History of TV News With Some LinksPresentation Transcript
A Brief History of
The Nineteenth Century,
Prior to Radio & Television
• Many Small Newspapers Served a Given Region,
providing competition and each having a strong
political stance. (Adversarial Concept of Journalism)
• Gradually the numbers declined with one or two
papers even in large markets. Radio emerges and
the two are often together in one company.
(Consensus Concept of Journalism begins.)
Network Radio, Film,Then TV,
March of Time on Radio
March of Time Newsreel at Movie Theaters
The 1930’s & 40’s: Dominance of Radio News
After WW II, and the rise of Television, new forms of
Journalism, often live:
Edward R. Murrow’s “See It Now” for CBS - 1951
The "See It Now" March 9, 1954 Segment by Murrow
on McCarthy & Hearings
Influence of Technology
In 1950s and 60s - nearly all material in the studio was
live and after 1956, recorded onto video tape.
Remote stories were usually shot and edited on 16 mm
film, processed at the station and the packages inserted
into the program.
In 1970s the rise of the video cassette player and recorder
eliminated the film process.
Remote (Microwave) broadcasts in 1980s allowed for live
feeds locally. Satellites allowed such feeds nationally.
The Internet allows for live, streaming video.
Rise of Network News at Night
CBS - The CBS TV News with Douglas Edwards, 1948
Walter Cronkite in 1962
NBC - The Huntley-Brinkley Report, 1956
NBC Nightly News, John Chancellor, 1970
ABC - Weak competitor until the mid 70’s with Peter
Emergence of Cable/Satellite
CNN - Founded by Ted Turner; 1st Newscast, 1980
FOX News - Rupert Murdoch started the network
(channel) in 1985 and appointed Roger Ailes
to begin a 24 hour news channel in 1996.
MSNBC - Founded in 1996; at first co-owned by Microsoft
and NBC. Now, vast majority owned by NBC.
CNBC - The Consumer News and Business Channel,
founded in 1989.