Testicular cancer for public awareness by Dr Rubz

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A presentation prepared for Charity Dinner with Fun Charity. All the profits of the event will go to FReHA (a NGO which supports women's and reproductive health.)

A presentation prepared for Charity Dinner with Fun Charity. All the profits of the event will go to FReHA (a NGO which supports women's and reproductive health.)

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  • 1. By DR. RUBY BAZEER a.k.a DR RUBZ Presented on FReHA Charity Dinner Date: 29th March 2014 Venue: Paradox Arts Cafe TESTICULAR CANCER Supported by
  • 2. WHAT IS TESTICLES? • The word Testis is derived from the a Latin word “Testiculus” meaning “to witness” i.e witness to a male’s virility • The testicles are part of the male reproductive system. They make sperm and the male hormone testosterone. They are in the scrotum, which is the sac of loose skin below the penis, between the upper thighs. • Each testis is about 1.5 inches long by 1 inch wide and is divided internally into lobes. • Each lobe contains several seminiferous tubules, in which spermatogenesis takes place.
  • 3. WHAT IS TESTICULAR CANCER? • Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. It is the most common cancer among males aged 20–39 years. Testicular cancer has one of the highest cure rates of all cancers. Even for the relatively few cases in which malignant cancer has spread widely, modern chemotherapy offers a cure rate of at least 80%. Not all lumps on the testicles are tumours, and not all tumours are malignant.
  • 4. WHAT IS THE CAUSE? • The cause of testicular cancer is not known. However, some things do seem to increase your risk, such as: • A testicle that did not move from inside the belly down into the scrotum before birth (undescended testicle) even if it was later corrected surgically • A history of cancer in one of the testicles • A family history of testicular cancer, especially brothers and less so with fathers or sons • Abnormal development of the testicles, penis, or kidneys. • Industrial chemicals: workers in manufacturing
  • 5. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS? Symptoms of testicular cancer may include: • a painless lump or swelling in a testicle • pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum • a testicle that has gotten bigger or a change in the way it feels • a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum • a dull ache in the lower belly or back
  • 6. HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED? • blood tests • ultrasound scan, which uses sound waves and their echoes passed through your body from a small device held against your skin to create pictures of the testicles
  • 7. HOW CAN I PROTECT MY TESTICLES? TESTICULAR SELF EXAMINATION
  • 8. STAGES OF TESTICULAR CANCER Stage 1 • Cancer is only found in one testical Stage 2 • Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the abdominal Stage 3 • Cancer has spread beyond further than the lymph nodes Recurrent • The cancer has returned in either the same place or another
  • 9. HOW IS IT TREATED? • You will have surgery to remove the testicle through a cut in the groin. Other treatments may include: • chemotherapy, which uses anticancer drugs to kill cancer cells • radiation therapy, which uses high doses of radiation to shrink the tumor and kill cancer cells • Ask your healthcare provider about your ability to have children after treatment. After some treatments you may be sterile for a while or possibly for
  • 10. Most cases of testicular cancer can be cured. The earlier the cancer is found, the more likely the treatment will be successful. However, testicular cancer, like all cancers, can come back (recur) somewhere else in the body. Regular exams after treatment are important. Your healthcare provider will recommend frequent check -ups that include blood tests and CT scans. (A CT scan is a series of X-rays taken from different angles and arranged by a computer to show thin cross sections of the body.)
  • 11. LOVE YOUR TESTI BROTHE RS!