ENHANCING DISTANCE EDUCATION Efficient Capture of Content for ...

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  • 1. ENHANCING DISTANCE EDUCATION Efficient Capture of Content for Delivery in Multiple Presentation Modes Without Killing Yourself or the Budget © 2000 John W. Nazemetz All Rights Reserved A Moustache Production All Rights Reserved Limited, Non-exclusive License is Granted to Attendees to Use this Procedure in Preparation Of OSU Credit Courses All Other Uses Prohibited Without Fee
  • 2.
    • Efficient Capture of Content for Delivery in Multiple Presentation Modes Without Killing Yourself or the Budget How to Do-it-Once Do it Right -- Do-it-Yourself John W. Nazemetz, Ph.D. School of Industrial Engineering and Management Oklahoma State University
  • 3. Welcome and Goals
    • Welcome
    • Goals
      • Discuss, Assess, Demonstrate, Observe, and Evaluate Distance Education/ Multimedia Practices and Methods
        • Classroom Only
        • Videotape Only
        • Streaming Video Only
        • Internet (File Download) Only
        • Any Combination of the Above from One Class Session
        • … with a few POWERPOINT  Hints Thrown In
  • 4. Background (1)
    • Been Around A While/Willing to Experiment
      • First class session to originate from Studio C (for the National Technological University)
      • Taught out of “old” Talkback TV studios in Classroom Building (Studio D) with an operator (Pre-Renovation)
      • Moderated Full Production out of Studios A, B
      • Taught Using Projection Panels (ENGR 1322)
      • Taught Using Portable Video Projectors/Cart
      • Produced first exclusive Streaming Video Production at OSU (Fall, 1999)
  • 5. Background (2)
    • Been Around A While/Willing to Experiment (cont.)
      • Presented out of Cordell 127, 128, Studios C and D, and ATRC in the past year
      • Experimented with the Technology to Produce Distance Materials from Office (2000)
    • A “Pusher” of the Technology
      • Generally Unsatisfied with State-of-the-Art
      • “ Pain in the Butt” -- Always want to do it better (from the students’ viewpoint)
  • 6. Disclaimer
    • The opinions expressed in this presentation are those of the presenter and do not necessarily represent those of the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, the A&M Regents, Oklahoma State University, the School of Industrial Engineering and Management
    • despite their proposal to assert a claim of ownership of the copyrights and the intellectual property contained herein.
  • 7. Traditional Classroom
    • Information Sources
    • Instructor
    • Students
    • Media Projections
      • Computer Screen
        • PowerPoint Slides
        • Program GUIs
      • Elmo (Writing)
      • VCR
      • Camera (Local/Remote)
    • Simultaneous Modes of Information Transfer
    • Instantaneous Feedback
    • Defines “Expectations”
    • No Student Equipment Expectations
  • 8. Videotape (1)
    • Serial Presentation of:
      • Instructor
      • Students
      • Media Projections
        • Computer Screen
          • PowerPoint Slides
          • Program GUIs
        • Elmo (Writing)
        • VCR
        • Camera (Local/Remote)
    • Student Controls Time and Location
    • Convenience Outweighs Quality Losses
    • Student Supplied Equipment Conflict w/Family
    • Delayed Feedback
  • 9. Videotape (2)
    • Serial Flow of Instructor Controlled Information and Stimuli (Sequence and Duration)
      • Duration May Not Be What Student Wants
        • Boring if Too Long
          • Especially true of (Motionless) Slides
        • Distracting if Too Short
          • Especially if Student Using Screen, Not Hardcopy
        • Long “Voice-Overs” Undesirable
        • Difficult to Stay Coordinated
          • Student Responsibility to Coordinate Hardcopy
                        
  • 10. Streaming (1)
    • Serial Presentation of:
      • Two “Channels” and a Set of Controls over Internet
      • Channels Combine:
