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  • 1. APPLE OSX TIGER NOTES Tom McLaughlin tom@digitalsmiles.com 2006 1
  • 2. Table of Contents SpotLight...............................5 Customize My Mac: Introduction........................................................................................................................7 Lesson 1: Change My Desktop...........................................................................................................................9 Lesson 2: Change My Screen Saver................................................................................................................11 To create a slideshow screen saver ..................................11 To add a third-party screen saver: .................................12 Customize Your Screen Saver ............................................12 Lesson 3: Modify My Windows.........................................................................................................................12 Change Window Element Colors and Functionality......13 Modify the Sidebar..............13 Customize the Toolbar........14 Change the View and View Options................................14 Tag Finder Items with Color 15 2
  • 3. Hang Pictures in Windows. .15 Lesson 4: Set My Preferences..........................................................................................................................16 Optimize My Keyboard, Mouse, and Trackpad.........16 Optimize Your Mouse .........17 Optimize Your Trackpad (for iBook and PowerBook users) ............................................17 Change My Screen Resolution...........................18 Change My Sounds.............18 Customize My Keyboard Shortcuts.............................19 Change My Computer's Sleep Habits..................................19 Set the Sleep Time .............20 3
  • 4. Schedule Sleep or Shut Down ............................................20 Change My Language.........21 Set My Media Preferences..21 Change My Date and Time. 22 Lesson 5: Customize the Dock.........................................................................................................................22 Add or Remove Stuff from the Dock....................................24 Miniaturize or Monster-Size the Magnification.................24 Move the Dock....................25 Change the Minimizing Effect ............................................25 Hide the Dock......................25 Lesson 6: Change My Icons.............................................................................................................................26 To change an item's icon to another one: .......................26 4
  • 5. Change My User Icon.........27 Get Icons.............................27 SpotLight Find Anything, Fast Tiger introduces Spotlight, the lightning-fast search technology that illuminates every corner of your Mac, displaying results as fast as you type. Search everything on your system: Files, emails, contacts, images, movies, calendars and applications appear instantly. Just as you find songs on iTunes by name, artist or album, Spotlight results take you way beyond mere filename and location: They include all the metadata inside files — the “what, when and who” of everything on your Mac — including the kind of content, the author, edit history, format, size and many more details. Organize Instantly Because Spotlight is built right into the core of Mac OS X, it automatically updates results whenever files change, giving you countless new ways to organize your Mac. Save search results as a Smart Folder that automatically updates itself. Set up Smart Mailboxes according to Spotlight search queries and Mail files away your messages for you. Create Address Book Smart Groups using Spotlight search results. Even drag and drop Spotlight searches into new Automator Workflows to automate repetitive tasks. Everything on your Mac gets a chance to shine Get Info in a Dash The new Dashboard hosts nifty mini-applications called widgets that appear instantly and keep you up to date with timely information from the Internet. View stocks, check weather forecasts, track flights, convert currency and units of measure, even look up businesses in the phone book. Similar to Exposé, the Dashboard zooms across your Desktop at the click of a function key. Your favourite widgets appear with up-to-the-second information, then disappear just as easily, so you can get back to what you were doing . 5
  • 6. What’s on Board Tiger includes a suite of widgets to get you started, and you can add more anytime. With so many widgets at your disposal, the Widget Bar comes in handy. Click the plus sign and Dashboard launches a Widget Bar displaying every available widget. Drag widgets from the Bar to the Dashboard and watch as they appear with a cool ripple effect. Once you have your widgets where you want them, just close the Widget Bar with a single click iTunes Stocks Weather Play, pause, skip forward and Track changes in your favourite View weather conditions around the backward through songs in your iTunes domestic and international stock funds, world. Check temperature, expected music library using this simplified including recent prices and activity. high and low and a six-day forecast. controller. Dictionary Yellow Pages World Clock Quickly find definitions by typing all or Search by name or category to display Check local time anywhere in the part of a word. View the same word in the phone numbers and addresses for world. Open multiple widgets to display the thesaurus to find synonyms, publicly