Getting R&D priority areas right


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Getting R&D priority areas right

  1. 1. Getting R&D Priorities Right Rushdi Abdul Rahim 28th February 20122012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  2. 2. BACKGROUND • National Technology Foresight study commissioned by MOSTI in September 2010; • National Science & Research Council approved on Dec 2010 by the Cabinet. Science & Technology Support2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  3. 3. R&D GOVERNANCE Prime Minister’s Office NATIONAL SCIENCE & Secretariat RESEARCH COUNCIL MOSTI Priority Setting Mechanism R&D Evaluation & Outcome for R&D Monitoring EXPERT WORKING GROUPS Environmental Computer Sciences & Agriculture Sciences Chemical Sciences Engineering Sciences Sciences ICT Advanced Materials Mathematics & Health & Medical Humanities & Social Life Sciences Sciences Physical Sciences Sciences Sciences2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  4. 4. THE NEEDS • National R&D Priority Areas for : – Streamlining national scientific research areas, – Efficient distribution & utilisation of public funds, – Focus in the strength & niche of Malaysia, – Advancing Malaysian research and innovation to benefit the community; and – Intensifying R&D funding (GERD). • Strategic R&D Directions and Framework by: – Establishing the National Science Act; and – Formulation of the National Science, Technology & Innovation Policy.2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  5. 5. THE APPROACH Taking the mandates spelt out by the NSRC, the following was undertaken in prioritizing the R&D areas: • Establishment of National R&D Framework • Engagement of Expert Working Groups which represents 10 disciplines • Analysis of existing National Focus Areas • Benchmarking & comparative analysis of international R&D areas • Assessment of global & local mega trends & issues • Analysis of Malaysia’s R&D strengths & weaknesses as well as analyzing its opportunities & threats2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  6. 6. NATIONAL R&D FRAMEWORK VISION 2020/NEM HIGH INCOME FULLY DEVELOPED NATION & ECONOMY High Income Inclusiveness Sustainability Foresight R&D GOALS ISSUES & Legal PROBLEMS Framework New Discoveries & Competitiveness Societal Wellbeing Knowledge Generation TRENDS & DRIVERS R&D PRIORITY AREAS SCENARIOS Areas 1 Areas 2 Areas 3 Areas 4 FUNDING POLICIES Strategies • Develop CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS • Partnership Competencies Facilities • Acquire Human Capital Infrastructure Career Path Support2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  7. 7. BENCHMARKING S&T DEVELOPMENT Applying the Composite Science and Technology Innovation Index (COSTII) set of indicators, Malaysia ranked significantly behind in R&D intensity compared to other OECD countries Item Indicators 1. Total amount of R&D investment (million USD, PPP) Investment in 2. Ratio of total R&D investment per GDP R&D 3. R&D investment per researcher Activities 4. Ratio of industrial R&D investment vis-à-vis GDP Entrepreneurial 1. Total Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) (Age group of 18 to 64) Activities 2. Ratio of investment of venture capital vis-à-vis GDP2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  8. 8. BENCHMARKING FOCUS AREAS COUNTRIES GERD/GDP (%) AREAS South Korea 4.0 • Automotive • Shipbuilding • Machinery & manufacturing • Semiconductor • Display • IT based convergent technologies • Medical & healthcare • Advance logistic • Communication & broadcasting • Construction • Space & Ocean • Nuclear • Health & safety • Energy & resources • Climate change & environment • Convergent/composite material • Finland 3.45 • ICT • Electronics / electro-technical • Machine / metal products • Forestry • Japan 3.18 • Life sciences • IT • Nanotech • Materials • Environmental sciences • Energy • Infrastructure • Oceans • Outer space • Singapore 2.60 • Environmental and Water Technologies • Interactive and Digital Media • Manufacturing clusters ; electronics, chemicals, engineering and biomedical sciences • UK • Arts and Humanities • Biotechnology and Biological Sciences • Engineering and 1.73 Physical Sciences • Economic and Social • Medical • Natural Environment • Science and Technology Facilities • Defence • China • Energy resources and environmental protection • IT, new materials and 1.50 manufacturing • Agriculture, population and health • Space and ocean technology • Basic sciences and frontier technology • Brazil 1.28 • Biotechnology • Nanotechnology • Biofuels • renewable bio-energy • Malaysia 0.822012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  9. 9. NATIONAL FOCUS AREAS 6 national key result areas 12 national key economic areas 11 development areas 12 manufacturing sectors 8 non government business areas 9 National technology foresight areas 6 Mega science areas Niche priority areas2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  10. 10. FOCUS AREAS COMPARISONS2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  11. 11. STAKEHOLDERS ENGAGEMENT2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  12. 12. STAKEHOLDERS ENGAGEMENT2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  13. 13. STAKEHOLDERS ENGAGEMENT2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  14. 14. STAKEHOLDERS ENGAGEMENT2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  15. 