        • Camera Input(s)
          • Instructor, Students
        • Computer Outputs
          • Elmo, Screen
      • File Segments Sent – Play while Receiving Next Segment
        • Quality is Function of ISP Speed
  • 11. Streaming (2)
    • Parallel “Channels” of Information Transfer
    • Instructor Dictated Combination and Duration of Stimuli
    • Delayed Feedback
    • Requires Equipment (ISP, Phone,Computer)
      • Fast, Reliable ISP
      • Conflict w/Family
      • Post Production Facilities
  • 12. Streaming (3)
    • Multiple Asynchronous “Channels”
      • Must be “Assembled” in Post-Production
      • Must Supply Visual Cues to ETS for Processing
        • Burden on Instructor, Simultaneous Cue and Slide Change
            Visual Cues
  • 13. Streaming Drawbacks and Example
    • More Modes of Information Transfer for Distance --- But Only One Mode Showable in Class
      • Impacts “In”-Class Experience
        • Head Always Projected or All Students Take Class Use Streaming
        • or Distance Education Experience (Slide in Both Areas -> Voice-over)
    • Example Video from ETS Website:
      • http://web.ets.okstate.edu
  • 14. Observations
    • Classroom – Preferred if Available, Convenient
      • Three Stimuli Sources (Instr. Slides, Students)
      • Shared Control
    • Videotape – Preferred when Remote, Poor ISP
      • Serial (Single) Stimuli
      • Student Controlled Viewing Timing and Location, Instructor Controlled Content and Sequence
      • Allows Animation Mode for Slides
      • Face Uses only 1/3 to 1/2 of Visual Field (Screen)
    • Streaming Video – Preferred when Remote, High ISP
      • Two Stimuli
      • Student Controlled Viewing Timing and Location, Instructor Controlled Content and Sequence
      • Static Slides (No Animation)
      • Face and Slide are Small Portion (11%) of Visual Field
      • Students WILL NOT USE if ISP Speed is Low
  • 15. Our Challenge
    • Find a way to simultaneous conduct class in the quality manner that “live” and “live remote” students expect, and, while doing so, unobtrusively produce videotape and streaming video that provides a similar experience for students who will experience distance delivery of the class
    • Without Killing Yourself or the Budget Using Simple Techniques
    • That Even a Dean Could Master.
  • 16. Let’s Practice What We Preach
    • Discuss and Demonstrate Distance Education using Distance Education Media and Delivery Methods
    • Origination of the Remainder of this Presentation from Cordell 127
      • Close Enough, Yet Far Enough Away
      • Will Enable Attendees to Assess the Recommendations/Delivery as a Distance Education Student Would See Them
  • 17. ENHANCING DISTANCE EDUCATION Efficient Capture of Content for Delivery in Multiple Presentation Modes Without Killing Yourself or the Budget © 2000 John W. Nazemetz All Rights Reserved A Moustache Production
  • 18. Agenda
    • Discuss Studio Layout in Demonstration of Videotape Mode
      • Dilemma –
        • Show Instructor?
        • or Slide?
        • or Elmo?
        • or Student (local)?
        • or Student (remote)?
        • How Long for Each?
        • Don’t Forget to Cue ETS for Streaming.
          • NOTE – can’t cycle slides on/off [Confusing]
    • Demonstrate How to Do It All Better In “Dual” Mode
  • 19. Studio -- Original AMX TouchPad Instr. Camera Local Camera Remote Camera ELMO VCR Computer Aux. Computer ETS  Remote Sites “ Program” “ Preview”
  • 20. Original Design – Fails in Multi-Mode One Output, Three Purposes Classroom – 100% Media Videotape – Mixed Media and “Talking Head” Streaming – 100% “Talking Head (with some Visual Cue for ETS) AMX TouchPad Instr. Camera Local Camera Remote Camera ELMO VCR Computer Aux. Computer ETS  Remote Sites “ Program”
  • 21. Studio Modifications - Composite Video AMX TouchPad Instr. Camera Local Camera Remote Camera ELMO VCR Computer Aux. Computer ETS  Remote Sites “ Program” “ Preview” Video Out Port Video In Port
  • 22.
    • .
