A Guide toDouble EdgeSafety Razor  Shaving      Ryan Stefani
A Guide toDouble EdgeSafety Razor  Shaving    Ryan Stefani                   2010 Cover photo from aspiringgentleman.com 2...
Table of contents 1. Health and Safety………………………1 2. Introduction………………………………2 3. Supplies…………………………………...3       1. The Sa...
6.      Shave…………………………………………9      a. Concepts to understand before shaving      a. Pass one      b. Pass two      c. Pas...
Health and SafetyAll labels created by warninglabelgenerator.com 2010                                                     ...
Introduction       Throughout the years there has been a need for men around the globe to shavetheir face. Early man used ...
Supplies      The following items are needed for a good DE shave. The four most importantand basic items needed are the ra...
Shaving soap       Shaving soap is a very important item used in wet shaving. It is applied to theface to soften the facia...
Shaving concepts       Before starting the shave there are a few concepts to grasp that will help youwith the shaving tech...
Proper holding of the blade          There are many ways to hold the safety razor when shaving. No matter what way    you ...
Pre-shave       This is the part of the shave were you prepare the face to be shaved. It isimportant to soften the hair an...
Prepare the lather   The technique described is one of the many ways create shaving lather. Thistechnique uses shaving soa...
The Shave       This is next step is the shave itself. The shave is broken up into passes. The morepasses you do, a closer...
Pass two Pass two is a shave from the centerline to the outside of the face. It is important to still use small strokes an...
Pass three   Pass three is a shave from the outside of the face to the centerline. The handleshould be pointing towards th...
Pass four        This final shave will be a shave against the grain of the hair, shaving up theface.     1. Apply lather (...
Post shave      This is the end of the shaving experience. This is a good time to apply the stypticpencil to any nicks or ...
Appendix A:         Equipment care       Daily maintenance guaranties that your equipment will last for many years andgive...
Brushes      Before using a new shaving brush, wash thoroughly using warm soapy water.After each use the brush should be r...
Appendix B: Online      resources      The following links are online sites specifically made for double edge razorshaving...
Forums       The following site is dedicated for the continuation of knowledge and tips forDE razor shaving. Always improv...
Sources“30-degree angle” Photo. badgerandblade.com 2010. 21 Nov. 2010artrush73 “Drawing Male Face Side View” Photo. hubpag...
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Technical Manual Writing Example: Wet Shaving

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Technical Writing Class, final project. (ENG 439)

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Technical Manual Writing Example: Wet Shaving

  1. 1. A Guide toDouble EdgeSafety Razor Shaving Ryan Stefani
  2. 2. A Guide toDouble EdgeSafety Razor Shaving Ryan Stefani 2010 Cover photo from aspiringgentleman.com 2010
  3. 3. Table of contents 1. Health and Safety………………………1 2. Introduction………………………………2 3. Supplies…………………………………...3 1. The Safety Razor 2. Razor blade 3. Balms, lotions, and aftershaves 4. Shaving soap and cream 5. Brush 6. Mugs and bowls 7. Styptic pencil 8. Other4. Shaving concepts……………..………..55. Pre-shave……………………..........…….7 a. Loading the blade into the razor. b. Preparing the facial hair c. Preparing the lather
  4. 4. 6. Shave…………………………………………9 a. Concepts to understand before shaving a. Pass one b. Pass two c. Pass three d. Pass four7. Post shave….…………………….………138. Appendix A: Equipment care ….….…149. Appendix B: Online resources…..….1610. Sources……………………………..….…18
  5. 5. Health and SafetyAll labels created by warninglabelgenerator.com 2010 1
  6. 6. Introduction Throughout the years there has been a need for men around the globe to shavetheir face. Early man used anything from seashells to volcanic obsidian glass. In theearly twentieth century a traveling salesman named King Camp Gillette had the idea ofshaving with a disposable double-edged blade (Trex). This started what is known asdouble edge (DE) or wet shaving. DE shaving is the process of shaving with a doubleedged safety razor, shaving soap and brush. There are several benefits to a DE shave over the more modern cartridge razorscommonly used today. The first reason is that DE shaving is cheaper than cartridgerazors. “While the razor costs about five times more than the typical multi-bladecartridge kind, its blades will run about $30 a year, vs. $50 and up for cartridge refills.Plus, a safety razor lasts a lifetime and looks a heck of a lot better on your bathroomshelf than a plastic one” (Bigda). This simple change from cartridges to DE can saveyou money and landfill space Because each person has different facial hair characteristics, it is hard tooptimize your shave