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Research on the Web

Research on the Web






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  • Go through these procedures fairly quickly: there’s an exercise to learn this You want them to be able to understand the form and what it says. DOMAIN APPROPRIATE FOR THE CONTENT: Do you trust a NYT times article from a personal page as much as one from nytimes.com? A copy of Jackie Onassis’s will from a personal page as much as one from the California Bar Assn.? Example of a personal page would be: www.aol.com/~jbarker They are loosely paralleled by the sequence of the form in the next exercise.

Research on the Web Research on the Web Presentation Transcript

  • Using the WWW to Build Community A guide to resources and safe surfing
  • The Tools
    • Ways of connecting individuals in such a way that they can share knowledge about the things they care about.
    • Disproportionate advantage for people who are away from urban centers -- information becomes accessible through the web.
  • User-generated Content
    • The web allows the creation of knowledge in a bottom-up, rather than top-down direction.
    • Experts are not determined by degrees or credentials. Experts are the people who have the knowledge, no matter who or where they are.
  • Collective Knowledge
    • Wikipedia
    • Fluther
  • Bookmark Tools
    • Delicious
  • Event & Scheduling Tools
    • Google Calendar
    • Doodle
  • Video Tools
    • YouTube
    • Google Video
    • Blip
    • Leak
  • Photography Tools
    • Flickr !
  • Survey Tools
    • Survey Monkey
  • Writing Tools
    • Writely
    • Google Docs (Also offers spreadsheet)
  • Graphical Tools
    • Frappr (Mapping Tool)
    • Wayfaring (Mapping Tool)
  • Filtering Tools
    • Newstrust
    • Digg
  • Critical Evaluation of Web Content
    • Why Evaluate What You Find on the Web?
    • Anyone can put up a Web page
      • about anything
    • Many pages not kept up-to-date
    • No quality control
      • most sites not “peer-reviewed”
        • less trustworthy than scholarly publications
      • no selection guidelines for search engines
  • Before you click to view the page...
    • Look at the URL - personal page or site ? ~ or % or users or members
    • Domain name appropriate for the content ? edu, com, org, net, gov, ca.us, uk, etc.
    • Published by an entity that makes sense ?
        • News from its source?
            • www.nytimes.com
        • Advice from valid agency?
            • www.nih.gov/
            • www.nlm.nih.gov/
            • www.nimh.nih.gov/
  • Scan the perimeter of the page
    • Can you tell who wrote it ?
        • name of page author
        • organization, institution, agency you recognize
        • e-mail contact by itself not enough
    • Credentials for the subject matter ?
      • Look for links to:
      • “ About us” “Philosophy” “Background” “Biography”
    • Is it recent or current enough ?
        • Look for “last updated” date - usually at bottom
    • If no links or other clues...
        • truncate back the URL
      • http: //hs . houstonisd . org/hspva/academic/Science/Thinkquest/gail/text/ethics .html
  • Indicators of quality
    • Sources documented
        • links, footnotes, etc.
          • As detailed as you expect in print publications ?
        • do the links work ?
    • Information retyped or forged
        • why not a link to published version instead ?
    • Links to other resources
        • biased, slanted ?
  • What Do Others Say ?
    • Search the URL in alexa.com
      • Who links to the site? Who owns the domain?
      • Type or paste the URL into the basic search box
      • Traffic for top 100,000 sites
    • See what links are in Google’s Similar pages
    • Look up the page author in Google
  • Does it all add up?
    • Why was the page put on the Web ?
        • inform with facts and data?
        • explain, persuade?
        • sell, entice?
        • share, disclose?
        • as a parody or satire?
    • Is it appropriate for your purpose?
  • Might it be ironic? Satire or parody?
    • Think about the "tone" of the page.
    • Humorous? Parody? Exaggerated? Overblown arguments?
    • Outrageous photographs or juxtaposition of unlikely images?
    • Arguing a viewpoint with examples that suggest that what is argued is ultimately not possible.
  • Kayak Attack
    • GoogleVideo:
      • Kayak Attack
    • Snoops:
      • The Truth
  • Try evaluating some sites...
    • Search a controversial topic in Google:
      • "nuclear armageddon"
      • prions danger
      • “ stem cells” abortion
    • Scan the first two pages of results
    • Visit one or two sites
      • try to evaluate their quality and reliability
  • Citations
    • Citations ad credibility to a work (whether on the the web or not).
    • They help readers to find source material.
    • They indicate original research.
    • They protect against any claim of plagiarism.
  • How to cite web content
    • Reference List:
    • Author or Editor. Date. Title of work. Edition. [Type of medium]: <Protocol/Site/Path/File> Additional: retrieval information [Access date].
    • or
    • Author or Editor. Date. Title of work. Edition. [Type of medium]: Supplier/Database identifier or number/Item name or number [Access date].
  • Examples
    • Crouse, Maurice. 4 August 2006. Citing electronic information in history papers. <http://history.memphis.edu/mcrouse/ elcite.html> [4 August 2006].
    • Online Book Initiative [Public-domain electronic texts]. No date. <gopher://ftp.std.com/11/obi> [3 December 1996].
    • Kehoe, Brian P. 1992. Zen and the art of the Internet. 2d ed. <ftp://quake.think.com/pub /etext/1992/zen10.txt> [25 March 1995].
  • MLA: Books
    • Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.
  • Examples
    • Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin Books, 1987.
    • Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. Denver: MacMurray, 1999.
  • Periodicals
    • Author(s). &quot;Title of Article.&quot; Title of Periodical Day Month Year: pages.
  • Examples
    • Poniewozik, James. &quot;TV Makes a Too-Close Call.&quot; Time 20 Nov. 2000: 70-71.
    • Trembacki, Paul. &quot;Brees Hopes to Win Heisman for Team.&quot; Purdue Exponent 5 Dec. 2000: 20.