    Studio Modifications – Video Switch Video Out Port Video In Port AMX TouchPad Instr. Camera Local Camera Remote Camera ELMO VCR Computer Aux. Computer ETS  Remote Sites “ Program” “ Preview” Video Switch TV VCR
  • 23. Composite Video and Streaming – “Usual Setup” Video Out Port “ Composite Video” Video Switch TV VCR w/Touchpad -- Set Preview to Desired Inset Set Prog. To Aux. Computer Set TV and VCR to Prev.    AMX TouchPad Instr. Camera Local Camera Remote Camera ELMO VCR Computer Aux. Computer ETS  Remote Sites “ Program” “ Preview” Video In Port “ Talking Head”                                                               
  • 24.
    • Can do from your office --
    Composite Video – “Minimum Setup” Video Out Port “ Composite Video” NOTE – Camera is VCR too – Can Capture “Talking Head (Get a Remote Controlled Camera) NOTE 2 – Camera and VCR Should be Same Format (VHS, VHS-C, 8mm, …) Video In Port “ Talking Head”
  • 25.
    • Can Convert Video to Digital --
    Digitizing Video – “Minimum Setup” Video In Port File Out xxx.avi … Use/Imbed File In Slides, Send out in lieu of tapes, … NOTE – Camera is VCR too – Can Use to Input to Computer
  • 26. Demo - “How to Do”, “What it Looks Like”
    • Shut Down Programs (to Desktop)
    • Demonstrate Composite Video
      • Use of “Netmeeting” [a free download]
    • Demonstrate “Opening Slides/Checklist”
    • Demonstrate Body
      • Animated (Zippered) Slides
      • Answering Student Questions
      • Holding Video Discussions
    • Demonstrate Delivery Alternatives
      • Voice-over Narration
      • Talking Head and Animated Slides
        • Two Pass Coordinated Show, like Streaming Process
        • Video Slide Show – One pass Show Preparation
    • Show Streaming Options
    • Closing Credits and Questions
  • 27. Summary
    • Pseudo-videotape Mode
      • Seven (8) Slides Without A Face
      • Did you miss me?
      • Was I gone too long?
      • If sent to videostreaming, (bad -- dual image)
        • NOTE 1 -–
        • ‘ Animation’ and Pace of Slides Helped Hold Interest
        • Imagine if Not ‘Animated’ and I Droned On and On and …
        • NOTE 2 –
        • I’ll Get Setup for Demo, Will Talk Through Slide 27 (You Read On Sheet, I’ll Just Talk)
  • 28. Instructor Idiosyncrasies and Tips
    • Divide Up Class (Reuseable and Unique)
      • Opening Slides (Reuseable Countdown to Start, Music)
        • Include Checklist so not as Hectic a Startup
      • Hyperlink to Body of Presentation
        • Hyperlink is Last in Animation Sequence of Last Opening Slide
          • Link is attached to a big transparent rectangle, can’t miss it with mouse click
        • More Efficient File Size for Send/Store/Download
        • Can Use a Different Master for Slides (If Desired)
        • AutoReNumber of Slides in Body
      • Hyperlink to Closing Credits (Reuseable Slides, Music)
        • Personality
        • Students See Their Names “up in lights”
  • 29.
    • Hook up Portable Computer (two cables)
      • PC Video out (Second Monitor to side of Table – Aux Computer (Use Standard 15 pin Connection Cord)
      • PC Video in from Back of RadioShack switch – Use Standard RCA Plug
    • Start Computer, Powerpoint, Netmeeting, PowerPoint ( Slideshow)
      • Reset Cameras so Image Centered, Correctly Positioned
      • Reset NetMeeting – “Always on Top”, Image Size and Position
    • Use Preview Touchscreen to toggle cameras/input to Laptop
    Pre-Class Checklist (1)
    • Button -- Radioshack TV 3 to send Preview to Laptop (Head,Students,Remote,Elmo)
    • Button – Radioshack VCR 3 to send Preview to VCR, 2 to send Prog. To VCR
    • Toggle VCR 3 -> 2 -> 3 for Streaming Cue
    TV VCR 1 2 3 4 TV out to laptop video in TV 1 2 3 4 VCR 1 2 3 4 Select 3 (Prev.) to Laptop Select 2 (Prog.) to Laptop Select 3 (Prev.) to VCR Select 2 (Prog.) for VCR
  • 30. Pre-Class Checklist (2)
    • Verify TV to “3” (‘Preview’ to Laptop Video In)
    • Verify VCR to “3” (Laptop Composite Output to VCR)
    • Have Students Verify Camera Auto Points to Them.
