Lecture 16 foundation of imperial egypt (b)

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Lecture 16 foundation of imperial egypt (b)

  1. 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture Sixteen: The Foundation of Imperial Egypt ( c . 1550 - 1352 BC)
  2. 2. Monuments of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Temple of Rameses II at Abu Simbel (Nubia) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Monuments of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Temple Complex at Karnak (Thebes) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Monuments of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Temple of Sety I at Abydos </li></ul>
  5. 5. Monuments of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Mortuary Temple of Rameses III (Medinet Habu) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Important Finds of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Bust of Queen Nefertiti (Amarna) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Important Finds of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Tomb of Tutankhamun (Valley of the Kings) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Important Finds of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Private Tomb of General Horemheb (Saqqara) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Important Rulers of the New Kingdom <ul><li>Queen Hatshepsut (1473 - 1458 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Thutmose III (1479 - 1425 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Akhenaten/Amenhotep IV (1352 - 1336 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses II (1279 - 1213 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Per-ao , ‘Great House’ > Pharaoh </li></ul>
  10. 10. The New Kingdom Dynasty 18 (1550 - 1295 BC) <ul><li>Ahmose </li></ul><ul><li>Amenhotep I </li></ul><ul><li>Thutmose I </li></ul><ul><li>Thutmose II </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Hatshepsut </li></ul><ul><li>Thutmose III </li></ul><ul><li>Amenhotep II </li></ul><ul><li>Thutmose IV </li></ul><ul><li>Amenhotep III </li></ul><ul><li>Amenhotep IV/ Akhenaten </li></ul><ul><li>Neferneferuaten </li></ul><ul><li>Tutankhamun </li></ul><ul><li>Ay </li></ul><ul><li>Horemheb </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ahmose Nebpehtyra (1550 - 1525 BC) <ul><li>Brother of Kamose (17th Dynasty) </li></ul><ul><li>Drove the Hyksos out of Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Began a period of military expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Development of a professional army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse-drawn chariots </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Ahmose Nebpehtyra (1550 - 1525 BC)
  13. 13. Amenhotep I Djeserkara (1525 - 1504 BC) <ul><li>Viceroy and Overseer of Southern Countries </li></ul>
  14. 14. Amenhotep I Djeserkara (1525 - 1504 BC)
  15. 15. Thutmose I Aakheperkara (1504 - 1492 BC) <ul><li>Capital: Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>The Temple of Amun-Ra at Karnak </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amun, ‘the hidden one’, a local god of Thebes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ra, the sun-god </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opet Festival; from Karnak to Luxor </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Thutmose I Aakheperkara (1504 - 1492 BC) <ul><li>The Valley of the Kings </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thutmose I Aakheperkara (1504 - 1492 BC)
  18. 18. Thutmose I Aakheperkara (1504 - 1492 BC) Niy Alalakh and Aleppo (Mitanni)
  19. 19. Hatshepsut Maatkara (1473 - 1458 BC) <ul><li>Wife and half-sister of Thutmose II </li></ul><ul><li>Regent for Thutmose III </li></ul><ul><li>‘ King’s daughter, king’s sister, god’s wife, great royal wife Hatshepsut </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Nefrura (her daughter) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Hatshepsut Maatkara (1473 - 1458 BC)
  21. 21. Expedition to Punt
  22. 22. Expedition to Punt
  23. 23. Djeser djeseru , ‘Holy of Holies’ (Deir el-Bahri)
  24. 24. Mentuhotep’s Mortuary Complex (Deir el-Bahri)

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