Hedging Overview


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Hedging Overview

  1. 1. Open Source/Open Sharing/OKI/OCW Collaboration --- ....00aaaTEACH.WAV <ul><li>Bob Jensen Emeritus Professor of Accounting Trinity University in San Antonio 190 Sunset Hill Road Sugar Hill, NH 03586 </li></ul><ul><li>603-823-8482 [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Open source is a set of principles and practices that promote access to the design and production of goods and knowledge. The term is most commonly applied to the source code of software that is available to the general public with relaxed or non-existent intellectual property restrictions. This allows users to create software content through incremental individual effort or through collaboration.” Wikipedia --- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_source </li></ul>
  2. 2. Open Source History <ul><li>In the 1950s, IBM distributed operating systems in source format, and the SHARE user group was formed to facilitate the exchange of source code. In 1960's, researchers with access to the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) used a process called Request for Comments, which is similar to open standards, to develop telecommunication network protocols. Characterized by contemporary open source work, this collaborative process led to the birth of the Internet in 1969. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MIT OCW http://ocw.mit.edu/index.html <ul><li>MIT OCW is a large-scale, Web-based electronic publishing initiative funded jointly by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation , MIT, and generous support of the Ab Initio software company. </li></ul><ul><li>MIT OCW's goals are to: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide free, searchable access to MIT's course materials for educators, students, and self-learners around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Extend the reach and impact of MIT OCW and the &quot;opencourseware&quot; concept. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MIT OCW http://ocw.mit.edu/index.html <ul><li>MIT OCW would not be possible without the support and generosity of the MIT faculty who choose to share their research, pedagogy, and knowledge to benefit others. We expect MIT OCW to reach a steady - though never static - state by 2008. Between now and then, we will publish the materials from virtually all of MIT's undergraduate and graduate courses. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MIT OCW http://ocw.mit.edu/index.html <ul><li>We will be continually evaluating the Access, Use, and Impact of MIT OCW. With  1,550 courses published as of November 1, 2006, we are still in a learning stage of this MIT initiative and we will benefit enormously from your  feedback , as we strive to make MIT OCW as rich and useful as possible for our users. </li></ul>
  6. 6. MIT OCW Financial Acctg. Course <ul><li>The lecture note ( ..Miscellaneous MITaccounting.htm ) slides explain the basics of financial accounting. Students practice these skills on the required and optional textbook problems listed on the readings  page. </li></ul><ul><li>This six-week summer course teaches basic concepts of corporate financial accounting and reporting. This information is widely used in making investment decisions, corporate and managerial performance assessment, and valuation of firms. Students perform economics-based analysis of accounting information from the viewpoint of the users of accounting information (especially senior managers) rather than the preparer (the accountant). This course is restricted to MIT Sloan Fellows in Innovation and Global Leadership. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MIT OCW Financial & Managerial Acct. <ul><li>Helping students achieve the five course challenges is a thorough set of  lecture notes , complemented by class overviews and necessary handouts. A complete  quiz and midterm exam  are also available, with solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>15.514 is an intensive introduction to the preparation and interpretation of financial information for investors (external users) and managers (internal users) and to the use of financial instruments to support system and project creation. The course adopts a decision-maker perspective on accounting and finance with the goal of helping students develop a framework for understanding financial, managerial, and tax reports. 15.514 is restricted to System Design and Management students. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Connexions at Rice University --- http://cnx.rice.edu/ <ul><li>Connexions is a place to view and share educational material made of small knowledge chunks called modules that can be organized as courses, books, reports, etc. Anyone may view or contribute: </li></ul>
