The Berlin Wall

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The Berlin Wall

  1. 1. The Berlin Wall
  2. 2. After WWII, there were two major world powers with different ideas. They were: <ul><li>1. Western Europe & U.S.: They believed in democracy, freedom, free markets (economy), & freedom of religion. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Communists: Government controlled EVERYTHING! Russia “captured” the countries around them & made them communist </li></ul>
  3. 3. How was this done? <ul><li>Spheres of Influence: Having influence over a country’s future. </li></ul><ul><li>Two “spheres”: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Russia: Communist </li></ul><ul><li>2. U.S. France, U.K.: Free! </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Spheres of Influence” Orange Circle: Democratic, or free countries White Circle: Communist Countries
  5. 5. What happened to Germany? <ul><li>Both sides wanted Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Shipping access </li></ul><ul><li>2. A buffer zone from the other side </li></ul>
  6. 6. Germany was divided in half <ul><li>East Germany- Communist </li></ul><ul><li>West Germany- Free/Democracy </li></ul>West Germany East Germany
  7. 7. A Wall is Built <ul><li>The Soviets built what was called the Berlin Wall . It was meant to keep people IN. </li></ul><ul><li>The Wall was complete in 1961. </li></ul><ul><li>The wall restricted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shipment of goods: No “western” goods to the east </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People: Extremely hard to travel & visit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People in the East couldn’t leave to the west (the free side) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Wall in the city of Berlin
  9. 9. How the Berlin Wall Worked
  10. 10. The End of The Wall <ul><li>In 1989, the Wall came down </li></ul><ul><li>It meant an end to communism in Germany </li></ul>
  11. 11. Parts of The Wall were kept as museums or monuments Section of The Wall today
  12. 12. Assignment/Reflection <ul><li>On a piece of paper, write a paragraph answering the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Discuss two things you learned from the presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. How would you react if a wall separated the city where you live? </li></ul></ul>

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