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  • 1. OASDFR 2501 PROGRAM Small and diverse farmers in more than 35 States have benefited from the 2501: Outreach and Assistance Program for Socially Disadvantaged Farmers and Ranchers (OASDFR)Historic program helps USDA reach forgotten farmersThe OASDFR has served Many  community-­‐based   competitive  grants.    The  program   organizations,  1890  and  1994  land   has  served  more  than  100,000  more than 100,000 rural grant  institutions,  and  Hispanic   rural  constituents  and  has  been  an  constituents. Serving  Colleges  and  Universities   invaluable  resource  for  the  more   fought  to  ensure  that  this  vital   than  35  states.The  Outreach  and  Assistance   program  as  well  as  other  equity  Program  for  Socially   and  access  provisions  were   Meet the FarmersDisadvantaged  Farmers  and   developed  and  passed  in  the   Minority  Farmers  Rights  section  of   www.flatsmentorfarm.org fl t t fRanchers  (OASDFR)  is  a  historic   Alabama, South Carolinaand  remarkably  successful   the  1990  FarmBill  and  subsequent   and Montana 2program  adopted  in  Section  2501   legislation.    In  the  2008  Farm  Bill,   Massachusetts 3of  the  1990  Farm  Bill.    It  was  part   the  program  began  to  achieve   Alabama 4of  a  years-­‐long  effort  to  halt  land   broader  success  with  increased   Florida 6loss  by  diverse  producers   funding.    Notably  in  FY  2010  and   New Mexico 7traditionally  underserved  by  the   2011,  the  OASDFR  Program   North Carolina, South CarolinaUS  Department  of  Agriculture.         awarded  a  total  of  $38  million  in   and Michigan 8 2012 In the 2008 Farm Bill, Congress expanded the 2501; OASDFR Program with direct funding of $75 million for 4 years, an investment that has opened the doors of the USDA to thousands of new producers who are now contributing to the economic base of their towns and cities, and providing fresh food to diverse Farm Bill communities across the nation. The 2012 Farm Bill now being considered on the Senate floor first eliminated, then restored a fraction of the program’s funding ($25 million over 5 years) and made Veteran Support the Outreach Farmers and Ranchers eligible for the program. Veteran Farmers and Ranchers face many of the same and Assistance needs for one-on-one technical assistance the 2501 program has provided for years, and many of our Program for Socially nation’s diverse veteran producers are already served by the program. Disadvantaged and Veteran Farmers and HELP this important work continue. Ask your Senators to support Senator Tom Udall’s Amendment with Ranchers full funding for the 2501 program, and Senator Sherrod Brown’s amendment to provide support to related programs in order to successfully impact the lives of these farmers and their communities. .
  • 2. Results from marketassessments found thatthe popularity of WhiteSweet Potatoes is 50%greater than theconventional orangeflesh Sweet Potatoethat the general publicis accustomed toconsuming. African American Producers in Alabama and South Carolina Build Links to Premium Markets Rural  Advancement  Fund  (RAF)  of  the  National  Sharecroppers   Fund,  which  has  worked  with  African  American  producers  since   1937,  has  established  a  new  collaboration  with  World  Farmers,  Inc.,   the  Mississippi  Association  of  Cooperatives  and  Tuskegee  University   in  launching  the  Georgia’s  Sweet  Potato  Project  that  assists  African-­‐ American  farmers  in  Alabama  and  South  Carolina  with  the   commercial  production  of  sweet  potatoes  and  the  identiZication  of   premium  markets  for  sale  in  the  Northeast.   American Indian Youth Open their Eyes to Indian Agriculture Beyond their Communities Intertribal  Agriculture  Council  (IAC)  (Billings,  MT)  –  IAC   convened  154  American  Indian  Youth,  with  109  chaperones  and   1192  other  American  Indian  leaders  from  2010-­‐2011  to  provide   education  and  information  on  a  wide  range  of  USDA  programs  and   services.  