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  • Order From: Scarecrow Press, Inc. 4720 Boston Way Lanham, MD 20706 1-800-462-6420 $19.95 Order Online at: http://www.scarecrowpress.com/Catalog/ Title: The Promise of Technology in Schools: The Next 20 Years Author(s): Charles K. Stallard and Julie Cocker ISBN: 0-8108-4082-0 LB1028.3.S3752001 Available October, 2001
  • Manufacturing (White Oak Semiconductor, Hewlett Packard) Pharmaceutical Agricultural (Nabisco, Tysons, Jimmy Dean) Banking (Capitol One) Software Interport (Rail, Sea, Air, Interstate Highway)
  • Growing at a rate of 1000 students per year 7 new schools in last 6 years 6 new schools in development Superintendent, 3 assistant superintendents, 12 Directors
  • We believe that fluency in information technology and the appropriate integration of technology into the teaching and learning process will require a student to computer ratio of one-to-one. Information technology has become so pervasive in the lives and work of all people in the Twenty-First Century that schools must step forward to eliminate the digital divide by providing all students in grades 1-12 with a personal computer.
  • Digital Content and Universal Access to the Internet The Internet has evolved as a major information resource that provides access to many primary materials that textbooks could never provide. In addition, the nature of digital information housed on a server is such that it is quite easy to update and expand it as needed. Digital content in the form of library, government, museum, and private collections that are accessible on the Internet will become a major source of curriculum content for all grade levels and all subject areas. In addition, Henrico County Public Schools will develop its capacity to create and deliver digital content in all subject areas beginning with the fall term of 2001. Housed on local Web servers, digital content must be accessible from home as well as school. Consequently, all students must have home access to the Internet. Henrico County Public Schools will develop its capacity to be the Internet Service Provider for all students and staff as a part of this plan.
  • Our experience building hard wired computer networks and wide area networks has convinced us that if we are to serve a computer to student ratio of one-to-one, we will only be able to do so by utilizing wireless, mobile computing technologies. The IEEE 802.11 standard for wireless networking has proven to be quite stable in the tests we have run with it on the Macintosh platform over the past eighteen months. With each student in possession of a laptop computer, and with all areas of the school equipped as wireless access points or WAPs, it is possible to envision a new paradigm for teaching and learning in schools. Using Apple “Airport” Base Station and Airport network cards, we will extend our existing hard wired infrastructure to include wireless connectivity to all areas of the school and school grounds.
  • Data mining or knowledge discovery as it is sometimes called has revolutionized institutional processes in business, government, and industry. Productivity of the workforce and improved choice for the client and customer has been the result. We believe that public education should use information technology to provide more personalized service to students and families it serves. The key to doing so is the full utilization of information that we regularly collect and store on student achievement and demographics. Further, the movement toward digital content and ubiquitous computing will create a new potential to collect metadata and create new categories of information about learning style, learning ability, and school performance that can greatly improve productivity and personalized education plans.
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    1. 1. Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century School Henrico County Public Schools Richmond, Virginia Dr. Charles Stallard Director of Technology and Information Services
    2. 2. The Promise of Technology in Schools: The Next 20 Years <ul><li>Charles Stallard, Julie Cocker </li></ul><ul><li>Scarecrow Press </li></ul><ul><li>October, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>ISBN: 0-8108-4082-0 </li></ul>
    3. 3. Henrico County, Virginia <ul><li>Microcosm of U.S.A </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban High Density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Agricultural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburban High Tech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>47% Minority Population </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Henrico County Public Schools <ul><li>43,000 Students </li></ul><ul><li>63 Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Total Budget: $321,693,591 </li></ul><ul><li>Per Pupil Expenditure: $6,894 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Technology Budget: $10,400,835 </li></ul>
    5. 5. Teaching & Learning Initiative <ul><li>Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve student learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate a new paradigm for teaching and learning suitable for 21st Century Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluency in Information Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide More Personalized Services for Students and Families </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. The Four Cornerstones <ul><li>1:1 Computer:Student Ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Content </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Data Mining </li></ul>
    7. 7. 1:1 Computer:Student Ratio <ul><li>September, 2001 13,000 iBook Computers for Grades 9-12 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students and Staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owned by the District; loaned to students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$50.00 annual insurance fee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Software: Netscape + AppleWorks </li></ul><ul><li>January 2001 7,800 iBooks for 7 & 8 </li></ul><ul><li>August, 2001 2,500 iBooks for 6th </li></ul>
    8. 8. Digital Content: Phase Out Textbooks <ul><li>Locally Produced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BlackBoard the development environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and U.S. History fully developed since April, 2001. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100 Courses developed by August 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Roles for Teachers- e-Learning Developers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Supplemented with commercial content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BeyondBooks.com </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Mobile Computing <ul><li>802.11 Wireless Network Standard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battery Operated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple iBook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stability of Wireless Solution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MTBF Studies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design Features (fit in locker, rugged) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Data Mining <ul><li>Knowledge Discovery: an automated process of identifying patterns in data and predicting outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle as underlying data engine </li></ul><ul><li>First Product: A decision tree system to analyze profiles of all incoming freshmen to identify those likely to have problems within the first two years of high school . </li></ul>
    11. 11. Teacher/Staff Training <ul><li>On-going process for 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Student Mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Just-In-Time Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intranet/Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CD + Video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iBook Help Desk Manned by Students </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Infrastructure <ul><li>Switched 100 MB to Desktop with Gigabit Backbone </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolitan Area Network Upgrade from shared single mode fiber at 10MB to switched ATM at 13 MB per school </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless Access Points (everywhere) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Museums </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Internet Access at Home <ul><li>Universal Access to Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase I: October, 2001 Low Cost to Student or Family ($4.00 per month) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase II: Become ISP for all students and staff at low annual cost ($25-$35) </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Support <ul><li>School Based Personnel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Support Specialist (TST) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware/software/network specialist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Trainer (Master Teacher) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Former Technology Trainer in the District </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full-time at the school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>iBook Help Desk </li></ul><ul><li>Student Mentors </li></ul>
    15. 15. Support <ul><li>District Personnel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 Network Specialists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Repair Technicians (Apple Warranty Shop) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apple Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1-800-support from Apple 24/7 </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Research & Accountability <ul><li>Research Agenda and Research Team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Group of Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. David Dwyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various National Labs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longitudinal Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>District Studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics of implementation and support </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Progress To Date <ul><li>11,350 iBooks distributed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some hardware problems CD Latch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Losses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 complaints from parents who didn’t want to participate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Learning development ahead of schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital content partner selection close </li></ul></ul>