with cartridges. Many cartridge razors limit your ability to changethe blade’s angle, aggressiveness, and hone which all effect the shave. Because alldouble edge razor blades are made to fit all makes and models of safety razors, a greatercustomization and quality of your shave can be achieved. Ideally you should shave every day to keep hair length down and may lengthenthe time it takes to get a “five 0’clock shadow”(Herro). If you shave regularly you mayalso be able to reduce the number of passes you need to use everyday, saving time andeffort (Herro). You will not only have a smooth shave but you will have one longer. As the name implies, a safety razor is a safe way to shave. There is however somesafety concerns to consider. The safety razor is safe in the fact that it limits the amountof skin in contact with the blade when compared to a straight razor. It is extremelyimportant then to work slowly and deliberately the first few times you shave. Alwaysshave in a well-lit room and allow yourself extra the first few times you shave topractice the technique.2
  7. 7. Supplies The following items are needed for a good DE shave. The four most importantand basic items needed are the razor, razor blade, soap and brush. Because most itemsare based on preference and hair characteristics, it is important to shop around beforemaking a decision. For online resources and retail stores see Appendix B.The safety razor The Safety razor is the main piece of equipment for shaving. It is what housesthe razor blade and increases the safety of shaving. Many safety razors can be boughtonline at wet shaving or safety razor sites. The second, and more untraditional way toacquire a safety razor is to find one at an estate sale or antique shop. Many are still inworking condition and only need to be cleaned before use (see Appendix A forequipment care). The most popular and recommended safety razor for beginners is aMerkur HD or Merkur Classic safetyrazor (Herro). There are many differenttypes such as adjustable or fixed head andtwo or three piece, each with their ownbenefits and drawbacks.The razor blade Razor blades are created to fit in allmakes and models of safety razors.Because many companies make differentblades with different hones, it isrecommended to sample blades beforechoosing one that works best for you. Fig.1 A butterfly safety razor and universal razor blade.Many online retail sites offer razor blade Image source: razoremporium.com 2010sample packages.Balms, lotions, and aftershaves While not necessarily needed for shaving, balms, lotions, and aftershaves arehighly recommended in the shaving process. They help soften the hair before shavingand hydrate the skin after. Balms, lotions, and aftershaves selection comes down to theuser’s preference for the smell and effectiveness of the balms, lotions, and aftershaves. 3
  8. 8. Shaving soap Shaving soap is a very important item used in wet shaving. It is applied to theface to soften the facial hair and gives the blade a smooth surface to glide on. Shavingsoap comes in puck or bar forms and can be stored in a bowl or mug during and in-between uses. The largest benefit from usingshaving soap is that it lasts much longer thanaerosol cans commonly do. The main activeingredient in shaving soap is glycerin, whichgives the skin a slippery feel to it and moistensthe skin (Westerman). It is important to notethat if shaving soap is used that you will alsoneed a shaving brush.Shaving cream Shaving cream also contains glycerin Fig.2 A Few of the containers Shavingand all the other properties of shaving soap. It soaps and creams come in.is however prepared and applied differently. It Image Source: lugets.com 2010does not, in some cases, need water whenprepared and can be applied with or with out a shaving brush.Shaving Brush Shaving brushes are very important when applying the soap to your face. Ashaving brush is able to retain water and soap, allowing you to create lather straight onthe face. Brushes are made from either boar,badger hair and recently made fromsynthetic material. There are many quality classifications for shaving brushes thatvary from company to company. The brushes are labeled from lowest to highest qualityas pure, fine, and silvertip brushes.Mugs and bowls Mugs and bowls are used as storage containers for shaving soaps and bars. Theycome in many different shapes and sizes but should be large enough to accommodateyour soap. Many shaving mugs are made with overly large handles to assist withgriping the sometimes-wet mug. The recommended diameter for any mug or bowl is 3.5inches or larger. While you do not need to buy a special mug or bowl for shaving, manyusers like the novelty of a shaving mug.Styptic pencil Aluminum sulfate barbershop styptic pencil immediately stops bleeding fromrazor nicks (West Coast Shaving). This is an important first aid item to have whenfirst starting out.4