According  to  IAC,  the  youth  participants,  in  their   evaluations,  noted  that  “the  outreach  effort  opened  their  eyes  to   Indian  Agriculture  beyond  their  communities,  exposed  them  to  many   programs  in  USDA  they  had  never  heard  of  prior  to  their  attendance   and  the  majority  were  excited  to  put  their  new-­‐found  knowledge  to   work  in  an  effort  to  grow  safe  healthy  food  for  their  families  and   communities.”   Examples  of  rancher  success  stories  include  stories  utilizing:  EQIP,   Conservation  Stewardship  Program,  Organic  CertiZication,  Livestock   Risk  Protection,  and  the  Non-­‐Insured  Crop  Disaster  Assistance   Program.    Other  presentations  included:  Ethno-­‐Botany  used  for   School  and  Community  gardens,  Farm  to  School  Lunch  Projects,   Animal  Disease  Traceability,    Agroforestry,  and  Getting  Your  Cows  to   Eat  Weeds.     Compiled by the Rural Coalition 2012 pg.2
  • 3. OASDFR helps the Hmong  farmers   have  been    Flats Mentor Farm mentored  for  over   25  years  at  the      Provide Technical Flats  Mentor  Farm  Assistant Training in: (FMF)  and  are  now   mentoring  recently  1. Equipment Use arrived  African   refugee  farmers. Such as small tillers, BCSrototillers and Immigrant Farmers Develop Successful Family Farmsweedwackers. ! Providing Ethnic Fruits and Vegetables High in Demand2. Business Development Many  of  the  immigrant  and  refugee  farmers  at  the  Flats  Mentor  Farm  and Marketing (FMF)  in  Lancaster  Massachusetts  are  recent  arrivals  native  to  Africa,   Asia,  Brazil  and  Mexico  who  are  trying  to  use    their  extensive  3. Market Competition vs. agricultural  skills  and  knowledge  to  develop  successful  family  farm   enterprises  to  sell  culturally  appropriate  fruits,  vegetables  and  herbs  Cooperation to  diverse  North  American  markets,  speciZically  Farmers  Markets  and   other  direct  marketing  outlets.    Flats  Mentor  Farm  has  worked  with  The farmers at Flats Mentor hundreds  of  socially  disadvantaged  immigrant  and  refugee  farmers  to  work together to have only access  EQIP  and  other  NRCS  –  USDA  programs.  one Flats Mentor stand and As  a  result  of  2501  funding,  Flats  Mentor  Farm  has  been  able  to  build  each of the 40 Farmers farmer  capacity  by  increasing  Farmers  Market  participation  from  18  Markets in the Boston area, immigrant  farmers  to  35,  improving  the  overall  quality  of  produce  for  cooperating to sell different market  and  providing  comprehensive  technical  assistance  trainings  to  assortments of fruits of farmers.vegetables instead of similarfruits and vegetables in IMPORTANT  CASE  STUDIEScompetition with each other. In  2010,  Eight  (8)  mostly  Asian  immigrant  Income for farm families at producers  were  helped  through  the  the Flats has steadily application  process  by  Flats  Mentor  increased. Farm,  qualiGied  for  high  tunnels,  which   were  constructed  and  allowed  the   producers  to  better  utilize  resources  4. Risk Management especially  in  the  wake  of  the  2011   hurricanes  when  they  were  able  to   restart  production.  The producers at the Flatsare trained in methods to An  immigrant  woman  farmer  from  reduce risks from production Burundi  who  expressed  interest  in  and flooding, even in the applying  for  a  high  tunnel  was  assisted   throughout  the  NRCS  application  process  absence of insurance by  Flats  Mentor  Farm  including  initiating  products that work for the and  fulGilling  qualiGication,  establishment   60 New African Farmers are farming atdiversity of specialty crops and  maintenance  requirements. Flats Mentor Farm this year.produced. Compiled by the Rural Coalition 2012 pg.3
