It’s Not Rocket-Surgery          A brief introduction to linked library data     Ross Singerross.singer@talis.com
What is Linked Data?
Tim Berners-Leehttp://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/card#i        http://viaf.org/viaf/85312226/            LCCN: no 99010...
Four Rules • Use URIs as names for things • Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up    those names. • When someone looks ...
Cloud
http://semantic.ckan.net/group/?group=http://ckan.net/group/lld
What is RDF?
RDF is a data model     not a serialization
Triple
Triple• Subject (the referent)• Predicate (a property)• Object (the value)
Triple• Subject (URI)• Predicate (URI)• Object (URI or Literal)
“Entity-Attribute-Value”
URIs
URIs• Unambiguous Identifiers • If two resources have the same URI, they    must be referring to the same thing• Dereferenc...
Graphs
Graph• The collection of statements (triples)• Shows the connections between things• We understand the connections, becaus...
Schemas/Vocabularies• No real similarity to XML Schema  •   Common source of confusion (e.g. Dublin Core)• No “validation”...
• Dublin Core• Bibliontology• FOAF• SKOS• Good Relations• Music Ontology, etc.
Open worldassumption
Open World         Assumption• Cannot assume that any source has all of  the facts about a resource• Reuse of identifiers a...
Why bother?
http://www.oclc.org/worldcat/grow/default.aspx
http://inkdroid.org:3000/
http://musicbrainz.org/statistics
http://openlibrary.org/recentchanges#all
http://www.citeulike.org/home
http://www.mendeley.com/research/13000year-paleolimnological-record-uinta-mountains-utah-inferred-diatoms-lossonignition-a...
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0100519/
http://www.freebase.com/view/en/greece
http://www.geonames.org/4655156/saint-elmo.html
Too much to go it     alone
How?
<caveat emptor>
Disclaimers• There are currently no standards in actual  use• This is not an attempt to “catalog”, merely   to model exist...
Exhibit A
Step 1Identify the discrete resources
Let’s assume this is the       “referent”
Identities
Subjects/Concepts
Places
Series
“FRBR”
But let’s ignore most of     that for now
<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626>
Bibliontology (BIBO)   http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .<http://lib.exam...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .<http://lib.exam...
Dublin Corehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: ...
So far, just literals
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: ...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix foaf: <htt...
VIAF• SRU interface• LCCNs in VIAF record
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: ...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix foaf: <htt...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .@prefix owl: <http:...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .@prefix owl: <http:...
id.loc.gov• Label lookup service • http://id.loc.gov/authorities/label/    Astronauts--United%20States--    Biography--Juv...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .@prefix rdaEnt: <http...
Sidenote:Concepts vs. Resources
RDA Elementshttp://RDVocab.info/Elements/
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: ...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> .@prefix owl...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix cc: <http://creativecommons.org/ns#> .@prefix dcterms: <h...
Linked MARC Codes• URIs are based on the code, so no lookups  are necessary• GACs, Countries, Languages, Musical  Genres, ...
RDA Elements• Useful for properties that are specific to  library data (statementOfResponsibility,  etc.)• Metric crap-tonn...
<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626>   a bibo:Book ;   bibo:lccn “2005006249” ;   bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1403...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> .@prefix umb...
OWLhttp://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
owl:sameAsThe nuclear option of the semantic web
owl:sameAs       (taken literally)• Infers that the subject and the object are  exactly the same thing• All properties and...
@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626>    a bibo:Book ;    bibo:lccn “...
<http://openlibrary.org/books/OL3394932M>    rdvocab:note "Includes bibliographical references and index." ;    rdvocab:pl...
<http://openlibrary.org/books/OL3394932M>   j.4:note "Includes bibliographical references and index." ;   j.4:placeOfPubli...
Entailed Work/Set   Groupings
Access to cover images
Implied FRBRhttp://open.vocab.org/terms/commonManifestation http://open.vocab.org/terms/commonExpression    http://open.vo...
<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626>    a bibo:Book ;    bibo:lccn “2005006249” ;    bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1...
@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: ...
It looks different than     we’re used to
But it’s not rocket      surgery.
Thanks!     Ross Singerross.singer@talis.com
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011
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  • It's not rocket surgery - Linked In: ALA 2011

    1. 1. It’s Not Rocket-Surgery A brief introduction to linked library data Ross Singerross.singer@talis.com
    2. 2. What is Linked Data?
