Coordination - Reports, Web Projects, Media Campaigns


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Coordination - Reports, Web Projects, Media Campaigns

  1. 1. Coordination Reports & Publications 
  2. 2. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORTRural Territorial Dynamics Program 2008 Annual Report 1
  3. 3. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORTTable of Contents• Rural Territorial Dynamics: A positive outcome in 2008• We have laid the foundations for being an instrument of change1 IN SEARCH OF ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH SOCIAL INCLUSION AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY • Growth - with or without social inclusion? • Territorial dynamics in Chiloe: The strength of extra-territorial coalitions • Surveys of policies and programs with a territorial focus • Climate change and territorial development • Cultural identity as a driver of territorial development • Ethnic polarization in income distribution and social conflict in Southern Chile2 WORKING IN NETWORKS • A program rich in social capital • Network of sub-national governments works to revitalize rural areas • The Ibero-American Rural Dialogue: a new space for high-level political exchanges • Journalists’ network: creating a space in public opinion3 COMUNICATION FOR SOCIAL CHANGE • Equitierra Magazine: for thinking and acting freely • The program in the international press • Program working papers4 BUILDING CAPACITIES • Strengthening ties with Canada • Graduate education for territorial development • Communities of practice for rural territorial development • Rimisp organizational development: working with our partners to build capacities • Spaces for collaboration and dialogue5 MANAGEMENT AND PROGRESS • Respecting the program’s complexities: the monitoring and evaluation system • Advisory Board and Coordination Unit • Financial Summary• Contact 3
  4. 4. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORT Rural Territorial Dynamics: A positive outcome in 2008 I n order to systematically develop an idea, one must en- gage in creative thought, the expansion of knowledge and, above all else, sensible observation. One of the necessary steps of this process is addressing the errors of action and omission that are part of any new undertaking so that one can move forward on a firm foundation. The Rural Territorial Dynamics Program Annual Report, which Rimisp is submit- ting to its collaborators and partners, is designed to form part of this effort. After 18 months of work, the program has achieved innovative and methodologically robust results that show high levels of involvement of people and rural organizations from areas characterized by conditions of poverty. This program is meant to address aspects such as the dynamics of rural areas, the forces that allow some and not others to express their capacity for development, the circumstances under which conditions that are favorable or limiting for growth are detected, and contexts that promote or limit social inclusion. The goal is to contribute to the design and implementa- tion of more comprehensive, transversal and effective public policies that add to economic growth with greater social equity and environmental sustainability. One hundred very different organizations in a dozen countries around the region have made a commitment to this effort, and that emerging social network is in itself a result of which we are very proud. For Rimisp, this program represents a challenge in several senses. The first is the task of ensuring that the conceptual framework of rural territorial development leads to concrete alternatives for action. We must honor the tremendous commitment that our donors have made by placing their trust in us and investing very important resources in these initiatives. We also have a moral obligation to the organizations and people who are taking these ideas as their own and working in different ways to make contributions. Finally, and most importantly, this program has to make a difference. It has to affect approaches, strategies and policies; it has to lead to the development of new networks and collaborations; it has to build the capacities of social actors. In other words, it has to do its part to transform rural societies so that they can move towards greater economic growth, more social inclusion and higher levels of environmental sustainability. I am therefore very pleased to present the progress that has been made by this program during 2008. We look forward to receiving reactions and suggestions from our readers, partners and collaborators, as they will undoubtedly help make the work that we do in 2009 and beyond even more fruitful. German Escobar Executive Director Rimisp4
  5. 5. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORTWe have laid the foundations forbeing an instrument of change T he Rural Territorial Dynamics program has been made pos- sible by the collaboration of over 100 organizations from Latin America and around the world. The 2008 Annual Report is a rendering of accounts for our partners and collaborators. We also hope that this document helps establish a dialogue with many agents of change who are searching for allies in their ef- forts to transform Latin American rural societies. We invite them to consider this program as a possible source of ideas, practical experiences, analysis or new relationships with partners who can complement their own capacities.At the beginning of the year, the program’s Advisory Council approved a plan that instructed usto dedicate most of our attention during this initial period to the development of solid foundationsfor future work. Specifically, the goals that were established involve finding key partners in 10countries and developing strategies and methods, pilot research and capacity building experi-ences, communications platforms and a coordination team.We also wanted to begin to build a unique work culture that would help us to address the fol-lowing issue: We believe that each program partner should have more space in which to explorenew paths that have the potential to profoundly renew the way of thinking of doing rural develop-ment. We also feel that the partners should come together to answer the questions that informthe program. These include: ¿Which factors determine territorial development dynamics that are charac- terized by a virtuous, localized cycle of economic growth, social inclusion and environmental sustainability? What type of concerted public action –including but not limited to public policy- can be effective in the encouragement or promotion of this type of rural territorial development?In the pages that follow, we describe the degree to which we have met our commitments. I be-lieve that last year we laid a solid foundation that will allow the program to achieve high quality,important results, effects and impacts. Furthermore, I believe that that work will make it possiblefor the program to serve as an instrument that encourages and supports changes in rural LatinAmerican societies.We have selected a sample of the results and effects achieved by this program in order to pro-vide an overview of the type of contributions that are beginning to emerge from the work of ourpartners and collaborators. We cannot include everything that has been done and produced inthis type of summary. Readers who would like more information are cordially invited to visit ourwebsite, program is a platform that is available to all who wish to use it to implement actions de-signed to help revitalize rural Latin America with a sense of social justice. We invite you to joinus in this effort.Julio A. BerdegueProgram Coordinator 5
  6. 6. 1 2008 l ANNUAL REPORT In search of economic growth with social inclusion and environmental sustainability• Growth - with or without social inclusion?• Territorial dynamics in Chiloe: The strength of extra-territorial coalitions• Surveys of policies and programs with a territorial focus• Climate change and territorial development• Cultural identity as a driver of territorial development• Ethnic polarization in income distribution and social conflict in Southern Chile 7