  9. 9. Shaving concepts Before starting the shave there are a few concepts to grasp that will help youwith the shaving technique. Before you start shaving read this section on concepts andthe steps to shaving (the next few sections).Center line and passes The shave itself is made up of multiple passesmade in different directions. Each pass uses thecenterline of symmetry on your face as a referencepoint for an even shave, which runs from between youreyes down through your nose and to your chin. Youshould also never shave pass the centerline during apass. For example, you should never shave from the leftear to the nose, and then continue shaving to the rightear (Herro). Fig.3 Image source: drawing-factory.com 2010Reduction not hair removal Because of the multiple passes used in the wet shaving process it is important tohave the mindset of reducing the hair as you shave and not trying to remove all thehair in one pass (Herro). Straight blade, curved face A persons face is made of many different angles and curves A safety razor however is and cuts in a straight line. It is important to take small strokes on areas of your face with curves such as the chin and jaw line. Think of shaving around those curves similarly to drawing a circle with only straight lines.Fig. 4 Like a PARABOLIC LINE you must curve around your face in small straightlinesImage source: electro-tech-online.com 2010 5
  10. 10. Proper holding of the blade There are many ways to hold the safety razor when shaving. No matter what way you hold the blade, it is important to have complete control of it at all times. You may need to change your grip multiple times during the shave, but you should always lock your wrist and move the safety razor with your arm for better control. It is also important to note that a large emphasis should be put on applying as little pressure as possible on the blade when shaving. Let the blade do all the work. Keep a 30-degree angle When shaving, you should have the blade at a 30-degree angle from your skin. A great way to practice this is to put your safety razor perpendicular to your skin and roll the safety blade down until you feel the blade touching your skin. When shaving you will hear and feel the hair being shaved, if you do not experience this and the hair is not being shaved, re-check your blade angle and try again. Fig. 5 The effective 30-degree angle Image source: badgerandblade.com 20106
  11. 11. Pre-shave This is the part of the shave were you prepare the face to be shaved. It isimportant to soften the hair and prepare the skin to prevent drying and irritation. Thesofter the hair is the smoother the shave will be.Blade installation There are two common ways to install a razor blade into a safety razor. Eachway depends on the razor’s design. The first is placing the blade into the top of therazor into a housing. The second is to place it in between two pieces of the safety blade. CAUTION Handling blades can be dangerous. Only hold the blade in areas were it is not sharp. In the picture to the left, sharp edges are marked in RED and the safe edges are marked in GREEN. Fig. 6 A Gillette Double edge razor blade. Image source: sxc.hu 2010Preparing the facial hair Prepare hot water to be used throughout the shaving process.The facial hair can be cleaned in two ways. The first is to take a hot shower beforeshaving and the second is to clean your face with a towel and soap. Cleaning your facewill remove any dirt that may irritate the skin. 1. Apply pre-shave lotion to your facial hair and cover with a hot towel for one minute. 2. Completely remove towel and wipe pre-shave lotion off. 3. Your skin and hair should be warm and soft to the touch and ready for a shave. 7
  12. 12. Prepare the lather The technique described is one of the many ways create shaving lather. Thistechnique uses shaving soap applied to the face with a brush. 1. Wet the shaving brush with hot water until dripping wet. 2. Lightly shake off excess water 3. Appling light pressure, swirl the brush on the shaving soap to collect a thin film on the brush. The brush should appear soapy. 4. In a swirling action similar to brushing your teeth, apply soapy brush on all of your facial hair. 5. Continue to swirl brush until the lather has the consistency of whipped cream. NOTE: The lathering process may take up Fig. 7 Applying lather to the face. Image Source: shavingzone.com 2010 to a minute and a half. If you are not getting the desired result, try adding a little bit of water to the brush then continue to swirl. 6. Set brush down without rinsing the soap out. You will be using the brush multiple times during the shave.8
