:  http://www.zcars.com.au/images/knight‐rider‐kitt1.jpg
  8. 8. These are not robots Robot Attack! By Dan Coulter from http://www.flickr.com/photos/dancoulter/21042744/ Available under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 2.0 Generic license
  9. 9. Let’s play a game creepy or not
  10. 10. Roomba Linus stalking the Roomba By Eirik Newth from http://www.flickr.com/photos/eiriknewth/282273087/in/set‐72157594351565925/ Available under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license
  11. 11. R2D2 Source: http://www.gadgetshop.com/media/gadgetshop/products/ProductGalleryImage4/306688.jpg
  12. 12. ASIMO ASIMO By tanjun from http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanjun/82441127/ Available under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share  Copyrighted to Honda, source http://world.honda.com/news/2007/c071211Enabling‐Multiple‐ASIMO‐ Alike 2.0 Generic license to‐Work/photo/pages/01.html
  13. 13. Domo Domo from http://people.csail.mit.edu/edsinger/image/domo/press_img/domo_screwdriver_a.jpg
  14. 14. Terminator Source: http://www.scificool.com/avatars‐sam‐worthington‐nabs‐terminator‐role/
  15. 15. Cylon centurion Source:  http://www.galacticabbs.com/index.php?act=Print&client=print er&f=28&t=1605
  16. 16. WALL•E and EVE Source: http://gallery.filmofilia.com/gallery/wall‐e_movie_stills/image/44/
  17. 17. Cameron (terminator) Source: http://thegamersutopia.blogspot.com/2008/01/tv‐show‐review‐terminator‐sarah‐ Source: http://www.terminatorsite.com/gallery/displayimage.php?album=15&pos=4 conner.html
  18. 18. Keepon KeeponBy JanneM from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jannem/214869878/ Available under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 2.0 Generic license
  19. 19. Einstein HUBO Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Einstein‐Hubo.jpg Video source: http://www.hansonrobotics.com/
  20. 20. Repliee R1 Source: By Hiroshi Ishiguro, from http://www.primidi.com/2006/12/27.html
  21. 21. Repliee Q2 Source: http://plcscadasystems.blogspot.com/2009/01/japan‐membuat‐sex‐robots.html
  22. 22. So what is this creepiness factor?
  23. 23. The Uncanny Valley As robots appear more human like, they appear more familiar. Almost human can seem almost strange and eerie – causes a response of revulsion.
  24. 24. Based on  Masahiro Mori and Karl F. MacDorman graph Uncanny Valley graph Healthy human Uncanny valley Cylon  + ‘skin‐jobs’ Humanoid  Repliee Q2 &  robot familiarity similar robots Cylon raider Industrial  Michael Jackson robot Human likeness ‐ Zombie
  25. 25. Why does it exist? Quite a few theories Looking at a subset of theories today: Shared circuits for empathy Cognitive dissonance of liminal objects Sources:  1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny ‐ http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=853 2. MacDorman, K. F., Green, R. D., Ho, C.‐C., & Koch, C. (in press). Too Real for Comfort? Uncanny responses to computer generated faces. Computers in Human Behavior.
  26. 26. Shared circuits for empathy Sources:  1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny ‐ http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=853 2. MacDorman, K. F., Green, R. D., Ho, C.‐C., & Koch, C. (in press). Too Real for Comfort? Uncanny responses to computer generated faces. Computers in Human Behavior.
  27. 27. Shared circuits for empathy Sources:  1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny ‐ http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=853 2. MacDorman, K. F., Green, R. D., Ho, C.‐C., & Koch, C. (in press). Too Real for Comfort? Uncanny responses to computer generated faces. Computers in Human Behavior.
  28. 28. Cognitive dissonance of liminal objects Artificial human forms signify a challenge to our uniqueness and identity Sources:  1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny ‐ http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=853 2. MacDorman, K. F., Green, R. D., Ho, C.‐C., & Koch, C. (in press). Too Real for Comfort? Uncanny responses to computer generated faces. Computers in Human Behavior.
  29. 29. Cognitive dissonance of liminal objects Sources:  1. A Walk in the Valley of the Uncanny ‐ http://www.damninteresting.com/?p=853 2. MacDorman, K. F., Green, R. D., Ho, C.‐C., & Koch, C. (in press). Too Real for Comfort? Uncanny responses to computer generated faces. Computers in Human Behavior.
  30. 30. Further examples of the Uncanny Valley Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within The Polar Express Source: http://www.andrewzeller.com/wp‐content/uploads/2008/01/realisticphotos.jpg Source: http://media.jsonline.com/images/28007159_164815__polar2_l.jpg
  31. 31. CGI animation 2 approaches addressing the uncanny valley Source: http://www.cartoonary.com/the‐incredibles/images/the‐incredibles‐wallpaper‐ Source: http://foreverloyal.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/gollum.jpg,  photo‐2560x1600.jpg :http://z.about.com/d/toys/1/7/e/6/DavyJones.jpg
  32. 32. Crossing the uncanny valley?
  33. 33. Meet Emily Image Metrics Tech Demo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLiX5d3rC6o&feature=related
  34. 34. Keen to learn more? The Uncanny Valley by Masahiro Mori - http://www.androidscience.com/theuncannyvalley/proceedings2005/uncannyvall ey.html The Uncanny Valley by Dave Bryant – http://www.arclight.net/~pdb/nonfiction/uncanny-valley.html Charting the Uncanny Valley by Karl F. MacDorman - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=geF1XO5IPc8&feature=channel Life and love in the uncanny valley by Jamais Cascio - http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/cascio20061213/ Karl F. MacDorman homepage (lots of interesting HCI & uncanny valley research publications) - http://www.macdorman.com/ The Uncanny Valley of user interface design by Bill Higgins - http://billhiggins.us/weblog/2007/05/17/the-uncanny-valley-of-user-interface- design/ Bot Junkie - http://www.botjunkie.com/
  35. 35. Like lolcats? Try lolbots Source: http://lolbots.com/?p=809 Source: http://lolbots.com/?p=778 Source: http://lolbots.com/?p=800
  36. 36. Other types of robots you may want to check out Real robots: Film/TV robots: Kismet Cyberman from Doctor Who i-sobot Terminator from Terminator and Sarah Connor Chronicles Hexapodmeisterschaft KITT from Knightrider HRP-4C Bender from Futurama REEB-B Data from Star Trek Tobopo ABB (industrial robot)
  37. 37. Thanks! Ruth Ellison Email: me@ruthellison.com Web: www.ruthellison.com @RuthEllison Find this presentation at www.slideshare.net/ruthellison
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