  7. 7. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORT Growth - with or without social inclusion? T he Nicaraguan municipalities of Tisma, Nandasmo, Catarina, The study applies the Small Area Estimates method, which has Granada, Potosí, Buenos Aires, Rivas and El Tortuguero, been broadly utilized to build poverty maps. This method allows which are home to 4% of the country’s population, have researchers to combine data from standard of living surveys and one thing in common. Of the nation’s 153 municipalities, they are population censuses in order to obtain indicators of wellbeing the only ones that have increased per capita consumption and with high levels of spatial disaggregation. decreased poverty and inequalities in the distribution of consump- tion in recent years. In contrast, another 48 municipalities that This allows us to go beyond national averages to consider the ter- house 31% of the population present negative results in these ritorial aspect of development in Latin America. For example, even three areas (See Table 1). though their respective economies have shown very different rates of growth, less than 10% of the population in Chile, Nicaragua and Maps of territorial Ecuador live in administrative units characterized by dynamics of dynamics in Chile, growth with social inclusion. Peru has more even patterns, with “The Rural Territorial Dynamics program Ecuador, Nicaragua 38% of the provinces (home to one fifth of the population) having in Ecuador is analyzing areas of the and Peru offer a quali- undergone positive changes in the three indicators analyzed. The Tungurahua province where interesting dynamics have met with a great deal of tative vision of growth. results are also shown on maps that indicate the different types success in satisfying a local market with The studies, which of territorial dynamics, as illustrated in Figure 1. small scale production. We know that integrate data from there are many highly valued processes national standards with citizen participation in Tungurahua of life surveys and that have been promoted by various censuses, examine social actors. One interesting aspect is N that Tungurahua is the only province in each country at a ter- O E Ecuador in which the three most important ritorial level in order to S indigenous organizations are working HONDURAS observe the changes together to implement a process of as- that have taken place sociation with the participation of local in terms of growth, actors in order to improve the region’s poverty and inequal- productive process to benefit the entire population.” ity. The result is a varied panorama that Pablo Ospina, Coordinator of the Research speaks of important Caribbean Sea Project in Ecuador. sub-national differ- ences. LEGEND Change in consumption, poverty and Gini Index (1) W-W-W The first four studies were implemented in Chile, Ecuador, Nicaragua (2) W-W-L Pacific Ocean and Peru. They record changes in per capita income (in Chile) and (3) W-L-W (4) W-L-L consumption or per capita spending (in the other three countries) (5) L-W-W (6) L-W-L as well as variations in income distribution (or spending) and the (7) L-L-W COSTA RICA (8) L-L-L incidence of poverty. In each case, the analyses cover two moments in time: 1992 and 2002 in Chile; 1998 and 2005 in Nicaragua; 1993 and 2005 in Peru; and 1995 and 2006 in Ecuador. Similar studies Figure 1. Nicaraguan Municipalities: Change in per capita are at an advanced stage of development in Mexico, Guatemala, consumption, incidence of poverty and income distribution, El Salvador, Honduras, Colombia, Bolivia and Brazil. 1998 – 20058
  8. 8. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORTOur researchers also looked at areas in which there have been Nicaragua, 45% ofpositive changes in per capita income or spending and one the municipalities, “The most interesting thing was howof the two social inclusion indicators (incidence of poverty or which house 33% stagnated territorial dynamics are inincome distribution). Eighteen percent of Chile’s municipalities, of the population, Nicaragua. Territories that saw improve-which house 25% of the country’s population, present such are in this situa- ments between 1998 and 2005 are theresults. This is also true of 29% of the provinces in Peru (home tion. In Peru, 44% exceptions to the rule. Economic growthto a little over half of the population); 9% of the municipalities in of the provinces dynamics with a reduction in povertyNicaragua (with 6% of the population); and 6% of the parishes have not improved and inequality are very concentratedin Ecuador (with over one third of the population). in this area, which geographically in Nicaragua. There is concerning if have been improvements in places inMost of the population in Chile, Nicaragua and Ecuador (66%, one considers that which new activities like tourism have83% and 55%, respectively) lives in municipalities/parishes that they are home to been generated or in which the price ofhave not experienced positive changes in per capita income three quarters of products like milk have increased. This(Chile) or per capita spending (Nicaragua and Ecuador). Over the country’s inhabi- does not mean that there are processes that are inclusive for the poor, but at least70% of the municipalities in Chile and Nicaragua and over tants. In Ecuador, small scale producers have had better90% of the parishes in Ecuador are in this category. most parishes do milk prices, and in some areas of the not present progress Pacific region new employment oppor- In Peru, 28% of the in terms of income tunities that are not linked to agriculture“One of the main results of the research provinces, which distribution, and this and livestock have emerged.”was that only 38% of Peru’s provinces house about one fifth situation involvesdemonstrate dynamics of economic of the population, do 90% of the popu- Ligia Gomez, Coordinator of the Researchgrowth with a reduction in poverty and not present positive lation. Project in Nicaraguainequality. There are many factors that changes in per capitacould explain these dynamics, such differentiated access to goodsand public services and the strength Nearly one third of The worst situation is that of the territories in which the indica-of local institutions.” Chile’s municipalities, tors are stagnating or moving in the wrong direction. According which are home to to the study, nearly 80% of Ecuador’s parishes and 50% of itsJavier Escobal, Coordinator of the 29% of the popula- population present dynamics of non-growth and an absenceResearch Project in Peru tion, did not show of improved social conditions. In Peru and Nicaragua, nearly significant decreases one fourth of the provinces or municipalities, with about onein their poverty rates. In Nicaragua and Ecuador, 86% of the fifth of the population, are in this situation.administrative units have failed to reduce poverty. Those areasare home to 90% and about half of the nations’ populations, In Chile, only 11 municipalities, which have 6% of the popula-respectively. The situation in Peru is somewhat better given tion, are in that situation.that “only” half the provinces, which are home to one third ofthe population, have not reduced poverty. Table 1 summarizes the results in all of the categories for the administrative units in the four countries.In Chile, 44% of the population lives in the 45% of the mu-nicipalities that have not improved income distribution. In 9
