Multiple Intelligences


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Multiple Intelligences

  1. 1. Brain Research- Multiple Intelligences Dr. Douglas Gosse & Olive Ridler, 2006Methods – Faculty of Education, Nipissing University 1
  2. 2. Who is intelligent? 2
  3. 3. Theoretical Premise: Howard Gardner 1983, 2000• People engage in different kinds of thinking• There is a connection between thinking and intelligence• Howard Gardner challenges traditional views of intelligence which he says have centered on only 2 types of intelligence ( linguistic & logical mathematical)• This theory is more appealing cross culturally because other forms of intelligence are valued in other cultures• Real people have a blend of intelligences & teachers must consider instructional strategies that uses all the intelligences 3
  4. 4. Howard Gardner 1983, 2000• Most people are strong in at least one of the intelligence areas.• Historically the traditional “intelligences” were privileged but Gardner proposes that all 8 of his intelligences are of equal utility• Teachers have embraced this theory because it is easy to apply to teaching and learning• This theory also provides for alternative forms of assessment. Instead of answering the question “How smart are you?” assessment becomes “How are you smart?”• All intelligences can be taught & nurtured 4
  5. 5. Gardner’s definition ofintelligence• The ability to solve problems that one encounters in real life• The ability to generate new problems to solve• The ability to make something or offer a service that is valued within one’s culture 5
  6. 6. MI theory is not an educationalprescription.“ Educators are in the best position todetermine the uses in which MI theorycan and should be put to use” 6
  7. 7. 8 Intelligences – by Dr. Howard Gardner 1. Linguistic 2. Logical/ Mathematical 3. Spatial 4. Bodily/ Kinesthetic 5. Musical 6. Interpersonal 7. Intrapersonal 8. Naturalistic 7
  8. 8. Can you define intelligence?Margaret AtwoodLinguistic Intelligence • capacity to use language •Able to express what is on your mind •Adept with words • “Word Smart” 8
  9. 9. Can you define intelligence? Albert Einstein Logical/ Mathematical Intelligence • Adept with numbers & reasoning •Manipulate numbers, quantities and numbers • “Number Smart” 9
  10. 10. Can you define intelligence? Alex ColvilleSpatial Intelligence • Adept with pictures & images •Able to represent the spatial world internally in your mind • “Picture Smart” 10
  11. 11. Can you define intelligence?Mats Sundin Bodily/ Kinesthetic Intelligence • capacity to use parts of the body to solve a problem, make something or put on some kind of production • “Body Smart” 11
  12. 12. Can you define intelligence? Shania TwainMusical Intelligence • capacity to think in •Music, able to hear patterns, recognize them, manipulate them • “Music Smart” 12
  13. 13. Can you define intelligence?Pierre E. TrudeauInterpersonal Intelligence • understanding other People •ability to work with & motivate others toward a common goal • “People Smart” 13
  14. 14. Can you define intelligence?Helen KellerIntrapersonal Intelligence • Skills of self-knowledge •Knowing who you are, what you can do, what you want • “Self smart” 14
  15. 15. Can you define intelligence? David Suzuki Naturalistic Intelligence • Skills of making connection to elements in nature • “Nature Smart” 15
  16. 16. LinguisticIf you have strong linguistic intelligence you might learn better by • Reading • Memorizing • Playing word games (Scrabble, Anagrams, Password) • Making up rhymes, puns • Using the internet 16
  17. 17. Logical/Mathematical LearnerIf you have strong logical-mathematical intelligence you might learn better by • Recording information systematically • Setting up experiments (“What if…?”) • Playing strategy games (Chess, Checkers) • Analyzing data • Asking logical questions • Using the internet 17
  18. 18. Spatial LearnerIf you have strong spatial intelligence you might learn better by • Studying pictures • Watching videos • Using visual, tangible aids • Doing mazes, puzzles • Making predictions • Using the internet 18