    • Call ETS to Notify of Program Start
    • Turn on PLAY and RECORD on VCR
      • Are YOU Sure It’s On?
    • Click this slide to advance to 30 Second Introduction and Conduct Class
  • 31. BEGIN CLASS IN 30 SECONDS
  • 32. BEGIN CLASS IN 20 SECONDS
  • 33. BEGIN CLASS IN 10 SECONDS
  • 34. BEGIN !!! CLICK
  • 35. Segment Start-up Slide
    • Why This Slide?
      • Put at Front of ‘Segment’ of Lecture
      • Placeholder for Data
        • Course Name, Number
        • Course Instructor
        • Lecture Number, Segment Identification
          • Don’t Date – Hinders Reusability
        • Enables Mix and Match
          • Automatic Renumbering of Slides
          • Different Segments can Have Different Slide Masters, Color Schemes, Etc. …
  • 36. Animated Slide Demonstration - Composite
    • Slide 1 (of 2)
      • Major Topic A
        • Subtopic A
        • Subtopic B
        • Subtopic C
      • Major Topic B
        • Subtopic A
        • Subtopic B
        • Subtopic C
  • 37. Animated Slide Demonstration - Composite
    • Slide 1 (of 2)
    Animation Object 1 Animation Object 3 Animation Object 2
  • 38. Answering Questions
    • Use Touchpad to switch the “Preview” between the Instructor Camera, Local Student Camera, and/or Remote Camera and back to Instructor.
      • NOTE 1 – If connected via internet, NetMeeting can be used to bring in one remote student who is on-line (an extra camera)
      • NOTE 2 – Can use Elmo or other Programs and Files when Answering Questions
  • 39. Holding Video Discussions
    • Put the Starting Question/Graphic on the Screen, Let Everybody Read It.
    • Drag NetMeeting Video on top of Text, Enlarge and Use the Touchpad to Switch Between Students, Instructor, ELMO, …
    • This will maximize legibility on videotape, Talking Heads for Videostream will Automatically Capture if “Preview” sent the the VCR (Usual Mode).
    • Again, If one student on net Using NetMeeting, he/she can be included.
  • 40. Voiceover Demonstration
    • Slide and Narration
      • Use Slide Show, Record Narration
      • No Visuals Other than (Animated) Slide
      • Major Topic A
        • Subtopic A
        • Subtopic B
        • Subtopic C
      • Major Topic B
        • Subtopic A
        • Subtopic B
        • Subtopic C
  • 41. Voiceover Demonstration
    • Slide 1 (of 2)
    Animation Object 1 Animation Object 3 Animation Object 2
  • 42. Creation of Digital 2-Pass
    • Take the “Talking Head” Tape
    • Play Tape into Computer and Digitize
    • In Powerpoint, Put Slides to be Mapped to Digitized File in a (Separate) File
    • Insert Digital File in Powerpoint
      • Insert, Movies and Sounds, From File,Browse
      • Right Click File, Set to animate for ‘n’ slides
      • Select “Rehearse Timings”
      • Advance Animations, Slides as Video file plays
      • ‘ Esc’, Save file xxx.ppt, when finished
      • Cut and Paste Slides into Presentation or Hyperlink within Presentation, if Cut and Paste, do in ‘slide view’ mode.
  • 43. Animated Slide Demonstration – Digital 2-Pass
    • Slide 1 (of 2)
      • Major Topic A
        • Subtopic A
        • Subtopic B
        • Subtopic C
      • Major Topic B
        • Subtopic A
        • Subtopic B
        • Subtopic C
  • 44.
    • Slide 2 (of 2)
    Animated Slide Demonstration – Digital 2-Pass Animation Object 1 Animation Object 2
  • 45. Creation of Digital Single-Pass
    • Take the “Composite/Class” Tape
    • Play Tape into Computer and Digitize
    • In Powerpoint, Create a Single Slide
      • NOTE - Can Divide “tape” and lecture into addressable portions.