  9. 9. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORT Table 1. Changes at the sub-national level in per capita income and spending, poverty and distribution of per capita income or spending Type Chile Peru Nicaragua Ecuador Municipalities % Provinces % Municipalities % Parishes % I. Greater per capita income or spending, less poverty, greater 16 5.0 74 38 8 5 8 1 distribution of income or spending II. Greater per capita income or spending, less poverty, no 57 17.5 20 10 9 6 65 6 improvement in distribution of income or spending III. Greater per capita income or spending, no improvement in 1 0.3 36 18 5 3 0 0 regard to less poverty, better distribution of income or spending IV. Greater per capita income or spending, no improvement in 11 3.4 10 5 12 8 3 0.3 poverty incidence, no improvement in income or spending distribution V. No improvement in per capita income or spending, less poverty, better distribution of income or spending 113 35.0 0 0 4 3 4 0.4 VI. No improvement in per capita income or spending, less 42 13.0 6 3 0 0 70 6 poverty, no improvement in distribution of income or spending VII. No improvement in per capita income or spending, no 47 14.6 0 0 67 44 59 5 improvement in poverty, better distribution of income or spending VIII. No improvement in any aspect 36 11.1 49 25 48 31 879 81 Total 323 100 195 100 153 100 1088 100 Territorial dynamics maps to be produced for 11 countries Last year, we produced territorial dynamics maps for four countries: Nicaragua (by researchers from Nitlapan Institute of the Central American University and the Danish Institute for International Stud- ies), Ecuador (Simon Bolivar Andean University), Peru (Analysis for Development Group) and Chile (Rimisp-Latin American Center for Rural Development and the Ministry of Planning). Reports for seven other countries will be made available during the first quarter of 2009: • Mexico (by researchers from the Mexico School) • Guatemala (Rafael Landivar University) • Honduras (Sustainable Development Network) • El Salvador (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean) • Colombia (University of Los Andes) • Bolivia (Tierra Foundation and the Institute for Development Policy and Management of the University of Manchester) • Brasil (University of São Paulo) Data from nearly 200 million households in 11 countries will have been analyzed for this effort. All of the reports will be published in the Documents section of the Program´s website:
  10. 10. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORTPro-Poor GrowthThe Role of InstitutionsGeography, trade and economic activitydo not generate development on theirown. We know that institutions play a keyrole in determining who takes advantageof the opportunities derived from factorslike natural resources, geographic locationor the insertion of the territory in certaincommercial circuits or value chains andhow they do so.The challenge is moving from this generalstatement to a better understanding of therole of specific institutions. This includeslegal or normative frameworks as wellas entities that are linked to the powerstructure that determine how surplusesand opportunities are distributed.In order to get at this complex issue, theprogram has established an alliance withthe project “Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor Growth” (IPPG). This global projecthas research activities in Europe, Africa,Asia and Latin America. It is coordinatedby Professor Kunal Sen of the Universityof Manchester’s Department of Econo-mics and Policy. In Latin America, IPPGimplements activities in Ecuador andBolivia under the general coordinationof Alexander Schejtman, one of Rimisp’slead researchers. 11
  11. 11. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORTA New Deal for Rural Latin AmericaOn May 12, 2008, former President of Chile Ricardo Lagos Escobaroffered a speech entitled “A New Deal for Rural Latin America” at theLatin American Meeting of Intendants, Governors and Prefects forRural Development, which was held in Santiago de Chile.Lagos referred to public policies that should be adopted in view of theregion’s “new rural complexity” and proposed revisiting the idea ofcreating a system of government to facilitate the development of ruralareas of Latin America and the Caribbean. The paragraphs that followcontain extracts of this speech, which can be viewed in its entirety inthe Documents section of“The food crisis, the environmental impact of agricultural activities, magnified when we speak of the rural world. I am reiterating whatand the persistence of poverty and inequality are three clear signals I recently said at the Magallanes University: there is a need for athat all is not well, and that we must develop a new relationship profound reform of government that allows for a strong, efficientwith rural Latin America that stimulates revitalization in the rural and transparent public sector that is compatible with the demandsworld with a sense of social justice.” of the beginning of the third century of our independent life. This government reform is not technocratic work. It is nothing more or“The question is how this diversity of public and private actors less than the work of generating a consensus on a new equationcan become an effective agent of development in their regions. between the State, the market and society in each country thatIt is not easy because social inequality works against the optimizes opportunities of access to social capital that are neces-construction of consensuses. But it is possible and there is suf- sary for participating in material and moral progress and offeringficient evidence of this in many of the policies and programs that the best possible social protection of individuals in accordanceare being promoted in the region. This is one of the main riches of with our level of income and development. The key concept inthe territorial approach to rural development that has been gaining this equation is guarantees: the set of basic opportunities andground in the past few years: it emphasizes the need to stimulate protections that society is in a position to ensure to every personand support the creation of collective actors that are deeply rooted through public their territories who can reach consensus regarding a vision ofthe future and project the type of actions and investments that “Governors, prefects and mayors have a tremendous responsibilityare needed in order to move in that direction. in how this new deal is built for rural Latin America. Each of their governments has a direct relationship with this real society. For“… I would like to refer to the challenge of good government for them, aggregate statistics on job creation or loss, environmentalrural areas. The recent World Bank World Development Report that pollution or preservation and the valorization of ecosystems,focuses on issues of agriculture, the rural world and development social cohesion or the expansion of violence, good schools oridentified numerous innovations in public policy and private initia- those that reproduce inequality are things that mean something.tives that could truly contribute to the wellbeing of rural societies. The issue is how we adapt to this new reality, this urban-ruralBut the report hit a nerve when it stated that many of these inno- relationship that does not have the clarity of the past. This is avations do not go beyond being ‘islands of success’ because of matter that has never been discussed, and the fact that it is nowthe weaknesses of systems of government and particularly public being discussed makes the work of addressing these tasks muchinstitutions. This is a general problem in Latin America, but it is more complex.” 29