  • 4. IPSUM: Vivamus est ipsum,RESULTS vehicula nec, feugiat rhoncus, accumsan id, nisl.of the 600 farmers andlandowners thatparticipated:Only  15%  have  successfully  utilized  USDA  programs  in  the  past  during  the  program  more  than  450  producers  were  matched  with  relevant  USDA  program  to  address  their   Alabama State Association of Cooperatives (ASAC) Helpsresource  needs  such  as  FSA,   Remaining African American Family Farmers andNRCS  and  others. Landholders Fully Utilize their Land BaseProducers  also  participated  in  three  CO-­‐OP  One-­‐on-­‐One   African  American  family  farmers  and  landholders  in  eight  western  trainings  (group  focused)   Alabama  Black  Belt  counties  and  four  adjoining  counties  who  were  working  with  Rural   historically  underserved  and  discriminated  against  long  ago  lost  Cooperative  Development   faith  in  the  US  Department  of  Agriculture.      staff  of  the  Federation  of  Southern  Cooperatives With  support  from  the  Outreach  and  Assistance  Program  for  Socially  More  than  50  homeowners   Disadvantaged  Farmers  and  Ranchers,  the  Alabama  State  Association  were  referred  to  the  PLBA-­‐ of  Cooperatives  (ASAC)  is  reconnecting  HDC  for  housing  assistance. producers  in  the  Black  Belt  counties  of   Pickens,  Sumter,  Choctaw,  Greene,  Hale,  26  Forest  Landowners  to  the   Marengo,  Perry,  and  Wilcox;  the  four  Federation’s  Forestry   (4)  adjoining  counties,  Clarke,  Monroe,  Program. Washington  and  Dallas  (Figure  1)  with   the  ofZices,  programs  and  services  of  5  non-­‐farm  businesses   USDA.    As  a  result,  producers  are  more  referred  to  Tinancial  institution  like  Seedco   likely  to  use  these  programs  and  Financial,  and  the  local  Small   services  to  retain,  expand  and  fully  Business  Administration. utilize  their  land  base,  and  are  building   cooperatives,  housing  and  other   ventures  that  expand  the  economic  base  of  their  communities. The  Alabama  State  Association  of  Cooperatives  (ASAC)  is  the  Alabama  The 8 counties in Alabama afZiliate  of  the  Federation  of  Southern  Cooperatives  and  has  been  where AAC is working include engaged  in  technical  assistance  and  support  for  cooperatives  and  credit  half of all the remaining unions  in  the  state  since  1970.  A  signiZicant  part  of  our  mission  is  outreach,  African-American farmers in technical  assistance,  education,  resource  development  and  other  services  the state (included in the to  the  African-­‐American  farmers,  landowners  and  rural  community  latest 2007 Census of residents  who  comprise  the  membership  of  these  cooperatives,  credit  Agriculture). This area is also unions  and  other  self-­‐help  non-­‐proZit  associations.the “cradle of the civil rightsmovement in Alabama andAmerica” where the historic The  2501  Program  is  the  foundation  for  much  of  the  assistance  we  provide  Selma to Montgomery Voting to  farmers  and  other  rural  residents  in  the  areas  of  record-­‐keeping,  credit,  Rights March was held in conservation,  cooperative  development  and  other  technical  services.1965. Compiled by the Rural Coalition 2012 pg.4
  • 5. The Ellington’s Farm in Alabama Rural Development and the Allen Family Receiving less than 1,000 a month on SSI-Disability payments, Mr. Thomas Allen of Marengo County was living in a trailer with his sister’s family after a divorce. With ASAC’s help,   Mr. Allen was able to secureThe Ellington Family Farm one acre plasticulture vegetable site with a hoop house for extending the a $53,164, 33-year SectionElijah and Joyce Ellington live in the growth season for vegetables. 502 Housing loan to build aSumterville Community of Sumter two bedroom home for himCounty, Alabama adjoining the and his two children that The Ellingtons received overMississippi state line. They own less live with him part-time, on $30,000 in 90%cost share three acres of family ownedthan 100 acres in several plots. assistance from NRCS to develop land. His monthly paymentWhen ASAC began working with these farm enterprises, which Mrs. for the house is $232.84,this family they had a small cattle which includes an escrow Ellington handles while her husbandherd (less than 20 brood cows) and fund for taxes and is away at his truck driving job thatused most of their land for hay and insurance. Interest on the include: loan is at 3.25%, whichpasture. Mr. Ellington is an over-the- - goat fencing makes his home affordableroad truck driver, who is often away - fertilization & improvement and comfortable on a smallfrom home for several days at a income. - animal shed & feedingtime. Mrs. Ellington was a - pipeline and wateringhomemaker