  9. 11. UC Berkeley’s Lectures on YouTube <ul><li>UC Berkeley is the first university to make videos of full courses available through YouTube. Visitors to the site at youtube.com/ucberkeley can view more than 300 hours of videotaped courses and events. Topics range from bioengineering, to peace and conflict studies, to &quot;Physics for Future Presidents,&quot; the title of a popular campus course. Building on its initial offerings, UC Berkeley will continue to expand the catalog of videos available on YouTube. View the Playlist Here --- http:// www.youtube.com/ucberkeley   There is a link to the most viewed videos (with star ratings) at the above page. </li></ul>
  10. 12. How to Download PC Videos to TV <ul><li>Giant screen TV sets are better than computer screens for viewing video, including course content video recorded by instructors using such capturing software as Camtasia. As we increasingly download video files or capture streaming video on the Web into video files, it is possible to transfer those files to a DVD disk for playback on other computers and TV sets with DVD players. However, is it possible to transfer files to TV in one step without having to make DVD disks? </li></ul><ul><li>See http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob4.htm#PCtoTV </li></ul><ul><li>Local Link --- ....Bookbob4.htm </li></ul>
  11. 13. Other Examples of Video Lectures <ul><li>Nearly all prestigious universities now offer some form of open sharing of course materials, the most noteworthy of which is MIT. Yale, however, has some of the finest lectures on video --- http:// www.yale.edu/opa/download/VLP_QuestionsAnswers.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>From Princeton University Channel (video and audio) ---  http:// uc.princeton.edu /main/ </li></ul><ul><li>From the University of Texas Take Five from the University of Texas http://www.utexas.edu/inside_ut/take5/ </li></ul><ul><li>From Harvard Introduction --- http:// athome.harvard.edu/about/about.htm Program List --- http:// athome.harvard.edu/archive/archive.asp </li></ul>
  12. 14. How to Excerpt Parts of Video Lectures <ul><li>Homemade video tutorial (very basic) on how to record streaming audio on your PC --- http:// www.youtube.com /watch?v=RPHSDOyj5f8 Note the passing reference to a free sound recorder called Audacity --- http:// audacity.sourceforge.net / Audacity Local Link --- ......Program FilesAudacity audacity.exe </li></ul><ul><li>In most instances open sharing videos are streaming (using the term loosely here) videos for which there is no file to download. In that case the video must be captured in total or in part by software designed for such purposes. The software I like for video capturing is called Camtasia Recorder --- http:// www.techsmith.com/camtasia/record.asp Also see http:// www.techsmith.com/camtasia/education.asp </li></ul>
  13. 15. Storing and Sending Video <ul><li>Typically Web and/or Blackboard servers do not grant enough space to serve up lots of course video, although quite a lot of audio might be served up for stuents. </li></ul><ul><li>CDs and DVDs provide cheap storage </li></ul><ul><li>How to send large files across the Internet --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob4.htm#SendingLargeFiles Local Link --- ....Bookbob4.htm </li></ul>
  14. 16. Copyright Issues <ul><li>This is Very Important --- http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/help/faq3/index.htm Local Link --- ..Miscellaneous MITrights.htm </li></ul><ul><li>MIT is the most open sharing major university in terms of course materials --- http:// ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/home/home/index.htm It's statement on intellectual property sets, in my opinion, precedent for most other open sharing colleges --- http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/help/faq3/index.htm </li></ul>
  15. 17. Copyright Issues <ul><li>YouTube has a statement about use of YouTube videos at http:// www.youtube.com/t/howto_copyright Also see http:// www.google.com/support/youtube/bin/topic.py?topic =10550&hl= en_US </li></ul>
  16. 18. Open University in the England <ul><li>Open Sharing Catching on Outside the United States Britain’s Open University today formally begins its effort to put its course materials and other content online for all the world to use. With its effort, OpenLearn , which is expected to cost $10.6 million and is supported by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the university joins Massachusetts Institute of Technology and institutions in several other countries in trying to put tools for learning within the reach of otherwise difficult to reach populations. Inside Higher Ed , October 25, 2006 </li></ul>
  17. 19. Princeton Video and Audio <ul><li>University Channel (video and audio) ---  http:// uc.princeton.edu /main/ </li></ul>
  18. 20. Yale University http://www.yale.edu/opa/newsr/06-09-19-01.all.html <ul><li>Yale University is producing digital videos of selected undergraduate courses that it will make available for free on the Internet through a grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. </li></ul><ul><li>While MIT’s OpenCourseWare model has been widely emulated, Yale will be the first university to tap the potential of digital video by combining course architecture with essentially complete sets of lectures from these courses, as presented by its faculty. </li></ul>