15. FACTS/ MEGA TRENDS FOOD SECURITY Global Local • The OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook (2009-2018) • Malaysias food imports considerably outstrips it export bill. predicts that demand for food will grow by 50 % by In 2010, Malaysias food import bill amounted to RM 40.5 2030 and 70 % by 2050. By 2050, it is expected that billion for agricultural based products. the worlds population will reach a staggering 9 • In the ETP, food security issues are highlighted in agriculture billion. key economic area . Total of RM18.9 billion would be • More people die each year from hunger and invested to boost food supply. malnutrition than from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria • The total Malaysia fisheries production has increased from combined . In 2009, the FAO projects world hunger to RM 5.2 billion in 2005 to RM 8.6 billion in 2009; a growth of reach a historic high with 1.02 billion people going 64.9%. However, 70% of the fish are imported. hungry every day. • The World Bank estimates that one hectare of land will need to feed 5 people in 2025, whereas in 1960 one hectare was required to feed only 2 people. • More people die each year from hunger and malnutrition than from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined . In 2009, the FAO projects world hunger to reach a historic high with 1.02 billion people going hungry every day.LONG TERM GOALS • Reduce dependency of import on staple food and increase the level of self sufficiency • Improvement of animal feedstock and breeding ofFOCUSAREAS food crops adapted to climate change; • Exploitation of biodiversity for novel food/feed. Source: US Dept. of Agriculture; Food & Agricultural Policy Research Institute2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  16. 16. FOOD SECURITY Many reasons explain the present escalation in GLOBAL FOOD food prices. Climate change is one. The use of food crops to produce fuel for vehicles is another factor. Current paddy OUTPUT WILL HAVE Related to this is the scarcity of land areas for yield was just ≈ agriculture. While increase in global population 3.7 tonnes TO RISE BY 70% particularly middle class in recent years led to significant growth in food consumption. 7.6% 70% Yield price increase are imported still unrealised Market prices of imported mutton from Price for deep sea fishes had 700 million coconuts needed a year Australia has gone up on an average of increased between 20% and 30% but was only 400 million was 12% produced annually ≈ 930 tonnes unconsumed 11.7% food discarded daily 8.4% 10.2% Doubled over the past three years. 4.6 % 6.2% FOOD INFLATION2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  17. 17. PRIORITIZATION PROCESS 10 EWGs • Alignment to national priorities • Application potential & • Economic & industrial impact diffusion • Knowledge generation • Cost effectiveness • Social & societal impact Attractiveness Feasibility • Material & infrastructure • National competitiveness • People & competencies • Novelty • Technology readiness & maturity • Time horizon of impact > 500 Candidates of research areas Global Issues National Issues x2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium R&D PRIORITY AREAS
  18. 18. EWGs CONSULTATION2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  19. 19. THE RECOMMENDATIONS Knowledge generation & strengthening the areas of S&T fundamental science, social sciences as well as the cross cutting Enablers & converging technologies Areas in relation to the general well being of the nation and the National & Global society, addressing national issues as well as those that will Issues enable the country to cope with global issues • Cyber Security • Medical & Healthcare • Energy Security • Plantation Crops & Commodities • Environment & Climate Change • Transport & Urbanization • Food Security • Water Security2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  20. 20. MOVING FORWARD Initiatives in progress to achieve the following:- • Endorsement & adoption of the National R&D Priority areas; • Policies to increase the allocation of >1% GERD/GDP ; • Creation of Programmes for High Impact R&D in the priority areas identified.2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  21. 21. STAKEHOLDERS THOUGHTS “What is being done today is to set or mapped out the technology foresight but the utmost important thing is to explain and illuminate to the industry and the stakeholders, which include researchers and policy makers about the findings and the likely technologies going to be in the future. I believe that what we are doing today is just the beginning… there is still a lot more work to do after this…”Dato Dr. Mahani Zainal AbidinMember “The basic human weakness is we tend to overestimateNational Economic Advisory Council the short-term impact but at the same time under estimate the long-term impact. The Government needs to consistently ask question. But the fact that we are going through the process of Foresight shows that we are at a good start…” Dr. Kamarulzaman "Dr. K" Mohamed Zin “Foresight is important every where in the world Chief Executive Officer because there is a need to learn from the past Silterra Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. and the present in order to shape the future. Forecasting by imagination is insufficient …This attempt is just a start and must be continued…” Tan Sri Dato’ Dr Ahmad Mustafa Babjee Fellow Akademi Sains Malaysia2012. UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium
  22. 22. Thank You UK-Malaysia Partners in Science Symposium