listed U.S. businesses in your the time in different cities. antonyms and more. Since the area. Click the phone number to dictionary and thesaurus are built into display it in extra-large print so you can Mac OS X, you don’t even need an read it easily while dialing. Internet connection. Stickies Tile Game Calculator Jot reminders on as many sticky note Scramble a photo and put it back Perform basic calculations quickly and widgets as you want. Flip to change the together again. Drag on a new photo to easily. The Calculator widget handles note colour and font. create a different puzzle. addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, and includes a memory function. Translator Calendar Flight Tracker Translate words and phrases instantly This colourful widget gives you at-a- Find and follow flights with the Flight between English, Chinese, Dutch, glance access to daily and monthly Tracker widget. Enter an airline, flight French, German, Greek, Italian, calendars. View the current day and number and destination or departure Japanese, Korean, Portuguese and date or click the calendar to reveal the city. For flights in progress, a map Russian. days of the month. displays the flight’s approximate location. Address Book Unit Converter Quickly locate contact information in Convert numerous weights and your Address Book, browse contacts measures, including area, currency, 6
  • 7. sequentially or search for specific length, speed, temperature, weight and entries. more. Customize My Mac: Introduction Macs can have just about as much personality as the people who use them; all you need to do is customize your computer for the way you work and think. In this section, we'll show you the many different ways you can change the way your computer's interface looks, as well as how it operates. We'll also show you how to change settings for your work and play preferences. Gigantic icons, picture windows, custom desktops, relocated Dock, colorful labels, modified sidebars and toolbars... You can make your interface as clean or as kooky as you like. Lesson 1: Change My Desktop—Nothing wrong with keeping that same Tiger default image as your Desktop picture, but if you care (or dare) to change it, we'll show you how to swap it for another of ours or one of your own. Lesson 2: Change My Screen Saver—Your Mac comes with a few screen savers. We'll show you how to change the default one, create your own from your photo collection, and add third-party savers. Lesson 3: Modify My Windows—Want to add your own stuff to the sidebar or more commands to the toolbar? Do you hate boring white windows? Wish you could add some color to your files? Find out how to do these things and more. Lesson 4: Set My Preferences—From sound effects to hot keys to sleepy time, we'll show you how to set your Mac preferences for your tastes and needs. Lesson 5: Customize the Dock—The Dock isn't permanently anchored to the bottom of your screen. Not only can you change where it appears, you can alter how it looks and reacts, and modify its contents as well. Lesson 6: Change My Icons—If you want certain files and folders to stand out from others, give them a custom stamp of approval. You can change your user account image icon too. 7
  • 8. Lesson 1: Change My Desktop Your desktop picture is the most high profile item on your computer when you're using it—that is, when it's not being buried by windows and documents. So why not showcase your individuality by changing the default Desktop settings? Your Mac comes equipped with more than the default picture; in fact, Apple preinstalls over 50 images to choose from. To demonstrate how to change your Desktop picture, follow these instructions: You'll find lots of preinstalled Desktop images in Desktop & Screen Saver preferences; this fierce, fuzzy, feline facade will go nicely with Tiger. 1. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences to open the System Preferences window. 2. Click the Desktop & Screen Saver button to display its preferences. 3. Click the Desktop tab; the left pane lists the different folders from which you can choose an image. The right pane displays thumbnails (small images) of the images in the selected folder. 4. Click Apple Images to select it. You'll see the default picture in the right pane, along with a bunch of other images. 5. Click any thumbnail to instantly change the desktop image. Click a few different ones to try them out. 6. Now select Nature in the left pane. Then click any of its thumbnails to place a nature type picture on your Desktop. Do the same for Abstract. 7. If you'd rather have a solid color desktop, select Solid Colors in the left pane, and select a color swatch from the right pane. 8. When satisfied with your choice, close the Preferences window. Of course, you don't have to stick with what we gave you. You can turn any of your own photos or artwork into a Desktop picture too. Here's how to do this: 1. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences. 2. In the window, click Desktop & Screen Saver, then click the Desktop tab to display just the Desktop preferences. 3. If you want to use a photo from your iPhoto Library, select Library in the left pane. Otherwise, select Choose Folder, navigate to and select the folder that contains your image in the resulting Finder-like dialog, and click Choose. 8