  19. 21. University of California at Berkeley http://www.berkeley.edu/news/media/releases/2006/09/26_google.shtml <ul><li>Because of the quality and quantity of these video offerings, UC Berkeley will be the first university with its own page on the Google Video Web site: http:// video.google.com/ucberkeley , campus officials said. The campus is making more than 250 hours of content available to the public through Google Video. UC Berkeley's page on the Google Video website features links to top courses, campus events and symposia. </li></ul>
  20. 22. Carnegie Mellon's Open Learning Initiative (OLI) http://www.cmu.edu/oli/index.html <ul><li>A collection of openly available and free online courses and course materials that enact instruction for an entire course in an online format. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes courses in statistics, causal reasoning, economics, empirical research methods, and selected science course. </li></ul>
  21. 23. Ask Philosophers (Amherst) <ul><li>This site puts the talents and knowledge of philosophers at the service of the general public. Send in a question that you think might be related to philosophy and we will do our best to respond to it. To date, there have been 1599 questions posted and 2152 responses. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a paradox surrounding philosophy that AskPhilosophers seeks to address. On the one hand, everyone confronts philosophical issues throughout his or her life. But on the other, very few have the opportunity to learn about philosophy, a subject that is usually taught only at the college level. </li></ul>
  22. 24. Physics Lab Simulations (Mississippi State University) <ul><li>Mississippi State University: Physics Simulations [Java, Macromedia Shockwave Player] http:// webphysics.ph.msstate.edu/javamirror /   </li></ul>
  23. 25. Open Courseware Initiative from University of the Western Cape in Africa http:// elearn.nettelafrica.org/index.php?module = splashscreen   <ul><li>E-Learning is vitally important to UWC because, used effectively, it can be bring a number of benefits: it can be a means to help our students learn better, and progress faster through their degree; it can be a means to reach out to students who are off campus; it can facilitate learning in spaces and times where learning does not normally happen; </li></ul>
  24. 26. Free Online Tutorials http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob2.htm Local Link --- Click Here <ul><li>| Educational Disciplines | Arts, Entertainment, History, Literature, Museums, etc. | Economics, Anthropology, Social Sciences, and Philosophy | Grammar, Spelling and English | Languages | Law and Legal Studies | Mathematics and Statistics | Miscellaneous Educational Disciplines | Movies and Video | Music | Science and Medicine | Education Statistics (Data) | </li></ul>
  25. 27. Teaching Materials (especially video) from PBS <ul><li>Arts and Literature --- http:// www.pbs.org/teachersource/arts_lit.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Health & Fitness --- http:// www.pbs.org/teachersource/health.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Math --- http:// www.pbs.org/teachersource/math.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Science --- http:// www.pbs.org/teachersource/sci_tech.htm </li></ul><ul><li>PreK2 --- http://www.pbs.org/teachersource/prek2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Library Media ---  http:// www.pbs.org/teachersource/library.htm </li></ul>
  26. 28. Open Sharing Professors Declined Greatly With Blackboard & WebCT <ul><li>Jim Mahar (finance) --- http://financeprofessor.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ashwath Damodaran (finance) --- http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~adamodar/ </li></ul><ul><li>Brad Delong (finance) --- http://econ161.berkeley.edu/Teaching_Folder/BA_130_F96/BAonethirty.html </li></ul><ul><li>David Boldt (economics) --- http://www.westga.edu/~dboldt/ </li></ul>
  27. 29. Great Social Theory Sites <ul><li>Mike Kearl's great social theory site --- http:// www.trinity.edu/~mkearl / </li></ul><ul><li>  Alan Liu's Voice of the Shuttle : Great collection of synopses and primary works of the great theorists </li></ul><ul><li>Serdar Kaya's The Sociology Professor , a portal of social theories and theorists </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio Gramsci site from Queens College   </li></ul><ul><li>Norbert Elias site from University of Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>Many Others --- http:// www.trinity.edu/~mkearl/theory.html#imag </li></ul>
