2011 Learning Age – SCORM for Games and Simulations – Mike Rustici


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  • This isn’t SCORM 101This isn’t how to implement SCORMThis is about the future of SCORMShould we change it?
  • SCORM has been great for online trainingThe friction it has removed has enabled literally thousands of companies to work togetherWorld wide adoptionDe Facto industry standard, that only happens because it works well for the problem it solves
  • -There are many things it does well, but namely the web-based page turner-It does what it was intended to do….the things that were commonplace ten years agoE-learning today: page turnersOften not much more engaging than plain textNot necessarily a standards problem, but they don’t help either
  • ---web browser dependency---javascript---temporal session---single user---no concept of instructor / facilitator---constant internet connection presence---data model must be shoe-horned---attempt-centric nature doesn't lend itself to playing until you improve---assets must be delivered to and installed on LMS---any tracking implies results submission---general incompatibilities
  • ----who the players are----they are communicating and working together (mostly)----each solving a different piece of the puzzle----we feel your pain, solutions are addressing the roadblocks
  • Create a learning experience APIThree phasesWrapped up formal outreach, presenting preliminary conclusions and design for feedback now
  • Keep It SimpleGive Me PowerHow can we make everybody happy?
  • Simplicity and Power are inherently at odds with one another, how to overcome?Core Design Tenants---simplest case,  get somebody up and running 8-8, 8 pages and less than 8 hours---enable complexity for those who want it, but hide it from those who don't need it---put burden of complexity on those most able to handle it and those who need it---remove constraints of traditional SCORM---backwards compatibility where it makes sense
  • Simple English sentence captures the essence of a learning experienceEnglish is a great example of simple by powerful and extensible
  • The essence of all this mess it at it’s core I Did This
  • API structured as a simple expression of Noun Verb ObjectProposed TCAPI is a technical binding to this simple conceptConceptually, each of these words is an extensible bucket of different concepts to expressWill come back to the tech stuff if you want, but first let’s look at what this structure can express
  • Hey, I'm reporting my own dataUseful at times, although in this example, we might not want to take Mike’s word for it
  • Wait, there's more than on person in Crew #8
  • watch one, do one, teach one – learning is about doing different things
  • this means Mike actually did what he was trained to do, ties performance data back to learning
  • Hark, a simulation
  • Learning happens outside the computer
  • Two things to notice that are implicit in those statements that represent very different assumptions from today’s model:On the Fly Creation – LRS can receive records for people and experiences it didn’t previously know about“This” is not tied to the actual content, but rather a pointer to the content. The thing reporting the result doesn’t have to be the actual thing delivering the experience.Think about how this relates to simulations and scenarios
  • Let’s mix them all up now and see what’s possible
  • There are many aspects of a learning experience, let's take this session, many lenses
  • Let’s start with our last example, me teaching this session
  • Learning isn't always structured, it happens everywhere
  • *this* described by URL, it’s just a YouTube videoStarting to form a transcript of my recorded learning experiences
  • It’s not all about me
  • What sentences are missing? – Let us know
  • Other things to noticed that result from the technical architecture we are considering
  • What we’re ironing out now.Complexity #1: sentences aren’t always quite this simple. Did you noticed I cheated on some of them?How do we express all of the bottom boxes without introducing unnecessary complexity?How do we express sub-sentences and related details?
  • Trying to take advantage of a strong association with concepts from Activity Streams
  • Complexity #2, creating a technical binding, defining verbs, providing extension points
  • I Learned This BookmarkletRead This Kindle ButtonFourSquare check in for learning activitiesRecord a feed of learning activity, class blog, class discussion thread, facebook account, calendar - activity streams connection...track the feed identify expertsResults feed as a feedback loop for content authorsWhat else?
  • Send an email for a copy of the slides
  • 2011 Learning Age – SCORM for Games and Simulations – Mike Rustici

    1. 1. SCORM For Games and Simulations Mike Rustici * Rustici Software * ELN “What’s Next in LMS?” mike@scorm.com * @mike_rustici
    2. 2. SCORM’s SuccessCC image by lynac on flickr CC image by amylena on flickr Before SCORM After SCORM
    3. 3. It CanBe Done… But It’sNot Pretty cc image from Phil Manker on flickr
    4. 4. What are the roadblocks?
    5. 5. To The Rescue • ADL – FLEX – Project Tin Can • AICC – CMI 5 – PENS • LETSI – RTWS – CaaS • IMS – Common Cartridge cc image from revbean on flickr – LTI
    6. 6. Simplicity Power
    7. 7. I Did This
    8. 8. I Did ThisNoun Verb Object
    9. 9. I I completed “Explosives Training”Noun
    10. 10. I Crew #8 completed “Explosives Training”Noun
    11. 11. Did Mike Taught “Explosives Training”Verb
    12. 12. Did Mike Successfully Handled ExplosivesVerb
    13. 13. This Mike completed “F-16 Engine FailureObject Scenario Simulation”
    14. 14. This Mike taught “SCORM For Simulations atObject LEEF 2011”
    15. 15. cc image from Whole Wheat Toast on flickr1. On the fly entity creation2. Device transition
    16. 16. I Did ThisNoun Verb Object
    17. 17. cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr
    18. 18. Mike taught “SCORM For Simulations at LEEF 2011” Crew #8 attended “SCORM For Simulations at LEEF 2011” Johnny participated in “SCORM For Simulations at LEEF 2011”cc image from HåkanDahlström on flickr Ben authored “SCORM For Simulations at LEEF 2011”
    19. 19. cc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr
    20. 20. I Watched “Kahn Academy, Pattern of US Cold War Interventions” I Read “The Cold War: A Military History”, by Ambrose, Carr, Fleming et al I Passed “The End of the Cold War”, University of Georgia - History 4091 I Simulated The Cuban Missile Crisis as Robert McNamara I Played Negotiation in Motioncc image from Joe Lencioni on flickr I Experienced Berlin Wall in Second Life I Was Mentored By Stephen Ambrose I Blogged “My Childhood and the Cold War”
    21. 21. Team 2 wrote “Impacts of the Cold Waron Explosive Technology”Mike edited “Impacts of the Cold War onExplosive Technology”Professor Smith graded “Impacts of theCold War on Explosive Technology”Professor Smith gave Mike an A on“Impacts of the Cold War on ExplosiveTechnology”Professor Smith gave Team 2 a B on“Impacts of the Cold War on ExplosiveTechnology”
    22. 22. What’s Missing?
    23. 23. cc image from Whole Wheat Toast on flickr• Out of Browser Experiences• Offline and Occasionally Connected• Cross Domain• Alternate devices and formats (mobile)• Security• Decoupled data models
    24. 24. I Did This Noun Verb ObjectSomebody In Context Well / I Did This On June 17 says that Of ____ Poorly Asserted Noun Verb Object Target With Result Timestamp By
    25. 25. We Didn’t Make This Up
    26. 26. I• Email address• Open Id• Organizational Id• System IdDid• Learned• Attended• Participated• Player• Simulated• Watched• Wrote• Answer• PassedThis• URL• Textual Description• Structured Learning Object Metadata• Repository Handle• CoP • Simulation Definition
    27. 27. Planting Seeds cc image from tonrulkens on flickr
    28. 28. Mike Rustici mike@scorm.com * @mike_rustici Project Tin Can http://www.scorm.com/tincan * @projecttincan ADL Flexhttps://sites.google.com/a/adlnet.gov/future-learning-experience- project/home * @lrnEXP LETSI RTWS http://www.letsi.org * @letsi AICC CMI 5 http://aicc.org