Gender Equality and                                                                                                       ...
“ For to be free is not merely to castoff ones chains, but to live in a way   that respects and enhances the         freed...
HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/...
Critical Links: Gender & HIVFounded on violation of rights based on one’s gender (oftenfemale, but also men!)•Gender-based...
Why is this important for Traditional         Leadership Systems• Powerful and influential – influence behaviour, includin...
What could be the Gender issues that Traditional Leaders (TLs) can address• Property inheritance for…..•      Traditional ...
“Be the change that you wish to see          in the world.”                                                               ...
Change is possible: Success•                          Stories promoting protective       SAfAIDS “Rock” Programme - by    ...
Hosi Nwamitwa II of the Baloyi(Limpopo)      – 1st constitutionally appointed Queen         in South Africa      – MP: inf...
• King Ukongo Petrus of Namibia       – Allocated communal land for subsistence and         commercial purposes to househo...
Chief Mdluli of Swaziland got circumcised,openly states he wears a condom duringsex, and went for HIV counselling. Hemotiv...
Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini KaBhekizulu"A number of amakhosi have died after taking the oathto lead their clans, hardly ...
Does it end there?• We need to hear what happened after these  statements and efforts?• We need to hear what have others d...
Others recognising Key Role of                  TLs• UNFPA in Malawi (also working with religious leaders)• UNAIDS souther...
What does this mean for us?SKILLS + PERSONAL QUALITIES = ABILITY TO TAKE ACTION                                           ...
WHERE DO WE GO FROM•   Make a personal plan HERE?      –       Map networks in the community      –       Identify own str...
Thank you ….. HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel:...
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Traditional Leaders: Champions of Gender Equality

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Traditional Leaders: Champions of Gender Equality

  1. 1. Gender Equality and Traditional Leadership : Champions of Change Rouzeh Eghtessadi (MPH) SAfAIDS Regional Office 479 Sappers Contour Lynnwood, Pretoria, South Africa Tel: +27763812425 Email: rouzeh@gmail.com Website: www.safaids.net HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw SAfAIDS - P A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 4 336193/4, Fax: 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  2. 2. “ For to be free is not merely to castoff ones chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.” - Nelson Mandela HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  3. 3. HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  4. 4. Critical Links: Gender & HIVFounded on violation of rights based on one’s gender (oftenfemale, but also men!)•Gender-based violence e.g. rape, sexual coercion; economicviolence; etc•Stigma & discrimination e.g blame, ostracisation, rejection, poorservice provision if adolescent or if a female pregnant PLHIV, etc•Unequal access and control e.g of resources e.g. money, shelter,food, land; and for services e.g. information, health, legal•Harmful practices, some cultural, some religious. Mismatchbetween MCPs and polygamy•Inability to negotiate safe sex HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  5. 5. Why is this important for Traditional Leadership Systems• Powerful and influential – influence behaviour, including stigmatising, discriminatory, and violating behaviour• Strong role models – “walk the talk”• Conversant in cultural practices – – Identify/reinforce protective practices that promote gender equality – Identify/address harmful practices that perpetuate gender inequality• Key knowledge channels – “champion the gender agenda” – keep self informed regularly – promote dialogue & share during traditional meetings/ceremonies• Map gender inequalities within respective constituencies HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  6. 6. What could be the Gender issues that Traditional Leaders (TLs) can address• Property inheritance for…..• Traditional courts vs civil courts and justice• Widow cleansing• Myths and misconceptions• Traditional healers• Wife inheritance• Multiple concurrent partnerships (unsafe sexual networks)• Girl-pledging (child marriages)• Coerced sex, marital rape and sexual abuse of children• Intergenerational sex (economic, social security)• Virginity inspection for girls – what about boys?• Keeping girls in school HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  7. 7. “Be the change that you wish to see in the world.” – Mahatma Ghandi HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  8. 