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Advanced gerund inf

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Transcript

  • 1. Complex Structures
  • 2.
    • Passive gerund (being done)
    • Passive infinitive (to be done)
    • Use: To describe actions which are done to the subject.
    • She loves being told how beautiful she is.
    • My car needs to be serviced
  • 3.
    • Perfect gerund ( having done)
    • Perfect infinitive ( to have done)
    • Use: when we want to emphasize an action that is completed or in the past.
    • Having studied one language before makes it easier to learn another.
    • By the time I’m 30 I hope to have started a business
  • 4.
    • Often there is no difference between a simple gerund or infinitive and a perfect gerund or infinitive.
    • Compare:
    • He denied stealing/having stolen the money.
    • We were silly not to lock/not to have locked the car.
  • 5.
    • Perfect infinitive is used after:
    • Would like
    • Would love
    • Would hate
    • Would prefer
    • Would rather
    • Refers to an earlier action.
    • I would like to see the Eiffel tower
    • I would like to have seen the Eiffel tower
  • 6.
    • (to be + verb + ing)
    • Use an action is in progress around the time of use.
    • I’d like to be lying on the beach right now!
  • 7.
    • A gerund is used after certain expressions with it or there.
    • E.g. There is no point worrying
    • It’s not worth thinking about.
  • 8.
    • Used after nouns formed from verbs which take the infinitive.
    • Agree/plan/hope etc.
    • Our plan is to take the CAE in June.
  • 9.
    • After expressions with quantifiers : enough, too much, a lot etc..
    • Is there anything to eat?
    • When we want to refer to the subject of the infinitive verb we use for + person or object pronoun before the infinitive.
    • It’s very difficult for me to decide what to do.
  • 10.
    • After something, anywhere etc .
    • After question words (except why)
    • After superlatives and first, second, last etc.

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