  • 9. When you select Choose Folder, a Finder-like dialog opens for you to locate and select any folder on your Mac. 4. In the right pane, click any thumbnail to place the image on the Desktop. 5. Depending on the size of your chosen image, you can opt to tile or center it if it's small (your image will look pixelated or have jagged edges if it's too small). Or have the image fill the screen, or stretch to fill the screen. Just choose an item from the pop-up menu that appears above the thumbnails (the one next to the thumbnail of your current picture). If an image is too small to display satisfactorily as a full screen image, you can choose Tile from the pop-up menu. You can also have your Mac automatically change your Desktop picture at any set interval. To do this: 1. Select the "Change picture" checkbox. (This option is not available if you selected your iPhoto Library or an iPhoto picture roll.) 2. From the Change picture pop-up menu, choose one of the intervals listed in the menu (such as every minute or every day—or choose every 5 seconds for a desktop slideshow). 3. Select the "Random order" checkbox if you want the images to appear at random. If it isn't selected, your images will appear in alphabetical order by name. 9
  • 10. Lesson 2: Change My Screen Saver We said in the prior lesson that your Desktop picture is the most high profile item on your computer when you're using it. Likewise, your screen saver is the most high profile item when you're not (unless you turned off your Mac, of course). And like the Desktop picture, you can change the default Tiger screen saver to play another one of ours, your own slideshow creation, or a third-party screen saver (one that's created by a company other than Apple). To swap your current screen saver for another one: Your Mac contains several preinstalled screen savers—here's one for you nature buffs. 1. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences to open the System Preferences window. 2. Click the Desktop & Screen Saver button to display its preferences. 3. Click the Screen Saver tab to display just the Screen Saver preferences. All installed screen savers appear in the left pane. The right pane displays a preview of the selected screen saver. 4. Click one of the Screen Saver items in the left pane to select it for use. 5. If you'd like, click Test to see what the screen saver will look like in use. To create a slideshow screen saver By selecting Library, your Mac will automatically create a slideshow screen saver made from your iPhoto pictures. 1. In the Screen Saver preferences window, select Library or one of the two choices below it to turn your iPhoto images into a slideshow screen saver. 2. In the Screen Saver preferences window, select Pictures Folder to display the images in it, or select Choose Folder, navigate to and select a folder that contains images in the resulting dialog, then click Choose to put it in use. 10
  • 11. To add a third-party screen saver: Once you install a third-party screen saver (either through an installer or manually), you can select it just like you would with the preinstalled ones. 1. If the screen saver doesn't have an installer to place the file in the right folder, locate the .saver file in the package. 2. Drag the file into the Screen Savers folder, which is in the Library folder at the root of your hard disk (/Library/Screen Savers). 3. Follow the steps in "swap your current screen saver for another one," above, to select the third-party screen saver. Customize Your Screen Saver Now that you've outfitted your Mac with a new screen saver, you can further customize its settings. Here are some of the things you can do in the Screen Saver preferences window. 1. Click Options to view the selected screen saver's user-configurable display settings and adjust them to your liking. These settings will vary screen saver to screen saver. 2. Move the "Start screen saver" slider left or right to change the time (in minutes) at which the screen saver begins to play. 3. If you'd like the ability to start the screen saver manually, click Hot Corners. In the resulting dialog, choose Start Screen Saver from any of the four corner pop-up menus and click OK. The screen saver will start when you move your arrow to your chosen screen corner. 4. If you're the adventurous type, select "Use random screen saver," and your Mac will automatically select a screen saver when it goes into screen saver mode. Lesson 3: Modify My Windows All Finder windows don't necessarily have to be created equally; you can have certain windows look different from others. For example, when you double-click your hard disk, you might want the Finder window to show you all the contents on your Mac in column view. But maybe you want another folder's Finder window to display its contents in icon view—and you want to hang a nice picture of your cat as the backdrop instead of seeing plain old white. There are plenty of things you can do to make your Finder windows more efficient or more entertaining—the choice is yours. Here are a few ways that you can modify a Finder window. 1. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences to open the window. 2. Click Appearance to display its preferences. 3. To change the colors of the window elements from the default Blue Appearance, choose Graphite from the Appearance pop-up menu to make all elements take on a cool, monochromatic graphite color. 4. To change the highlight color (the color you see when you select text), choose any color from the Highlight Color pop-up menu. Or choose a custom color by choosing Other from the Highlight Color pop-up menu, then selecting a color in the resulting Colors window. 11
