Motivation is the driving force that causes the
flux from desire(ஆசைச) to will in life.
For example, hunger is a motivation that elicits
a desire to eat.
Motivation is an inner drive to behave or act in
a certain manner. These inner conditions such
as wishes, desires and goals, activate to move
in a particular direction in behavior.
Performance = Ability x Motivation
ெசயலதிறன் = திறன் x தணடதல்
The first (Ability) determines what he can do,
the second (Motivation) determines
what he will do.
Therefore motivation is the key
element in management of employees.
It is of utmost importance.
Motivation is the consequence of an
interaction between the individual and the
situation. People who are “motivated” exert a
greater effort to perform than those who are
Motivation is the willingness to do something.
It is conditioned by this action’s ability to
satisfy some need for the individual
Takes moderate risks.
Prefers immediate feedback
Derives satisfaction on the successful
accomplishment of a task
Has total concentration or pre --
occupation with the assigned task
Some important theories:
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory
Mcclelland’s Achievement Motivation
Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene theory
McGregor (1957) Theory X and Theory Y
Based on the conclusion that people have two
different categories of needs:
O Hygiene factors - ொதொழிலசொர் சகநலம்
Conditions, Pay, Status, Security & Company Policies
o Motivating factors
Achievement, Recognition, Growth/Advancement &
Interest in the job
1. Physiological – உடலியல் : Basic needs of hunger,
thirst, shelter, sex and other body needs.
2. Safety - பொதுகொப்பு : security and protection from
physical and emotional harm
3. Social - சமூக : affection, belongingness, acceptance
4. Esteem Need - மொியொைதைய ேதைவைகைள for both
self esteem(self respect, autonomy and achievement) and
external esteem (status, recognition and attention)
5. Self-actualization - சய இயலபொக்கம் the drive to
become what one is capable of becoming: includes growth,
achieving one’s potential, self fulfillment.
Goals are Desired Result, purpose or Objective that
one strives to attain ……….
Goal must be ….. SMARTT
Specific – திட்டவட்டமான
Measurable - அளவிடக்கூடிய
Attainable - முயற்சி செசய்து சஅைடய சகூடிய
Relevant- ெபொருத்தமான/ Realistic- தத்ரூபெமான
Time Oriented – ேநேரம் சார்ந்த
Tangebile- ெதளிவாக செதாிய சகூடிய
Identify the Goal
Prepare a Goal Statement
Check your Goal with “others”
Identify / Search for Success Stories
Rearrange your Goal
Identify the Internal & External Obstacles in
Develop Strategies to overcome these
Start to Implement your Goal
Choose 02 Goals – Work &
Make it SMARTT
Break them in to Sub – Goals
Identify the Activities required –
Use Annual, Monthly & Weekly
Planners – To Help you to
Skill Variety திறன் வைக - the degree to which the
job requires the use of different skills and talents
Task Identity பெணி அைடயாள - the degree to which
the job has contributed to a clearly identifiable larger
Task Significance பெணி முக்கியத்துவம் - the degree
to which the job has an impact on the lives or work of other
Autonomy சய அதிகாரம் - the degree to which the
employee has independence, freedom and discretion in
carrying out the job
Task Feedback பெினனட்ட - the degree to which
the employee is provided with clear, specific, detailed,
actionable information about the effectiveness of his or her
• They are rarely, if ever, absent.
• They work well under pressure
• They consistently turn out high-quality work on
• They do not constantly pester others for advice and
They are so quiet and unassuming that one hardly
knows they are there except for their good work.
• They produce many more answers than problems.
• Six important words are “ I admit I made a mistake”
• Five important words are” You did a good job”
• Four important words are “ What is your opinion?”
• Three important words are “Let’s work together.”
• Two most important words are “ Thank you”
• Single most important word is ”WE”.
SF / FHB/CF/2006
Children are different
OUR MOTTO -OUR MOTTO - எங்கள் தாரகமந்திரம்எங்கள் தாரகமந்திரம்