Major Religions: An overview of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
Islam and Muslims <ul><li>Islam  is an Arabic word which means ‘peace’ or ‘submission’. </li></ul><ul><li>A  Muslim   is w...
2 Sects in Islam <ul><li>Sunni : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed Abu Bakr should lead all Muslims. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
2 Sects in Islam <ul><li>Shi’a : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed Ali should lead all Muslims. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12...
What Muhammad Looked Like:
Christianity <ul><li>Those who follow the teachings of  Jesus  Christ are known as Christians.  </li></ul><ul><li>Believe ...
3 Sects of Christianity <ul><li>Roman Catholic:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Pope is God’s representative on Earth, and is ...
3 Sects of Christianity <ul><li>Protestant:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Split from Catholic church during the 1500s.  </li></u...
3 Sects of Christianity <ul><li>Eastern Orthodox:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Split from Catholics in 1054.  </li></ul></ul><u...
Judaism <ul><li>Oldest  monotheistic  religion. </li></ul><ul><li>14 million followers around the world. </li></ul><ul><li...
3 Divisions of Judaism: <ul><li>Orthodox Judaism:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict belief in the Old Testament.  </li></ul><...
3 Divisions of Judaism <ul><li>Reform Judaism:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less emphasis on Jewish tradition. </li></ul></ul><...
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Major Religions

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Description of the three monotheistic religions

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Major Religions

  1. 1. Major Religions: An overview of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
  2. 2. Islam and Muslims <ul><li>Islam is an Arabic word which means ‘peace’ or ‘submission’. </li></ul><ul><li>A Muslim is what we call someone who believes in Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>Believe that the Qur’an is the newest revelation from God. </li></ul><ul><li>Split into sects , Sunni and Shia. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2 Sects in Islam <ul><li>Sunni : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed Abu Bakr should lead all Muslims. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 billion followers. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 2 Sects in Islam <ul><li>Shi’a : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed Ali should lead all Muslims. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>120 million followers. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What Muhammad Looked Like:
  6. 6. Christianity <ul><li>Those who follow the teachings of Jesus Christ are known as Christians. </li></ul><ul><li>Believe the Bible is a new revelation from God. </li></ul><ul><li>Are divided into 3 major sects </li></ul>
  7. 7. 3 Sects of Christianity <ul><li>Roman Catholic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Pope is God’s representative on Earth, and is infallible . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 billion followers. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 3 Sects of Christianity <ul><li>Protestant: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Split from Catholic church during the 1500s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not follow the Pope. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>600 million followers. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 3 Sects of Christianity <ul><li>Eastern Orthodox: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Split from Catholics in 1054. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaders are called Patriarchs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300 million followers. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Judaism <ul><li>Oldest monotheistic religion. </li></ul><ul><li>14 million followers around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Holy book is the Torah , which Christians call the Old Testament. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 3 Divisions of Judaism: <ul><li>Orthodox Judaism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict belief in the Old Testament. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only allowed to marry other Orthodox Jews. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conservative Judaism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less strict than Orthodox. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women can become Rabbis. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 3 Divisions of Judaism <ul><li>Reform Judaism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less emphasis on Jewish tradition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believe Judaism must change with the times. </li></ul></ul>
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