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South East Europe Rail conference - Predrag Janković

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  • 1. “SERBIAN RAILWAYS”As a Transport Chain Participant andEconomy DriverPredrag Janković, MScTransp.EngBiljana Stantić Rakić, MSc Transp EngJune 5, 2013, Metropol Palace, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 2. 3809 km 1286 km electrified - 1/3 of network 875 km – Corridor X lines Maximum designed speed 120 km/h 696 stations and stops, 334 tunnels, 981bridges, 2135 level crossingsINFRASTRUCTUREof railway lines in operation 3162 km 283 km double track lines - 7.5 % of network
  • 3. 3To avoid this, we all need higher passenger andfreight transport volumesWHAT IF THE CHAIN BREAKS ???All the transport chain participants will faceproblems
  • 4. Average speeds by year – trunk linesPrescribed average speeds amounted to 66% of average designed speeds i.e. they wereby 1/3 less than in 2012Significant impact onoperational costs andrequired mobilecapacitiesNETWORK CONDITIONFar from the optimalfor the TimetableimplementationYear
  • 5. SERIOUS WARNINGREQUIRES A RESPONSE!- Main repairs to be annually performed 191 km,- Overhauled on average from 1981 to 2010 38 km or 20%,and in the last 20 years only 11% out of the necessary.0204060801001201401601802001981-1985 1986-1990 1991-1995 1996-2000 2001-2005 2006-201058832818 22 16191 191 191 191 191 191Remontovano PotrebnokmLINE OVERHAUL PERFORMED IN THE PERIOD1981 – 2010Overhauled Required
  • 6. 11148485124 1613636 2014 10 11136 266 41073 1110913 1212514 195014 913816 177212 1016 5486 11111 Designed line capacityAverage daily number of trains in service in 2012:FREIGHT TRAINSPASSENGER TRAINS (including seasonal trains and not including the Beo andBG voz system trains)1616Average daily number of trains in service and linecapacity utilization in 2012Line or line sectionDesignedline capacityNo oftrains inserviceCapacityutilizationTrains per 24hOn AverageDailyNovi Sad- Subotica 51 40 65,6%Niš- Preševo 50 23 46,0%Požega - Vrbnica 48 21 43,8%Stara Pazova- Novi Sad 136 56 41,2%Niš- Dimitrovgrad 48 17 35,4%Resnik- Požega 72 22 30,6%Resnik- Mlad.- V.Plana 109 25 22,9%Pančevo gl.-Vršac 48 10 20,8%V.Plana- Stalać - Niš 125 (76) 17 13,6%Rakovica - M.Krs- V.Plana 107 14 13,1%Šid - Beograd 111 1278,4%10,8%
  • 7. Commercial Speeds on “Serbian Railways” LinesSteamtraction1956-1957Dieseltraction1978-1979Electricaltraction1980 1991-1995 1995-2000 2000-2008 2008-2010 2010-2013 TARGET 20204h 2h 30min 2h 30min 2h 30min 2h 50min 3h 10min 3h 30min 4h 120/160 km/h < 2 hAverage travelling times for express trains on Beograd – Subotica route (176.5 km)32.223.625.240.345.141.905101520253035404550Komercijalna brzina vozova za prevoz robeKomercijalna brzina vozova za prevoz putnikaProsečna komercijalna brzina vozova za prevoz ROBE 1995.-2012.god 27,9 km/hProsečna komercijalna brzina vozova za prevoz PUTNIKA 1995.-2012.god 43.4 km/h27,943,41995 PERIOD 1995 – 2012 2012km/h
  • 8. 99.06117.41133.78125.37131.25117.54123.67121.44101.44121.90133.46119.0290.30100.64 102.8583.410.0020.0040.0060.0080.00100.00120.00140.00160.002005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Prihodi od subvencija redovna sredstva Bruto operativni transportni prihodi106.62121.19year subsidy revenue2005 49,4% 50,6%2006 47,0% 53,0%2007 50,1% 49,9%2008 51,3% 48,7%2009 59,2% 40,8%2010 53,9% 46,1%2011 54,6% 45,4%2012 59,3% 40,7%2013 54,9%PLAN45,1%2014 54,2%PROGNOZA45,8%2015 53,5% 46,5%2016 51,2% 48,8%2017 48,6% 51,4%2018 46,0% 54,0%2019 44,6% 55,4%In EUR milPercentual ratio ofsubsidies and ŽS actualtransport revenueTransport Revenues and Direct State SubsidiesAverage direct subsidy in the past 8 years – approx. EUR 121 milionPlanned subsidy for 2013 is RSD 14,565 billion (approx. EUR 130 milion)Subsidy revenues – regular funds Gross operational transport revenues