  13. 13. The Shave This is next step is the shave itself. The shave is broken up into passes. The morepasses you do, a closer shave you will get. You may only need to go through one or towpasses depending on your hair and preference. When first starting out it is advisable tofeel your face between passes to check progress. If you feel that your face is well shavenafter only one pass you can stop with shaving and continue with the post-shave steps.Pass one This pass involves moving down the face while the blade is moved from the outsideof the face to the centerline. Think of it like reading left to right. Once you get to theend of the line you move to the one bellow it. And the end of the page, you start to readthe next page. 1. Apply lather (see pre-shave instructions) 2. Place blade on the highest point on the face you wish to shave parallel to the ground and angle the blade at a 30-degree angle. 3. Lightly slide the blade down your face one short stroke (about a half an inch). 4. Remove blade and place blade on the next hair to be shaved (toward center line). 5. Repeat steps two (2) through four (4) until Fig. 8 Pass one, down the face. you reach the centerline. Then start on the Image source: hubpages.com next row. 2010 6. Repeat until the whole face has been shaved. 7. Wipe face clean. Remember Use both sides of the razor blade. Once one side clogs up with soap, switch to the other side. After both are full of soap, rinse under warm water and continue shaving. 9
  14. 14. Pass two Pass two is a shave from the centerline to the outside of the face. It is important to still use small strokes and to re-angle the blade before each stroke. 1. Apply lather (see pre-shave instructions). 2. Place blade on the highest point on the face perpendicular to the ground and at a 30-degree angle. 3. Lightly slide the blade parallel and across your face one short stroke (about a half an inch). 4. Remove blade and place blade on the next place to be shaved (away from center line). 5. Repeat steps two (2) through four (4) until you reached the centerline. Then start on the next Fig. 9 Pass two, away from center line. row. Image source: hubpages.com 2010 6. Repeat until the whole face has been shaved. 7. Wipe face clean.10
  15. 15. Pass three Pass three is a shave from the outside of the face to the centerline. The handleshould be pointing towards the centerline. 1. Apply lather (see pre-shave instructions). 2. Place blade on the highest point on the face perpendicular to the ground and at a 30-degree angle. 3. Lightly slide the blade parallel and across your face one short stroke (about a half an inch). 4. Remove blade and place blade on the next place to be shaved (toward center line). 5. Repeat steps two (2) through four (4) until you reach the centerline. Then start on the next Fig. 10 Pass three, towards centerline. row. Image source: hubpages.com 2010 6. Repeat until the whole face has been shaved. 7. Wipe face clean. 11
  16. 16. Pass four This final shave will be a shave against the grain of the hair, shaving up theface. 1. Apply lather (see pre-shave instructions). 2. Place blade on the lowest point on your face parallel to the ground and at a 30-degree angle 3. Lightly slide the blade up your face one short stroke (about a half an inch). 4. Remove blade and place blade on the next place to be shaved (toward center line). 5. Repeat steps two (2) through four (4) until you reached the centerline. Then start on the next row. Pass four, up the face. Image source: hubpages.com 6. Repeat until the whole face has been shaved. 7. Wipe face clean.12
  17. 17. Post shave This is the end of the shaving experience. This is a good time to apply the stypticpencil to any nicks or cuts you may have as well as clean all of your equipment. Formore information on equipment care see Appendix A. 1. Wipe all soap from face. 2. Dab the styptic pencil onto any nick or cuts on your face. 3. Cover your face with a cold towel to cool down your face. 4. Apply aftershave, balm or lotion to face. 5. Clean up area and equipment. 13
  18. 18. Appendix A: Equipment care Daily maintenance guaranties that your equipment will last for many years andgive you the best shave possible.Razor blades Razor blades should be replaced on a regular basis to insure a consistently sharpedge for shaving. According to a poll from BadgerandBlade.com, the average amount ofshaves from a single blade double edge blade is about three to six shaves. If the blade isreplaced once a week there should be no trouble in blade sharpness.Safety razors These easy to follow steps were found online at artofmanliness.com 1) Pre-soak the razor in some warm water and maybe spray it down with Scrubbing Bubbles to initially loosen up all the gunk. 2) Use a nylon brush and/or a brass brush to scrub off remaining gunk. Note that a brass brush with fine/thin bristles is particularly good for cleaning out knurling. Such a brass brush can be found in the gun cleaning section of your local sporting goods store. 3) Scrub the razor down with some toothpaste. Whitening toothpaste is particularly good for polishing up metal. 4) Dry the razor and use a cloth rag to buff it up with some metal polish. Note that Maas or Flitz metal polish are excellent for this. 5) Use some toothpicks and cotton swabs with some metal polish to clean the tight nooks and crannies. 6) Scrub the razor one last time with a nylon brush and some dish detergent. 7) As a last measure of disinfecting the razor, dunk it in some blue Barbicide® solution commonly found in beauty supply stores.14