who was interested in Mr. Thomas is proud of his - water meter new home that a localfarming operations that she could - hoop house African-American contractorhandle without everyday assistance - plasticulture with micro-irrigation who provided employmentfrom her husband. for a local crew of - one acre construction workers built.Through the ASAC’s 2501 program, They are now working for The Ellingtons have improved theirwe helped this family to devise and other families we have livelihood and quality of life through assisted in securing USDAdevelop a farm and conservation these programs. They are involved in Rural Development loanplan for the full productive utilization funding for housing new organizing a goat producerof their land. We helped the construction and major cooperative and vegetableEllingtons secure cost share rehabilitation. None of this marketing enterprises in westassistance from USDA Natural would be possible without Alabama. They have assisted their the outreach and technicalResource and Conservation Service grandchildren and other community assistance provided in the(NRCS) for a woodland grazing youth in goat shows and other 2501 program.program for goat production and a community building activities. Compiled by the Rural Coalition 2012 pg.5
  • 6. In  Central  Florida,    the  District   Conservationist  is  working   with  FWAF  to  educate   producers  on  how  the   completion  of  a  conservation   plan  can  help  them  meet  state   requirements  to  reduce   chemical  runoff  from  fern   production  into  waterways.  Farmworkers of Florida creates mutual one  county  committee  in  the  southern  part  of  the   state  and  will  run  for  a  regular  seat  in  the  next  county  benefits amongst Small Family Farm committee  election.    Another  was  elected  to  Zill  an   open  seat  on  a  Conservation  District  Board  and  will  Latinos and USDA run  for  that  seat  in  the  next  election.    In  central  Hundreds  of  Small  Family  Latino  Farmers  in  Central   Florida,  the  District  Conservationist  is  working  with   FWAF  to  educate  producers  on  how  the  completion  of  and  South  Florida  are  Provided  Critical  Outreach  and   a  conservation  plan  can  help  them  meet  state  information  regarding  the  range  of  USDA  programs,   requirements  to  reduce  chemical  runoff  from  fern  services  and  initiatives  for  socially  disadvantaged  and   production  into  waterways.    To  date,  the  program  has  beginning  farmers  and  ranchers.    The  program  for   been  mutually  beneZicial  to  both  USDA  and  the  Latino  outreach  to  these  producers  was  launched  by  the  The   family  farm  community  in  Florida:  USDA  now  has  a  Farmworkers  Association  of  Florida  (FWAF)  in   better  understanding  of  the  unique  needs  of  Latino  Apopka,  Florida,  an  organization  that  has  been   family  farmers  in  Florida  and  the  Latino  family  farm  building  power  for  farmworkers  and  farmers  in   community  have  begun  to  participate  in  USDA  Florida  for  over  25  years.        Many  of  these  producers   programs,  and  have  also  identiZied  the  collective  had  never  approached  USDA  offices  in  the  past.     needs  of  their  community  and  the  importance  of  Others  had  approached  USDA  for  assistance  in   community  organizing  in  the  development  of  farm  disasters  but  had  not  been  educated  of  the  need  to   cooperatives.    sign  up  for  disaster  or  insurance  program  before  losses,  and  to  report  losses  afterwards.                                  National  Latino  Farmers  and  Ranchers  Trade  Association  and  Rural  Coalition  helped  FWAF  establish  direct  relationships  with  USDA  offices  to  resolve  issues  that  arose  and  to  educate  producers.   “Our farmers have all the knowledgeFWAF  also  assisted  Latino  family  farmers  with   they need to farm, the only thing that is missing issuccessfully  navigating  the  process  to  register  their   the access and outreach in our language.farm  with  USDA  and  to  apply  for  programs  with  Farm  Service  Agency  and  the  Natural  Resources  and   Since FWAF started outreach with this program weConservation  Service.       have reached 120-130 mostly Latino producers in Miami alone.”One  Latino  farmer  with  long  experience  in  disaster   - Elvira Carvajal (Organizer FWAF)programs  has  been  accepted  as  Minority  Advisor  on   Compiled by the Rural Coalition 2012 pg.6
