Roqeeb Giwa
Latin America Honors
Mr. Ensdorf
4/26/2014
Current drug war along the US and Mexico border
As of now there’s a...
large sum of Mexicans drug income comes from the U.S, making the relationship between the
U.S and Mexico a very close and ...
evolved over the decades (Council of Foreign Relations, March 5, 2014). This means that not
only is there a high crime rat...
an end to this war. The U.S government has supplied the Mexican government with funding and
intelligences to increase Mexi...
fix its’ corrupted government. They need to build a stronger security in Mexico itself and across
the border, but unfortun...
Bibliography
Libary CNN. . http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/02/world/americas/mexico-drug-war-fast-facts/.
News ABC.. http://abc...
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  1. 1. Roqeeb Giwa Latin America Honors Mr. Ensdorf 4/26/2014 Current drug war along the US and Mexico border As of now there’s a huge war in Mexico between the Mexican government and drug traffickers. At the same time, drug cartels are fighting each other for control of territories in Mexico. This war has been going on for over 6 years because the former president Felipe Calderon felt the need to declare war on drug cartels. Over 60,000 people have been killed during this war (Council of Foreign Relations, March 5, 2014) and the deaths seem to be increasing daily. More than 20, 000 people are considered disappeared. Mexican /U.S border is used to smuggle not only drugs but weapons to Mexico and the U.S (ISR, Redmond, Helen). Over half of guns recovered from Mexican criminal activity originated from sales in the United States which are smuggled across the border (Council of Foreign Relations, March 5, 2014). Ninety percent of the drugs that enters the U.S. comes’ through the Mexican border(Council of Foreign Relations, March 5, 2014). The mutual relationship between the U.S and Mexico on the border and as a nation plays a major role in this war. The high crime rate in Mexico seems to be increasing daily and this war doesn’t help the cause. Both the Mexican and U.S government are giving it their all to putting an end to this war. Is there hope to the end of drug war in Mexico? Firstly, Mexico has been named one of the world's most sophisticated drug networks. For example, Most of the U.S drugs come from Mexico through the Mexican border making the U.S Mexico’s number one customer when it comes to drug consumption. Also, Mexican drug cartels take in between $19 and $29 billion annually from U.S. drug sales and most of these drugs are smuggled into the U.S. through the border (CNN News, March 15, 2014). This means that a
  2. 2. large sum of Mexicans drug income comes from the U.S, making the relationship between the U.S and Mexico a very close and important relationship economically, to the cause of the war, and putting an end to the war. The U.S and Mexico share a mutual relationship concerning both economies. The U.S economy depends on México’s’ and Mexico’s economy depends on the U.S. The U.S economy depends on Mexican immigrants who come into the U.S to look for jobs. These immigrants come into the U.S looking for low paying jobs that they can used to take care of their family. Most American citizens believe that these immigrants come in to the U.S to take away their jobs but actually illegal immigrants take on jobs American citizens don’t want to do. These are jobs like farming, gardening etc. These immigrants account for 24% of farm workers (New York Times ,Julia Prestonand, May 17, 2007) the U.S economy really depends on food and agriculture which a large percent of illegal immigrants are accounted for. No illegal immigrants means no food for the U.S. Mexico’s economy depends on the U.S due to facts that if compared to the U.S, Mexico’s economy income is nowhere close to the U.S economy’s’ income. Mexico’s economy depends on the investment of U.S tourist that goes into Mexico to invest in businesses, go for vacation etc. Also, Corruption and weakness in Mexico's government and police departments have largely allowed the drug trade to flourish along the Mexican borders. This means that drug cartels have infected a part of the Mexican government and influenced them with bribes to make their drug business more successful (Council of Foreign Relations, March 5, 2014. Also, this corruption has soon spread to the U.S government. Mexican drug cartels are recruiting American soldiers to act as hit men in the United States and paying them thousands of dollars to eliminate federal informants and organized crime rivals (NY Daily news, September 13, 2013). Secondly, Mexico’s crime rate seems to be increasing daily and the drug war doesn’t seem to be helping its cause. For example, there are approximately 6,700 licensed firearms dealers in the U.S. along the U.S.-Mexico border. There is only one legal firearms retailer in Mexico (CNN Library, March 15, 2014). This means that mostly all gun owners in Mexico don’t have a license for their weapon which might be the reason of Mexico’s high crime rate because it’s easy for everyone to get a gun. Also, over half of the guns recovered from Mexican criminal activity originated from sales in the United States which are smuggled to Mexico through the border. This means that the U.S plays a huge role in the increase of Mexico’s crime rate. Lastly, Mexico's drug cartels have splintered, forged alliances, battled one another for territory, and
