Lecture 13 second intermediate period (b)

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Lecture 13 second intermediate period (b)

  1. 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture Thirteen: The Second Intermediate Period ( c . 1650 - 1550 BC)
  2. 2. Egyptian Expansion
  3. 3. The End of the Middle Kingdom Dynasty 13 (1773 - after 1650 BC) <ul><li>Wegaf (Khutawyra) </li></ul><ul><li>Sobekhotep II (Sekhemra-khutawy) </li></ul><ul><li>Iykhernefert Neferhotep (Sankhtawy-sekhemra) </li></ul><ul><li>Ameny-intef-amenemhat (Sankhibra) </li></ul><ul><li>Hor (Awibra) </li></ul><ul><li>Khendjer (Userkara) </li></ul><ul><li>Sobekhotep III (Sekhemra-sewadjtawy) </li></ul><ul><li>Neferhotep I (Khasekhemra) </li></ul><ul><li>Sahathor </li></ul><ul><li>Sobekhotep IV (Khaneferra) </li></ul><ul><li>Sobekhotep V </li></ul><ul><li>Ay (Merneferra) </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Nile Delta (Lower Egypt) <ul><li>Xois and Avaris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neferhotep I (1740 - 1729 BC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nubia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sobekhotep IV (early 16th century) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Hyksos </li></ul>
  5. 5. Avaris and the Hyksos <ul><li>Aamu , “Asiatics” (the inhabitants of Palestine and Syria generally) </li></ul><ul><li>Hyksos, Greek for hekau khasut , “rulers of foreign (lit. mountain) countries” </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and occasional military campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Avaris, later the Hyksos capital (Tell el-Dab‘a) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chronology of the Second Intermediate Period <ul><li>The rulers of the 13th Dynasty at Itjtawy had lost control of the Nile Delta by around 1720 BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of the 14th Dynasty, centered on Xois and Avaris (1720 - 1650 BC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Around 1650 BC, Itjtawy is abandoned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of the 15th Dynasty of Hyksos kings (1650 - 1550 BC), bounded by Cusae in the south </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The 16th Dynasty is established at Thebes by native Egyptians (1650 - 1580 BC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replaced by the 17th Dynasty (1580 - 1550 BC) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Hyksos Kingdom (Dynasty 15) From Avaris in the north to Cusae in the south
  8. 8. The Kingdom of Kush (Capital: Kerma)
  9. 9. The City of Kerma
  10. 10. The Kings of Kush
  11. 11. Avaris and Thebes at War ( c . 1520 - 1550 BC) <ul><li>Seqenenra Taa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Hyksos king, Apepi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deir el-Ballas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kamose ‘the Brave’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buhen, Lower Nubia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nefrusi and Bahariya Oasis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ahmose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founder of the 18th Dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heliopolis and Tell el-Habua </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharuhen in Palestine </li></ul></ul>

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