Lecture 25 east and west (b)

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Lecture 25 east and west (b)

  1. 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture Twenty-Five: East and West: Persia and the Greeks (559 - 323 BC)
  2. 2. “ Sacred Places’ Wordy Walls” The Material of Early Christian Devotional Graffiti <ul><li>Ann Marie Yasin </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of History, USC </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday, December 1st </li></ul><ul><li>4:00 p.m. </li></ul><ul><li>HMNSS 1500 </li></ul><ul><li>This paper examines what early Christian graffiti </li></ul><ul><li>can tell us about the lived experience of Christian </li></ul><ul><li>sacred spaces in the late third to seventh centuries. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Croesus, King of Lydia (560 - 547 BC) <ul><li>The Oracle at Delphi: “If he made war on the Persians, he would destroy a great empire.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Herodotus of Halicarnassus ( c . 484 - 425 BC) <ul><li>‘ Father of History’, or ‘Father of Lies’ </li></ul><ul><li>Morality tales </li></ul><ul><li>Persians as stereotypes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Represented the opposite of Greek virtues </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Lasting Impact of the Greek Narrative
  6. 6. The Lasting Impact of the Greek Narrative
  7. 7. The Lasting Impact of the Greek Narrative
  8. 8. The Immortals
  9. 9. Persia, a Multi-cultural Empire
  10. 10. Babylonians
  11. 11. Medes
  12. 12. Bactrians
  13. 13. Arabs
  14. 14. Lydians
  15. 15. Thracians
  16. 16. Nubians
  17. 17. Persia, a Multi-cultural Empire <ul><li>The Persian kings were the first to acknowledge the variety of cultures, languages, and political organizations that made up their empire. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bringers of tribute, not prisoners of war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted the languages, scripts, and bureaucratic traditions of those they conquered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But Aramaic was the universal language of administration </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Cyrus the Great (559 - 530 BC) <ul><li>The savior of Babylon, chosen by Marduk to restore order and justice after Nabonidus </li></ul><ul><li>Chosen by the Hebrew God (Yahweh) to restore the temple of Jerusalem </li></ul>
  19. 19. Cambyses Mesutira (529 - 522 BC) <ul><li>A local official teaches him how to behave like an Egyptian king </li></ul><ul><li>He adopts an Egyptian throne-name, Mesutira (‘offspring of the god Ra’) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Satrapies of the Persian Empire under Darius I (521 - 486 BC)
  21. 21. Greece during the Persian Wars of Darius and Xerxes
  22. 22. The Conquests of Alexander the Great
  23. 23. The Macedonian Phalanx
  24. 24. The Battle of Gaugamela (331 BC)

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