  12. 12. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORT The Ibero-American Rural Dialogue: a new space for high-level political exchanges O ne of the challenges that this program has accepted is participating in the political processes through which the Extract of the El Salvador Declaration coalitions, visions and general strategies that inspire rural development programs and policies in the region are built. One The El Salvador Declaration, which was agreed to and signed of these spaces is the Ibero-American Summit of Heads of State by the representatives of the Ministries of Agriculture of the and Government. Ibero-American nations, contains two sections that make specific mention of the Ibero-American Rural Dialogue: In close collaboration with the Office of the Secretary General of Ibero-America (SEGIB) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock “… We agree: of El Salvador, the RTD program organized the Ibero-American Paragraph 14: To welcome the recommendations of the Rural Dialogue in San Salvador. The meeting was linked to the Ibero-American Rural Dialogue and to propose that the agenda Conference of Ministers of Agriculture of Ibero-America and formed of the XVIII Ibero-American Summit include the topic of the part of the official program of activities of the XVIII Ibero-American food crisis so that specific responses can be proposed at Summit of Heads of State and Government. the regional level. The direct precedent of this activity was the meeting organized in Paragraph 15: To recommend that the Office of the Secretary Madrid by SEGIB, the Ministry of the Environment and Rural and General of Ibero-America (SEGIB) consider including the Marine Sector (MARM) of Spain, and the Rural Territorial Dynam- Ibero-American Rural Dialogue as an activity that generates ics program. The meeting’s participants agreed on the need to information and analysis and contributes to the Ibero-American place the issue of the food crisis on the agenda and the political Conferences of Ministries of Agriculture.“ discussion of the XVIII Ibero-American Summit. This strategy had two objectives: from nearly 40 non-governmental organizations, cooperation agen- 1. for the Heads of State and Government to offer politi- cies, universities, the private sector and ministries of Ibero-America cal statements on this crucial matter; and participated in the exchange. 2. to identify opportunities to respond to the crisis based The discussion focused on two main topics: the food crisis and on Ibero-American cooperation, paying special attention rural territories. The result was a document directed at the IX to the countries or sub-regions that have been affected Conference of Ministers of Agriculture and, through it, the Heads the most. of State and Government of Ibero-America. The text includes a series of recommendations agreed to by the forum participants. A decision was made to hold the Ibero-American Rural Dialogue, The Ministers of Agriculture of Ibero-America decided to adopt the which would feature the participation of diverse public and private recommendations proposed by the Dialogue, including installing actors from throughout Ibero-America. The event took place in Sep- the forum as a permanent element of the process of future Ibero- tember 2008, one month prior to the Summit. Over 70 people American Summits of Heads of State and Government.30
  13. 13. 2008 l ANNUAL REPORTParticipant’s Remarks“[The Ibero-American Rural Dialogue] is anexcellent opportunity to share information andpromote strategies directed at improving the livingconditions of our rural populations. The currentsituation favors countries like ours that produceand export because we can take advantage ofthe increase in agricultural prices to enhanceproductivity and access to internal, regional andworld markets.”. Mario Ernesto Salaverria, Mario Ernesto Salaverria, Minister of Agriculture of El Salvador.Minister of Agriculture of El Salvador.“There is a need to give priority to food safety andto generate initiatives for retaining young peoplein the rural sectors of Latin American nations.Galo Larenas, Ambassador of Ecuador in ElSalvador and representative of his country atthe IX Ibero-American Conference of Ministersof Agriculture.“The increase in food prices can be handled ina positive manner. This is a great opportunity forLatin America because almost all of the countries Martin Pineiro, Director of Grupo CEO, Argentina.are net exporting nations, with the exception ofEl Salvador, Mexico and Venezuela. An adequatemanagement and administration policy that pro-tects the poorest consumer sectors and decreasesnegative impacts could increase production forexportation”. Martin Pineiro, Director of GrupoCEO, Argentina.“There is a need to promote family farming, socialprotection and nutritional health at the nationallevel…. Nutritional education is essential to en-suring food safety for Latin American peoples”. Jose Graziano da Silva, FAO, Assistant Director General forJose Graziano da Silva, FAO, Assistant Latin America and the Caribbean.Director General for Latin America and theCaribbean.“From ECLAC’s perspective, flat subsidies arenot an optimal response to the food crisis. Wemust focus on the most vulnerable populationsand those who have the greatest need. Prior-ity should be given to children under the ageof five, breastfeeding mothers and pregnantwomen”. Martine Dirven, Official responsiblefor ECLAC’s Productive and Business Devel-opment Division. Martine Dirven, Official responsible for ECLAC’s Productive and Business Development Division. 31
  14. 14. ANNUAL REPORT l 2008 The program in the international press T he activities and products of the Rural Territorial Dynamics The Journalists’ Meeting led to the publication of around 26 program have had an important presence in the media in articles. Pieces written by network members appeared in Bolivia, Latin America and some English-language written media Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, in media outlets such outlets. In this report, we present some of the most noteworthy as La Razon and La Prensa (Bolivia), O Estado de Sao Paulo, articles and interviews that appeared in the Latin American media A Tribuna, Jornal de Piracicaba (Brazil), La Discusion (Chillan, during 2008. Chile), El Espectador and El Tiempo (Colombia), El Mercurio and El Comercio (Ecuador) and La Republica (Peru). The Ecuadorean news- paper El Mercurio de In September and October, eight substantial articles about the “It is very difficult to Cuenca published an Ibero-American Rural Dialogue appeared in newspapers such as break down conditions interview with the Co- El Espectador (Colombia), El Mercurio (Ecuador), La Republica of poverty and the lack ordinator of the RTD (Peru), O Estado de Sao Paulo (Brazil), La Discusion (Chillan, Chile), of opportunities. There program, Julio Berde- and a report in a specialized journal published in Argentina called is no quick fix, no policy gue, in August. The Super Campo. There were also short pieces about the event and that can resolve things piece, which is entitled its objectives and Rimisp in over 25 print and digital publications in a period of 24 hours.” “Rural Development from various Ibero-American nations. Is Not An Illusion,” is Julio Berdegue Interview published a conversation with in Diario El Mercurio, journalist Alberto Or- Cuenca, Ecuador donez, a member of the August 2008 Rural Press Network. Berdegue states that Latin American rural development “is not only an economic and productive problem,” and that it must be viewed from the point of view of the consolidation of public poli- cies within government agencies and the unfaltering participation of social sectors. Berdegue also was interviewed by a journalist from the Bolivian newspaper La Razon. The article, which appeared in June 2008, was entitled “Bolivia Needs a Citizen Consensus.” When asked about inequality and rural poverty in that nation, Berdegue stated that “Bolivia is a country of contrasts. It became a point of refer- ence because of rural policies such as the Popular Participation Law but it also presents some of the highest levels of poverty and inequality.” Fifty-eight articles were published in digital media and news- papers from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile and Mexico, including Pagina 12 (Argentina), Agencia Brasil, Los Tiempos (Bolivia), El Mercurio (Chile), Soitu (Spain), El Financiero and Notimex (Mexico), Yahoo Noticias and Terra Noticias, during the Governors’ meet- ing in May.38
  15. 15. 5 INFORME ANUAL l 2008 Management and progress• Respecting the program’s complexities: the monitoring and evaluation system• Advisory Board and Coordination Unit• Financial Summary 51
  16. 16. Full report available at:
  17. 17. 2009 Annual Report Rural Territorial Dynamics ProgramLatin American Centerfor Rural Development
  18. 18. 2