    3. 3. Tim Berners-Leehttp://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/card#i http://viaf.org/viaf/85312226/ LCCN: no 99010609
    4. 4. Four Rules • Use URIs as names for things • Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names. • When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF, SPARQL) • Include links to other URIs. so that they can discover more things. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
    5. 5. Cloud
    6. 6. http://semantic.ckan.net/group/?group=http://ckan.net/group/lld
    7. 7. What is RDF?
    8. 8. RDF is a data model not a serialization
    9. 9. Triple
    10. 10. Triple• Subject (the referent)• Predicate (a property)• Object (the value)
    11. 11. Triple• Subject (URI)• Predicate (URI)• Object (URI or Literal)
    12. 12. “Entity-Attribute-Value”
    13. 13. URIs
    14. 14. URIs• Unambiguous Identifiers • If two resources have the same URI, they must be referring to the same thing• Dereferenceable • “Follow your nose”
    15. 15. Graphs
    16. 16. Graph• The collection of statements (triples)• Shows the connections between things• We understand the connections, because the predicates have unambiguous meaning• Follow your nose and expand the graph
    17. 17. Schemas/Vocabularies• No real similarity to XML Schema • Common source of confusion (e.g. Dublin Core)• No “validation”, per se • constraints only apply for properties and classes, not resources • Unless the statements contradict each other• Mix and match vocabularies to fill out the description across domains
    18. 18. • Dublin Core• Bibliontology• FOAF• SKOS• Good Relations• Music Ontology, etc.
    19. 19. Open worldassumption
    20. 20. Open World Assumption• Cannot assume that any source has all of the facts about a resource• Reuse of identifiers allows the augmentation of datasets• There is no “document”, because it’s always a work in progress
    21. 21. Why bother?
    22. 22. http://www.oclc.org/worldcat/grow/default.aspx
    23. 23. http://inkdroid.org:3000/
    24. 24. http://musicbrainz.org/statistics
    25. 25. http://openlibrary.org/recentchanges#all
    26. 26. http://www.citeulike.org/home
    27. 27. http://www.mendeley.com/research/13000year-paleolimnological-record-uinta-mountains-utah-inferred-diatoms-lossonignition-analysis/
    28. 28. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0100519/
    29. 29. http://www.freebase.com/view/en/greece
    30. 30. http://www.geonames.org/4655156/saint-elmo.html
    31. 31. Too much to go it alone
    32. 32. How?
    33. 33. <caveat emptor>
    34. 34. Disclaimers• There are currently no standards in actual use• This is not an attempt to “catalog”, merely to model existing data • And a sketchy one at that• No desire to roundtrip, etc.• Just make something that links our data and allows it to be consumed by others
    35. 35. Exhibit A
    36. 36. Step 1Identify the discrete resources
    37. 37. Let’s assume this is the “referent”
    38. 38. Identities
    39. 39. Subjects/Concepts
    40. 40. Places
    41. 41. Series
    42. 42. “FRBR”
    43. 43. But let’s ignore most of that for now
    44. 44. <http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626>
    45. 45. Bibliontology (BIBO) http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/
    46. 46. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book .
    47. 47. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393”, “1403469466” .
    48. 48. Dublin Corehttp://purl.org/dc/terms/
    49. 49. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393”, “1403469466” ; dcterms:title “Buzz Aldrin” ; dcterms:dateCopyrighted “2006” .
    50. 50. So far, just literals
    51. 51. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1403469466” ; dcterms:title “Buzz Aldrin” ; dcterms:dateCopyrighted “2006” ; dcterms:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/164665342> .
    52. 52. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .@prefix rdaGr2: <http://RDVocab.info/ElementsGr2/> .@prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .@prefix rdaEnt: <http://RDVocab.info/uri/schema/FRBRentitiesRDA/>.<http://viaf.org/viaf/164665342> rdaGr2:dateOfBirth "1949-01-15" ; a rdaEnt:Person, foaf:Person ; owl:sameAs <http://d-nb.info/gnd/12626242X> ; foaf:name "Raum, Betty", "Raum, Elizabeth", "Raum, Elizabeth A.(1949- ).", "Raum, Elizabeth." .