  • 12. Change Window Element Colors and Functionality You can choose one of the listed text highlight colors, or choose your own in Appearance Preferences. 5. If you'd rather have the scroll arrows appear at opposite ends of the scroll bar instead of having them placed together (the default), select the "At top and bottom" radio button next to "Place scroll arrows." 6. You can also choose how many items you want to see displayed in your Recent Items menu (to view this, from the Apple menu, choose Recent Items), how to handle font smoothing and window minimizing, and more, using the other window settings. Modify the Sidebar We prefer to see our Home folder at the top of our folder list in the sidebar, so we moved it. 1. To add a folder, file, or application to the Finder window's sidebar (these items appear in every Finder window), drag the item to a desired place in the sidebar below the line that separates folders from volumes—a horizontal line displays to indicate the tentative position—and drop it. 2. To remove a folder, file, or application from the sidebar, simply select the item and drag it out of the sidebar—the item disappears in a poof of smoke. (Don't worry; the original is still intact on your Mac.) 3. If you want to rearrange the order of sidebar items, just select an item and drag it to the desired position. Keep in mind that volumes must remain in the sidebar's upper portion, while everything else must be kept below that line. 4. Don't care for the sidebar? You can hide it by dragging the small dot on the center of the vertical bar (the one that separates the sidebar from the rest of the window) all the way to the left of the window. If you change your mind, just drag the same dot to the right to reveal the sidebar. 12
  • 13. Customize the Toolbar We added a few frequently-used commands to our toolbar and had it display their text labels in case we forget what's what. 1. To change the contents in the Finder window toolbar, choose Customize Toolbar from the View menu. 2. In the dialog sheet that slides down from the window, drag whatever items you want to add onto the toolbar (such as Burn, Eject, Get Info, and more). 3. To remove a toolbar item, simply drag it off the toolbar (and watch it go up in smoke). 4. To rearrange stuff in the toolbar, just drag an item to the desired location. 5. To group items so that they appear separated from others, drag a "Space" or "Flexible Space" item to the toolbar to create a separation. 6. You can have the toolbar display only icons, show icons and text, or display text only. From the Show pop-up menu at the bottom of the dialog, choose your preference. 7. When finished, click Done. 8. You can also add items to the toolbar by dragging an item in a Finder window to the toolbar. Change the View and View Options Depending on your window's view, you can modify how it displays its contents— we made our list view icons bigger and selected what information to display in the columns. 1. To change a Finder window's view, click the appropriate button in the toolbar, or choose as Icons, as List, or as Columns from the View menu. (For more information on Finder window views, see the lesson on "The Finder.") 2. To customize the window further by view, choose Show View Options from the View menu. 3. If you chose List or Icons view, you can choose whether to apply your settings to only the current window or to all windows (select the appropriate radio button at the top of the View options window). 4. In Columns view, you can modify the text size, and icon and preview column visibility. In List view, you can modify the icon and text size, select what file information to display in columns, and more. In Icons view, you can modify the icon and text size, the label name position, and more. 13
  • 14. Tag Finder Items with Color For visual organization, use color labels to separate one categorical group of folders and files from others. 1. You can make any application, file, or folder stand out from the rest by giving it a color label. To do this, select an item in the Finder. 2. From the File menu, choose a color under Color Label, or choose a color from the Finder window's Action menu. Hang Pictures in Windows Don't like white windows? You can hang a picture or paint them with color. 1. If you display a Finder window in Icons view, you can display a picture as the window backdrop or change its color. Select a folder whose contents you'd like to see all spruced up and double-click it to open it. 2. From the View menu, choose as Icons if the window isn't already in Icons view. 3. From the View menu, choose Show View Options. 4. In the window, select the "This window only" radio button if you don't want to have your picture decorate all your Finder windows. 5. To plaster a picture in the window, under the Background header, select the Picture radio button, then skip to step 7. To change the background color, select the Color radio button. 6. To select a color, click the color swatch that appears next to the Color radio button, and select a color in the resulting Colors window. Click OK to make your change—that's it! 7. To select a picture, click the Select button that appears, and then navigate to and select an image in the resulting window (it looks like a Finder window). Click Select to make your change. 14
