CCSS Exploring Humanitarian Law workshop

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Power Point Presentation on Red Cross Exploring Humanitarian Law Curriculum by Rosemary Blanchard (College of Ed., CSUS) and Tanya Milelli (No. NV Chapter of Red Cross)

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CCSS Exploring Humanitarian Law workshop

  1. 1. Exploring Humanitarian Law A Teaching Toolkit for Educators EHL Workshop California Council for the Social Studies March 4, 2011 Image Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
  2. 2. A World of Conflict Image Source: Population Action International
  3. 3. <ul><li>Defining Human Dignity </li></ul><ul><li>What is Exploring Humanitarian Law? </li></ul><ul><li>The Explorations </li></ul><ul><li>EHL Curriculum and Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Bringing EHL into the Classroom </li></ul>AGENDA
  4. 5. What is Exploring Humanitarian Law? Exploring ethical & humanitarian issues of armed conflict Understanding how humanitarian law protects life and human dignity Making connections between personal and global events Image Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
  5. 6. What is Exploring Humanitarian Law? 30 hours of activities Primary source materials Fits into current lessons
  6. 7. What is Exploring Humanitarian Law? <ul><li>Who should use EHL? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle & high school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher ed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where does EHL fit? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Civics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gifted programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At-risk youth programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Relations </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. What is Exploring Humanitarian Law? Taught in nearly 50 countries worldwide Image Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
  8. 9. What’s Inside EHL? Key Concepts: Human dignity Obstacles to humanitarian behavior No easy answers Dilemmas Multiple perspectives Chain of consequences Image Source: International Committee of the Red Cross/ A. Gutman
  9. 10. What’s Inside EHL? <ul><li>High-quality primary source materials including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>News accounts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testimonials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive projects </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. What’s Inside EHL? Introductory Exploration: Images and Perceptions The Modules: Module 1: The Humanitarian Perspective Module 2: Limits in Armed Conflict Module 3: The Law In Action Module 4: Dealing With Violations Module 5: Responding to the Consequences of Armed Conflict Closing Exploration: Where Do We Go From Here?
  11. 13. Explorations 1A: What can bystanders do? 1B: Looking at humanitarian acts 1C: A bystander’s dilemma Module 1: The Humanitarian Perspective
  12. 14. How Can You Use EHL? Image Source: Will Counts
  13. 15. There is always a moment when the moral choice is made. Often because of one story or one book or one person, we are able to make a different choice, a choice for humanity, for life. -Elie Wiesel A lack of protest can confirm the perpetrators’ faith in what they are doing. - Ervin Staub Use of Quotes
  14. 16. 1B: Humanitarian Acts
  15. 18. Module 2: Limits in Armed Conflict Explorations 2A : Limiting the devastation of war 2B: Codes and traditions over time 2C: Focus on child soldiers 2D: Focus on weapons 2E: Widespread availability of weapons
  16. 19. 2A Photo Collage
  17. 20. Basic Rules of IHL
  18. 21. At all times During armed conflict IHL <ul><li>Protection of: </li></ul><ul><li>Civilians </li></ul><ul><li>Combatants out of combat </li></ul><ul><li>Wounded & sick </li></ul><ul><li>Prisoners </li></ul>HR <ul><li>Freedom of: </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul>IHL and Human Rights Law <ul><li>Prohibition of: </li></ul><ul><li>Torture </li></ul><ul><li>Degrading treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Violence to life/person </li></ul><ul><li>Hostage taking </li></ul>Right to life
  19. 22. The captive is your brother. It is by the grace of God that he is in your hands and working for you. Since he is at your mercy, see that he is fed and clothed as well as you are. Do not demand from him work beyond his strength. - The Prophet Mohammed (570-632AD) Use of Quotes
  20. 23. 2B: Refer to Codes and Traditions
  21. 25. Explorations 3A: Identifying violations of IHL 3B: From the perspective of combatants 3C: Who is responsible for respecting IHL? 3D: A case study: My Lai - What went wrong? What went right? Module 3: The Law in Action
  22. 26. 3A: Dealing with violations
  23. 27. 3A: Dealing with violations
  24. 29. Dilemmas
  25. 30. Dilemma Worksheet
  26. 31. When IHL and Core IHRL are Violated.. RB example 1) Form discussion groups to watch the following two video clips. How do IHL and human rights law apply to the unrest in Libya and the response of the Libyan government? Libya - Fighter Jets Ordered To Fire On Protesters - Air Force Commanders Defect !!! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lm2LSUdAB74&NR=1 Libya warplanes bombing Tripoli-resident (21 Febuary 2011): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucNHrwKvreE&NR=1 Make up a list of the IHL and “hard core” human rights laws that you think have been violated in the situations portrayed in these videos.
  27. 33. Explorations 4A: Rationales and options for dealing with IHL violations 4B: Judicial options 4C: Non-judicial options Module 4: Dealing with Violations
  28. 34. 4A: Dealing with violations
  29. 35. Dealing with violations of IHL and Core IHRL .. RB Example <ul><li>2) Next, watch what President Obama and the Secretary General of the United Nations had to say about the Libyan government’s actions: </li></ul><ul><li>Obama breaks silence, condemns Libya crackdown </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PS2WERGGv54 </li></ul><ul><li>What are these world leaders talking about? What international laws do they say Col. Gaddafi and his followers have broken? </li></ul><ul><li>The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution condemning the violations of IHL and core IHRL by Co. Gaddafi and his government: </li></ul><ul><li>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sysbDMAuUx4&feature=related </li></ul><ul><li>What consequences is this Security Council Resolution preparing to put in motion? </li></ul>