  • 7. FARMER TESTIMONIALS from the New Mexico Acequia Association (NMAA)Marisela  Trujillo                     was  able  to  learn  the  reasons  her                                                                                                                                       application  was  denied.    With  A  producer  in  Chimayo,  NM,  a   some  consultation  from  NMAA,  village  famous  for  its  Zlavorful   Elaine  completed  the  necessary  chile.    Although  there  is  a  rich   paperwork  by  the  required  agricultural  history  in  the  area,   deadlines.    Her  application  for  Marisela  and  most  other  farmers   the  EQIP  program  was  accepted  in  the  area  had  never   and  she  is  now  in  the  process  of  participated  in  USDA.    Marisela   implementing  erosion  control  requested  assistance  from  NMAA   practices  on  her  land. Marisela Trujilloto  assess  the  needs  on  her  small   !farm  and  to  advise  on  USDA   Linsey  Padilla          programs.    After  some                                                                                                                                      consultations  with  NMAA  staff,   A  new  entry  farmer  from  Dilia,   “The acequias of theMarisela  was  successful  in   New  Mexico  purchased  100  acres   present-day Southwestsecuring  assistance  through  the   of  irrigated  land  that  had  been   combine MoorishNRCS-­‐EQIP  program  to  line  a   fallow  for  many  years.    He  was  in   traditions with Nativepond  and  to  construct  a  high   need  of  USDA  resources  to  clear  tunnel  for  season  extension.    Her   and  level  the  land  and  to  install  a   American irrigation andfarm  operation  is  now  in  its  Zirst   pipeline  but  he  was  reluctant  to   agricultural techniques.season  using  the  high  tunnel  for   apply  because  he  believed  that   They have shaped theseason  extension  and  water  from   USDA  programs  were  only  for  the  pond  for  drip  irrigation.                         larger  growers.    NMAA  staff   landscape, culture, and informed  him  about  the   communities of mestizos,Elaine  Montaño eligibility  requirements  and   genizaros, and mexicanos advised  on  the  application   (collectively referred to asElaine  lives  in  Anton  Chico  in   process.    When  he  approached   NRCS  initially,  they  were  short   the Indo-Hispanic  Guadalupe  County,  New  Mexico.      She  had  applied   staffed  and  advised  him  to  return   people).”unsuccessfully  for  USDA   after  the  deadline  for  EQIP.    After  programs  in  the  past  to  help  her   NMAA  intervention  and   -Paula Garcia Executive contacting  the  District  with  erosion  control  and  land   Director (NMAA)leveling.    After  a  local  workshop   Conservationist  directly,  Mr.  on  USDA  programs  hosted  by   Padilla  was  invited  back  NMAA,  Elaine  contacted  NMAA   immediately  to  submit  the  staff  for  assistance.    NMAA  staff   application.    He  has  since  been  obtained  her  permission  to   accepted  into  the  program  and  review  her  Zile  with  NRCS  and   his  project  is  well  underway. New Mexico Acequia Association NMAA (Santa Fe, NM) has introduced numerous socially disadvantaged farmers to a range of NRCS programs and services, specifically the successful EQIP Cost Share Program. Compiled by the Rural Coalition 2012 pg.7