8. Change is possible: Success• Stories promoting protective SAfAIDS “Rock” Programme - by practices, reducing risky/harmful practices TLs create dynamic & supportive environment to reduce GBV & HIV• Combined Intervention Methodology: – Materials - knowledge and skills building – Community culture dialogue model- create safe spaces owned by the community and TLs for open identification, consultation and solution finding by the community (women, men, youth, TLs) – Integration with CBOs and CBVs – Purely participatory processes – African solutions for African issues owned by Community Cadres• Document and share good practice for replication HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  9. 9. Hosi Nwamitwa II of the Baloyi(Limpopo) – 1st constitutionally appointed Queen in South Africa – MP: influences national policy – Promotes women and girls rights through job-and-life-skills trainings – Facilitates HIV testing service availability and access by subjects – Intervenes in domestic violence cases – Facilitates initiation of PLHIV subjects on ART – Mobilises local resources (convinces local business persons to contribute building schools, centres etc) HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  10. 10. • King Ukongo Petrus of Namibia – Allocated communal land for subsistence and commercial purposes to households, preference to female headed households – Brought back the practice of sex education for girls and boys by elders, which had eroded with urbanisation and “westernisation” – Restarted “values” lessons for children in households, which had been disrupted during colonial rule – Regularly visits schools to encourage girl children to aspire to complete education, and enter leadership roles in the country, not to be distracted by substance abuse, early sex, etc HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  11. 11. Chief Mdluli of Swaziland got circumcised,openly states he wears a condom duringsex, and went for HIV counselling. Hemotivates men/boys to go for MMC Chief Rangwani of Zimbabwe, tested HIV positive, overcame his self-stigma & disclosed. Negotiated with hospital accept PLHIV clients who cant pay, and offered his time to the hospital OI unit HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  12. 12. Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini KaBhekizulu"A number of amakhosi have died after taking the oathto lead their clans, hardly having spent 5 years in office“.He announced that the Ingonyama Trust Board hadtaken the issue upon itself to assist amakhosi cope withHIV."The board has introduced an HIV programme aimed atassisting infected amakhosi. And those who are HIVpositive must come forward for help"He revived male circumcision in 2010 HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  13. 13. Does it end there?• We need to hear what happened after these statements and efforts?• We need to hear what have others done to build on these examples?• We need to hear what are others? SHARE INSPIRE PEERS PERSEVERE TAKE THE LEAD HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  14. 14. Others recognising Key Role of TLs• UNFPA in Malawi (also working with religious leaders)• UNAIDS southern Africa (operational plan addressing women, girls, gender equality & HIV)• USAID/Ubuntu/Population Council in Kwa-zulu Natal and Limpopo (strengthen prevention and response to child sexual assault, address prevention of and access to SGBV services, and expand access to comprehensive post-rape services) HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  15. 15. What does this mean for us?SKILLS + PERSONAL QUALITIES = ABILITY TO TAKE ACTION CompassionTLs seek Facilitate transformation ofknowledge & cultural practices – promote Leadershipskills! protective and remove harmful Courage/Civil society , Influence provincial and Determinationservice national policies and legislationproviders, ICPs Integration/provide support Build local capacity consultation HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  16. 16. WHERE DO WE GO FROM• Make a personal plan HERE? – Map networks in the community – Identify own strengths and gaps – Determine where to go to close the gaps – Set targets – however small – with timelines• Build local capacity by working with government, NGOs, etc to develop strategies, to not only prevent, but learn how to live with it and its consequences• Mobilise support - like-minded committed community members/groups• Build peer support system with other TLs• Create dialogue and keep it going – every opportunity/space• Work towards effecting one change at a time it’s a process!• Share experiences and efforts with other TLs and in platforms• Stay positive ! HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a difference SAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
  17. 17. Thank you ….. HIV/AIDS INFORMATION : the power to make a differenceSAfAIDS - P O Box A509,Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe, Tel: 263 4 336193/4, Fax: 263 4 336195, E-mail: info@safaids.org.zw, Website: www.safaids.org.zw Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service
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