  28. 30. Bob Jensen’s Free Tutorials <ul><li>Bob Jensen's Video Tutorials and Other Helpers --- http:// www.trinity.edu/rjensen/HelpersVideosSummary.htm     </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting for Derivative Financial Instruments --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/caseans/000index.htm   </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Value Accounting --- http://www.cs.trinity.edu/~rjensen/Calgary/CD/FairValue/   </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting Theory --- http:// www.trinity.edu/rjensen/theory.htm   </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Commerce and Computing Security --- http:// www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ecommerce.htm   </li></ul><ul><li>XBRL and OLAP --- http:// www.trinity.edu/rjensen/XBRLandOLAP.htm </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  29. 31. Bob Jensen’s Free Tutorials <ul><li>Accounting for Fraud --- http:// www.trinity.edu/rjensen/fraud.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Commerce and Computing Security --- http:// www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ecommerce.htm   </li></ul><ul><li>XBRL and OLAP --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/XBRLandOLAP.htm </li></ul><ul><li>  Higher Education Controversies --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/HigherEdControversies.htm </li></ul>
  30. 32. Sharing Departments <ul><li>OSU Center for Research in Financial Economics --- http://fisher.osu.edu/fin/dice/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>The Electronic Hallway for teaching Public Affairs (Univ. of Washington) --- https://hallway.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Tours on the Internet (Bradley University) --- http://bradley.bradley.edu/~rf/plantour.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Oyez Supreme Court Cases (in audio from Northwestern U.) --- http://www.oyez.org/ </li></ul>
  31. 33. Sharing Centers <ul><li>Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities (Univ. of Virginia) --- http://www.iath.virginia.edu/ </li></ul>
  32. 34. Free Online Economics Textbooks http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm#Textbooks Local Link --- .... ElectronicLiterature.htm <ul><li>Hundreds of free textbooks on wide ranging topics </li></ul><ul><li>Economics Principles and Practices --- http://econsources.com/EconSourcesBook.asp?PageID=1 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Economics Analysis --- http://www.introecon.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>International Monetary Fund (economic history) --- http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/center/mm/eng/mm_cc_01.htm </li></ul>
  33. 35. Free Online EconomicsTextbooks http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm#Textbooks <ul><li>Essential Macroeconomic Principles by John Bouman </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Microeconomic Principles by John Bouman </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Principles of Economics: A Hypermedia Approach by Roger A. McCain </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Economic Analysis by R. Preston McAfee. </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum Microeconomics with Calculus by Toram Bauman </li></ul>
  34. 36. Free Online AccountingTextbooks http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm#Textbooks <ul><li>With Advertising Financial Accounting: A Business Perspective , 9e By Hermanson and Edwards Book Synopsis | Download Book (Complete with study guide, solutions manual, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>With Advertising Managerial Accounting, 8e By Hermanson, Edwards, and Ivancevich Book Synopsis | Download Book   </li></ul>
  35. 37. Free Online Accounting Textbooks http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm#Textbooks <ul><li>Without Advertising Principles of Accounting by Larry Walther --- http:// www.principlesofaccounting.com / </li></ul><ul><li>Without Advertising Free Statements on Management Accounting (SMAs)  and Tutorials for Managment Accounting From the Institute of Management Accountants --- http:// www.imanet.org/publications_statements.asp   </li></ul>
  36. 38. Free Online Statistics Textbooks http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm#Textbooks <ul><li>HyperStat Online Statistics Textbook --- http:// davidmlane.com/hyperstat / </li></ul><ul><li>PBS Teacher Source: Math --- http:// www.pbs.org/teachersource/math.htm </li></ul>
  37. 39. Free Online Electronic Literature http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm Local Link --- .... ElectronicLiterature.htm <ul><li>Online Electronic Book and Short Story Finders </li></ul><ul><li>Online Poem and Poet Finders </li></ul><ul><li>Online Audio Books and Poems  </li></ul><ul><li>Online Journal and Magazine Finders </li></ul><ul><li>Online Textbooks and Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Online Books and Authors </li></ul><ul><li>Banned (Forbidden) Books </li></ul><ul><li>Online Poems and Poets </li></ul><ul><li>Especially for Children  </li></ul><ul><li>Online Multimedia (Audio and Video) (Including Video and Television Show Dialog) </li></ul><ul><li>Online Reviews and Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionaries, Acronyms, Abbreviations, Encyclopedias, Anagrams,      Entertainment, Humor, Catalogs, and Other References </li></ul>
