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Preparing For The Worst – The SecureMetro
Project: Outcomes and Recommendations
Antonio de Santiago Laporte
Industrial Tec...
Mitigating the Effects of Firebomb and
Blast Attacks on Metro Systems.
Conor O’Neill (NewRail)

&
Antonio De Santiago (Met...
Preparing For The Worst – The
SecureMetro Project: Outcomes and
Recommendations
Antonio de Santiago Laporte
Industrial Tec...
PROJECT DETAILS
 3½ year EU project – Jan 2010 to Jun 2013
 11 partners in 4 countries

4
PROJECT PARTNERS

5
PROJECT AIMS

 To increase metro vehicle resilience to terrorist bomb
blast through selection of vehicle materials and
st...
THREATS
 Review of previous blast and incendiary attacks on metro systems.
 833 terrorist attacks identified.
1960 -2010...
THREATS
2000 - 2010
Bombing
58%

Hijacking
0%

Kidnapping
0%
Other
4%

Logistic Activity
0%

Barricade
0%

Arson
6%

Armed...
THREAT SUMMARY
 Primary Threat: Bombing
– 70% of all fatalities
– 77% of all injuries

 Fire Attacks
– Low frequency.
– ...
THREATS – UNDERGROUND SYSTEMS
 Subway systems.
Total Attacks

Attacks on Vehicles

% of Total

Fatalities on Vehicles

In...
SCENARIO DEFINITION

11
SCENARIO DEFINITION

 Finite element modelling and simulation of blast conditions.
 Study of blast mechanics related to ...
BLAST TESTING
 Panel tests June 2012:
–
–
–
–
–

Driver cabin panels.
Carriage wall panels.
Floor and ceiling panels.
Win...
BLAST TESTING
 Full-scale test Aug 2012:

 Decommissioned Metro de Madrid vehicle.
 Tested at HSL (UK) for NewRail.
 E...
 Delivery of metro!

15
AREAS OF INTEREST – Reduce Damage and Injury







Glass fragmentation
Door retention
Structural deformation
Equipme...
17
BLAST TESTING

18
KEY SYSTEMS
 Lighting:

– Assess situation. Seek egress. Communication. Guidance.
 Driver:
– Knowledgeable person. Relay...
DEMONSTRATOR VEHICLE
 A blast resilient demonstrator:
–
–
–
–

14m vehicle.
Driver’s bulkhead.
Open-ended design.
Passeng...





Modified glazing (jointing and glazing films).
Tethering technology.
Evaluation of seat orientation.
Bulkhead rei...
22
DEMONSTRATOR VEHICLE

 Reduction in glazing debris.

 Reduction in debris in gangway.
 Tethering held dislodged panels....
RESEARCH OUTPUT
 Appraisal of State-of-Art design practices (techniques).
 Specification of the desired vehicle performa...
THANK YOU!

SecureMetro is a European
Commission funded FP7 project
GA# 234148
25
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Antonio de Santiago Laporte, Industrial Technical Engineer, Madrid Metro & Conor O’Neill Rail, Vehicles Group Manager, NewRail – SecureMetro Project

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Transcript of "Antonio de Santiago Laporte, Industrial Technical Engineer, Madrid Metro & Conor O’Neill Rail, Vehicles Group Manager, NewRail – SecureMetro Project"