  • 15. Lesson 4: Set My Preferences Besides changing the look and feel of your Mac interface, you can also let your Mac know how you prefer to work. This is done through preferences. Your Mac has a system-wide set of user-configurable preferences called System Preferences, which allows you to adjust things like your screen resolution, keyboard and mouse control, sound, and more. Just about every application on your Mac has its own set of preferences too (from the application menu, choose Preferences). Here are some of the ways you can sway your Mac to follow your preferences. System Preferences is chock full of controls that let you tweak your system to how you see fit. Optimize My Keyboard, Mouse, and Trackpad We all type, point, and click differently. Thta's why it's important to make sure that you optimize your keyboard and mouse (or trackpad, if you're using an iBook or PowerBook) for your movements. Here's how to do this. The Keyboard preferences can be adjusted for how quickly your fingers dance across the keys or how long they linger on them. 1. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences. 2. In the System Preferences window, click Keyboard & Mouse to display its preferences. 3. Click the Keyboard tab. These controls allow you to set the keyboard sensitivity for how fast you type. 4. To control how quickly a key types its character repeatedly when held down, move the Key Repeat Rate slider left to slow down the rate, or right to speed it up. You can use the text field in the middle of the window to test your setting. 5. To control how long you can hold down a key before it starts repeating, move the Delay Until Repeat slider left to allow a longer delay (better for those who tend to press keys slowly), or right to shorten it. 6. If you want to reassign the modifier keys on your keyboard (Control, Option, Command, and Caps Lock), click Modifier Keys. In the dialog that slides down, you can change which modifier is assigned to what key, or disable a key altogether (for example, if you keep hitting Caps Lock by accident and wind up typing in ALL CAPS, choose No Action from the Caps Lock Key pop-up menu). Click OK when finished. 7. If you're using an iBook or PowerBook and want to use the F1-F12 keys on your keyboard to control other application features, select the checkbox—you'll need to press the Function (fn) key along with any F1-F12 key to perform a key's default hardware function. 15
  • 16. Optimize Your Mouse Your Mouse preferences settings may differ from ours, depending on what kind of mouse you're using. 1. Open System Preferences and click Keyboard & Mouse to display its preferences. 2. Click the Mouse tab. These controls let you set the mouse sensitivity to control how fast the arrow flies across your screen when you move your mouse, and adjust for your double-click reflexes. Other controls may be available, depending on the type of mouse you're using. 3. To control how fast the arrow moves across your screen when you move the mouse, move the Tracking Speed slider left to slow it down, or right to speed it up. 4. To set your computer's reaction to your double-click speed, move the Double-Click Speed slider left if you tend to click slower, or right if you've got an itchy trigger finger. 5. If your mouse has a scroll wheel, you can set its scroll speed using the Scrolling Speed slider. You can also change the mouse's primary button if you're using something other than an Apple 1-button mouse. Optimize Your Trackpad (for iBook and PowerBook users) iBook and PowerBook users can can change the speed and functionality of their trackpad. 1. Open System Preferences and click Keyboard & Mouse to display its preferences. 2. Click the Trackpad tab. These controls let you set the trackpad sensitivity to control how fast the arrow flies across your screen when you move your finger across the trackpad, and adjust for your double-click reflexes. 3. To control how fast the arrow moves across your screen, move the Tracking Speed slider left to slow it down, or right to speed it up. 4. To set your computer's reaction to your double-click speed, move the Double-Click Speed slider left if you tend to click slower, or right if you've got an itchy trigger finger. 5. If you want to add double-click functionality to your trackpad, select the Clicking checkbox below Trackpad Gestures. You can also select the Dragging and Drag Lock checkboxes if you'd like to drag items using the trackpad. 16
  • 17. Change My Screen Resolution Some people want to maximize all the screen real estate they possibly can to cram a bunch of files on their Desktop or view graphics at the best possible resolution. Others don't want to see clutter; they just want to see things—big. No matter what your predilection, here's how to adjust your screen resolution. This iBook display provides a maximum 1024 x 768 resolution, but also supports two smaller resolutions. 1. Open System Preferences and click Displays to display its preferences. 2. Click the Display tab; your display's supported resolution settings are listed in the Resolutions pane, from the smallest to the largest size dimensions. 3. Select any of the dimensions to change the resolution. A smaller resolution gives you less Desktop space to display windows and interfaces, but these elements also appear larger (if you've got bad eyesight, a smaller resolution can help). A larger resolution maximizes your screen space, letting you see more of a photo or document, and can help you manage applications whose interface elements span multiple windows. 4. To adjust your screen's brightness, move the Brightness slider left to make it dimmer, or right to make it brighter. Change My Sounds We're suckers for sound effects—if you are too, be sure to select the "Play user interface sound effects" checkbox. 1. Open System Preferences and click Sound to display its preferences. 2. To change the alert sound (it plays when your Mac wants to get your attention), click the Sound Effects tab, and select a sound in the top list (the sound will play when you click it if you're curious to hear what it sounds like). 