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Computer saftey adware, spyware & viruses

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  • 1. Computer Safety Viruses, Adware and Spyware A Module of the CYC Course – Internet Basics
  • 2. Computer Safety Viruses, Adware and Spyware
    • Although searching the web, watching videos, and sending and receiving emails can be fun, It is important to realize that there is a responsibility that comes along with it.
    • It is up to you to make sure that your computer is protected, and that it is free of Viruses, Spyware and Adware.
  • 3. What is a VIRUS?
    • A Virus is a code written with the express intention of replicating itself. A virus attempts to spread from computer to computer by attaching itself to a host program. It may damage hardware, software, or data .
  • 4. An example of a computer virus
    • The RINBOT Virus affects all systems that operate on Microsoft Windows, including Windows 95, 98, 2000, NT, & XP.
  • 5.
    • Adware is any software package which automatically plays, displays, or downloads advertisements to a computer after the software is installed on it or while the application is being used. Some types of adware are also spyware and can be classified as privacy-invasive software.
  • 6. Adobe Reader Yahoo Messenger Real Player Bearshare
  • 7.
    • While the term spyware suggests software that secretly monitors the user's behavior, the functions of spyware extend well beyond simple monitoring.
    • Spyware programs collect:
      • personal information
      • Internet surfing habits
      • sites that have been visited
      • And more…
  • 8.
    • Spyware interferes with the users control of the computer in other ways:
      • such as installing additional software
      • redirecting Web browser activity
      • accessing websites that cause more harmful viruses
      • diverting advertising revenue to a third party
    • Spyware can even change computer settings, resulting in slow connection speeds, different home pages, and loss of Internet or other programs.
  • 9. WeatherBug Morpheus WildTangent
  • 10. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Purchase a credible virus protection software with regular updates.
    • Software packages that have a good reputation in the industry are
      • Norton Anti-Virus
      • McAfee Anti-Virus
    • Both offer updates for a period of time following the purchase of their software.
    • Additional subscriptions to updates are available for a price. It is well worth it to keep your computer protected.
  • 11. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Run your virus protection diagnostics regularly.
      • do not postpone updating the virus definitions when your software prompts you to do so.
    • This will keep your computer's "antibodies" strong and able to defend itself from attacks.
  • 12. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Do not open e-mail messages with strange subject lines.
    • They often contain viruses. If the subject line doesn't make any sense, it's best to delete the message if it's not from someone you know personally.
  • 13. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Do not open e-mail messages with strange subject lines.
    • They often contain viruses. If the subject line doesn't make any sense, it's best to delete the message if it's not from someone you know personally.
  • 14. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Change your e-mail preferences so you do not automatically open new messages.
      • Changing this preference can defend you from viruses that activate when an e-mail message is opened.
      • By opening each message manually, you choose which messages you open, and you can make sure that they come from people you know.
  • 15. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Change your e-mail preferences so you do not automatically open new messages.
      • Changing this preference can defend you from viruses that activate when an e-mail message is opened.
      • By opening each message manually, you choose which messages you open, and you can make sure that they come from people you know.
  • 16. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Change your e-mail preferences so you do not automatically open new messages.
      • Changing this preference can defend you from viruses that activate when an e-mail message is opened.
      • By opening each message manually, you choose which messages you open, and you can make sure that they come from people you know.
  • 17. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
  • 18. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Use a firewall!
      • While most spyware and other unwanted software come bundled with other programs or originate from unscrupulous Web sites, a small amount of spyware can actually be placed on your computer remotely by hackers.
      • Installing a firewall or using the firewall that's built into Windows XP provides a helpful defense against these hackers .
  • 19. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Adjust Internet Explorer security settings.
      • You can adjust your Internet Explorer Web browser's security settings to determine how much—or how little—information you are willing to accept from a Web site.
      • Microsoft recommends that you set the security settings for the Internet zone to Medium or higher.
  • 20. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Download and install antispyware.
    • Protection windows Defender protects your computer from spyware and other unwanted software.
    • Windows Defender comes with Windows Vista and you can download it for no charge for Windows XP at the Microsoft Download Center.
  • 21. HOW TO AVOID VIRUSES, ADWARE & SPYWARE
    • Read all security warnings, license agreements, and privacy statements associated with any software you download
    • Never click "agree" or "OK" to close a window. Instead, click the red "x" in the corner of the window or press the Alt + F4 buttons on your keyboard to close a window.
    • Be wary of popular "free" music and movie file sharing programs, and be sure you clearly understand all of the software packaged with those programs.
  • 22. CREDITS