  • 9. WHY Rail has Future?Transport caused environmental damages in the EU:Amount to 4.6% of national incomeParticipation in external costs(pollution, noise, vibrations.....) is:• 92% ( whereof 1/3 freight and 2/3 passenger) road• 6% air• 2% railIT IS CLEAR THAT RAIL HAS NO ALTERNATIVE IN TERMS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION !!!ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTPopulation number worldwide• 2001. – 6.1 billion• 2015. – 7.3 billionGlobalization impact on transport activities:Cities worldwide take approx. 0.4% of the Earth surface generate 80% of global pollution which isdestroyig the climate.It is estimated that by 2030, 60% of the global population will live in the citiesIT IS APPARENT THAT THE DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT WILL INCREASE!GHG emissions (gigatonnes/annually)• in 2000 42 Gt• uin 2050 85 Gt (climate catastrophy)Transport is accountable for the emmission of approx. 1/3 of entire CO2 in the EUWhereof road transport alone for as much as 72% .
  • 10. ŽS five year’s average volume of service from 1985 to2012with forecast by 202044,57832,58419,50714,47310,9089,91119,48005,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,00040,00045,00050,0001985. 1990. 1995. 2000. 2005. 2010. 2015. 2020.PASSENGER SERVICEPassengersOver 30,00034,23015,8928,8149,98613,23210,94013,15005,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,00040,0001985. 1990. 1995. 2000. 2005. 2010. 2015. 2020.FREIGHT SERVICETonnesOver 16,000
  • 11. Restriction is a SERIOUS THREAT!Competition- CORRIDOR IVVIDIN- CALAFAT MOSTISTANBUL CROSSING UNDERBOSPHORUSAsian sideEuropeansideGEBZEHALKALI
  • 12. Border procedure participants: police, customs, inspection, railway• Huge time savings may be achieved with good work organization and technology• Reduction of delays requires good synchronization of operation in the joint border station• Additional time reduction is achieved by simultaneous operation of both countries’ servicesRestrictionBORDER DELAYSRoute Pravac/ Via Border crossingsNumber ofbordersNumber ofdelaysAustriaTurkeyCorridor IV AT-HU-RO-BG-TR 4 1Corridor X AT-SLO-HR-SRB-BR-TR 5 4Corridor Xb AT-HU-SRB-BG-TR 4 3AustriaGreeceCorridor IV AT-HU-RO-BG-GR 4 0Corridor X AT-SLO-HR-SRB-FYROM-GR 5 4Corridor Xb AT-HU-SRB-FYROM-GR 4 3Corridor Xc AT-SLO-HR-SRB-BG-GR 5 3
  • 13. MAIN OBJECTIVE AND TASKSReduce the share ofsubsidy i.e. increaseown revenuesRenewinfrastructure andmodernize mobilecapacitiesIncrease volumeof serviceEfficient and quality fulfillment of customer and economy demand fortransport – strive for increased share of marketRail infrastructure as a prerequisite for construction and development ofcommercial capacitiesCreation of conditions for competitive economyMaksimally engage the local economy for the rail system needs (infrastructure,wagon manufacturing, meallurgic complex, new technologies etc)