  • 8. ! Savi Horne, Executive Director of LLPP with 2501 Technical Assistance Workshop Participants The Rural Coalition/Coalición Rural is an alliance of farmers, farmworkers, indigenous, migrant and working people from the United States, Mexico, Canada and beyond working together toward a new society that values unity, hope, people and the land. One of the most grassroots oriented and culturally diverse of rural organizations, our coalition has for more than 30 years linked our some 70 grassroots member organizations to Land Loss Prevention Project (LLPP) Works to Eliminate serve as a critical advocacy voice of a Legacy of Discrimination African-American, American-Indian, Asian-American, Euro-American, Latino and women farmers, ranchers, The  2501  grant  afforded  the  Land  Loss  Prevention  Project,  the  opportunity   farmworkers and rural communities in to   connect  with   African-­‐American  farming  communities   in  North  Carolina,   the US.  Together we seek to build a South  Carolina,  and  Michigan.    By  offering   workshops  to  potential  Pigford  II   more just and sustainable food system which brings fair returns to minority claimants,   we   were   also  able  to  share  information   about   the  various  USDA   and other small farmers and rural services  available  to  these  communities.     communities, establishes just and fair working conditions for farm workers, Due  to   outreach  in  North  Carolina,   LLPP  were  able   to  identify  thousands   of   protects the environment and brings African-­‐American   farmers   who   appear   to   have   erroneously   been   denied   safe and healthy food to all consumers. eligibility  to  Zile   claims.    However,  our  efforts   created  an  opportunity   for  a   more  promising   outcome   for  these   farmers.    In  part  due  to  the   numerous   shortcomings   of   the   Pigford   claims   process,   LLPP   observed   a   lingering   perception   of   limited   access   to   USDA   programs   and   services   in   these   RURAL COALITION has moved! communities.     BECOME A MEMBER The Rural Coalition/Coalición Rural is an alliance of farmers, While   county   level   ofZices   and  working could   be  the farmworkers, indigenous, migrant and staff   people from available,   the   community  1029 Vermont Avenue believes  States, Mexico, Canada and beyond working together to- United these   services   are   not   fully   accessible   which   undermines   their  Suite 601 consumption  of  the  full  range  ohope, people and the re   offered.     By  creatively  and   ward a new society that values unity, f  services  that  a land. Contact:WashingtonDC, 20005 consistently   engaging   African-­‐American   farming   communities   which  Phone: 202-628-7160 1029 Vermont Ave, NW, Suite continue   to   work to: Together we perceive   gaps   in   USDA   services   at   the   local   level,   the   2501  Fax: 202-393-7160 601 program  can  truly  eliminate  the  legacy  on f  discrimination.       • Educate rural communities to influence and ACT o policy.E-mail: ruralco@ruralco.org • Bring equitable access and fair returns for our diverse small farmers, ranch-202-628-7160 Through  surveying  current  and  prospective  Latino  farmers  in  North   ers, and rural communities.Washington, DC 20005 Carolina,  LLPP  iand dignified working conditions fortfarmworkers. • Establish just dentified  a  substantial   echnological  divide  in  accessing  Check our Webpage forhttp://ruralco.org updates! information  about  USDA  programs  and  services.    For  example,  some  USDA  For more information contact: • Care for the earth & bring safe and healthy food to consumers.http://ruralco.org website  links  that  purportedly  connect  to  resources  in  Spanish  actually   • Build unity & beneficial relationships in this country and beyond. connect  to  English-­‐only  resources.     www.facebook.com/RuralCoalition With strong roots in the movements for human, civil, indigenous and Farmworker rights, Rural Coalition members share the belief youtube.com/user/ruralcoalition While  rural communities everywhereas  a  whole  experience  limited  Internet   that rural  communities   can have a better future. @ruralco The Rural Coalicionmany  current  and  prospective  SDFRs  have   availability,   Newsletter: “Plow to Print” is published several times annually. Share your comments and suggestions with appropriate   additional  barriers  related  to  linguistically   flickr.com/photos/ruralco angela@ruralco.org. Wend  ato hear from technological  training.     resources  a want ccess  to   you and share your stories. Compiled by the Rural Coalition 2012 pg.8 Staff Highlight : American Sustainable Business Council’s (ASBC) Sustainable Agriculture Intern