  3. 3. evolved over the decades (Council of Foreign Relations, March 5, 2014). This means that not only is there a high crime rate in Mexico but the drug war between cartels also adds on to the problem. Drug Cartels battle each other every day over territories and random citizens and people are caught in this cross fire. They kill people horrifically just to send or prove a point. Some of their horrific killing styles are dressing a wounded man as a police officer and then luring law enforcement to his side by calling in a report of an officer down. Also, Drug cartels live on both sides of the border. Street gangs with cartel ties are not only in Los Angeles and Dallas, but also in many smaller cities across the United States and much farther north of the Mexican border. Mexican cartels are proven to be in over 1,000 U.S. cities. The violence the drug war is not only in Mexico but somehow it has managed to spread its wings into the U.S. Authorities in Arizona, Georgia and other states have reported abductions and killings similar to that of the drug cartels in Mexico. For example, On July 15, the Juarez drug cartel detonated a car bomb on the streets of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, less than a mile from the U.S. border. When first responders attempted to help a wounded man, a car bomb with more than 20 pounds of explosives inside was detonated, killing four people and wounding 20 (ABC News). These Drug Cartels are not helping to put an end to this war but are rather fueling it. The crackdown on cartel leaders splintered the organizations. This has created between 60-80 new drug trafficking gangs. Lastly, the U.S/Mexican governments have done a lot to put a stop to the end of this war. For example, the U.S. has spent millions of dollars on increasing its security across the border and recently we just successfully captured the leader of the dominant drug-trafficking organization in Mexico, Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman (Mexico's Drug War, New York Times). In addition, the Mexican government is also putting all their effort in ending this war and they are proving to be successful in their effort. So far the Mexican government has killed more than 40 major cartel members (Mexico's Drug War, New York Times) and it looks like there’s finally a sign of hope to the end of this drug war. They have also tried to prevent the amount of corruptions in the government by deploying tens of thousands of military personnel to replace local police forces. Due to this strategy the Mexican government has successfully made several high-profile arrests and killings of cartel leaders. With cooperation with the United States, the Mexican government has killed or captured 25 of the top rank and most wanted drug organizations in Mexico. Both the U.S and The Mexican government are finally starting to prove effective in this war. Lastly, both the U.S and the Mexican government have joined forces to put
  4. 4. an end to this war. The U.S government has supplied the Mexican government with funding and intelligences to increase Mexico's institutional capacity to address drug trafficking and to end the war as soon as possible. During Felipe Calderon’s time in office as Mexico’s president, he tried to aggressively approach the drug cartels by declaring war on them. He sent Mexican military across the country and fired lots of México’s’ corrupt police officers. The declaration of war by Calderon led to the bloodshed of thousands of people which included cartel members, police and civilians who were caught in the middle of a gruesome war between Calderon and the drug cartels. President Enrique Peña Nieto, upon taking office in late 2012, promised to make the Mexican government first priority to ending this was is to stop curbing kidnappings, extortion, and every other forms of violence caused by the war. So far Peña strategy seems to be bringing good results. His idea has contribute to the capture of high-profile of drug lords, including Mexico's most wanted kingpin, Joaquin "Chapo" Guzman of the Sinaloa Cartel . Peña’s strategy seems to have proven more successful than the former president Calderon. Calderon focused more on a head on and aggressive solution to end the war. He decided to go fully at the drug cartels, disregarding the effect it would have on the innocents. Peña is basing his solution on a more strategic idea rather than an aggressive one. He is trying to save the people who Calderon has forcibly dragged into the war them work his way to the cartels. Peña has done more help to the war than Calderon had done to the cause of the war. In Conclusion, Is there