This isn’t SCORM 101This isn’t how to implement SCORMThis is about the future of SCORMShould we change it?
Why are you here?What do you want to get out of this presentation?Who do you train and how do you train them?============Who is an instructional designer / game designer?Who is a developer?What else are you?Who knows what SCORM is?Who has implemented SCORM?Who has had problems implementing SCORM?
I’m a plumber. (I suspect a plumber wrote this.) We’re going to talk about some of the plumbing, today, but I want you to grab on to the things it enables. And then start asking tool vendors and providers if they can provide this in a standardized way.
[A chuckle perhaps… SCORM isn’t exactly life in the fast lane, but it does work]SCORM has been great for online trainingThe friction it has removed has enabled literally thousands of companies to work togetherWorld wide adoptionDe Facto industry standard, that only happens because it works well for the problem it solves
-There are many things it does well, but namely the web-based page turner-It does what it was intended to do….the things that were commonplace ten years ago
[Names obscured to protect the innocent]E-learning today: page turnersOften not much more engaging than plain textNot necessarily a standards problem, but they don’t help either
Most of what we’ll talk about can be done today…
----who the players are----they are communicating and working together (mostly)----each solving a different piece of the puzzle----we feel your pain, solutions are addressing the roadblocks
Create a learning experience APIThree phasesWrapped up formal outreach, presented preliminary conclusions and design Now, we’re moving forward in exciting ways
Keep It SimpleGive Me PowerHow can we make everybody happy?[I left the slides of Mike’s kids in here as a reminder that you really shouldn’t trust everything you see on the internet]
Simplicity and Power are inherently at odds with one another, how to overcome?Core Design Tenets---simplest case, get somebody up and running 8-8, 8 pages and less than 8 hours---enable complexity for those who want it, but hide it from those who don't need it---put burden of complexity on those most able to handle it and those who need it---remove constraints of traditional SCORM---backwards compatibility where it makes sense
Simple English sentence captures the essence of a learning experienceEnglish is a great example of simple but powerful and extensible
“I did this” is the simple case (as discussed)Some of the “cans of worms” are on this page… it’s why we’re working hard
API structured as a simple expression of Noun Verb ObjectProposed TCAPI is a technical binding to this simple conceptConceptually, each of these words is an extensible bucket of different concepts to expressWill come back to the tech stuff if you want, but first let’s look at what this structure can express
Hey, I'm reporting my own dataUseful at times, although in this example, we might not want to take my word for it
Wait, there's more than on person in Crew #8Impossible in SCORMPowerful in the ways that training is really deliveredMassively Multiple Online Games, for example… or instructor led
watch one, do one, teach one – learning is about doing different thingsAgain, SCORM could not do this. SCORM is about single learner (just the learner) in a browser session
this means Mike actually did what he was trained to do, ties performance data back to learningWait a sec… this isn’t just “completed a training” anymore, is it?
Hark, a simulation
Hark, a simulation
Learning happens outside the computer
Two things to notice that are implicit in those statements that represent very different assumptions from today’s model:On the Fly Creation – LRS can receive records for people and experiences it didn’t previously know about“This” is not tied to the actual content, but rather a pointer to the content. The thing reporting the result doesn’t have to be the actual thing delivering the experience.Think about how this relates to simulations and scenarios and offline and all sorts of other things
Let’s mix them all up now and see what’s possible
There are many aspects of a learning experience, let's take this session, many lenses
Let’s start with our last example, me teaching this session
Is Johnny here?
Learning isn't always structured, it happens everywhere
*this* described by URL, it’s just a YouTube video
*this* described by a bibliographical citation
Starting to form a transcript of my recorded learning experiences
It’s not all about me
What sentences are missing?
Other things to noticed that result from the technical architecture we are considering
What we’re ironing out now.Complexity #1: sentences aren’t always quite this simple. Did you noticed I cheated on some of them?How do we express all of the bottom boxes without introducing unnecessary complexity?How do we express sub-sentences and related details?
Trying to take advantage of a strong association with concepts from Activity Streams
I Learned This BookmarkletRead This Kindle ButtonFourSquare check in for learning activitiesRecord a feed of learning activity, class blog, class discussion thread, facebook account, calendar - activity streams connection...track the feed identify expertsResults feed as a feedback loop for content authorsWhat else?
