Eskimos

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8th grade global studies presentation on the Eskimo culture

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Eskimos

  1. 1. North American Eskimo (Inuits)
  2. 2. Shelter <ul><li>Igloo: Used in the winter on hunts; not permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Sod Hut: Used in the summer </li></ul><ul><li>Caribou skin tents: portable </li></ul><ul><li>* They move where the hunt is---nomadic* </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-made housing: Haul in different parts together </li></ul><ul><li>Now, they stay in one place; don’t follow the hunt anymore </li></ul>Traditional: Modern:
  3. 3. IGLOO
  4. 4. Caribou Skin Tent
  5. 5. Food, and how it is Obtained: <ul><li>Fishing in summer </li></ul><ul><li>Seal Hunting: </li></ul><ul><li>*Use kayak or dogsled to get to frozen lake/sea </li></ul><ul><li>*Stand over breathing hole: where the seals come up for air </li></ul><ul><li>*Stab with a harpoon: long stick with a detachable knife-like object </li></ul><ul><li>Buy food from stores </li></ul><ul><li>If Eskimos do hunt, only for recreation (like us) </li></ul><ul><li>Use guns, snowmobiles, & motor boats </li></ul>Traditional: Modern:
  6. 6. Hunting Seal Breathing Hole Harpoon
  7. 7. Sharing & Caring for Each Other <ul><li>Work together, hunt together, share food when needed </li></ul><ul><li>During the hunting season, if the hunt is bad, the hunter is the last to die </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting groups split up; more on your own </li></ul><ul><li>Many have permanent jobs; can’t find time to hunt </li></ul>Traditional: Modern:
  8. 8. Conservation <ul><li>Use all parts of dead animals </li></ul><ul><li>“ We take from the sea what were given; we give to each other what we have” </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in spirits of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Not all parts of animals used </li></ul>Traditional: Modern:
  9. 9. Entertainment <ul><li>Storytelling (from elders & mostly about the hunt) </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Carving </li></ul><ul><li>T.V, Radios, video games </li></ul>Traditional: Modern:
  10. 10. Other terms to know: <ul><li>Niliakchok: Story told to kids; A legend god of seals </li></ul><ul><li>Ulu: Carving knife used on animals </li></ul><ul><li>Bola: Three bags of caribou skin with feathers used to hunt birds </li></ul>

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