  38. 40. Fee Online Electronic Literature <ul><li>From the University of Chicago BiblioVault: An Alternative for Long-term Storage of Digital Book Files </li></ul><ul><li>BiblioVault helps scholarly publishers preserve and extend the value of their books. We provide long-term storage of digital book files for our member presses, as well as a wide range of scanning, printing, transfer, and conversion services. Launched in late 2001 by the University of Chicago Press, BiblioVault operates under the umbrella of Chicago Distribution Services, which also oversees a digital printing center, the Chicago Digital Distribution Center (CDDC). The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation supported the development of BiblioVault and the CDDC with three grants totaling $3.2 million. http://www.bibliovault.org/BV.index.epl </li></ul>
  39. 41. Legal Open Sharing of Music <ul><li>Bob Jensen’s links to music and video --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Music.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Local Link --- .... Music.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Train of Life --- .... TOLRailway.wav </li></ul>
  40. 42. Open Access to Research Reports <ul><li>Stevan Harnad has created a summary of the universities, university departments, and funding agencies that are requiring their authors to make their research available in an open access mode. See his blog entry, &quot; Pit-Bulls vs. Petitions: A Historic Time for Open Access &quot; on the blog Open Access Archivangelism. You'll notice that Europe is ahead of the U.S. in this activity, though the U.S. will catch up if several important U.S. funder mandates are passed. </li></ul>
  41. 43. Selling Course Materials Online (Beware of College’s Policy on This One) <ul><li>http://teacherspayteachers.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>And now we can harness the internet's strengths in order to bypass the educational publishing conglomerates and help ourselves. Here, we will pay each other for our teaching materials and evaluate one another's work with ratings and comments. </li></ul><ul><li>As sellers, creative teachers will get credit and income for their ideas.   </li></ul><ul><li>As buyers, teachers will save huge amounts of time and use the best teacher-created, teacher-tested practical materials available. </li></ul>
  42. 44. Hindrances to Open Access <ul><li>Blackboard and WebCT </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of Legal Liability </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of Being Plagiarized </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of Test Files and Answers Being Distributed Back to Students </li></ul><ul><li>SSRN ended free sharing of working papers by researchers </li></ul>
  43. 45. SCORM <ul><li>Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of specifications that enable interoperability, accessibility and reusability of web-based learning content. Being SCORM compliant in software and course management technologies is very important in education in order to be compatible with other education technologies. See www.egov.hyperwave.com/solutions/standards.html </li></ul>
  44. 46. Password Protected Access --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Blackboard.htm Local Link --- .... blackboard.htm <ul><li>Even if Web documents have secret links, Web crawlers like Google and Yahoo might find them for searching eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard (Bb) is the most popular way for colleges to serve up course materials for students without sharing those materials with the outside world. Blackboard has password protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges typically do not provide instructors with enough server space for much video. </li></ul>
  45. 47. Moodle http://moodle.org/ <ul><li>The word moodle is an acronym for &quot;modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment&quot;, which is quite a mouthful. What Scout Report readers should know is that Moodle 1.7 is a tremendously helpful opens-source e-learning platform. With Moodle, educators can create a wide range of online courses with features that include forums, quizzes, blogs, wikis, chat rooms, and surveys. On the Moodle website, visitors can also learn about other features and read about recent updates to the program. This application is compatible with computers running Windows 98 and newer or Mac OS X and newer. </li></ul>
  46. 48. Course Management System Costs <ul><li>The expense of Blackboard, and all of these alternatives, in fact is much more than licensing fees. The expensive problem is the technical support staff needed to both maintain the servers (these systems have their own servers) and to train users of the system, students and staff. This is an expense that never ends. Most importantly there must be relatively expensive backup systems. Servers crash and burn. </li></ul><ul><li>Of course Blackboard and other vendors like eCollege can take all the IT headaches off campus. This is something I recommend for smaller colleges, but it is more expensive in some ways and cheaper in others considering the expensive and specialized IT skills needed to maintain servers and backup systems. </li></ul>
  47. 49. The End