  • 14. Project lists in the 2009-2027 General Transport Master Plan for Serbia, represent the result of the current condition andanticipated development.Minimum ScenarioASSETSDevelopment ScenarioASSETSTransportmodeInvestment Mainten.Total costsmilion €Rail 112 28 2240Road 336 4600 4936Air 66 250 316Waterways 9 43 52Intermodal 17 9 26TOTAL 540 7030 7570TransportmodeInvest. Maintenance Total costsmilion €Rail 5100 2346 7446Road 8707 5044 13751Air 105 270 376Waterways 349 126 475Intermodal 88 48 136TOTAL 14349 7833 22183Data clearly show that RAILWAY INFRASTRUCTURE MAINTENANCE is a prioritymodernization will depend on the State’s decision and its orientation with respect to investing into Rail in the period after20272128 2346HOW TO REACH THEOBJECTIVE1.1. Investment in maintenance of infrastructure and mobile capacities - continuous1.2. Investment in renewal of infrastructure and mobile capacities1. Investment steps 2. Organizational steps
  • 15. Overhauled single track electrifiedNew electrified single track sectionsDouble track linesOur Orientation1) Elimination of “weak spots” and generalupgrading of line technical properties. Creation ofconditions for provision of a more quality service.2) Construction of 154.5 km of new lines. Newlength of lines in service of 3316.5 km.3) Doubling of tracks on the existing lines in thelength of 257.5 km – TOTAL 540.5 km i.e. 16% oflines in operation.4) Electrification of 254 km i.e. total 46 % ofnetwork in operation.5) Gradual use of material obtained byoverhauling would be applied in maintenance ofregional lines.Final ObjectiveModern double track lines for mixed passenger andfreight traffic on Corridor X with designed speed of160 km/hRestoring of designed speeds on regional linesKragujevacTimok regionKragujevacBG:train
  • 16. Phase 11. Niš – Dimitrovgrad, Reconstruction and electrificationLength 106 kmBudget - 120 mil €2. Beograd Centar – Pančevo, Double track lineLength 16 kmBudget - 34 mil €3. Stara Pazova –Novi Sad, Double track lineLength 45 kmBudget - 340 mil €4. Stalać – Đunis, Double track lineLength 18 kmBudget - 105 mil €5. Niš –Preševo, Capital overhaul with upgrading of particular sectionsLength 166 kmBudget - 270 mil €6. Pančevo – Vršac, Modernization and electrificationLength 80 kmBudget - 50 mil €7. Resnik – Vrbnica, Capital overhaulLength 285 kmBudget - 250 mil €8. Valjevo – Loznica, Construction of new lineLength 68 kmBudget - 259 mil €Phase 21. Novi Sad – Subotica, Reconstruction of existing and doubling of tracksLength 110 kmBudget – 360 mil €2. Resnik – Velika Plana, Construction of new double track lineLength 76 kmBudget – 370 mil €Infrastructure Investments Corridor XBottle necks and priority sections formodernizationLines Beograd-Vrbnica andBeograd-Vrsac (Corridor XI)LEGEND
  • 17. CONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGE over the Danube in Novi Sad instead of the pulled down“Žeželj Bridge”Sources of finance: EU IPA fund 26.2 mil.€ and Republic of Serbia 19.1 mil.€PROJECT VALUE EUR 45.3 milion.Commencement of works: April 2012.Deadline for completion of works: 2013The bridge will be 450 m long, 31 m wide with 2 road lanes, 2 tracks and 2 pedestrianlanes.INFRASTRUCTURE – Underway Projects
  • 18. RAILWAY REHABILITATION IISources of finance: European Investment Bank EIBReconstruction and modernization of section Gilje -Ćuprija - Paraćin on Beograd – Nišline1. Construction of double track bridge over the Velika Morava river – 322 meter spanTOTAL VALUE OF WORKS 8.9 mil. €Deadline for completion of works: end of 20132. Construction of new double track line in the length of 10.5 kilometres.Civil engineering component: 16.162.200 €, Contract was signed, works areunder wayElectrical engineering component: 6.500.000 € tender is under way.TOTAL VALUE OF WORKS 22.662.200 €.Deadline for completion of works: 2014INFRASTRUCTURE – Underway Projects