  19. 19. Moving towards the generation of proposalsThis Annual Report offers us a new opportunity to render account and to share the work and results of the RuralTerritorial Dynamics Program with our partners and collaborators.In the introduction to the 2008 report, we said that the program was at a stage in which we were looking to“establish solid bases for achieving significant and high-quality results, effects and impacts.” During 2009, theprogram’s 54 partners and 120 collaborators have generated an impressive set of partial and final results throughresearch, capacity building, communications, international relations and, most recently, incidence work in dif-ferent areas of public action.The program has facilitated spaces for dialogue, critical analysis of proposals by external specialists, and projectmonitoring and evaluation aimed at ensuring that everything we do is significant and of the highest possible quality.This report presents what was done and achieved in 2009 in a brief and necessarily partial form. We invitereaders to learn more about the issues that interest them most on our website,, and on ourpartners’ websites.If we had to summarize the progress that was made in 2009, we would have to say that we built on the basesconstructed in 2008 in order to develop sufficient high-quality inputs to move forward more decidedly in 2010in the collective construction of proposals for the societies in which we participate. The immediate challenge isto integrate and synthesize these inputs in an innovative vision and strategies for the sustainable developmentof rural territories.We have 30 months left in which to turn these results into products for the transformation of rural societies. Iinvite our partners and collaborators to maintain their focus on the goals that this program is designed to achieve: • The formation of coalitions that build and promote an innovative vision and strategies for the sustainable development of rural territories. • A vision of the revitalization of rural territories with social justice and environmental sustainability and strategies for implementing it. • Changes in various areas of public and private action consistent with the program’s vision and strategies.Julio A. BerdegueProgram Coordinator
  20. 20. Section one: RuralDynamics in the Territories
  21. 21. RTD program research projects 14 In early 2009, the program completed the analysis of selected and Figure 2 shows their dynamics of social and economic change in over 10,000 geographic locations. 13 municipalities (or their equivalents) in 11 countries. 11 12 Using the Elbers et al. 1 method, geographic areas The project coordination teams presented 10 15 characterized by different development outcomes proposals that were evaluated by two anonymous 16 were identified. Based on these maps, 19 territories reviewers and then adjusted, based on the comments in 11 countries were selected as sites for the program received. Each research project fits into the general meth- based on their dynamics of economic growth and social odological framework of the applied research component, 7 inclusion, in order to concentrate research and capacity which has been modified progressively according to the partial building activities in them. Table 1 lists the territories results obtained and the needs of the research activities. Table 1. Selected territories 9 8 Country Territory Surface in Km2 Population 1. Bolivia Chaco Tarijeno 13.072 225.366 18 2. Brazil Cariri Paraibano 7.075 119.430 19 3. Brazil Costa de Santa Catarina 15.000 1.500.000 17 4. Brazil Jiquirica Valley, Bahia 12.414 309.192 5. Chile Central Chiloe 3.412 89.000 6. Chile Interior dryland of the O’Higgins Region 2.153 20.093 7. Colombia Upper Suarez and Lake Fuquene basin 483 35.337 1 8. Ecuador Loja 10.793 404.835 9. Ecuador Tungurahua 3.369 441.034 10. El Salvador Northern riverbank of Humedal Cerron Grande 570 70.048 11. Guatemala Southeastern area of Jutiapa and Jalapa 570 70.000 12. Honduras Olancho 1.009 36.375 13. Mexico Mezcal region of Oaxaca 18.220 490.745 6 14. Mexico South-central Yucatan Region 628 29.900 15. Nicaragua Macizo de Penas Blancas, La Dalia 462 126.209 16. Nicaragua Dairy region 546 16.404 17. Peru Cuatro Lagunas, Cusco 954 35.000 5 18. Peru Sierra de Jauja, Junin 2.100 60.000 19. Peru Southern Valley of Cusco 3.749 88.926 1 Elbers, C., Lanjouw, J. O., Lanjouw, P. 2003. “Micro-level Estimation of Poverty and Inequality.” Econometrica 71(1): 355-364.12
  22. 22. Figure 2: Geographic The research questions of the 19 projects can be proposed in Loja, where it is thought that public and organized into four groups: private investment stimulated the creation of newlocations of selected networks of relationships in the geographic space, whileterritories 1.What explains successful making production and local business more dynamic. territorial dynamics? Most of the projects include research questions aimed 3. Assets endowment, use and at explaining the territorial differences within the distribution countries, specifically successful dynamics. This is Several projects pose questions that link assets en- the case of Tarija, Cariri, Santa Catarina, Jiquirica, dowment, use and distribution with social actors and Loja, Tungurahua, Cerron Grande and the dairy region coalitions. Several analyze how social actors and co- of Nicaragua. alitions participate in and influence the way in which the territory’s assets are distributed (Tarija, Chiloe, Other proposals, such as the two from Mexico, are Fuquene, Cerron Grande, Jutiapa and Jalapa, and La related to the public and social decisions and actions Dalia). Others analyze the relationship between assets that encourage successful rural territorial development and institutional frameworks. dynamics (the case of Oaxaca) and “exogenous” and “endogenous” phenomena that have influenced the Several proposals explore the link between institutional territorial dynamics for the past 20 years (the case frameworks and the distribution of the territory’s as- of Yucatan). sets. Cuatro Lagunas deals with institutional dynamics 2 that explain the heterogeneity observed in the terri- Some projects explore specific factors in order to tory. In O’Higgins, work is focused on the institutional 4 explain the dynamics of the territory, such as devel- framework that allowed the productive transformation opment strategies based on the extraction of natural in this territory to be socially inclusive. In Nicaragua’s resources (Tarija), the benefit of a specific geographic dairy region and Jauja, the projects are designed to condition (Tungurahua) or the phenomenon of migra- determine how public policies contribute to or hinder tion (Yucatan and the dairy region of Nicaragua). The more inclusive and equitable development. One of the role of stakeholders, social coalitions and institutional proposals, La Dalia, will explain how the valorization of frameworks in the development of the territories is the territory’s assets is associated with the institutional also addressed (Tungurahua and Cerron Grande). changes made over the past few years. 3 2. Links between social actors and 4. Environmental services and the coalitions and the institutional conservation of natural capital framework Several projects address how social coalitions and insti- All projects explore the relationships between social tutional frameworks favor the conservation of natural actors, coalitions and institutional frameworks at the capital. Cases of Jutiapa and Jalapa, Cariri, and Yucatan territorial scale. While Chiloe, Olancho and La Dalia analyze the sustainability of the territorial dynamics projects look at social actors and coalitions that have and perspectives of those processes in these regions. conditioned institutional frameworks that stimulate In O’Higgins, there are plans to explore the elements more successful dynamics, others suggest the direct that have determined socially inclusive development influence of those actors on local administrations, as dynamics, but without an adequate management of is the case in Tarija and Cerron Grande. The inverse is emerging environmental conflicts. 13
