Using Multimedia in Moodle


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Using Multimedia in Moodle

  1. 1. Using Multimedia Resources in Moodle Curriculum, Technology, and Education Reform (CTER)
  2. 2. Definition of Multimedia Learning (Meyer, 2001)  Traditional learning: verbal message as the primary means of explaining ideas to learners.  Lectures  Printed lessons and text  Multimedia: the presentation of material using both words and pictures
  3. 3. Brain Function in Multimedia Learning (Mayer, 2003) Assumptions:  Dual channel: separate information- processing channels for visual and verbal materials.  Channels have limited capacity.  Active processing: learning requires substantial cognitive processing in the verbal and visual channel.
  4. 4. Goal/Purpose of Using Multimedia  Maximize the usage of both channels  Balance the processing load of both channels  Use one channel to share the burden of the other  Prime related concepts and knowledge to structure learning  Present material which is difficult or impossible to convey as written text  Motivation: fun & interesting
  5. 5. Principles for Using Multimedia  Provide a prequestion (Mayer, Dow & Mayer, 2003)  Make description a narration  No need to include an image or video of the narrator, unless there’s some demonstration. Talking head = boring.  Do not include explanation in both text and narration styles
  6. 6. Principles for using multimedia (cont.)  Give students chance to pause the video/audio and ask questions  Make the multimedia interactive  Provide pre-training on key components/concepts in the multimedia to enhance students’ understanding of the multimedia resource
  7. 7. Principles for using multimedia (cont.)  Presenting more materials may result in less understanding! (Mayer, Heiser, & Lonn, 2001): Dual-channel theory of multimedia learning: overload the visual information processing channel and force attention split. Inserted video and narration prime the activation of inappropriate prior knowledge as the organizing schema for the lesson.
  8. 8. Principles for using multimedia (cont.)  Presenting more materials may result in less understanding!  No concurrent on-screen text (summary or duplication of the video/audio)  No conceptually irrelevant clips, thought might be interesting, before or during the video  BUT, learning from animation (visual) can be enhanced by adding narration (audio).
  9. 9. Supported Media Types  .mp3 - MPEG Audio Stream, Layer III  .swf - Macromedia Flash Format File (Adobe, Inc.)  .mov - QuickTime Video Clip (Apple Computer, Inc.)  .wmv - Windows Media File (Microsoft)  .mpg - MPEG Animation  .avi - Audio Video Interleave File  .flv - Flash Video File (Macromedia, Inc.)  .ram - RealMedia Metafile (RealNetworks, Inc.)  .rpm - RealMedia Player Plug-in (RealNetworks)  .rm - RealMedia Streaming Media (Real Networks, Inc.) 
  10. 10. Other Media Types  Java/Javascript demos  Specialized plugins for content areas (e.g., CAD drawings or chemistry visualization)  Etc.  Link to the site which contains the resource. Most of the time you can keep the content in a Moodle frame so the students don’t get lost.
  11. 11. Multimedia Filter in Moodle  Finds URLs in text which point to multimedia resources and replaces them with the appropriate multimedia player for the content type  Will display most common types of media in place (rather than requiring user to download them).  Must be turned on by Moodle administrator.
  12. 12. Inserting Multimedia in Moodle  How it works:  Simply paste the URL of the multimedia resource into your text  Can be a file you’ve placed in the course files area or on an external web site.  Moodle automatically generates the correct player for the media type.  Moodle detects the media type from the filename (.mp3 = audio, .mov = QuickTime movie, and so on)
  13. 13. Examples of Multimedia  Flash simulations  (Jonassen, et al, 2003)  Audio/video  Resource  Forum  Java-scratch  Scorm
  14. 14. Using Flash in Moodle  Embed multiple Flash files in a webpage  Upload all Flash files to Moodle  Use links to embed the files  Existing Flash on an external webpage  Link as a Moodle resource or embed in an internal frame  Single .swf Flash file  Upload to Moodle  Share as a resource
  15. 15. Attaching Audio in a Forum
  16. 16. Pronunciation
  17. 17. Editor View for Pronunciation
  18. 18. SCORM Module for Tutorials (1)
  19. 19. SCORM Module for Tutorials (2)
  20. 20. SCORM Module for Tutorials (3)
  21. 21. Demo
  22. 22. Suggested Uses  View video assignments  Submitting video reports / observations  Group discussion on video clip  Multimedia quizzes in Flash  Pronunciation practice / Listening activity  Restricting access to multimedia (e.g. copyrighted material or research data)
  23. 23. Tips  If the multimedia files are already on another public server, there’s no need to move the files. Simply link them.  Large multimedia files (>5 or 6 MB) should be placed on other servers such as NetFiles, YouTube, etc. whenever possible  Office 2004 on a Mac has the ability to export PowerPoint as QuickTime movie.  OpenOffice can also export Powerpoint slides into a Flash movie.
  24. 24. Multimedia Development Tools  Adobe Captivate  Camtasia Studio  Audacity  PowerPoint/Open Office  Windows Movie Maker  iMovie  Scratch  Jing