Introduction to Assistive Technology (AT) 2/15/06
Definition of AT Device <ul><li>Assistive or Adaptive Technology  commonly refers to &quot; ...products, devices or equipm...
Examples: <ul><li>Pencil grips and specialized paper </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Wheelchairs </li></ul><...
Definition of AT Services <ul><li>“…any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisit...
Examples: <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance and repair </li></ul><ul><li>Training/Instruction </li></ul><ul><l...
Universal Design for Learning (UDL) <ul><li>www.cast.org   </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Design for Learning slides </li></ul>
Perspectives on Assessment <ul><li>Data-based </li></ul><ul><li>Student interview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Hey, Can I try th...
Transfer of AT at times of Transition <ul><li>www.aea9.k12.ia.us/assistivedwlds.html </li></ul>
Light Technology (Low Tech)  Examples: Pencil grips Adapted rulers Highlighter tape Communication boards Specialized paper...
High Technology  Examples: <ul><li>Speech Generating Devices (Augmentative and Alternative Communication [AAC]; Voice Outp...
Examples of AT from specific categories
Daily living and recreation <ul><li>Infrared lock </li></ul><ul><li>Switch-activated CD player </li></ul><ul><li>Switches ...
Expressive Communication <ul><li>Single entry and sequential entry communication device </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-level commun...
Academic Support <ul><li>Written expression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predictive software (e.g. CoWriter) </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Information Organization <ul><li>Outline software </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil/paper or computer graphic organizers </li></ul>...
Note-Taking <ul><li>Letter Practice (StartWrite) </li></ul><ul><li>NCR Notebooks </li></ul><ul><li>Fill-in-the-blank study...
Research/Reports <ul><li>Organization of research (Read and Write Gold Fact Folder) </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of rese...
Prepared Forms <ul><li>Templates (Word) </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone notepads </li></ul>
Study Skills <ul><li>Highlighter functions (e.g. Kurzweil) </li></ul><ul><li>Removable highlight tape and highlighters </l...
Math <ul><li>Calculators (Talking Calculators/large keys) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer calculator versions </li></ul><ul><li...
Reading <ul><li>Interactive Story Books </li></ul><ul><li>Scan and Read text support </li></ul><ul><li>Start to Finish Boo...
Computer Adaptations <ul><li>Accessibility features (Windows) </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Access (Macintosh) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Mobility <ul><li>Room design </li></ul><ul><li>Powered mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Manual chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Support ...
Hearing <ul><li>Room amplification </li></ul><ul><li>FM systems </li></ul><ul><li>Personal aids/accessories related to the...
Vision <ul><li>Colored screens and contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Guides </li></ul><ul><li>Magnifiers </li></ul><ul><l...
Cool Websites <ul><li>North Pole  http:// www.northpole.com /Clubhouse/Games/   and  www.northpole.com   </li></ul><ul><li...
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Introduction to Assistive Technology

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Introduction to Assistive Technology

  1. 1. Introduction to Assistive Technology (AT) 2/15/06
  2. 2. Definition of AT Device <ul><li>Assistive or Adaptive Technology commonly refers to &quot; ...products, devices or equipment, whether acquired commercially, modified or customized, that are used to maintain, increase or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities... &quot;, according to the definition proposed in the Assistive Technology Act of 1998 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Examples: <ul><li>Pencil grips and specialized paper </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Wheelchairs </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Generating Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Highlighters </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted spoons, scissors, toys, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing aids </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition of AT Services <ul><li>“…any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples: <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance and repair </li></ul><ul><li>Training/Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of the device </li></ul><ul><li>Trial use and data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Device transfer at times of transition </li></ul>
  6. 6. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) <ul><li>www.cast.org </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Design for Learning slides </li></ul>
  7. 7. Perspectives on Assessment <ul><li>Data-based </li></ul><ul><li>Student interview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Hey, Can I try that?” www.wati.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Personal Choices” www.onionmountaintech.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prepared assessment protocols </li></ul><ul><li>SETT framework </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous use of data </li></ul>
  8. 8. Transfer of AT at times of Transition <ul><li>www.aea9.k12.ia.us/assistivedwlds.html </li></ul>
  9. 9. Light Technology (Low Tech) Examples: Pencil grips Adapted rulers Highlighter tape Communication boards Specialized paper NCR paper
  10. 10. High Technology Examples: <ul><li>Speech Generating Devices (Augmentative and Alternative Communication [AAC]; Voice Output Communication Aid [VOCA]0 </li></ul><ul><li>Digital recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Computers for text to speech </li></ul><ul><li>Computer for speech to text (speech recognition) Demonstration </li></ul>
  11. 11. Examples of AT from specific categories
  12. 12. Daily living and recreation <ul><li>Infrared lock </li></ul><ul><li>Switch-activated CD player </li></ul><ul><li>Switches for control of electrical items and computers </li></ul>
  13. 13. Expressive Communication <ul><li>Single entry and sequential entry communication device </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-level communicaiton devices </li></ul><ul><li>Full-language communication devices </li></ul><ul><li>Boardmaker </li></ul>
  14. 14. Academic Support <ul><li>Written expression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predictive software (e.g. CoWriter) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Onscreen keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homophone support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide shows (BuildAbility) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Information Organization <ul><li>Outline software </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil/paper or computer graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Note cards </li></ul><ul><li>Web organization </li></ul>
  16. 16. Note-Taking <ul><li>Letter Practice (StartWrite) </li></ul><ul><li>NCR Notebooks </li></ul><ul><li>Fill-in-the-blank study guides </li></ul><ul><li>Various types of special paper </li></ul><ul><li>Whiteboard captures </li></ul>
  17. 17. Research/Reports <ul><li>Organization of research (Read and Write Gold Fact Folder) </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of research (low-tech cards) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Prepared Forms <ul><li>Templates (Word) </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone notepads </li></ul>
  19. 19. Study Skills <ul><li>Highlighter functions (e.g. Kurzweil) </li></ul><ul><li>Removable highlight tape and highlighters </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary (e.g. WYNN) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Math <ul><li>Calculators (Talking Calculators/large keys) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer calculator versions </li></ul><ul><li>IntelliTools products </li></ul><ul><li>Graph paper </li></ul><ul><li>Math Star </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulatives </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted rulers </li></ul><ul><li>BlockCad </li></ul>
  21. 21. Reading <ul><li>Interactive Story Books </li></ul><ul><li>Scan and Read text support </li></ul><ul><li>Start to Finish Books </li></ul><ul><li>File conversion (text to MP3) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Computer Adaptations <ul><li>Accessibility features (Windows) </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Access (Macintosh) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Keyboards </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Mice </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning (easels) </li></ul><ul><li>Portable word processing (e.g. Dana) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Mobility <ul><li>Room design </li></ul><ul><li>Powered mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Manual chairs </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Vision-related mobility aids (make it auditory) </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing-related mobility aids (make it visual) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Hearing <ul><li>Room amplification </li></ul><ul><li>FM systems </li></ul><ul><li>Personal aids/accessories related to the Cochlear Implant (but not the implant itself!) </li></ul>
  25. 25. Vision <ul><li>Colored screens and contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Guides </li></ul><ul><li>Magnifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Visual accommodations in computer programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Color; size; spacing; font type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed of reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word presentation (word, sentence, paragraph) </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Cool Websites <ul><li>North Pole http:// www.northpole.com /Clubhouse/Games/ and www.northpole.com </li></ul><ul><li>Bubble Wrap http://www.aea9.k12.ia.us/05/at_mouse_skills.php </li></ul><ul><li>Priory Woods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.priorywoods.middlesbrough.sch.uk/ </li></ul></ul>
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