  19. 19. Bodily/Kinesthetic LearnerIf you have strong bodily-kinesthetic intelligence you might learn better by • Doing role plays • Constructing physical examples • Exercising while reviewing • Visiting museums, institutions, parks • Asking logical questions • Using the internet 19
  20. 20. Musical LearnerIf you have strong musical intelligence you might learn better by • Listening to recordings • Talking to yourself • Making up songs • Mentally repeating information • Reading aloud • Changing tempo 20
  21. 21. Interpersonal LearnerIf you have strong interpersonal intelligence you might learn better by • Studying in groups • Comparing information with others • Interviewing experts • Relating personal experiences • Being a team player • Doing cooperative projects 21
  22. 22. Intrapersonal LearnerIf you have strong intrapersonal intelligence you might learn better by • Avoiding distractions • Establishing personal goals • Playing solitary games • Setting own pace • Working alone • Relating personal experiences 22
  23. 23. Naturalistic LearnerIf you have strong naturalistic intelligence you might learn better by • Studying outside • Learning in the presence of plants & pets • Relating environmental issues to topics • Smelling, seeing touching, tasting, • Observing natural phenomenon 23
  24. 24. Multiple Intelligences• Studies continue… – Naturalistic Intelligence – Emotional intelligence – Moral Intelligence – Spiritual Intelligence 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. Consolidation!!!!1. Charlie Chaplin and Maria Sharapova are two extraordinary examples of the following intelligence: – Visual Spatial – Bodily – Kinaesthetic – Musical rhythmic2. Jane Goodall and David Suzuki are great examples of this intelligence:• Logical Mathematical• Naturalist• Intrapersonal 26
  27. 27. Consolidation3. Pablo Picasso and the architect Frank Lloyd Wright had the following capacity in great measure: – Visual Spatial intelligence – Logical Mathematical intelligence – Verbal Linguistic intelligence4. The famous lawyer Ed Greenspoon and the chess champion Gary Kasparov have the following intelligence in common:• Interpersonal• Verbal Linguistic• Logical Mathematical5. Former prime minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau and talk show host Oprah Winfrey are examples of : – Bodily – Kinaesthetic intelligence – Interpersonal intelligence – Intrapersonal intelligence 27
  28. 28. Consolidation6. What do Arethra Franklin and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart have in common? – Naturalist intelligence – Musical rhythmic intelligence – Visual Spatial intelligence7. Authors Henry David Thoreau and Khalil Gibran had abundant: – Intrapersonal intelligence – Interpersonal intelligence – Musical rhythmic intelligence8. The work of Margaret Atwood, David Bergen, Anne Marie McDonald demonstrates:• Bodily – Kinaesthetic intelligence• Verbal Linguistic intelligence• Naturalist intelligence 28
  29. 29. Resources & ReferencesArmstrong, Thomas. Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom, 2nd Ed.. Alexandria,VA: ASCD, 2000.Armstrong, Thomas. In Their Own Way: Discovering and Encouraging Your Child’sMultiple Intelligences. New York: Tarcher/Putnam, 2000Armstrong. Thomas. (April 19, 2004). The Possibilities and Limitations of MultipleIntelligences in the Schools. Retrieved December 4, 2005, from, Tony. Use Both Sides of Your Brain. New York: Dutton, 1991.Campbell, L. and B. Campbell. Multiple Intelligences and Student Achievement:Success Stories from Six Schools. Alexandria, VA: ASCD, 2000.Department of Education. (2004). Use Your Brain - Multiple Intelligences. RetrievedDecember 4, 2005, from, Howard. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. NewYork: Basic Books, 1983.Gardner, Howard. Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice. New York:Basic Books, 1993.Gardner, Howard.. Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21stCentury. New York: Basic, 1999.Hoerr, T. Becoming a Multiple Intelligences School. Alexandria, VA: ASCD, 2000.Kornhaber, M. Project SUMIT: Outcomes. Website: 29
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