  23. 23. MexicoTerritorial dynamics in the south-centralYucatan region: less poverty, less inequalityPartners: Program of Studies on Economic Change and Sustainability ofMexican Agriculture (PRECESAM), Economic Studies Center of the MexicoSchool, Autonomous University of YucatanThough 22% of the population of the municipalitiesof Acanceh, Cuzama, Huhi and Homun in the Mexi-can state of Yucatan continues to live in poverty,between 1990 and 2005 the number of poor familiesdecreased and their consumption increased in acontext of lower inequality. This project explores Coming soon…the reasons for these positive results. Mexico In order to better understandThese municipalities belong to what was the country’s the dynamics observed inhenequen (agave) production area until the 1980s. these municipalities, addi-They share borders and a relatively homogenous tional work will be conductedidentity, with similarities in terms of history, economic on the following: identifica-strategies, culture, natural conditions and physical tion and description of new over the past 20 years. At the national level, the re-infrastructure. The territory is home to over thirty stakeholders in the territory orientation of the government’s role in the economy,thousand people, 52% of whom are of Mayan origin. and their networks or coali- democratization and rural reform is noteworthy. At theIt has a long history of agricultural activities in which tions; the role of young people local level, the decrease in the henequen economy,the campesinos’ land is mainly for common use. Its the sale of the quasi-governmental company Cordeles as stakeholders based onproximity to Merida, good communications, roadways, Mexicanos (Cordomex) in the early 1990s, and the effects their educational level andand the presence of vestiges of Mayan temples, arti- of Hurricane Isidora in 2002 led thousands of people remunerated work; the effectsans, and cenotes (sinkholes) give the municipalities to turn to new types of work. This process led to the of government transfers anda high potential for tourism. economic diversification of the municipalities. In spite other public programs in the of the weight that the manufacturing sector has had territory; changes based onOne of the hypotheses that emerged from the study is as a result of the establishment of textile companies’ the loss of hegemony of thethat improvements in households’ wellbeing are due maquilas in the early 1990s, their importance has de- PRI (Institutional Revolutionaryto the growth of salaried income and public transfers creased with the onset of the 21st century whilst that Party) and on the incorpora-such as Oportunidades and Procampo. The reduction of other activities has increased. Salaried work at the tion of the Protestant faith;in transaction (transportation) costs promoted a sala- maquilas and other urban activities have reduced the changes and the state of agri-ried employment process based on the daily work of supply of family labour affecting intense traditional culture, land use, biodiversityinhabitants from the territory in Merida and Cancun. activities at home. However, family farming based on and other natural resources; milpa-production (corn, beans and squash) and back- changes in nutritional and eat-The research indicates that exogenous and endogenous yard gardening (vegetable plots, herbs and livestock) ing patterns; and the familyphenomena have influenced the territory’s dynamics persists, though it is now managed by the elderly. manufacturing economy. 19
  24. 24. Nicaragua Governance in the use of and access to natural resources in the Macizo de Penas Blancas Nature Reserve Socios: Nitlapan Institute of Research and Development, Central American University of Nicaragua, Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS – Denmark) The Macizo de Penas Blancas Nature Reserve coffee. This was accompanied by a discourse experienced stagnation in average consumption on environmentally sustainable development between 1998 and 2005. However, the terri- production in the area of the reserve. tory also experienced improvements in its Gini • The increase in the demand coefficient during that period. What territorial for water for domestic use due dynamics have produced the economic and dis- to population growth, which Nicaragua tributive changes observed? This question is the went from 92,000 inhabitants in point of departure of the study of this territory. 1998 to 126,000 in 2005. This led to concerns over the reserve’s forest and the According to our research, the use and control of ecological and water services that it provides. land in the Macizo de Penas Blancas Nature Reserve is the central axis around which revolve the organi- It is the source of 80% of the water used in the municipalities of Tuma-La Dalia, Rancho Grande, Coming soon… zational and economic practices of traditional stake- and Cua, and pollution has been detected in holders of this territory. Such stakeholders include water sources during the initial stages of coffee The research will expand on the the major landowners of La Dalia; the inhabitants actions taken by social actors re- processing (“honey water”). of poor settlements who provide labor for the large lated to: the use and control of • International cooperation agencies and mu- land in the area; how the endow- agricultural operations; and the small-scale land- owners who grow coffee in the highlands, mainly nicipal governments have stepped up efforts to ment and valorization of assets ensure sustainable development and protection of social actors has changed; the in the Cua and Rancho Grande regions. of the reserve as part of a plan to increase de- institutional change associated centralization and strengthen the relationship with the actions of such actors The main hypothesis is that the economic, distribu- and changes in the endowment between the mayor’s office and the community. tive and environmental changes observed are due and valorization of assets; and This has been expressed, for example, through to the fact that competition among social actors the causal relationship between the creation of a physical land registry in order for the use and control of the land has been car- institutional changes promoted to promote protection and regulate the use of by social actors and economic ried out increasingly in the environmental field and soil and water; through the formation of the activities and their distribution, has become less of a ‘productivism’ issue. This is Municipal Association of Penas Blancas del Norte the distribution of consumption mainly due to: (AMUPEBLAN); and through the development of and poverty, and the environ- a Management Plan proposal. mental conditions. •The coffee crisis, which led producers to seek out new niches in the market, such as organic20
  25. 25. Section Two:Capacity Building
  26. 26. Conceptual framework and methodology for capacity building In the context of the program, ment Agency (NZAID). The work will “capacity building” is defined as Quito meeting: provide real experience and practical the process by which the various evidence of what works in rural territo- stepping up the pace stakeholders who are important rial development and what doesn’t, and for territorial dynamics acquire The members of the teams that are carrying out will channel these messages to those new knowledge, capacities capacity building activities in Honduras, El Salva- responsible for designing policies and and skills in order to work dor, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Ecuador and Chile and programs as well as opinion-shapers. in a coordinated manner and members of the Coordination Unit met last June For a summary of the current situation promote changes that simulta- 22-24 in Quito. of each territory in the area of capacity neously bring about economic building, see Table 4. growth, social inclusion and The members of the Coordination Unit presented environmental sustainability. Every territory presents a unique real- the context in which the Capacity Building compo- ity. In view of this, the methodology nent is inserted in the program, its methodologi- The main focus should be placed and tools were designed to be flexible on capacities for improving the cal guidelines and the orientations and proposals so that they can adapt to specific quality and effectiveness of for the Communities of Practice. Country teams circumstances. However, in all of the collective action, networking, presented an