an end to the drug war in Mexico? The Mexican drug war has been going on for a long time and it doesn’t seem to be at its wits. This war has involved both the U.S and the Mexican government. The U.S and Mexican’s relationship has played a huge role in this war. Since we are neighbors the U.S and Mexico have reached a very mutual relationship both positively and negatively. The U.S supplies Mexico with guns. Mexico supplies the U.S with drugs. Both countries’ government seems to have realized these mutual relations, which is why they’ve joined forces to put an end to this war. During an interview with the now-elected president of Mexico whom was asked, “What are the most important things you have to do to lift it out of its hole of drug violence and anemic economic growth?” He said, “I’m feeling a renewed sense of hope and optimism about what we can do in the coming years. First, restore peace and tranquility in Mexico, which means altering our public security strategy: more effective law enforcement coordination, stronger judicial institutions…..” (Padgett Tim, Time). I agree with this theory and believe that in order to stop this war, the Mexican government has to
  5. 5. fix its’ corrupted government. They need to build a stronger security in Mexico itself and across the border, but unfortunately this sounds more like a myth than an actual possibility if the thought of the escalation of this war is been revised thoroughly. I believe with the U.S government and the Mexican government working together this idea could actually be accomplished. It all comes down to how? When? And how long it’s going to take for this to happen? Also, in order for this war to end the U.S has to reduce the demand for drugs. This would cause a huge dent in the cartels’ businesses. Based on facts, we all know that drug cartels collect a huge sum of money annually from smuggling drugs to the U.S. Reducing the demand for drugs would reduce the large income these cartels get from the U.S. This process would slowly start to affect the use and before you know it these cartels start to lose power, territory and wealth, which is the reason why the war was declared in the first place. Also the U.S. government has to stop the trafficking of weapons from the United States to Mexico through the border because statistics has proven that all of the killings done by drug cartels are done with guns smuggled into Mexico and most of it coming from the U.S. Basically in order for this war to end, Mexico and The U.S. have to fix the negative relationship they have between one another. What people fail to realize is that this war has led to the bloodshed of countless of innocent lives that are caught in the crossfire of the battle for territory between drug cartels, and the battle between drug cartels and the Mexican government. If the drug war isn’t put an end to, the amount of bloodshed this war will bring would be immeasurable. The drug war could not only threaten U.S. national security but even survival of the Mexican state. This War has to end! President Enrique Peña Nieto, upon taking office in late 2012, promised to make the Mexican government first priority to ending this was is to stop curbing kidnappings, extortion, and every other forms of violence caused by the war (Council of Foreign Relations, March 5, 2014). So far Peña strategy seems to be bringing good results. His idea has contribute to the capture of high- profile of drug lords, including Mexico's most wanted kingpin, Joaquin "Chapo" Guzman of the Sinaloa Cartel. Peña’s strategy seems to have proven more successful than the former president Calderon. Calderon focused more on a head on and aggressive solution to end the war. He decided to go fully at the drug cartels, disregarding the effect it would have on the innocents. Peña is basing his solution on a more strategic idea rather than an aggressive one. He is trying to save the people who Calderon has forcibly dragged into the war them work his way to the cartels. Peña has done more help to the war than Calderon had done to the cause of the war.
  6. 6. Bibliography Libary CNN. . http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/02/world/americas/mexico-drug-war-fast-facts/. News ABC.. http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/photos/drug-war-us-mexico-border- 11367223/image-11383598. NY Times.. Maung, Maung. n.d., n. pag. http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/mexico/drug_trafficking/. NY Daily..D, Hastings.. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/drug-cartels-mexico-hire-u-s- soldiers-assassins-article-1.1454851. Council on Foreign Relations.. B, Lee.. http://www.cfr.org/mexico/mexicos-drug-war/p13689. Primary Source: An Interview with Mexico’s President on his view concerning the Mexican Drug War World. Time.. T, Padgett, Mexico’s Peña Nieto Talks to TIME: ‘We Can Move Beyond the Drug War,” 30 Nov. 2012, http://world.time.com/2012/11/30/mexicos-pena-nieto-talks-to-time-we-can-move-beyond- the-drug-war/.

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