Language Theories and Language Learning Theories have a common purpose: the former seeks to explain how language works, and the latter attempts to state how additional languages are learned. Both theories provide implicit or explicit knowledge about how languages should be taught and practiced in the classroom. These theoretical positions and beliefs, best known as approach, explain the nature of language and the nature of language learning. SLA has been influenced by linguistic and psychological theories, essentially three: Structural, Cognitive and Sociocultural. These approaches, in turn, have been translated into a method - a generalized set of classroom specifications for accomplishing linguistic objectives, focusing on the goals of the teaching/learning process, learner roles, teacher roles and role of instructional materials. I consider five important language teaching methods that have made great contributions to SLA and best suit my teaching: The Grammar Translation Method, The Direct Method, The Audio-Lingual Method, The Communicative Language Teaching and The Experiential Learning Model. Methods can be defined as instructional systems that are applied in the classroom through techniques which are specific types of exercises, tasks, or activities used in class for the purpose of reaching pedagogical goals.
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