First of all I wouldlike to THANK Aimé for INVITING us to this conference to talk about the research we did in the market of ‘drones’.I know it is getting late, you have been listening all day suppose, but I will try to make my presentation as interesting as possible.
Before we start I would like to show you this futuristic video which, I hope , I gave you some FOOD for THOUGHT
This was a video production made for a contest, so it is not reality (yet) but it gives you a nice view on the future of the droneThis quote is from General Norton Schwartz, Chief of Staff of the US Navy, …. He clearly states that ther is a lot of misunderstanding of what drone are. …On picture we see the groundstation cockpit where 2 pilots control a drone used by the army. 15 screen, 2 keyboerds, 4 joystick,… all to control the drone. So it is really a Remote Piloted Aircraft.
At the end of the day, ‘Drone’ ‘UAV’ and RPAS are the most used words
Another interesting person who I met at the DARC Conference at NY University is Prof. Mary Cummings.She explained that she was so proud to be the first woman flying a F18 fighter jet and so proud she could get that bombastic fighter jet to land on the Aircraft Carrier.Now on the other hand she also told me a little secret, she told me the landing was an automatic process. Approaching the carrier, they just had to push a button and the machine took over and landed savely. And that was exactly her point !Mary was the first fighter jet pilot landing on large aircraft carriers (vliegdekschepen)
Drones exist in all shapes and sizesMass in lbs (pound) : 1 lbs = 0,45 kg
Depending on the Category of drone it will have a different PAYLOAD (laadvermogen)different RANGE CATEGORY or ENDURANCE
The overall perception is that “done” = BAD
Public Acceptance / Risk Acceptance: when people hear the word DRONE they think about war, danger and all kinf of bad thingsA lot of work to be doneon Drone IMAGE BUILDING, associate a drone with the good instead of the bad. We need Standards/Certifications/TrainingPower/Energy - Battery life time is one of the biggest chellenges. Sense and avoid: needs all attention it can support the public acceptance: PARACHUTTE and AIRBAGSIt s a balance between devices on the drone, payload and the ENDURANCE(uithoudingsvermogen)Need to reserve a Communications/Frequency Spectrum. => in interference with other communication layersNeed a European Legal framework / Privacy Cyber security: watch out for drone hijackers via GPS spoofing : US drone hijacked by Iran or HezbollahLiability and Insurance: the risk related to Drone is not well understood, limited number of insurrance companies that are prepared to underwite an INSURANCE POLICY contracts because they have issues in doing the real risk assesment.Exports Controls - different rules in different countries
A user makes a purchase on his or her smartphone, and selects Flirtey as the delivery method of choice. Back at headquarters, a human packs up the purchased items — although Zookal hopes to automate the packing in the future — and attaches it to the drone. A few minutes later, the drone and your package arrive. Total time from submitting an order to having the book in your hand: two or three minutes, Haider said.Flirtey can deliver packages to any outdoor space, including doorsteps, backyards, street corners and even balconies. At first, the drones will be able to deliver books within a kilometer radius (about 0.6 miles) from a dispatch center, but Haider said that as the team improves the technology, he hopes to increase delivery distance to five or 10 kilometers (three to six miles). Flirtey has been tested in the area around Zookal's Sydney headquarters, but will become an option for customers located in many Australian cities, since Zookal has operations nationwide. Australian students will be able to choose drone delivery starting in March 2014. Zookal plans to test the drones in Asian markets before bringing them to the United States in 2015."People are generally amazed when they see it," Haider said, "But all technology seems a little bit crazy before it becomes mainstream. Decades ago, traveling by plane would have seemed farfetched, but look how common it is today."Haider emphasized that the team put an emphasis on safety while it was developing the delivery system. The drones have built-in collision-avoidance technology to make sure they don't cross paths with birds, trees and buildings. Flirtey is a hexacopter, meaning it flies with six rotors, and can still function if one of them is lost or damaged. Privacy was another top priority for Zookal and Flirtey. The drones have no cameras and cannot record images or audio. They also don't have the ability to collect data, Haider said." We didn't want this to become 1984 We didn't want this to become 1984," he reassured.Right now, the only goods you can have shipped via drone are textbooks and other educational supplies, but Haider said that in the future, the technology can be utilized by other companies to ship clothing, electronics, homewares and and other goods.
When human response time is just too slow, robots can pick up the slack. That's the idea behind the Defikopter, a drone that parachutes defibrillators to heart-attack victims and emergency responders.Created by German nonprofit organization Definetz and drone-developer Height Tech, the Defikopter is controlled by a GPS-enabled smartphone app, which lets users request an emergency defibrillator. It can travel within a radius of 10 kilometers (a little over 6 miles), and fly at speeds of up to 70 kilometers per hours (around 43 miles per hour). In addition to avoiding traffic jams that would slow down ambulances and other on-the-ground vehicles, the drone would be useful in areas that are sparsely populated, or have difficult terrain for travel, according to a release.The American Red Cross reports that "For each minute defibrillation is delayed, the chance of survival is reduced approximately 10%," so a drone's quick response time may make all the difference.What do you think of the Defikopter? Tell us in the comments, below.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundations
What EU definesd as Essential requirements considered for RPAS integrationVFR: VLOS, EVLOS, BVLOSIFR: RLOS, BRLOS (0 – 150m, >150m - 500m, >500m)
1. Very Low Level (VLL) RPAS operations below IFR and VFR altitudes (<150 meters above ground)VLOS = Visual Line of sight : <500 meters from the remote pilote and visual contactE-VLOS = Extended Visual Line of sight : >500 meters, observers visual contactB-VLOS = Beyond Visual Line of sight : beyond visual line-of-sight requiring additional technological support2. VFR/IFR RPAS operations (> 150 meters above ground)VFR = Visual Flight Rules : are a set of regulations under which a pilot operates an aircraft in weather conditions generally clear enough to allow the pilot to see where the aircraft is going.IFR = Instrument Flight Rules : is operation of the aircraft primarily through referencing the instruments rather than visual reference. RLOS = In Radio Line of sight : in non-segregated airspace where manned aviation is present – detect and avoid is required-BRLOS = Beyond Radio Line of sight : satellite communications services by a COM service provider, flight profiles similar to current manned commercial air tranportSegregate = scheiden
If you want the report, feel free to drop me a mail.
At this point there is local/national regulation in preparation (with local lobbying) + the EU is also preparing a framework to cover all legal aspects on crossborder level
LQR = Linear Quadratic RegulatorFor trajectory tracking, we can use LQR control techniques to obtain an optimum control law based on minimizing control effort and tracking er-ror.
Inertial measurement unit = IMU-camera and a Laser Scanner
Mobile TRAILORROOF can automatically open to allow the drone to TAKE OFFOn return roof opens again, drone will LAND on PLATFORM
The world of Unmanned Systems is Evolving. DRONES TAKE OFF !