3. If you want to hear sound effects play when you do other things in the Finder (such as when you drag stuff to or empty the Trash, or throw items off the Dock), select the "Play user interface sound effects" checkbox. 4. To change the overall volume of sound effects (this doesn't affect other sound source volumes, such as when you play audio in iTunes), move the "Alert volume" slider left to turn the volume down, or right to turn it up. 5. To adjust the overall volume of your Mac (this affects all sound sources), move the "Output volume" slider left to quiet things down, or right to crank it up. If you'd rather have your Mac be quiet, select the Mute checkbox. 6. To adjust the sound balance for your internal or external speakers, click the Output tab, select your speaker device from the list, and move the Balance slider left to skew the stereo sound mix to the left channel, or right to hear more from the right channel. 17
  • 18. Customize My Keyboard Shortcuts Your Mac has plenty of functions and commands that can be triggered by a simple keyboard shortcut, pressing two or three keys simultaneously to perform an action. Take a look in any menu (for example, click on the File menu in the menu bar); you'll see a list of functions and commands, as well as a two- or three-character code to their right. These are keyboard shortcuts. Most shortcuts are made up of one or two modifier keys (Command, Option, Control, or Shift) and another key. Here's what modifier keys those weird characters in the menus represent: But you don't have to stick with the keyboard shortcuts we assigned for your Mac. You can customize many of the functions with your own key combinations. You can dictate which keys to press to make your Mac perform certain tasks in the Keyboard Shortcuts pane. 1. Open System Preferences and click Keyboard & Mouse to display its preferences. 2. Click the Keyboard Shortcuts tab to display a list of some of the system-wide menu commands whose shortcuts you can change. 3. To change any item, double-click on the actual shortcut (the characters in the Shortcut column) and press your preferred key combination to enter it in the text field. 4. To change the keyboard shortcut for any unlisted system-wide or application-specific item, click the plus (+) button. 5. In the dialog, choose All Applications or a specific one from the Application pop-up menu, and type the exact name of the menu command that you want to change in the Menu Title field (look in the menu to view the exact name). 6. Type your preferred keyboard combination in the Keyboard Shortcut field, and click Add. Change My Computer's Sleep Habits To conserve energy, all Macs have the ability to sleep; that is, when you haven't touched your computer after a set amount of time, the computer will power down until you wake it up (sleep doesn't turn off your computer; it merely puts it into an inactive state that consumes much less power). Waking your Mac from sleep is also a lot faster than waiting for your Mac to start up if you shut it down instead. This is especially helpful for iBook and PowerBook users who want to conserve battery life. But sometimes you may need to alter your computer's nap time, such as when you're burning a DVD—if you're not interacting with your Mac during this time, it could go to sleep during the process. Or if you really want to conserve energy, you may want to have your Mac go to sleep earlier than scheduled. Here's how to change sleep preferences. 18
  • 19. Set the Sleep Time To eke the most battery life out of our iBook, we gave our Mac narcolepsy. 1. Open System Preferences and click Energy Saver to display its preferences. 2. Click the Sleep tab. 3. Move the sliders for both the computer and display to change the times in which they go to sleep. 4. Click the Options tab. 5. Select any other options you want, such as wake options, in the panel. Customize Your iBook or PowerBook Sleep Habits If you're using an iBook or PowerBook, you can set different sleep times for your battery and power adapter use. 1. In Energy Saver preferences, choose Power Adapter or Battery from the Settings for pop-up menu. 2. To change the sleep times for your power source choice, either move the computer and display sliders to change the sleep time, or choose one of the energy presets from the Optimization pop-up menu. Schedule Sleep or Shut Down You can also automate when your Mac goes to sleep and wakes up, or shuts down and starts up. If you want to put your Mac on a set schedule: You can set your Mac to automatically start up right before you get in the office and shut down after you've left. 1. In Energy Saver preferences, click Schedule. 2. In the dialog, select the "Start up or wake" checkbox. 3. Choose a scheduled interval from the top pop-up menu (such as Every Day or Weekdays). 4. Set a wake up or start up time in the field to its right. 5. Select the bottom checkbox and from the pop-up menu to its right, choose either Sleep to have your Mac automatically sleep and wake on schedule, or Shut Down to make your Mac automatically shut down and start up on schedule. 6. Choose a scheduled interval from the next pop-up menu (such as Every Day or Weekdays). 19