    53. 53. VIAF• SRU interface• LCCNs in VIAF record
    54. 54. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1403469466” ; dcterms:title “Buzz Aldrin” ; dcterms:dateCopyrighted “2006” ; dcterms:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/164665342> ; dcterms:subject <http://viaf.org/viaf/110368892>, <http:// id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2007100949#concept>, <http:// id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2008112104#concept>, <http://viaf.org/ viaf/158349825> .
    55. 55. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .@prefix rdaGr2: <http://RDVocab.info/ElementsGr2/> .@prefix rdaEnt: <http://RDVocab.info/uri/schema/FRBRentitiesRDA/>.<http://viaf.org/viaf/110368892> rdaGr2:dateOfBirth "1930" ; a rdaEnt:Person, foaf:Person ; owl:sameAs <http://d-nb.info/gnd/107714566>, <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Buzz_Aldrin> ; foaf:name "Aldrin, Buzz", "Aldrin, Buzz 1930-....", "Aldrin, Buzz,1930-", "Aldrin, Edwin E.", "Aldrin, Edwin E., 1930-", "Aldrin, EdwinEugen, 1930-", "Aldrin, Edwin Eugene 1930-", "Aldrin, Edwin Eugene1930-....", "Aldrin, Edwin Eugene junior 1930-" .
    56. 56. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> .<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2007100949#concept> dcterms:created "2007-09-26T00:00:00-04:00"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> ; dcterms:modified "2007-10-26T07:54:12-04:00"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> ; dcterms:source "Work cat.: Eileen Collins, c2006"@en ; a skos:Concept ; owl:sameAs <info:lc/authorities/sh2007100949> ; skos:inScheme <http://id.loc.gov/authorities#conceptScheme>,<http://id.loc.gov/authorities#topicalTerms> ; skos:prefLabel "Astronauts--United States--Biography--Juvenileliterature"@en .
    57. 57. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> .<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2008112104#concept> dcterms:created "2008-03-11T00:00:00-04:00"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> ; dcterms:modified "2008-03-12T08:08:09-04:00"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime> ; dcterms:source "Work cat.: How to build a rocket, 2001"@en ; a skos:Concept ; owl:sameAs <info:lc/authorities/sh2008112104> ; skos:inScheme <http://id.loc.gov/authorities#conceptScheme>,<http://id.loc.gov/authorities#topicalTerms> ; skos:prefLabel "Space flight to the moon--Juvenile literature"@en .
    58. 58. id.loc.gov• Label lookup service • http://id.loc.gov/authorities/label/ Astronauts--United%20States-- Biography--Juvenile%20Literature redirects to http://id.loc.gov/authorities/ sh2007100949#concept• Full data dumps available
    59. 59. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .@prefix rdaEnt: <http://RDVocab.info/uri/schema/FRBRentitiesRDA/>.<http://viaf.org/viaf/158349825> a rdaEnt:CorporateBody, foaf:Organization ; foaf:name "Apollo Project (Spojené státy americké)", "ApolloProject (U.S.)", "Progetto Apollo (U.S.)", "Project Apollo", "ProjectApollo (Spojené státy americké)", "Project Apollo (U.S.)", "Spojenéstáty americké. Project Apollo", "United States. Project Apollo" .
    60. 60. Sidenote:Concepts vs. Resources
    61. 61. RDA Elementshttp://RDVocab.info/Elements/
    62. 62. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .@prefix rda: <http://RDVocab.info/Elements/> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1403469466” ; dcterms:title “Buzz Aldrin” ; dcterms:dateCopyrighted “2006” ; dcterms:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/164665342> ; dcterms:subject <http://viaf.org/viaf/110368892>, <http:// id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2007100949#concept>, <http:// id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2008112104#concept>, <http://viaf.org/ viaf/158349825> ; rda:placeOfPublication <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/ countries/ilu#location>, “Chicago, Ill.” .
    63. 63. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .<http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/countries/ilu#location> dcterms:isPartOf <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/countries/regions/2#location> ; a <http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#SpatialThing> ; owl:sameAs <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/gacs/n-us-il#location>, <http://sws.geonames.org/4896861/>, <info:lc/vocabulary/countries/ilu> ; skos:notation "ilu" ; skos:prefLabel "Illinois"@en .
