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Lecture 01 the ancient near east (b)

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Transcript

  • 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture One: The Ancient Near East
  • 2. The Ancient Near East
  • 3. Agriculture
    • Emmer Wheat Barley
  • 4. Beer
    • 5th Dynasty Courage Brewery
    • (c. 2500 BC) (1996 AD)
  • 5. Fodder Crops
    • Bitter Vetch White Clover
  • 6. Animal Husbandry
    • Oxen, donkeys, and horses (after c. 2000 BC)
    • Sheep and goats
      • Transhumance
    • Camels (c. 1000 BC)
  • 7. The Evidence Clay Tablet Papyrus
  • 8. The Evidence
    • Berossus of Babylon (early 3rd century BC)
    • Manetho of Sebennytos in Egypt (early 3rd century BC
    • The Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament)
  • 9. The Evidence
    • Arabic - tell
    • Persian - tepe
    • Turkish - h üyük
  • 10. The Evidence - Problems
    • Still inhabited
      • City and farmland
    • Local topography
    • Financial constraints
    • Site identification
    • Politics and war