"Food prices must be controlled, otherwise they have a tendency tolead to manufacturing inflation. That will require monetary actionespecially on the supply management side". -Dr. C Rangarajan
Food security refers to the availability of food and ones access to it. A household is considered food-secure when its occupants do not live inhunger or fear of starvation.National Food Security Bill seeks to provide a legal entitlement to subsidizedfood-grains to 75 percent of the countrys rural population and 50 percent ofurban India.The estimates suggest that 68 percent of the countrys population would getlegal entitlement after the bill is enacted.
Government will issue ration cards for priority householdsSubsidised Food Grains to rural householdsNot less than 46% of all rural households shall be designated as Ruralpriority Households. Provided, further, 90% of all rural households areentitled to subsidized food grains.Subsidised Food Grains to Urban , provided that not less than 28% of allurban households are categorised as Urban Priority Households. Provided,further, 50% of all urban households are entitled to subsidized foodgrains.
The State Government shall provide Priority Households whether Ruralor Urban a minimum of 7 kilograms of food grains per person per month, at aprice not exceeding Rs 3 per kg for rice, Rs 2 per kg for wheat andRs 1 per kg for millets, which will not be revised upward for a minimumperiod of 10 years from the date of notification of the Act. Provided thatsingle-member households shall receive a minimum of 14 kilograms of grainper month at the same prices.
Rates for General Households: The State Government shall provideGeneral Households whether Rural or Urban a minimum of 4 kilograms offood grains per person per month, at a price not exceeding 50 per cent of theMinimum Support Price for paddy, wheat and millet. Provided that single-member households shall receive a minimum of 8 kilograms of grain permonth at the same prices.Now the exchequer will bear the burden of Rs 35000 Crores.
Food Security Act takes into consideration the following three important aspects:Food Availability.Food Access.Food Absorption.Food availability in the market depends on domestic production and importsFood access depends on the purchasing power of Aam Aadmi.Food absorption means the inclusion of required calorie-content micro and macronutrients in our daily food in-take and thereby enables the human body to fight againstdeficiency diseases. The absorption of food in the body also depends on non-food factorssuch as safe drinking water, environmental hygiene, primary health care and access totoilets.
Not being harsh on the poor, the bulls of the slowly moving bullock carteconomy are the poor people who works the daily labour for making buildings,roads, transportation, daily household helpers, miners, excavators, dailycleaners and other form of labour such as labour for agricultural harvesting. Ifthey are ensured of proper food, then what is the need, that will drive theeconomy ? This is just the form of communism that drove Russia to its currentstate. Only this time the theory is even worse than communism. Govt. isensuring that they do not have to work for food.
If there are no workers, all the labour cost for available labour will go highas they do not need to work, so if you need the workers then hire them at highcost.If there are no workers, lesser people will drive towards quality education asthey will have no need for uplifting. So, not only it will make the poor people lazybut also drive them towards illiteracy.
Although the intention behind the policy is good, it has to be implementedproperly and effectively taking into consideration all the above mentionedfactors. Moreover Government should not use the bill just to gain popularity andvotes
Source: •www.en.wikipedia.org•www.lakeofmydreams.blogspot.in •www.wiki.answers.com Thank You
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