    64. 64. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix cc: <http://creativecommons.org/ns#> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> .@prefix gn: <http://www.geonames.org/ontology#> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .@prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .@prefix wgs84_pos: <http://www.w3.org/2003/01/geo/wgs84_pos#> .<http://sws.geonames.org/4896861/> gn:alternateName "Estado de Illinois"@es, "State of Illinois"@en, "Иллинойс"@ru ; gn:childrenFeatures <http://sws.geonames.org/4896861/contains.rdf> ; gn:countryCode "US" ; gn:featureClass gn:A ; gn:featureCode <http://www.geonames.org/ontology#A.ADM1> ; gn:locationMap <http://www.geonames.org/4896861/illinois.html> ; gn:name "Illinois" ; gn:officialName "Illinois", "Illinois"@en, "Illinois"@es ; gn:parentADM1 <http://sws.geonames.org/4896861/> ; gn:parentCountry <http://sws.geonames.org/6252001/> ; gn:parentFeature <http://sws.geonames.org/6252001/> ; gn:population "12772888" ; a gn:Feature ; rdfs:isDefinedBy "http://sws.geonames.org/4896861/about.rdf" ; wgs84_pos:alt "191" ; wgs84_pos:lat "40.00032" ; wgs84_pos:long "-89.25037" .
    65. 65. Linked MARC Codes• URIs are based on the code, so no lookups are necessary• GACs, Countries, Languages, Musical Genres, Instrument & Voices, Audience, Frequency, and Form of Item• “Official” resources available at id.loc.gov for Languages, GACs and Countries • as SKOS:Concepts
    66. 66. RDA Elements• Useful for properties that are specific to library data (statementOfResponsibility, etc.)• Metric crap-tonne of properties • 459, to be exact • very few defined domains or ranges • lots of duplication from other vocabs (NIH)
    67. 67. <http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1403469466” ; dcterms:title “Buzz Aldrin” ; dcterms:dateCopyrighted “2006” ; dcterms:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/164665342> ; dcterms:subject <http://viaf.org/viaf/110368892>, <http:// id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2007100949#concept>, <http:// id.loc.gov/authorities/sh2008112104#concept>, <http://viaf.org/ viaf/158349825> ; rda:placeOfPublication <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/ countries/ilu#location>, “Chicago, Ill.” ; dcterms:language <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/languages/ eng#language> .
    68. 68. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> .@prefix umbel: <http://umbel.org/umbel#> .@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .<http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/languages/eng#lang> umbel:isAbout <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh85043413#concept> ; a <http://www.lingvoj.org/ontology#Lingvo> ; owl:sameAs <http://lexvo.org/id/iso639-3/eng>, <http://www.lingvoj.org/lang/en>, <info:lc/vocabulary/languages/eng> ; skos:notation "eng" ; skos:prefLabel "English"@en .
    69. 69. OWLhttp://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
    70. 70. owl:sameAsThe nuclear option of the semantic web
    71. 71. owl:sameAs (taken literally)• Infers that the subject and the object are exactly the same thing• All properties and values appearing on one resource automatically apply to the other
    72. 72. @prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1403469466” ; dcterms:title “Buzz Aldrin” ; dcterms:dateCopyrighted “2006” ; dcterms:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/164665342> ; dcterms:subject <http://viaf.org/viaf/110368892>, <http://id.loc.gov/ authorities/sh2007100949#concept>, <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/ sh2008112104#concept>, <http://viaf.org/viaf/158349825> ; rda:placeOfPublication <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/countries/ ilu#location>, “Chicago, Ill.” ; dcterms:language <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/languages/ eng#language> ; owl:sameAs <http://openlibrary.org/books/OL3394932M>, <http:// purl.org/NET/lccn/2005006249#i> .
    73. 73. <http://openlibrary.org/books/OL3394932M> rdvocab:note "Includes bibliographical references and index." ; rdvocab:placeOfPublication "Chicago, Ill" ; dc:subject "Aldrin, Buzz -- Juvenile literature.", "Astronauts -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenileliterature.", "Project Apollo (U.S.) -- Juvenile literature.", "Space flight to the moon -- Juvenileliterature." ; dcterms:extent "p. cm." ; dcterms:identifier "/books/OL3394932M" ; dcterms:issued "2005" ; dcterms:language "eng" ; dcterms:modified "2010-08-10 08:10:33.620330" ; dcterms:publisher "Heinemann Library" ; dcterms:subject [ dcam:memberOf dcterms:DDC ; rdf:value "629.45/0092" ], [ dcam:memberOf dcterms:DDC ; rdf:value "B" ], [ dcam:memberOf dcterms:LCC ; rdf:value "TL789.85.A4 R38 2005" ]; dcterms:title "Buzz Aldrin" ; bibo:authorList (<http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL1425365A> ); bibo:isbn10 "1403469393", "1403469466" ; bibo:lccn "2005006249" .