  30. 37. Explorations 5A: Needs that arise from the devastation of war 5B: Planning a camp for people displaced by war 5C: Focus on protecting prisoners 5D: Focus on restoring family links 5E: Ethics of humanitarian action Module 5: Responding to the Consequences of Armed Conflict
  31. 38. What are the basic human needs? Needs that arise from the devastation of war <ul><li>What are the resources that have been lost or destroyed? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the resulting needs of people impacted by war or disaster? </li></ul>
  32. 39. Forced to Flee <ul><li>You are a family or group of neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>Your area is under devastating attack </li></ul><ul><li>You must leave now in order to save your lives </li></ul><ul><li>You do not know where you will be going and whether you will be able to return </li></ul><ul><li>You have only 10 minutes to prepare to leave; what do you take with you? </li></ul><ul><li>Watch: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucNHrwKvreE&NR=1 </li></ul>
  33. 40. 5B Photo Collage
  34. 41. Planning a Refugee Camp in Tunisia PLAN AN EMERGENCY REFUGEE CAMP IN TUNISIA, ALONG THE LIBYAN BORDER BASED ON THE FOLLOWING SCENARIO: Watch the interview on Democracy Now with a Representative of Human Rights Watch on the Tunisia/Libya Border about the approximately 40,000 refugees, mostly migrant workers from Egypt and Tunisian, who have escaped from the violence in Libya to Tunisia. http://www.democracynow.org/2011/2/28/as_death_toll_grows_100_000
  35. 42. Planning a Refugee Camp in Tunisia (cont.) <ul><li>Approximately 20,000 of these refugees are Egyptians. </li></ul><ul><li>They have been in Tunisia for several days. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptian migrant worker refugees cannot yet return to Egypt because the interim government in Egypt has not been able to prepare for evacuation of all their nationals. </li></ul><ul><li>They are living in tents in cold, rainy weather and becoming very frustrated. </li></ul><ul><li>Plan a refugee camp to meet their most </li></ul><ul><li>basic needs. </li></ul>
  36. 43. Points to Consider: RB Note <ul><li>There are a large group of Tunisian nationals who need help to get home to their families in various parts </li></ul><ul><li>of Tunisia. </li></ul><ul><li>There are a large group of Egyptians who cannot go anywhere just now. </li></ul><ul><li>There are other refugees whose situations are more individual. </li></ul><ul><li>All the refugees need to make contact with their families so that their families will know that they are safe. </li></ul><ul><li>All need food and shelter and sanitation until they can go somewhere else. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tunisians need help reuniting with their families. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians need help to stay where they are until the Egyptian government is able to help them get home, or until things calm down in Libya enough so they can safely return to their jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>There are other refugees who can’t get back home either, or who are hesitant to get too far from Libya in case calm returns and they can return to the jobs they desperately need. </li></ul><ul><li>There are undoubtedly some children, women, elderly people, sick people in the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Tunisia and Egypt have both just been through traumatic overturning of their autocratic governments. </li></ul><ul><li>This is good for democracy, but it means that organization and resources are in short supply </li></ul><ul><li>just now. </li></ul>
  37. 44. More Points to Consider: RB Note <ul><li>There are other refugees who can’t get back home either, or who are hesitant to get too far from Libya in case calm returns and they can return to the jobs they desperately need. </li></ul><ul><li>The refugees from other countries may also need help connecting with resources that can help them get home, maybe even resources provided by their own countries or their families. </li></ul><ul><li>There may be groups within the refugees who see each other as enemies – either because of the conflict in Libya or because of the recent conflict in their own home nation or for other reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>There may be infiltrators from one group or another (supported by the Libyan government, mercenaries, agents of the former Tunisian or Egyptian governments, terrorists of one type or another, escaped criminals, etc.) who are there to create fear and violence or engage in terrorism. </li></ul><ul><li>There are undoubtedly some children, women, elderly people, </li></ul><ul><li>sick people in the group. </li></ul>
  38. 45. THERE ISN’T TIME!!! RB Exclamation <ul><li>OK, so choose a couple of the most immediate needs – Each table can choose an area of need to plan for </li></ul><ul><li>Lets see what we can come up with! </li></ul>
  39. 46. How Others Have done this: P R E T T Y G O O D !
  40. 48. Want to Learn More? Visit www.redcross.org/ehl Sign up for alerts Attend an EHL Workshop Exploring Humanitarian Law Program International Services Department American Red Cross, NHQ 2025 E Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 [email_address]
  41. 49. Professional Development
  42. 50. Connecting EHL: Subject Areas
  43. 51. And Remember… Exploring Humanitarian Law Program International Services Department American Red Cross, NHQ 2025 E Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 [email_address] www.redcross.org/ehl Image Source: Left –International Committee of the Red Cross; Right – International Committee of the Red Cross/M. Kokoîc

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