analysis of the initial situation, cases the plan includes the following: social innovation and social which included selection criteria and the main undertakings. Special attention characteristics of the territory, along with propos- 1. Research as a fundamental input for will be paid to strengthening als for identifying and working with local leaders, capacity building the most socially excluded and as well as strengths and weaknesses in order to We start from the basis that an poorest groups. progress in each one of the anticipated products. effective capacity building process in Lastly, agreements were presented and those a territory must be based on diligent The first capacity building proj- responsible for the territories prepared their work research that identifies the territory ects are being implemented in to be considered, its social actors and plans for the coming months. six territories in Chile, Ecuador, sound hypotheses that clearly estab- Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Sal- lish the main axes of change. Proper vador and Honduras. The work Thanks to this fruitful meeting, the rhythm of research allows for the identification for this component in Central the component has increased. This initiative was of the most important stakeholders and America has been reinforced a developed in response to one of the main recom- the role that they play in the territory great deal by the donation made mendations that the Advisory Council made to the and provides focus to the work of the last year by the New Zealand’s Coordination Unit for 2009. capacity building component. International Aid and Develop-54
  27. 27. Equitierra Magazine: over four thousand subscribed in 2009 Overcoming inequalities and the persis- President of WWF; and Robert tence of rural poverty, from the urgent to Sauve, Vice Minister of Rural Equitierra in numbers – 2009 the important… Equitierra has dedicated and Regional Development of yet another year to rural issues in Latin • 2,500 downloads of full issues of Equitierra the Province of Quebec, Canada. America. During 2009, this publication occurred this year. Table 5 shows the top five experienced favorable development most read articles in 2009. It was also a year of innovation shown by the increase in subscribers • 12,000 users of the Wobook platform viewed at for Equitierra. During this period, (4,000 voluntarily subscribed by year’s least one issue of Equitierra magazine. spaces that allowed for exchanges end; 60% more than the previous year), • Visitors’ average browsing time on Equitierra’s with readers opened up through the improvement in the way issues are website was 9 minutes. Web 2.0 platforms like Facebook, handled and the inclusion of multimedia where we have 400 followers. It material in each issue. also has a presence in Wobook, the free digital publications exchange platform, which logged a Some of the issues developed throughout the year were the food total of 12,000 visits to different issues of the magazine during crisis, climate change and dynamics of growth, inequality and 2009. In addition, multimedia materials such as videos and photo poverty based on the initial results of the research conducted essays that accompanied Equitierra articles have received nearly by the program in Nicaragua, Peru, Chile and Ecuador. The pub- 1,000 visits on the Blip TV network. The photo albums posted lication also addressed innovative initiatives and undertakings in the program’s Flickr gallery ( contain with cultural identity in rural areas in several countries in the nearly 600 images that have received over 10,000 visits from region, the successful experiences of rural Brazil, and the impact cybernauts from all over the world. of the global financial crisis on rural poverty in Latin America. Interviews were held with such important figures as Jose Maria These spaces in social networks allow Equitierra to interact with Sumpsi, Deputy Director of FAO; Yolanda Kakabadse, International its audience and improve its position as an electronic journal. Table 5: Top five most read articles of 2009 1. Climate change: rescuing rural knowledge (Cambio climático: al rescate de los saberes rurales) Opinion column / Authors: Manuel Chiriboga and Ana Lucia Torres - Equitierra # 4 2. Halting poverty and revitalizing the rural medium: two priorities in the context of the crisis (Frenar la pobreza y revitalizar el medio rural: dos prioridades frente a la crisis) Article / Author: Sofia Torey - Equitierra # 4 3.The main gaps of the 2009 World Development Report (Los grandes ausentes del Informe de Desarrollo Mundial 2009) Article / Author: Maria Elena Montory - Equitierra # 4 4. Crisis and rural poverty in Latin America (Crisis y pobreza rural en América Latina) Opinion column / Authors: Carolina Trivelli and Johanna Yancari - Equitierra # 3 5. Yolanda Kakabadse - Climate change: the new challenge for biodiversity (Cambio climático: el nuevo reto para la biodiversidad) Interview / Author: Jennie Carrasco - Equitierra # 470
  28. 28. The challenge of being in the mediaIn order for the program to reach public opinion with its first year, a new way of looking at the Rural Pressits results and proposals and create better conditions Network emerged. Based on the work with the mediafor policy incidence, it is essential to have a media and development of specific campaigns during 2009,presence. From its inception, the program’s goal has we have reached the conclusion that the Networkbeen to generate permanent contact with journalists should be seen as a channel for providing the mediaand print media outlets throughout Latin America. with current and relevant content.In 2008, it facilitated the establishment of the RuralPress Network in order to improve the It is also important toquality and quantity of press coverage take advantage of theof key rural issues. In 2009, the positioning that the Rural Rural Press Press Blog has achieved.By the end of 2009, the Rural Press Net- This is a communicationwork had 47 members in Chile, Ecuador, Blog had and opinion tool in whichBolivia, Guatemala, Mexico, Brazil, 42,000 views journalists, researchers,Colombia, Peru, Nicaragua, Honduras, agents of developmentArgentina, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Paraguay, and 88 entries and program partnersthe Dominican Republic and El Salvador. from participate with issues and proposals that areWhile the network was designed to serve different helping build a collectiveas a space for exchange among journalistson rural issues and to improve coverage authors vision on rural territo- rial development. Theof such matters in the region’s media, it throughout blog began as a tool forsoon became clear that this goal wouldbe very difficult to achieve. It is not the Latin America. member journalists but has become somethingjournalist’s job to endorse a cause, but much broader and hasto report information objectively in order to generate generated a solid level of acceptance in the audi-public discussion. Meanwhile, the role of the program ence that it reaches. The three most popular entriesshould be to make use of the contact generated with in 2009 were: “How will the world crisis affectthe media in order to keep journalists informed of the Latin America in 2009,” with 8,442 visits, followed byissues under discussion in the rural world in a timely “Ecuador’s new Constitution: a declaration in favorand agile manner. of the development model,” written by Pablo Ospina, RTD program partner, with 3,064 visits, and the articleThe network has been successful in allowing the “Natural biodiversity and cultural wealth: exploringprogram to take a first step towards getting closer to alternatives for territorial development in Bolivia,”and establishing links with the written press in Latin written by Rimisp RTD-IC project researcher MarceloAmerica. After reviewing the process and realizing Uribe, with 1,533 visits.the challenges as well as the progress made during 71
