THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONCREATION OF A NEW WORLDVIEW Questioning of oldknowledge & assumptions Gradual replacement of re...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS PTOLEMY: Geocentricism NICOLAUS COPERNICUS(1473-1543): He...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS  GALILEO GALILEI (1564-1642)     Constructed first    tel...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS ISAAC NEWTON (1642-1727)   Universal Gravitation: combine...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONDISCOVERIES IN OTHER SCIENCES Botany: new medicalapplications Anatomy: betterunderstand of how ...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT FRANCIS BACON (1561-1626)   Inductive reasoning: working  from particular...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT RENÉ DESCARTES (1596-1650)   Geometry: any algebraic formula  could be pl...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPOLITICAL THOUGHT THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679)   Negative, mechanistic view of  human nature   St...
THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPOLITICAL THOUGHT JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704)   TABULA RASA: humans  born with blank slate   Govern...
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Scientificrevolution

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Scientificrevolution

  1. 1. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
  2. 2. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONCREATION OF A NEW WORLDVIEW Questioning of oldknowledge & assumptions Gradual replacement of religious& superstition presumptions Gradual rise of science &reason
  3. 3. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS PTOLEMY: Geocentricism NICOLAUS COPERNICUS(1473-1543): Heliocentrisim TYCHO BRAHE (1546-1601):More accurate position of planets JOHANNES KEPLER,(1571-1630): Elliptical planetarymovement
  4. 4. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS  GALILEO GALILEI (1564-1642)  Constructed first telescope  Described motion of bodies on earth
  5. 5. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS ISAAC NEWTON (1642-1727)  Universal Gravitation: combined laws of planetary & earth motion  Numerous practical applications
  6. 6. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONDISCOVERIES IN OTHER SCIENCES Botany: new medicalapplications Anatomy: betterunderstand of how humanbody worked  Microscope invented
  7. 7. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT FRANCIS BACON (1561-1626)  Inductive reasoning: working from particular to general conclusions  Empiricism & scientific method
  8. 8. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT RENÉ DESCARTES (1596-1650)  Geometry: any algebraic formula could be plotted as curve in space  Deductive Reasoning: starting with general assumptions & working downward  Cartesian Dualism: division of reality into “thinking substance” & “extended substance”
  9. 9. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPOLITICAL THOUGHT THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679)  Negative, mechanistic view of human nature  Strong sovereign necessary to control conflicting desires Hobbe’s Leviathan
  10. 10. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPOLITICAL THOUGHT JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704)  TABULA RASA: humans born with blank slate  Government & public enter contract

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