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Intellectual Property.pdf Intellectual Property.pdf Presentation Transcript

  • Intellectual Property
  • Objectives• Define intellectual property• Understand and avoid plagiarism• Understand and avoid copyright infringement• Understand and avoid trademark infringementRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 2
  • Intellectual PropertyRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 3
  • Intellectual Property• Intellectual property is the legal ownership of an idea rather than a thing• It is the blueprint of a house not the houseRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 4
  • PlagiarismRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 5
  • Definition• Plagiarism is the use of another person’s words or ideas without giving proper creditRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 6
  • Plagiarism at Work Place• Proper documentation avoids accusations of theft of ideas• It strengthens one’s points in a paper• It allows others to access the sourcesRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 7
  • Plagiarism at Work Place• The work place has less restrictive rules than does a research paper• Often precise information is not required but only general acknowledgement – Sources name or title of workRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 8
  • CopyrightRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 9
  • Definition ©• Copyright is a federal law (Title 17, U.S. Code) protecting literary, scholarly, and artistic works from unauthorized copying• International treaties offer the similar protections across national bordersRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 10
  • Works Protected• Literary works• Musical works• Dramatic works• Choreographic works• Pictorial, graphic, & sculptural worksRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 11
  • Works Protected• Motion pictures and other audiovisual works• Sound recordings• Architectural works• Java applets• “Web pages”Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 12
  • Not Protected• Performance not recorded• Titles, names, short phrases, slogans, familiar symbols or designs• Blank forms that collect informationRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 13
  • Not Protected• Works consisting entirely of information that is common property; e.g. rulers• Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, etc. – these can be patentedRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 14
  • Rights to the Copyright Owner1. The right to reproduce the copyrighted work.2. The right to prepare derivative works based upon the original(s).3. The right to distribute copies of the work.4. The right to perform the work publicly.5. The right to display the work publicly.Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 15
  • Obtaining• It is secured automatically when the work is created• No registration or publication is required• Notice of copyright not required• Registration is recommendedRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 16
  • Length• Created after January 1, 1978 – author’s life plus 70 years• Before January 1, 1978 – 95 years including renewals• Mickey Mouse expires in 2018Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 17
  • Fair Use• Provision of the copyright law (section 107) which allows limited reproduction rights without permission – Educational – Reviews – Media reportingRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 18
  • Fair Use• Key considerations – Purpose and character of use – Nature of the copyrighted work – Amount and substantiality used – Effect on potential market valueRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 19
  • Digital Millennium Copyright Act (1998)• An attempt to balance the freedom of the Internet with copyright privileges.• Protects Google and similar computer services.Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 20
  • TrademarksRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 21
  • Trademark ®Trademark ™ is a word, phrase, symbol or design, or a combination of words, phrases, symbols or designs, that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods of one party from those of others.Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 22
  • Service Mark SMis the same as a trademark, except that it identifies and distinguishes the source of a service rather than a product.Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 23
  • InternetRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 24
  • Beware• The Internet does not edit for copyright, trademark, service mark or plagiarism• Just because it is on the Internet does not mean it is not protectedRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 25
  • Copyright Infringement PenaltiesCriminal Civil• Pays the actual dollar • Financial from $200 to amount of damages and $150,000 for each work infringed profits. • Pay for all attorneys fees• The infringer can go to and court costs. jail up to 5 years. • Injunction to stop the infringing acts. • Impound the illegal works.Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 26
  • Copyright Free• Creative Commons http://creativecommons.org/• Wikipedia: Public domain image resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Public_domain_ima ge_resources• Public Domain Pictures http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 27
  • Beware• Look at use requirements – Protected – Limited protection – Free use• Commercial reuse is often not permittedRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 28
  • Summary• Plagiarism is the use of another person’s words or ideas without giving credit• Copyright legally protects works from use without permission• Trademark legally protects images and phrases identity from use without permission• Service mark legally protects a service identity from use without permissionRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 29
  • Resources• Copyright Basics (Circular 1) – U.S. Copyright Office http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.html• Basic Facts About Trademarks U.S. Patent and Trademark Office http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/tac/doc/b asic/Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 30
  • Resources• Intellectual Property Digital Library WIPO http://www.wipo.int/ipdl/en/• A Visit to Copyright Bay http://www.stfrancis.edu/cid/copyrightbay/in dex.htmRev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 31
  • Resources• Copyright and Digital Media in a Post- Napster World (2005) http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/media/files/wp2005.pd f• Copyright, Intellectual Property Rights, and Licensing Issues http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/copyright/• Educuse http://www.educause.edu/node/645/tid/31236?tim e=1292014533Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 32
  • Court Cases• Summaries of Fair Use Cases Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resourceshttp://fairuse.stanford.edu/Copyright_and_Fair_Us e_Overview/chapter9/9-c.html• Frivolous Claims http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=653525433082 6636982&q=copyright+infringement+&hl=en&as_sdt=40003 &as_ylo=2010Rev Dec 2010 Report Writing - Intellectual Property 33