  • 20. 7. Set a sleep or shut down time in the field to its right. 8. Click OK. Change My Language Your Mac is set to display the language for the country in which you bought the computer. In other words, if you bought your Mac in the United States, your Mac is set to English. If you bought your Mac in France, your Mac understands French. But if you prefer to use a different language, you can. If you bought your Mac in the U.S. but English isn't your preferred language, you can switch what language your Mac speaks via drag-and-drop. 1. Open System Preferences and click International to display its preferences. 2. Click the Language tab. 3. In the Languages pane, drag your preferred language to the top of the list. 4. Restart your Mac (or log out and log back in) to apply the language throughout your system. Set My Media Preferences When you insert a CD or DVD into your Mac, we told your Mac what it should do. For example, when you insert a music CD, iTunes automatically opens so you can listen to it. When you insert a DVD, DVD Player opens so you can kick back and watch. But you don't have to stick with our assumptions. You can tell your Mac what you want it to do when you insert a prerecorded CD or DVD, or a blank disc. You can tell your Mac which applications, scripts, or actions to take when you insert media in your Mac. 1. Open System Preferences and click CDs & DVDs to display its preferences. 2. The top two pop-up menus let you decide what your Mac should do when you insert a blank CD or DVD. By default, both menus are set to Ask what to do (this opens a dialog). You can change it to open your choice of application, open Disk Utility, run a script, or simply ignore it. 20
  • 21. 3. The bottom three pop-up menus let you choose what your Mac should do when you insert a music CD, picture CD, or video DVD, respectively. Change My Date and Time Your Mac has the ability to automatically set the correct date and time, or you can choose to set these manually. You can also decide how you want the time and date to display on your Mac. Here's how to set these preferences. We not only chose to display our time as an analog clock in its own movable window, we also set it to announce the time on the hour. 1. Open System Preferences and click Date & Time to display the preferences. 2. Click the Date & Time tab. 3. If you want your Mac to always set the date and time automatically, select the "Set Date & Time automatically" checkbox, choose your location from the pop-up menu to the right, and skip to step 7. 4. To set things manually, deselect the "Set Date & Time automatically" checkbox. 5. To set the date, click on the month, day, or year in the field above the calendar to select it, and either use the up or down arrows to change the value, or type in the information. Or click on the correct date in the calendar graphic (use the left and right arrows to change the month). 6. To set the time, click on the hour, minute, seconds, or AM/PM in the field above the clock to select it, and either use the up or down arrows to change the value, or type in the information. Or click and drag the hands on the clock graphic to the correct time. 7. Click the Time Zone tab and either click your approximate location on the map or choose the city closest to you from the Closest City pop-up menu. 8. To change the way the clock displays on your Mac, click the Clock tab. In this pane, you can select where to display the time and date (in the menu bar or in a window), whether to view the time in digital or analog format, and a few other preferences. Tip: You can customize various aspects of any application by choosing Preferences from the application menu. Lesson 5: Customize the Dock Like the Finder window sidebar, you can customize the Dock so that it holds only those items that are nearest and dearest to your Mac life, or cram everything in it if you really, really want to. Unlike the Finder window sidebar, you can also choose where to dock the Dock and control its visual appeal too. 21
  • 22. If you like gratuitous eye candy, you can dispense it gleefully by maxing out the icon magnification in Dock preferences. 22
  • 23. Add or Remove Stuff from the Dock You can stick practically anything in the Dock. If you want better accessibility to a frequently used item or contents in a folder, just drag an application, file, or folder onto the Dock to add it. This creates an alias to the original item; the original isn't the one in the Dock. To remove an item, simply drag the icon off the Dock. You can easily access the contents of a frequently-visited folder if you stick the folder in the Dock (note the vertical line division). Applications must be placed on the left side of the thin, vertical line in the Dock; files and folders can be placed to the right of it. If the docked icons don't part to make room for your incoming one, you're probably dragging the icon to the wrong side. You can rearrange docked items by simply dragging and dropping the icons to another location, as long as you keep them on the same side of the dividing line. Miniaturize or Monster-Size the Magnification When you move your arrow over a docked icon, the icon (by default) grows bigger. But you can choose how big or small the magnification should grow to, and how big or small the Dock should appear in its normal state. By setting a small sized Dock and maximizing the Magnification, our Dock becomes highly animated whenever we select something from it. 1. From the Apple menu, choose Dock, then Dock Preferences (or open System Preferences and click Dock) to open the preferences. 2. To adjust the size of the Dock, move the Dock Size slider left to make it smaller, or right to make it bigger. 3. To control how big the icons will grow, move the Magnification slider left to make the icon magnification smaller, or right to make it bigger. Move your arrow over the Dock to test your setting. 4. If you prefer not to have the icons magnify, deselect the Magnification checkbox. 23
