The Polio Problem - Poster
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  • 1. determined by James Hogle and colleagues (Harvard Medical School). Image created by David Belnap (Brighton Young University from data The Polio Problem Poliomyelitis (polio), a highly infectious disease, is triggered by a virus that invades the nervous system and can cause muscle paralysis and other serious health complications. 1985 2008 350,000 cases < 1,500 cases 125 countries 4 countries Polio mainly strikes children under five years of age. Once a world-wide health threat, the wild poliovirus is now endemic in only four countries: Afghanistan, India, Nigeria and Pakistan. Thanks to the development of the polio vaccine in the 1950s, the disease is Since Rotary began its PolioPlus programme, the number of polio cases world-wide has now preventable. declined by more than 99 per cent, and the number of non-endemic countries has dropped to four - Afghanistan, India, Nigeria and Pakistan - the lowest in history. Today, Rotary International and its partners in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative - the World Health Organisation, UNICEF, and the US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - are immunising children world-wide to reach the goal of a polio-free world. Rotary International in Great Britain and Ireland www.thanksforlife.org