  19. 19. Brushes Before using a new shaving brush, wash thoroughly using warm soapy water.After each use the brush should be rinsed under clean, warm water and then dried.Always place the brush in its holder with the bristles facing down to allow your shavebrush to dry (pioneerheritageshoppe.com). Fig.10 Brush in stand Image source: virtual-village.com.au 2010 15
  20. 20. Appendix B: Online resources The following links are online sites specifically made for double edge razorshaving whether it is an online shop or public forum.Online retailers While each of the following online retail sites provide the necessary equipmentto shave with a DE razor, each site ranges in deals, samples and price. It is importantfor a DE razor user to shop around to find the best price and fit for each item. Listedbelow is a brief description of service the site is known for and an excerpt from their“about us’ page.westcoastshaving.com- Known for their razor blade samplers and DE razor “starter kits” “West Coast Shaving is a small family run business with a little help fromfriends. Our store has evolved from the original double edge sampler packs (yes, WCSwas the first, but thats another story) back in 2006 to WestCoastShaving.com,launched in 2007. Every year we continue to grow and add products, but always treatevery customer like it was our first. Customer service, value, and products that workare our focus” (westcoastshaving.com).fendrihan.com- Can be considered an upscale retailer and carries a larger range of high quality items than most stores. “We offer classic and affordable brands, as well as luxurious soaps and creams,in classic, exotic and inspired scents. Our brand selection features German shavingstaples that have proven true over the centuries, the finest from the London barberingdistrict, hidden gems from Portugal and Spain, distinguished French purveyors, andof course our very own Fendrihan wet shaving supplies… Fendrihan exclusive productshave been featured in SHARP Magazine for Men” (fendrihan.com) vintagebladesllc.com- Known for their quality and traditional shaving brands. “Welcome to Vintage Blades! Our focus is exclusively on men’s grooming and shaving, and we’re pleased to bring you the best selection of wet shaving products available. We believe that shaving doesn’t have to be a curse that you have to bear on a daily basis almost every day of your life if you prefer to have smooth looking skin both for appearance and for comfort” (vintagebladesllc.com).16
  21. 21. Forums The following site is dedicated for the continuation of knowledge and tips forDE razor shaving. Always improving your technique and skill is a sure way to get thebest shave possible and it is here to get yourself started.badgerandblade.com “Our mission is to provide a fun and informative site covering all aspects of themanly art of wet shaving, catering to all gentlemen, from beginners to seasoned pros.Why do we join? Lots of reasons, but for many, disdain for multi-blade and multi-dollar approaches to one of lifes basic tasks leads us here. In the process, shavingbecomes a treasured daily moment away from the rigors of our hectic lives. We becomeactive members of the B&B community because we are drawn to a better shave, acommunity unparalleled anywhere online, and the pursuit of lifes finer things, suchas fine food and drink, cigars and other sophisticated pursuits” (badgerandblade.com). 17
  22. 22. Sources“30-degree angle” Photo. badgerandblade.com 2010. 21 Nov. 2010artrush73 “Drawing Male Face Side View” Photo. hubpages.com 2010. 18 Nov. 2010“Badger Hair Shaving Brush w/ Wood Handle & Holder Stand” Photo. virtual-village.com.au. 2010. 21 Nov. 2010 Bigda, Carolyn “Spend less on a close shave”CNN.com Web. April 29, 2010. 19 Nov. 2010 http://moremoney.blogs.money.cnn.com/2010/04/29/spend-less-on-a-close-shave/“butterfly with razor” Photo. razoremporium.com 2010. Nov. 2010“Col Conk Styptic Pencil” WestCoastShaving.com Web. 21 Nov. 2010“creams and soaps” Photo. lugets.com 2008. 21 Nov. 2010Friesen, Beth “The shaving brush” pioneerheritageshoppe.com Web. 2010. 19 Nov. 2010“Gillette blade” Photo. xc.hu 2005. 21 Nov. 2010Guest “How to Buy and Restore Vintage Shaving Gear” Art of manliness.com Web. August 19, 2010. 18 Nov. 2010Gugel “face lathering” photo. shavingzone.com12. Jan, 2010. 18 Nov. 2010“hero face” photo factory.com 2008. 18 Nov. 2010Luke. “Wet shaving kit” photo. aspiringgentleman.com 16 Nov. 2010. 19 Nov. 2010Herro, M. “Shaving 101” mantic59.blogspot.com. 18 March 2008. Nov. 2010“Parabolic line” Photo. electro-tech-online.com 1999. 18 Nov. 2010Photo. virtual-village.com.au 2010. 18 Nov. 2010.Trex, Ethan “Shaving history begins with shark teeth” CNN.com August 17, 2009 http://articles.cnn.com/2009-08-17/living/mf.shaving_1_king-camp-gillette-razors- blades?_s=PM:LIVING“Warning labels” web. warninglabelgenerator.com visited on 20 Nov. 2010 Westerman, Kaila. “Glycerin” Pioneerthinking.com. 1997. Web. 18 Nov. 201018
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