Lecture 10   old assyrian period (b)
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Lecture 10 old assyrian period (b)

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Lecture 10   old assyrian period (b) Lecture 10 old assyrian period (b) Presentation Transcript

  • The Midterm
    • One essay (out of two); 50 minutes.
    • Bring a blue book, writing utensil, and your text books.
      • This is a test of your critical thinking skills, not your ability to memorize minutiae.
    • Themes: The role of the environment in state formation, the development of social hierarchy, and the process of centralization.
      • Hint: Try to organize your information into periods (rather than by dates), and look at the differences between these periods, as well as between geographical locations.
  • HISTORY 26 Lecture Ten: The Old Assyrian Period ( c . 2000 - 1800 BC)
  • Empire of Akkad ( c . 2300 - 2150 BC)
  • Third Dynasty of Ur, or Ur III (2112 - 2004 BC)
  • Northern Mesopotamia and Syria
  • Assur (Ashur)
  • Assur (Ashur)
    • The King
    • ‘ Governor of the god Assur’
    • ‘ Prince’ ( ruba’um ), or ‘lord’ ( belum )
    • NOT an autocratic ruler
      • Religious ritual and ceremony, public building, and the exercise of justice
    • ‘ The City’ ( alum )
    • An assembly of merchant families
    • Made legislation and passed legal decisions, controlled diplomacy and enforced trade policy
  • Karum -Kanesh (K ültepe )
    • Central Anatolia
    • Karum , ‘port’
    • The Principalities of Kanesh, Purushhattum, and Wahshushana
  • Karum -Kanesh (K ültepe )
  • Karum -Kanesh (K ültepe )
  • Kingdom of Upper Mesopotamia (1792 - 1776 BC)
    • Shamshi-Adad I
    • Ekallatum
    • Captured Assur in 1808 BC
    • Northern Syria and the capital of Shubat-Enlil (in the Habur Valley)
    • Yahdun-Lim of Mari is assassinated and the city taken in 1792 BC
  • Kingdom of Upper Mesopotamia (1792 - 1776 BC)
  • Kingdom of Upper Mesopotamia (1792 - 1776 BC)
    • Many of the existing practices of the conquered states are left in place.
    • Shamshi-Adad installs his sons at strategic locations
      • Ishme-Dagan at Ekallatum, and Yahdun-Lim at Mari
    • He is attacked simultaneously by Yamkhad and Eshnunna, and dies in 1776 BC