  1. 1. Preparing For The Worst – The SecureMetro Project: Outcomes and Recommendations Antonio de Santiago Laporte Industrial Technical Engineer Madrid Metro & Conor O’Neill Rail Vehicles Group Manager NewRail – SecureMetro Project
  2. 2. Mitigating the Effects of Firebomb and Blast Attacks on Metro Systems. Conor O’Neill (NewRail) & Antonio De Santiago (Metro de Madrid) Rail & Public Transport Safety & Security Mar 2014 - London 2
  3. 3. Preparing For The Worst – The SecureMetro Project: Outcomes and Recommendations Antonio de Santiago Laporte Industrial Technical Engineer Madrid Metro & Conor O’Neill Rail Vehicles Group Manager NewRail – SecureMetro Project 3
  4. 4. PROJECT DETAILS  3½ year EU project – Jan 2010 to Jun 2013  11 partners in 4 countries 4
  5. 5. PROJECT PARTNERS 5
  6. 6. PROJECT AIMS  To increase metro vehicle resilience to terrorist bomb blast through selection of vehicle materials and structural design.  To increase security against a firebomb attack through design of fire barriers and fire suppression technology.  To increase the resilience of vehicles to blasts in order to speed up recovery following attack to return to normal operation.  To reduce the attractiveness of metro systems as a target for attack by reducing deaths and injuries and increased resilience. 6
  7. 7. THREATS  Review of previous blast and incendiary attacks on metro systems.  833 terrorist attacks identified. 1960 -2010 1960-2010 Bombing 57% Hijacking Kidnapping 0% 0% Other 5% Logistic Activity 0% Sabotage 20% Barricade 0% Arson 5% Threat 5% Armed AttackUnconventional 7% 1% 7
  8. 8. THREATS 2000 - 2010 Bombing 58% Hijacking 0% Kidnapping 0% Other 4% Logistic Activity 0% Barricade 0% Arson 6% Armed Attack 6% Unconventional 0% Threat 3% Sabotage 23% 8
  9. 9. THREAT SUMMARY  Primary Threat: Bombing – 70% of all fatalities – 77% of all injuries  Fire Attacks – Low frequency. – High impact.  Attacks on vehicles more lethal than infrastructure. – 73% of fatalities were onboard the vehicle. – 90% of metro vehicle fatalities were onboard the vehicle. 9
  10. 10. THREATS – UNDERGROUND SYSTEMS  Subway systems. Total Attacks Attacks on Vehicles % of Total Fatalities on Vehicles Injuries on Vehicles Subway 82 29 35% 90% 67% Subway EU 35 11 31% 100% 92%  Future Threats. Question posed Highest ranking response Most severe threat Explosive device Most probable threat Explosive device Most vulnerable target Multi-modal terminals Primary aim of attack Loss of life Device type Improvised explosive device Attack type Multiple targets  Analysis of potential future threats, risks and potential trends.  Threat and attack scenarios to provide design approach. 10
  11. 11. SCENARIO DEFINITION 11
  12. 12. SCENARIO DEFINITION  Finite element modelling and simulation of blast conditions.  Study of blast mechanics related to rail metro vehicles and systems.  Small/large scale blast testing (correlation) components and vehicle.  Evaluation of range of potential vehicle design improvements. 12
  13. 13. BLAST TESTING  Panel tests June 2012: – – – – – Driver cabin panels. Carriage wall panels. Floor and ceiling panels. Windows (glazing). Material assessment tests (32 individual materials tested). 13
  14. 14. BLAST TESTING  Full-scale test Aug 2012:  Decommissioned Metro de Madrid vehicle.  Tested at HSL (UK) for NewRail.  Evaluation of structural and equipment response. 14
  15. 15.  Delivery of metro! 15
  16. 16. AREAS OF INTEREST – Reduce Damage and Injury      Glass fragmentation Door retention Structural deformation Equipment retention Vehicle derailment      Interior components (floor/roof) Critical system protection Driver Protection Evacuation & egress Recovery (injured & system) 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. BLAST TESTING 18
  19. 19. KEY SYSTEMS  Lighting: – Assess situation. Seek egress. Communication. Guidance.  Driver: – Knowledgeable person. Relay updates & commands. Focal point.  Radio communications: – Co-ordinate evacuation. Link to outside world.  Door systems: – Operational post incident. Escape means. Useable if unpowered. Access for emergency response crew.  Surveillance data backup: – Forensic data. Understanding of events leading up to blast. 19
  20. 20. DEMONSTRATOR VEHICLE  A blast resilient demonstrator: – – – – 14m vehicle. Driver’s bulkhead. Open-ended design. Passengers doors incorporated. 20
  21. 21.     Modified glazing (jointing and glazing films). Tethering technology. Evaluation of seat orientation. Bulkhead reinforcement 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. DEMONSTRATOR VEHICLE  Reduction in glazing debris.  Reduction in debris in gangway.  Tethering held dislodged panels. 23
  24. 24. RESEARCH OUTPUT  Appraisal of State-of-Art design practices (techniques).  Specification of the desired vehicle performance.  Design specification for blast and firebomb mitigation.  Recommendations for future international standards. 24
  25. 25. THANK YOU! SecureMetro is a European Commission funded FP7 project GA# 234148 25
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