At the end of the related learning experience, the student will be able to develop management competencies in planning, organizing, directing and controlling by organizing a seminar that concerns themes or topic in general education subject in nursing care management
a team of advanced students/ professional walking in association under the guidance of a teacher/ adviser. It is a place to discover new ideas, to relook an old idea or to develop insight (lecture, discussion, return demonstration) in connections among ideas.
A committee is a staff team which meets the purpose of affecting an integration of ideas leading to a meeting of minds, concerning a solution for some problems
Advantages Disadvantages Harmony may be developed among executives The time required for deliberation & the difficulty of reaching agreement may often result in indecision The viewpoint of young executives are broadened The cost of committee action may be discouraging. The differences in opinions may result in indecision Continuity of functions may be provided
Consists of activities that communicate an attitude conducive to effective learning
Formal openings to be used should be planned beforehand. It must be appropriate for the audience.
Informal openings are usually done before the learning program starts
(E.g. “Good afternoon, the program is about to start. Kindly turn off all your mobile phones and gadgets or put them in a silent mode. No eating and drinking is allowed while the program is going on..”)
When the learning program starts, the organizer should provide essential information
(E.g. “Welcome to our seminar entitled ‘A New Breath of Life: Updates on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease’. I am your host, Eileen Cruz…”)
In some situations, it is appropriate to start immediately with just one lesson. In others, some activities precede the seminar (E.g. pre-test, ice breaker, performances, learning exercises) . Some organizations have a standard opening, while others provide a guideline.
Trainee- Performance-Centered Objectives- stated in terms of what the participant should be able to do upon completion of the seminar or at any point during the seminar including how well he or she is able to perform
At the end of the seminar, the participant will be able to discuss the current approach in COPD management based on Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines
Over-all Goals: The implementation of FOUR mula ONE for Health is directed towards
achieving the following end goals, in consonance with the health system
goals identified by the World Health Organization, the Millennium Development Goals, and the Medium Term Philippine Development Plan:
etter health outcomes; * More responsive health system; and * More equitable healthcare financing.
General Objective: FOUR mula ONE for Health is aimed at achieving critical reforms with speed , precision and effective coordination directed at improving the quality , efficiency , effectiveness and equity of the Philippine health system in a manner that is felt and appreciated by Filipinos, especially the poor.
Specific Objectives: Four mula One for Health will strive, within the medium term, to: * Secure more, better and sustained financing for health; * Assure the quality and affordability of health goods and services; * Ensure access to and availability of essential and basic health packages; and * Improve performance of the health system
Participants should be notified as to who to contact if there are any problems, especially if the speaker cannot show up
It is important to select an individual with a high level of nursing knowledge and skill to discuss any clinical nursing subject. The speaker’s personal power determines his/her credibility as a change agent or a role model
Direct role modeling occurs when a clinical specialist or nurse clinician allows a participant to observe her performance of highly skilled nursing activity and to ask questions about purpose, method and result of intervention
Indirect role modeling occurs when the specialist or clinician analyze a patient problem for a participant and guides the participant in handling the problem herself
System validation (Strengths & areas to be commended)
System modification (Weaknesses & areas for improvement)
System quality control (standards vs. practice)
TYPE OF TEST ADVANTAGES LIMITATIONS Paper & Pencil Test Easy & quick scoring Objectivity is ensured Can be given to large group May be self administered Cannot validly measure all types of behavior Difficult & time consuming to construct Restrictive in terms of trainee response Oral Objective Test Easy to administer Allows testee to qualify & clarify answer Offers the examiner an opportunity to clarify questions Difficult to construct Administered to one trainee at a time May turn out to be less objective than desired
TYPE OF TEST ADVANTAGES LIMITATIONS Essay Test Easy to construct Gives opportunity to evaluate effectiveness in writing Gives trainee an opportunity to SELECT, ORGANIZE AND INTEGRATE facts Low content validity due to limited subject-matter sampling allowed by the test Low reliability because of the small number of test items Scoring is subjective Time consuming to administer and score
Has face validity in that they cover in a realistic way a job duty or task Job-relevant Usually highly reliable Covers only a part or sample of a job Requires more time to administer per item than most other types of test Administered individually Often requires tools, sets of equipments & materials which adds to the problems & expense of administration Difficult to design
The standards provide guidelines for assessing,designing,developing implementing, and improving the identified form of evaluation.
Each of the standards has been placed in one of four fundamental categories to promote evaluations that are proper, useful, feasible, and accurate. (propriety, utility, feasibility and accuracy standards)
3. The feasibility standards call for evaluation systems that are as easy to implement as possible, efficient in their use of time and resources, adequately funded , and viable from a number of other standpoints.
The accuracy standards require that the obtained information be technically accurate and that conclusions be linked logically to the data.
The propriety standards are intended to ensure that an evaluation will be conducted legally, ethically , and with due regard for the welfare of those involved in the evaluation, as well as those affected by its results.
The accuracy standards are intended to ensure that an evaluation will reveal and convey technically adequate information about the features that determine worth or merit of the program being evaluated.
Abraham Tesser created the self-evaluation maintenance theory in 1988. The self-evaluation maintenance model assumes two things: that a person will try to maintain or increase their own self-evaluation, and self-evaluation is influenced by relationships with others
Self-evaluation is a potentially powerful technique because of its impact on student performance through enhanced self-efficacy and increased intrinsic motivation.
Evidence about the positive effect of self-evaluation on student performance is particularly convincing for difficult tasks (Maehr & Stallings, 1972; Arter et al., 1994), especially in academically oriented schools (Hughes et al., 1985) and among high need pupils (Henry, 1994).
Perhaps just as important, students like to evaluate their work.
Goals, effort, achievement, self-judgment, and self-reaction all can combine to impact self-confidence (6) in a positive way.
Self-evaluation is really the combination of the self-judgment and self-reaction components of the model, and if we can teach students to do this better we can contribute to an upward cycle of better learning.
the practice of keeping a diary or journal that explores thoughts and feelings surrounding the events of one’s life.
1 . How much time and effort did you put into this? 2. What do you think your strengths and weaknesses were in this assignment? 3. How could you improve your assignment? 4. What are the most valuable things you learned from this assignment?