    74. 74. <http://openlibrary.org/books/OL3394932M> j.4:note "Includes bibliographical references and index." ; j.4:placeOfPublication <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/ilu#location>, "Chicago, Ill" ; j.4:statementOfResponsibility "Elizabeth Raum." ; j.4:titleProper "Buzz Aldrin" ; j.0:commonManifestation <http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5817590W> ; dc:publisher "Heinemann Library" ; dc:subject "Aldrin, Buzz -- Juvenile literature.", "Astronauts -- United States -- Biography -- Juvenile literature.","Project Apollo (U.S.) -- Juvenile literature.", "Space flight to the moon -- Juvenile literature." ; j.3:creator <http://openlibrary.org/authors/OL1425365A> ; j.3:extent "p. cm." ; j.3:isVersionOf <http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5817590W> ; j.3:issued "2005" ; j.3:language <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/languages/eng#lang> ; j.3:subject <http://api.talis.com/stores/openlibrary/items/ddc/629450092#class>, <http://api.talis.com/stores/openlibrary/items/ddc/b#class>, <http://api.talis.com/stores/openlibrary/items/lcc/tl78985a4_r38_2005#class> ; j.3:title "Buzz Aldrin" ; j.3:type "Biography", "Juvenile literature" ; j.1:isbn10 "1403469393", "1403469466" ; j.1:isbn13 "9781403469397", "9781403469465" ; j.1:lccn "2005006249" ; j.1:uri <http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip059/2005006249.html> ; a <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/Book> ; owl:sameAs <http://purl.org/NET/book/isbn/1403469393#book>, <http://purl.org/NET/book/isbn/1403469466#book>, <http://purl.org/NET/lccn/2005006249#i>, <http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bookmashup/books/1403469393>, <http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bookmashup/books/1403469466> ; j.2:depiction <http://covers.openlibrary.org/b/id/1742444-L.jpg>, <http://covers.openlibrary.org/b/id/1742444-M.jpg>, <http://covers.openlibrary.org/b/id/1742444-S.jpg>, <http://covers.openlibrary.org/b/id/1742450-L.jpg>,<http://covers.openlibrary.org/b/id/1742450-M.jpg>, <http://covers.openlibrary.org/b/id/1742450-S.jpg> .
    75. 75. Entailed Work/Set Groupings
    76. 76. Access to cover images
    77. 77. Implied FRBRhttp://open.vocab.org/terms/commonManifestation http://open.vocab.org/terms/commonExpression http://open.vocab.org/terms/commonWork
    78. 78. <http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> a bibo:Book ; bibo:lccn “2005006249” ; bibo:isbn10 “1403469393” , “1403469466” ; dcterms:title “Buzz Aldrin” ; dcterms:dateCopyrighted “2006” ; dcterms:creator <http://viaf.org/viaf/164665342> ; dcterms:subject <http://viaf.org/viaf/110368892>, <http://id.loc.gov/ authorities/sh2007100949#concept>, <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/ sh2008112104#concept>, <http://viaf.org/viaf/158349825> ; rda:placeOfPublication <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/countries/ ilu#location>, “Chicago, Ill.” ; dcterms:language <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/languages/ eng#language> ; owl:sameAs <http://openlibrary.org/books/OL3394932M>, <http:// purl.org/NET/lccn/2005006249#i> ; rda:coverageOfTheContent <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/gacs/ n-us#location>, <http://purl.org/NET/marccodes/gacs/zmo> .
    79. 79. @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .@prefix bibo: <http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/> .@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/13889626> dcterms:isPartOf <http://lib.example.org/collection/ series/American-lives> .<http://lib.example.org/collection/series/American-lives> a bibo:Series ; dcterms:title “American lives” ; dcterms:hasPart <http://lib.example.org/collection/ 13889626> .
    80. 80. It looks different than we’re used to
    81. 81. But it’s not rocket surgery.
    82. 82. Thanks! Ross Singerross.singer@talis.com

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