  • 19. 1. Supply of material for renewal of 6sections on Corridor X in the length ofapprox. 112 kmTOTAL VALUE 30 mil. €Deadline for completion of works:20142. Supply of track maintenance machineryTOTAL VALUE 5 mil. €.CORRIDOR X- EBRD IVSources of finance:European Bank for Reconstruction andDevelopment EBRDTENDER completedINFRASTRUCTURE – Underway Projects
  • 20. Railway station BEOGRAD CENTARPhase 1 construction of infrastructure for reception, departure and movement controlSources of finance: Kuwait Fund for Arabic Economic DevelopmentLoan amount: KWD 10 mil. (approx. EUR 27.6 milion )Tender issuing in July 2013Execution of works 2013-2014INFRASTRUCTURE – Underway Projects
  • 21. 1. Reconstruction and modernization of section Beograd-ResnikSupply of material and execution of worksTOTAL VALUE 27 mil. €2. Rehabilitation of civil and electro-technical infrastructure along Corridor X2.1 Mala Krsna station2.2 Lapovo- Bagrdan left and right tracks2.3 Paraćin - Ćićevac right track2.4 Ćićevac - Stalać left trackSupply of material and execution of worksTOTAL VALUE 21 mil. €3. Rehabilitation of electro-technical facilities along Corridor XSupply of materialTOTAL VALUE 20 mil. €4. Supply of machinery for maintenance of civil and electro-technical infrastructureTOTAL VALUE (8+4) 12 mil. €REHABILITATION OF LINES – EBRD V – Contract signed in January2012Sources of finance: European Bank for Reconstruction andDevelopment EBRDLoan amount: 95 mil. €Tender issuing in 2013INFRASTRUCTURE – Underway Projects
  • 22. Construction of modern telecommunicatinos infrastructurealong “Serbian Railways” linesLaying of fiber optic cables along the trunk and main lines in the total length of 2 013 km isplanned in 3 phases.TOTAL VALUE: 24 mil €Sources of finance ?Phase 1 - 444 kilometers: Beograd Node 113 kmBeograd - Niš 230 kmBeograd - Šid 101 kmESTIMATED VALUE OF WORKS 5.33 mil €.INFRASTRUCTURE – Underway Projects
  • 23. ProjectPotentialsources offinanceLoan amount1 Modernization of Stara Pazova – Novi Sad lineLoan fromthe RussianFederationGovernment840 milionUS dollars forinfrastructureprojects2 Doubling of Pančevački Most - Pančevo Glavna section3Execution of works on 6 sections on Corridor X in the lengthof approx. 112 km4 Overhaul of Serbian part of Beograd – Bar line5 Overhaul and electrification of Niš – Dimitrovgrad lineCzechExport Bank120 mil. €INFRASTRUCTURE – Future Projects
  • 24. Project Sources offinanceLoan amount Status1 12 DMUs 711 Eurofima 43 mil. CHF Delivery completed2 27 DMUs 711RussianFederation Loan100 mil. USDNegotiationsunderway3 21 EMUs EBRD III 100 mil. EURSigned contractdeliveryIX 2014 - IX 20154 15 multisystem locomotives EBRD IV 64 mil. EUR underwayOBJECTIVE:Restored passenger rolling stock fleet by 2016Transport Capacities InvestmentsAVAILABLE IN TOTAL DMUs 46 Series 711: 12+27 = 39 newSeries 710: 7 keep the current number ofavailable onesAVAILABLE IN TOTAL EMUs 46 21 new EMUs + keep the current number ofavailable EMUs 25 = 46AVAILABLE IN TOTAL electric locomotives 125 15 new multisystem el.locs + 110 (129-19)current el.locs
  • 25. Reduction of border delays(complete elimination by EUintegration)Increased commercial speed bybetter traffic organizationMaximum utilization of allinternal resourcesStronger cooperation between railtransport chain participants – mechanismsto increase the service volumes andcompetitivenessAlliance, Cargo 10,...2. Organizational Steps
  • 26. 26INSTEAD OF CONCLUSION...RESULT
  • 27. Thank you for yourattentionJune 5, 2013, Metropol Palace, Belgrade, Serbia