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South East Europe Rail conference - Libor lochman

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  • 1. 112 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysSouth East Europe railways:Perspective For Development05 June 2013, BelgradeDr. Libor LochmanCER Executive Director
  • 2. 212 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysCER stands for… 78 member companies, rail operators,infrastructure managers, leasing companiesfrom all EU countries + accession countries+ Western Balkan + Norway and Switzerland:PRIVATE & PUBLIC companies The representation of our members’interests in Brussels towards theEuropean Parliament, Commissionand Council of Ministers as wellas other policymakers andpartners in transport promoting a strong rail industry that isessential to the creation of a sustainabletransport system which is efficient,effective and environmentally sound.What is CER
  • 3. 312 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European Railways“Rail transport will be in the future the main mode for freighttransport in Europe.”(Siim Kallas – Vice President of the EC and Commissioner for Transport)Total productivity of the EU’s railway sector – infrastructuremanagement and railway operations – increased by 39% from1990 to 2005.(CER from ‘EU Energy and Transport in figures – Statistical Pocketbook 2010’,European Commission, 2010)“Tonne km in Inland freight in EU increases with 49 %, thehighest growth being envisaged for rail transport with 78 %. […][R]ail freight transport would account for 33 % of all inlandfreight in EU in 2030 compared to only 26 % in 2005.”(‘Traffic flow: Scenario, Traffic Forecast and Analysis of Traffic on the TEN-T,Taking into Consideration the External Dimension of the Union.Final Report’, Tetraplan A/S for EC DG TREN, 2009)The future is an opportunity – and it has to beexploited.
  • 4. 412 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysThe strategic positionof Western Balkans
  • 5. 512 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European Railways75 billion USD transport potential between Europeand Asia
  • 6. 612 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysCorridors (TEN-T) in the SEE countries- the rail infrastructure is the basis1. The highquality andhigh capacitycorridors mustbe given apriority2. They have toform anetwork ofalternativeroutes!
  • 7. 712 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysRail investment will trigger transport demand!Rail track VS Motorway length in EU15 since 1970In EU15, between 1970 and 2008- road traffic almost tripled- rail traffic increased slighlySimilar growth levelscan be reached by railwith similar levels ofinvestments as in roadIn 35 years MOTORWAYlength INCREASED 3.5times !In 35 years,RAILTRACK lengthDECREASED by 14% !
  • 8. 812 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysSetting the conditions right:the overall rail system environment
  • 9. 912 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysRoad AccessChargesRoadsystemAccess toinfrastructureTrack AccessChargesPublicspherePrivatespherePUBLIC AUTHORITYCUSTOMERSRailRBInfrastructureManagerOperators2013 version: input, output and regulatorymonitoringMACsOperatorsInfrastructureManagerInfrastructurePSCsRailRBRailRB€€€€€€€Railwaysystem
  • 10. 1012 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysThe EU rail acquis: regulation of theintramodal competition
  • 11. 1112 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysThe EU rail acquis (1)1stRailwayPackageInter-operabilitydirectives2ndRailwayPackage3rdRailwayPackageTheTrans-EuropeanNetworkPublicServiceTransportState AidGuidelinesWorkingconditionsof cross-bordermobileworkersPublicprocure-mentEnviron-mentallegislationSafetydirective(revision)International freightmarket openingAccounts separationEstablishment of RBCompulsory NSsMACsOpening int’l and domesticfreight mktEstablishment of ERAOpening int’lpassenger marketRail passengerrightsCertification oftrain driversEnvironmental noiseDiesel emissionsEnvironmentalliability
  • 12. 1212 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysRail freightcorridorregulationEuro-vignettePassengerrights on allmodesRecast ofthe 1strailwaypackageNew TEN-Tand CEFState AidGuidelinesThe EU rail acquis (2)Reinforced accountsseparationIndependence of IM’sessential functionsLonger and stronger MACsNew principles for TACsNDTACs and ETCS TACsAccess to Rail RelatedServices4thRailwayPackageGovernance of the rail companiesDomestic rail market openingNew ERA regulationInteroperabilitySafety
  • 13. 1312 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysCER view on the structural reforms Can be achieved with a well-financed andindependent regulatory body Allow efficient structural models to supportcompetitiveness agains other modes Both integrated and separated models can perform confirmed by the recent EVES-Rail study resultsEfficient, non-discriminatory access to infrastructure –a major enabler of competition in the rail sectorNew legislationonly if seennecessary for thedevelopment ofthe Europeanrailway marketafter a thoroughanalysisEach Member State should be empowered to reconsider its existing rail sector model have sufficient flexibility to reform the given model switch between models, if national conditions sorequire!
  • 14. 1412 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysCrucial aspect:The intermodal level playing field
  • 15. 1512 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysIntermodal level playing field?Cross-modal EU regulation needed! Improve EU law-making to ensure a fairintermodal legislative framework Set up EU cross-modal legislative principles– Common principle for infrastructurecharging– Common principle for internalization ofnegative externalities– Common principle for taxation– Common principle for passenger rights– Common social standards– …
  • 16. 1612 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysInfrastructure Charging and External Costs ofTransport to be applied urgently! DG MOVE report on how full internalisation of external costs for road andrail could be achieved was originally due out by Oct 2012 but has beendelayed. However, the accompanying report for DG MOVE ‘An inventory ofmeasures for internalising external costs in transport’ by a consortiumof consultants has now been published. Key points: Infrastructure charging in road transport is much less developed thanin the non-road modes. An indicative estimate of the cost coverage of the infrastructure andexternal costs of road transport in the EU is 38%. In none of the Member States does road transport pays its full costs.The cost coverage ratios are the highest in Denmark (87%) and lowestin the Baltic states and Hungary (17% or less).
  • 17. 1712 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysFuture of the sustainable rail development?Let’s set all the three key elements right!InfrastructureIntermodal levelplaying fieldIntramodalcompetition
  • 18. 1812 March 2013 CERThe Voice of European RailwaysThank you for your attention!For further information,visit our website: www.cer.beDr. Libor LochmanCER Executive DirectorTel: +32 2 213 08 71Email: libor.lochman@cer.be