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Scientificrevolution
 

Scientificrevolution

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    Scientificrevolution Scientificrevolution Presentation Transcript

    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONCREATION OF A NEW WORLDVIEW Questioning of oldknowledge & assumptions Gradual replacement of religious& superstition presumptions Gradual rise of science &reason
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS PTOLEMY: Geocentricism NICOLAUS COPERNICUS(1473-1543): Heliocentrisim TYCHO BRAHE (1546-1601):More accurate position of planets JOHANNES KEPLER,(1571-1630): Elliptical planetarymovement
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS  GALILEO GALILEI (1564-1642)  Constructed first telescope  Described motion of bodies on earth
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONNEW DIRECTIONS IN ASTRONOMY & PHYSICS ISAAC NEWTON (1642-1727)  Universal Gravitation: combined laws of planetary & earth motion  Numerous practical applications
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONDISCOVERIES IN OTHER SCIENCES Botany: new medicalapplications Anatomy: betterunderstand of how humanbody worked  Microscope invented
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT FRANCIS BACON (1561-1626)  Inductive reasoning: working from particular to general conclusions  Empiricism & scientific method
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT RENÉ DESCARTES (1596-1650)  Geometry: any algebraic formula could be plotted as curve in space  Deductive Reasoning: starting with general assumptions & working downward  Cartesian Dualism: division of reality into “thinking substance” & “extended substance”
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPOLITICAL THOUGHT THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679)  Negative, mechanistic view of human nature  Strong sovereign necessary to control conflicting desires Hobbe’s Leviathan
    • THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONPOLITICAL THOUGHT JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704)  TABULA RASA: humans born with blank slate  Government & public enter contract