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1. Tim Martin * Rustici Softwaretim.firstname.lastname@example.org * @timpmartin ASTD TechKnowledge 2012
2. cc image from filmyz on flickr
3. "The society which scorns excellence inplumbing because plumbing is a humbleactivity, and tolerates shoddiness inphilosophy because philosophy is an exaltedactivity, will have neither good plumbing norgood philosophy. Neither its pipes nor itstheories will hold water."-- John W. Gardner
4. SCORM’s SuccessCC image by lynac on flickr CC image by amylena on flickr Before SCORM After SCORM
5. It CanBe Done… But It’sNot Pretty cc image from Phil Manker on flickr
6. To The Rescue • ADL – FLEX – Project Tin Can • AICC – CMI 5 – PENS • LETSI – RTWS – CaaS • IMS – Common Cartridge cc image from revbean on flickr – LTI
7. What are the roadblocks?
8. Simplicity Power
9. I Did This
10. I Did ThisNoun Verb Object
11. I I completed “Explosives Training”Noun
12. I Crew #8 completed “Explosives Training”Noun
13. Did Tim Taught “Explosives Training”Verb
14. Did Tim Successfully Handled ExplosivesVerb
15. This Tim completed “F-16 Engine FailureObject Scenario Simulation”
16. This Tim posted a video in “World without Oil”Object
17. This Tim taught “Project Tim* Can” at ASTDObject TechKnowledge 2012
18. cc image from Whole Wheat Toast on flickr1. On the fly entity creation2. Device transition
19. I Did ThisNoun Verb Object
20. cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr
21. Tim taught “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012”cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr
22. “The Brave, the Engaged, and the Beautiful” attended “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012”cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr
23. Johnny participated in “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012”cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr
24. Mike Rustici authored “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012”cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr
25. Mike taught “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012” All of you attended “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012” Johnny participated in “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012”cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr Mike Rustici authored “Project Tin Can at ASTD TechKnowledge 2012”
26. cc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
27. I Watched “Kahn Academy, Pattern of US Cold War Interventions”cc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
28. I Read “The Cold War: A Military History”, by Ambrose, Carr, Fleming et alcc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
29. I Passed “The End of the Cold War”, University of Georgia - History 4091cc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
30. I Simulated The Cuban Missile Crisis as Robert McNamaracc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
31. I Played Negotiation in Motioncc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
32. I Experienced Berlin Wall in Second Lifecc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
33. I Was Mentored By Stephen Ambrosecc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
34. I Blogged “My Childhood and the Cold War”cc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
35. I Watched “Kahn Academy, Pattern of US Cold War Interventions” I Read “The Cold War: A Military History”, by Ambrose, Carr, Fleming et al I Passed “The End of the Cold War”, University of Georgia - History 4091 I Simulated The Cuban Missile Crisis as Robert McNamara I Played Negotiation in Motioncc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr I Experienced Berlin Wall in Second Life I Was Mentored By Stephen Ambrose I Blogged “My Childhood and the Cold War”
36. Team 2 wrote“Impacts of the Cold War on Explosive Technology”
37. Johnny edited“Impacts of the Cold War on Explosive Technology”
38. Professor Smith graded“Impacts of the Cold War on Explosive Technology”
39. Professor Smith gave Johnny an A on “Impacts of the Cold War on Explosive Technology”
40. Professor Smith gave Team 2 a B on “Impacts of the Cold War on Explosive Technology”
41. Team 2 wrote “Impacts of the Cold Waron Explosive Technology”Mike edited “Impacts of the Cold War onExplosive Technology”Professor Smith graded “Impacts of theCold War on Explosive Technology”Professor Smith gave Mike an A on“Impacts of the Cold War on ExplosiveTechnology”Professor Smith gave Team 2 a B on“Impacts of the Cold War on ExplosiveTechnology”
42. What’s Missing?
43. cc image from Whole Wheat Toast on flickr• Out of Browser Experiences• Offline and Occasionally Connected• Cross Domain• Alternate devices and formats (mobile)• Security• Decoupled data models
44. I Did This Noun Verb ObjectSomebody In Context Well / I Did This On June 17 says that Of ____ Poorly Asserted Noun Verb Object Target With Result Timestamp By