Understanding the organization is not an easy task, however it is very important. …
Understanding the organization is not an easy task, however it is very important.
The design of an organization is an important task for the one who decide to start a new business or establish order in one existent enterprise.
The framework of reference can be sometimes difficult to understand, sometimes the leader of one organization instinctively follows the model most known by him (e.g. bureaucratic model), even though when the chosen model is already outdated, and the outcomes is predicted as undesirable in terms of optimization for our organization.
Other situation can occur in understanding the evolution in the field of management and the models and theories that have been emerging in the last years are not easy to unify, so that it's why that to describe the evolution of how we understand the organization today can be complex and ambiguous, while changing the way we
understand an organization is multidimensional and nonlinear, otherwise, ideologies, beliefs and ways of seeing the organization differ in several aspects, as cultural, social, political, economical etc.
As a part of the knowledge that we have been acquiring during the last century in terms of the different views of the organizations from Adam Smith, Taylor and Fayol - to nowadays, it is clear that the focuses upon how the organization have differed from each perspective, from each field of economy, politic, sociology; After 50 years, the theories or model or organization have indicated several ways to approach or outlook the way how we understand the organization it self.
In this review it is going to address in a general approach of the agency theory, focusing specially in the agency theory, the principal - agent problem appointed sometimes as the most important element of "the principal-agent theory".
This review as well is intended to give a general boarding of several empirical studies allowing the understanding to this theory either with intention to show how the theory works in the relationship within health care organizations, giving some evidence to see this overview of the relation among the principal (manager) and the agent (employee).
The following review have a top- bottoms structure, from International Health Organizations, National Health Agencies, Insurance Agencies, until Hospitals, Health Professionals and its Patients.