Understanding film making
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Understanding film making






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Understanding film making Understanding film making Presentation Transcript

  • THE 12 STAGES FOR MAKING A FILMMaking a film takes years and involves hundred of people ,But all films startingwith a moment of inspiration .When someone thinks that would make a createfilm  1 the idea  2 Development finance  3 script development You need these 12 stages  4 Packaging to makes and produce a  5 financing film.  6 pre production  7 the shoot  8 post production  9 sales  10 marketing  11 exhibition  12 other windows
  • 1.THE IDEAInspiration: Inspiration is all around us innewspapers and in books.Producer: wherever the idea comes from. Itis the producer who decides to make thisgreat idea into a reality.Director: T he Director can visualise a scriptand make it a reality. They know how totake a story and putt it into the screen.The Writer: The writer defines and clarifiesthe idea, the plot and the main characters .Treatment :The writer will then write atreatment , A one page description of themain story. Pitch: A Pitch contains all the info theproducer needs in order to sell the idea tofinanciers. View slide
  • 2.DEVELOPMENT AND FINANCE Pitching the project: The producers uses the treatment and pitch, plus her power of persuasion , to get money to develop the script. Production companies: The producer approves film production companies for development money, but they have projects of there of there own. Sales Distributions Broadcast :The Producer can offer the future sales and broadcast rights to the film in return for money to develop the script . Public investments :The Producer can also apply to public funding body such The UK film council for a development grant. Private finance: The Producer can even pitch the film to private investors in the hope that they will support the project. View slide
  • 3.SCRIPT DEVELOPMENTSynopsis: First, The writer produces a synopsis , And he andthe producer agree , or not, on the key scenes and big eventsin the film.Step outline : there are many ways of writing as there arewriters, but most writers create a step outline to plan theirscript.Drafts: Part of the writers fee is conditional on delivery of thefirst draft. This can be the hardest part of film writing.Revisions: once the writer and producer are happy, the draft issent to the financers.Final draft: When everyone is happy with the script , it islocked off and becomes a final draft. Then the writer gets paid.Sales treatment: The final stage of the script developmentprocess is the creation of a sales treatment.
  • 4.PACKAGINGWith the script complete, the director and producer decide how theywant to film it and who they will employ to help them.The producer and director must package the script into a full commercialproposition ready for financing.A common way to make the project more commercial is to attach well knownstars to the script.Commercially successful heads of department carry considerable clout withknowledgeable financiers.The producer must know how much it will cost before turning the film into aproper business proposition.Potential investors will want to know how the producer plans to raise themoney, and how she plans to pay them back.The producer packages the film into a viable commercial proposition, now theyneed to see what people think of it.
  • 5.FINANCINGProducers must secure enough funding to make the film to thehighest standard possible.Financiers can be anywhere in the world and if the producers want tomake enough money, they must travel.Private individuals. Production companies and public bodies all invest infilms. The producer’s lawyer draws up contracts to seal the deals.Producers can also make money from pre-sales, selling the rights to filmbefore it has even been made.There are departments of banks that specialise in film finance.Most financiers insist that a completion bond is in place before theyagree to invest. It is insurance for the production.When all the insurance and funding is secured, the film gets the ‘greenlight’ and the producer celebrates.
  • 6.PRE-PRODUCTIONWith the financing secured, the full cast and creware hired and detailed preparation for the shootbeginsOnce all the heads of department are hired, theshooting script is circulated and pre-productionbegins.The casting Directing , with the director andproducer begins the long process of identifyingand casting the actors.Story boarding. Storyboards are the blueprints forthe film where every shot is planned in advancedby the director and the DOP
  • 7.TH3 SHOOT..Film making can be a constant struggle to keep it onschedule and budget.Shooting begins, funding is released.The camera department is responsible for getting all the footage that thedirector and editor need to tell the story.Lighting, sound, hair and makeup must be done before the shot can betaken.Actors must create an emotional world and draw the audience into it.Every special effect is carefully constructed and must be filmed withminimum risk of injury to cast and crew.Film productions are run with military precision. If they fall behindschedule the financiers and insurers may step in.
  • 8. POST PRODUCTIONPost production usually starts during the shoot.As the processed footage comes in, the editor assembles it into scenesand creates a narrative sequence for the film.Once the picture is locked, the sound department works on the audiotrack laying, creating and editing every sound.Digital effects, titles and credits are added.Picture and colour are adjusted.Rough sound mix goes into dubbing theatre where sound mixer setsfinal levels.After final lock the film reaches full lock and is now finished and readyfor duplication.
  • 9. SALESThe producer sells the film but not outright to the public, sheneeds a distributor.To help sell the film to the distributor, the producer secures the servicesof a sales agent.A trailer is made to advertise the film.The producer and sales agent collect everything they will need to sellthe film to the distributors.Producers go to great lengths to attract attention to the product.High-profile screening at one of the top film festivals can be great forselling the film.The producer can now negotiate good deals with distributors around theworld.
  • 10.MARKETINGAs finishing touches are being made, the distributors plan theirstrategy and begin to market It.The marketing team runs test screening to see how the film is receivedfrom the audience.Potential audience for the film is targeted by posters, cinema trailers,T.V spots and other marketing materials.T.V, newspapers and magazines all help spread word about the film.Digital media and internet has flooded the world with information buthas also made niche marketing possible.To get the audience to see the trailers, distributors must negotiate adeal with cinemas to screen it.
  • 11.EXIBITION Cinema exhibitions is still the primary channel for films to reach their audience high profile star studded premiere is used to launch the film to the public with an explosion of media coverage.The UK has more than 3500 cinema screens although not all are Britishowned or show British films.The exhibitors take their share of the box office receipts after which thedistributors recoup their marketing costs.Once the distributors have been paid the financiers can recover theirinvestments as laid out in the recoupment schedule.
  • 12. OTHER WIDOWSA successful run in the cinema makes the film a sought -after product,which can then be sold through other more lucrative channels.Hospitality sales for hotel channels and in flight entertainment can bringin millions in additional revenue.UK audiences spend more on DVDS than on cinema tickets so successon DVD can compensate for box office failure.Television is the final source of revenue rights are sold separately forpay TV showings and terrestrial broadcast.Once the film has made a profit the producer and key creative peoplecan reap their rewards or so the theory goes.The final income from a film is never known distribution continues inperpetuity and it may even be re-released in the future.