  29. 29. In the media 22 During 2009, at least 100 articles were published in nearly 60 media outlets in 15 countries. The following outlets published infor- mation, articles and reports based on the program’s work. Diario Prensa Libre (Guatemala) Contrapunto (El Salvador) Cadena de Noticias (Dominican Republic) Diario de Centroamerica (Guatemala) El (El Salvador) El Caribe (Dominican Republic) Telediario (Guatemala) EKA - business journal (Central America) (Dominican Republic) Terra Noticias (Regional) El Ecuatoriano Noticias (Ecuador) El Nacional (Venezuela) El Periodico de Mexico (Mexico) Noticias Hispanas (Regional) El Heraldo (Honduras) (Brazil) Portal do Agronegocio Goiano (Brazil) El Comercio (Peru) La Republica (Uruguay) Noticias Agricolas (Brazil) Prensa Grafica (El Salvador) La Jornada de Michoacan (Mexico) Campo Vivo (Brazil) Houston Chronicle (United States) Diario La Hora (Ecuador) Business News around El Paso Times (United States) the World (Colombia) Prensa Indigena (Mexico) Forolacfr – Centro de informacion The New Herald (United States) Finanzas Rurales (Regional) (Chile) Noticias ABC (Colombia) El Golfo Info (Mexico) El Comercio (Ecuador) Argenpress (Argentina) Notisistema (Mexico) Cambio de Michoacan (Mexico) Dinero (Colombia) El Informador (Mexico) Diario La Republica (Colombia) La Tribuna (Honduras) El Universal (Mexico) Diario Catarinense (Brazil) ADN (Spain) El Confidencial (Spain) La Prensa (Nicaragua) Minuto 59 (Venezuela) Aguas Digital (Mexico) El Nuevo Diario (Nicaragua) Frontera de Mexico (Mexico) SDP Noticias (Mexico) Diario O Estado de Sao Paulo (Brasil) Soitu (Spain) El Imparcial (Mexico) Portafolio de Diario El Tiempo The Baja California Chronicle El Mexicano online (Mexico) (Colombia) (United States) 22 All of the articles and reports published about the RTD program are available at
  30. 30. The website: the program’s showcaseThe program website launched a new statistics system AdWords campaign directed at specific audiences. Sincein 2009. Beginning in May, the Google Analytics system the beginning of the campaign in mid-November, it hasprovided detailed reports on the behavior of users on generated six thousand visits to the Crisis and Rural Povertythe RTD website such as the total number of visits reg- section alone.istered, most frequently viewed pages, documents and Most of thesereports downloaded, average amount of time spent on visits were from The Crisis andthe website and countries in which the users are resid-ing. The availability of these statistics has allowed the users who went to the program Rural PovertyRTD program’s Communications Team to make important website for the sectiondecisions regarding the dissemination of information. first time. A large percentage of homepage wasThe data from May through December 2009 shows clear users reached the the mostprogress in the number of visits to the website. While Crisis and Ruralthere were 11,039 visits between May and August, the Poverty section frequentlywebsite’s visits increased by 56% between September through search visited pageand December with 17,191 total visits. If we narrow engines and thendown the data further, we observe that there were took the time to in the Rimispnearly 5,000 visits in September and October and over12,000 in November and December, which represents view other pages and program sec- site during thean increase of 153%. See Figure 12. tions, thus gener- month ofWebsite visitors came from 70 countries in 2009. Peru- ating more traffic throughout the December,vian and Mexican nationals represent 10% and 9% of the site. surpassing eventotal, respectively. The statistics also show that mostwebsite users speak Spanish, but 13% speak English and The working pa- the Rimisp3% Portuguese. pers section of homepage, the program isThe progressive increase in the number of visits is the one of the most which rankedresult of the successive efforts to optimize the website frequently visited second.that took place during the second half of 2009. The pages on the en-launch of the Crisis and Rural Poverty in Latin America tire site. Betweenproject ( was July and the end of the year, a total of 2,000 of thosean important catalyst that produced a significant increase documents were downloaded. See Figure 13, whichin the number of visits and was accompanied by a Google details the most visited RTD website sections. 73
  31. 31. Members of the RTD Program Advisory Council From left to right: Brent Rapson (ex - officio representative of NZAID), Rosalba Todaro (Women’s Research Center, Chile), Jorge Katz (independent consul- tant, Chile, until August 2009), Miguel Urioste (Tierra Foundation, Bolivia), Monica Hernandez (Alternative Foundation, Ecuador), David Kaimowitz (Ford Foundation, Nicaragua), Julio Berdegue (Program Coordinator), Regina Novaes (IBASE, Brazil), Hubert Zandstra (independent consultant, Canada), Merle Faminow (ex- officio representative of IDRC, Uruguay), Eligio Alvarado (Dobba Yala Foundation, Panama) and German Escobar (ex- officio representative, Rimisp, Chile). Missing in the picture: Lazaro Cardenas (political leader, Mexico) and Juan Alberto Fuentes (Minister of Finance, Guatemala).92
  32. 32. Coordination UnitFrancisco Aguirre Rosamelia Andrade Julio A. BerdegueAdjunct Capacity Building Communications Coordinator General Program CoordinatorCoordinatorSince May (1/2 time)Lucia Carrasco Manuel Chiriboga Gilles ClicheAdministrator Adjunct Coordinator Adjunct Project Coordinator (20% time) NZAID (1/2 time) 93
  33. 33. Territorial Dynamics Program Rimisp
  34. 34. Full report available at:
  35. 35. CoordinationWeb projects & Media Campaigns
  36. 36. Link to website:
  37. 37. SINTESIS PARA LA PRENSA - Nº3 Preparado por el Programa Dinámicas Territoriales Rurales de Rimisp - Centro Latinoamericano para el Desarrollo Rural Noviembre 2009 Crisis y pobreza en América Latina Remesas en retroceso C Puntos Claves on la actual crisis económica mundial, la caída en los flujos de remesas se prevé como uno de • En algunos países, las remesas tienen una los impactos relevantes que sufrirán los importante participación en las cuentas hogares de menores recursos en muchos externas, y su disminución ya comenzó a Estados de América Latina. evidenciarse a fines de 2008. Esta disminución es más importante en • La emigración de algunos miembros del los países como El Salvador, Guatemala, hogar, sea dentro o fuera del país, representa Honduras, México, Nicaragua y República una forma de diversificación del ingreso de Dominicana, donde el porcentaje de hoga- muchos hogares pobres, que está siendo res que recibe remesas representa más afectada por la crisis. del 20% de los hogares a nivel nacional y rural, y constituyen más del 25% de los • En algunos sectores de la población, las ingresos del hogar, según indica un estudio remesas están cubriendo una creciente “Crisis y Pobreza Rural en América Latina”1 proporción de los gastos familiares y, en llevado a cabo por Rimisp, el Instituto de muchos casos, pueden hacer la diferencia Estudios Peruanos y el Fondo Internacio- entre caer o no en la pobreza. nal de Desarrollo Agrícola este año en 11 Dar a la población rural pobre la oportunidad países latinoamericanos. • Los hogares rurales pobres están entre los de salir de la pobreza más afectados con la reducción de remesas, Hasta mediados de 2009, casi ningún país tornándose su situación más crítica aún. de esta región había contemplado medidas específicas para mitigar el impacto de la • Una contracción en las remesas puede reducción de las remesas, y el tema ha impactar el índice de recuento de pobreza recibido escasa atención en la prensa. general. 1 El proyecto “Crisis y pobreza rural en América Latina” es una iniciativa conjunta de Rimisp-Centro Latinoamericano para el De-IEP Instituto de Estudios Peruanos sarrollo Rural, el Fondo Internacional de Desarrollo Agrícola (FIDA) y el Instituto de Estudios Peruanos (IEP). El estudio en que se Centre latino-américain pour le développement rural basa esta publicación fue financiado por el Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo ( a través del programa Dinámicas Territoriales Rurales coordinado por Rimisp. La publicación de los documentos de la serie Crisis y Pobreza Rural ha sido posible gracias a una donación del FIDA. Para acceder a la serie, visite 1