By DR. RUBY BAZEER a.k.a DR RUBZ
Presented on FReHA Charity Dinner
Date: 29th March 2014
Venue: Paradox Arts Cafe
• The word Testis is derived from the a Latin
word “Testiculus” meaning “to witness” i.e
witness to a male’s virility
• The testicles are part of the male
reproductive system. They make sperm and
the male hormone testosterone. They are in
the scrotum, which is the sac of loose skin
below the penis, between the upper thighs.
• Each testis is about 1.5 inches long by 1 inch
wide and is divided internally into lobes.
• Each lobe contains several seminiferous
tubules, in which spermatogenesis takes
WHAT IS TESTICULAR
• Testicular cancer is cancer that develops
in the testicles, a part of the male
reproductive system. It is the most common
cancer among males aged 20–39 years.
Testicular cancer has one of the highest
cure rates of all cancers. Even for the
relatively few cases in which malignant
cancer has spread widely, modern
chemotherapy offers a cure rate of at
least 80%. Not all lumps on the testicles
are tumours, and not all tumours are
WHAT IS THE CAUSE?
• The cause of testicular cancer is not known.
However, some things do seem to increase your
risk, such as:
• A testicle that did not move from inside the
belly down into the scrotum before birth
(undescended testicle) even if it was later
• A history of cancer in one of the testicles
• A family history of testicular
cancer, especially brothers and less so with
fathers or sons
• Abnormal development of the
testicles, penis, or kidneys.
• Industrial chemicals: workers in manufacturing
WHAT ARE THE
Symptoms of testicular cancer may
• a painless lump or swelling in a
• pain or discomfort in a testicle or the
• a testicle that has gotten bigger or a
change in the way it feels
• a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
• a dull ache in the lower belly or back
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED?
• blood tests
• ultrasound scan, which uses sound
waves and their echoes passed
through your body from a small
device held against your skin to
create pictures of the testicles
HOW CAN I
STAGES OF TESTICULAR
• Cancer is only found in one testical
• Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in
• Cancer has spread beyond further than
the lymph nodes
• The cancer has returned in either the
same place or another
HOW IS IT TREATED?
• You will have surgery to remove the
testicle through a cut in the groin. Other
treatments may include:
• chemotherapy, which uses anticancer
drugs to kill cancer cells
• radiation therapy, which uses high doses
of radiation to shrink the tumor and kill
• Ask your healthcare provider about
your ability to have children after
treatment. After some treatments you
may be sterile for a while or possibly for
Most cases of testicular cancer can be cured. The
earlier the cancer is found, the more likely the
treatment will be successful.
However, testicular cancer, like all cancers, can
come back (recur) somewhere else in the body.
Regular exams after treatment are important.
Your healthcare provider will recommend
frequent check -ups that include blood tests and
CT scans. (A CT scan is a series of X-rays taken
from different angles and arranged by a
computer to show thin cross sections of the body.)