  • 24. Move the Dock If you don't like having the Dock at the bottom of your screen, you can move it to the left or right side. To do this, do one of the following: Selecting this radio button places the Dock on the left side of our screen. 1. In Dock preferences, locate the "Position on screen" section, and select the Left radio button to place the Dock on the left side, or Right to move it to the right. (Select Bottom to place it back in its default location at the bottom of your screen.) 2. From the Apple menu, choose Dock, then either Position on Left to place the Dock on the left side, or Position on Right to move it to the right. Change the Minimizing Effect When you minimize a window, your Mac animates the process using the Genie Effect to suck the window into the Dock. Same thing goes for when you click a minimized window to bring it back to its normal state. But you can change the effect by doing the following: This is the Genie Effect in action; the Scale Effect is less dramatic in its performance. 1. From the Apple menu, choose Dock, then Dock Preferences (or open System Preferences and click Dock) to open the preferences. 2. From the Minimize using pop-up menu, choose Scale Effect. (If you want to switch back to the default setting, choose Genie Effect.) Hide the Dock The Dock will sit idly on whatever side of the screen you tell it to, but if you prefer, you can hide the Dock so that it only appears when you move the arrow to that side of the screen. To hide the Dock, do one of the following: To make the Dock less obtrusive, hide it by selecting this checkbox. 1. In Dock preferences, select the "Automatically hide and show the Dock" checkbox. 2. From the Apple menu, choose Dock, then Turn Hiding On. 24
  • 25. Lesson 6: Change My Icons Every volume, application, file, and folder on your Mac is represented by an icon. Volume icons tend to look like the item that they represent (for example, your hard disk looks like a hard drive, CDs and DVDs look like discs, and removable drives look like removable drives). You can copy practically any item's icon and paste it onto another to change the look of your volumes, files, folders, and applications. We customized our Home folder's folders. Application icons are all generally unique, so they stand out from one another. Folder icons may flaunt a plain blue folder facade or display a little extra decor on the folder icons to help you identify what's inside of them. File icons generally display a document with an application logo that lets you know what application created it or can open it. But you can change these mini works of art to ones of your own choosing or creation. To change an item's icon to another one: 1. Select the volume, application, folder, or file whose icon you want to change (just click the icon to select it). 2. From the File menu, choose Get Info (or press Command-I) to open the Info window. 3. Click the icon in the upper-left corner of the Info window to select it. 4. From the Edit menu, choose Copy (or press Command-C). Your own photo file icons, such as those from a TIFF or JPEG image, are great sources to use if you want totally unique icons. 5. Select the volume, application, folder, or file whose icon you want to replace. 6. From the File menu, choose Get Info (or press Command-I). 7. Click the icon in the upper-left corner. 8. From the Edit menu, choose Paste (or press Command-V) to replace the icon. 25
  • 26. Just paste your source icon onto the original in the Info window to give it a more unique look. Here, we're about to replace our hard disk icon with one in tribute to our new OS. Change My User Icon Your user account bears an image icon that appears when you log in (if your Mac isn't set to automatically log you in), as your default icon in iChat, and in your Address Book card. When you first set up your Mac, you had the opportunity to select a picture to use as your icon. If you're looking for a change, here's how to select a different image. In Accounts Preferences, you can use one of the pictures that Apple provides for your user icon, or make your own from an image. 1. Make sure that you're logged in to the user account whose picture you want to change. From the Apple menu, choose System Preferences. 2. Click Accounts. 3. Click the Picture tab. 4. Click Edit. 5. Drag any image file from your Desktop or a Finder window onto the resulting Images window. 6. Use the slider at the bottom of the window to zoom in to your picture. You can also drag the image around in the window to adjust the framing. 7. When satisfied, click Set to make the change. Get Icons If you're interested in finding more icons than what's currently in your Mac, you can find plenty of third-party Mac icon creators on the web who make their designs available for download (just copy and paste these icons as we showed you above). You can check out the icon collections on these sites: 1. Pixelgirl Presents—This site houses over 350 Mac OS X icon sets that cover the graphics gamut from your basic designer looks to far-out funky. If you're looking for something unique, check out their designs. 2. The Iconfactory—This site contains one of the hugest Mac icon archives, plus it features IconBuilder, which lets you create your own icons, and CandyBar, which changes icons anywhere on your Mac (including the Trash and toolbar items). 3. InterfaceLIFT—This site offers over 775 icon sets in a wide range of subjects. You're bound to find something you like here. 26