Lecture 25   east and west (b)
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Lecture 25 east and west (b)






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Lecture 25   east and west (b) Lecture 25 east and west (b) Presentation Transcript

  • HISTORY 26 Lecture Twenty-Five: East and West: Persia and the Greeks (559 - 323 BC)
  • “ Sacred Places’ Wordy Walls” The Material of Early Christian Devotional Graffiti
    • Ann Marie Yasin
    • Professor of History, USC
    • Wednesday, December 1st
    • 4:00 p.m.
    • HMNSS 1500
    • This paper examines what early Christian graffiti
    • can tell us about the lived experience of Christian
    • sacred spaces in the late third to seventh centuries.
  • Croesus, King of Lydia (560 - 547 BC)
    • The Oracle at Delphi: “If he made war on the Persians, he would destroy a great empire.”
  • Herodotus of Halicarnassus ( c . 484 - 425 BC)
    • ‘ Father of History’, or ‘Father of Lies’
    • Morality tales
    • Persians as stereotypes
      • Represented the opposite of Greek virtues
  • The Lasting Impact of the Greek Narrative
  • The Lasting Impact of the Greek Narrative
  • The Lasting Impact of the Greek Narrative
  • The Immortals
  • Persia, a Multi-cultural Empire
  • Babylonians
  • Medes
  • Bactrians
  • Arabs
  • Lydians
  • Thracians
  • Nubians
  • Persia, a Multi-cultural Empire
    • The Persian kings were the first to acknowledge the variety of cultures, languages, and political organizations that made up their empire.
      • Bringers of tribute, not prisoners of war
      • Adopted the languages, scripts, and bureaucratic traditions of those they conquered
        • But Aramaic was the universal language of administration
  • Cyrus the Great (559 - 530 BC)
    • The savior of Babylon, chosen by Marduk to restore order and justice after Nabonidus
    • Chosen by the Hebrew God (Yahweh) to restore the temple of Jerusalem
  • Cambyses Mesutira (529 - 522 BC)
    • A local official teaches him how to behave like an Egyptian king
    • He adopts an Egyptian throne-name, Mesutira (‘offspring of the god Ra’)
  • Satrapies of the Persian Empire under Darius I (521 - 486 BC)
  • Greece during the Persian Wars of Darius and Xerxes
  • The Conquests of Alexander the Great
  • The Macedonian Phalanx
  • The Battle of Gaugamela (331 BC)