    • Insert Digital File in Powerpoint in the text area (like Video Discussion)
      • Insert, Movies and Sounds, From File,Browse
      • ‘ Esc’, Save file xxx.ppt, when finished; if grouping into a single set of slides, cut and paste into destination set in ‘slide view’
  • 46. Digital Single-Pass
    • NOTE –
      • The following is a video to digital to video conversion. It is poor visual quality but it is intended for digital viewing. The true viewing quality can be assessed by viewing it on your computer by accessing the file via the website:
    • www.okstate.edu/ceat/iem/jnazeme/Distance_Education/Distance_Ed.htm
      • Both compressed and uncompressed xx.avi files are available at the site
  • 47. Animated Slide Demonstration – Single Step/Slide
  • 48. File Size Comparison
    • Powerpoint Slides (Only)
      • Two Slides w/Master 332 Kb
    • Voice-over (Narration) PowerPoint
      • Duration 59 sec. 1,337 Kb 1.3 Mb/min
    • Two-Pass (Inserted xx.avi file)
      • Duration 53 sec. 30,537 Kb 30.5 Mb/min
      • Compressed Version 8,940 Kb
    • One-Pass (Inserted xx.avi file)
      • Duration 59 sec. 30,363 Kb 30.4 Mb/min
      • Compressed Version 9,716 Kb
    • MP3 file formats may reduce file sizes from xx.avi
      • To be Determined
  • 49. Don’t Forget Streaming Options
    • One Can Choose to Use
      • The “Talking Head” as the Video Insert for the Streaming Video
        • Must use Video Switch to Insert Visual Cue for Streaming Technician (Flash the Slide)
        • Example At http://web.ets.okstate.edu
          • Select IEM 5303 User Name=iem5303, Password=info
          • View Week 5’s 2000 Discussion Session (Serial)
          • View Week 7’s 2000 Discussion Session (Composite)
      • The Class (Composite) as the Video Insert for the Streaming Video
        • No Need to Insert Visual Cue for Streaming Technician (Easier on Instructor – Only one Switch)
        • Many Students Prefer -- Insert Shows Which Slide and Where on Slide
        • Example At http://web. ets . okstate . edu
          • Select IEM 5303 User Name=iem5303, Password=info
          • View Week 6’s 2000 Discussion Session (Dual Recording)
  • 50. What About “Write as I Lecture”
    • Currently Studio Design Supports Two Writing Modes:
      • Write on pad, Project Using ELMO
      • Write on Board, Project Using Computer
    • Both are Inappropriate for Multi-Mode
      • With Elmo, Too Small, Lose Instructor Image
      • With Board, Too Clumsy to Use, Lose Instructor or Must Reset Camera
    • Use Small Whiteboard Input Device (serial port) on Desktop
      • Takes Place of Powerpoint Slides
  • 51. Let’s Imagine a Little
    • What if:
      • I used the ‘write as lecture’ method and
      • Used a handwriting recognition program to automatically convert scribble to font?
      • Used a Voice Recognition Program to Capture Voice and Eliminated the need to Write on Pad, …
      • Used these in combination with Powerpoint?
      • Used ___________??? [fill in the blank]
  • 52. Cost Differentials – Std. Video vs. MultiMode
    • Set-up Costs
      • Use Own Portable Plug in Two Wires -- $ 0.00
      • Upgrade Studio Computers – Video In/Out $ 200.00
      • Rewire ‘Preview’ Monitor -- $ 200.00
      • Video Switch -- $ 100.00
      • Training of Faculty -- $ 19.95 each video
    • Preparation Costs
      • Slide/Instructor Prep – No Additional Cost
      • Streaming Video – No Additional Cost
        • Could Result in Net Savings (Avoid w/Digital Files)
      • Videotape Duplication – No Additional Cost
        • Could Result in Net Savings (Avoid w/Digital Files)
      • One Extra Videotape During Class -- $ 2.00
      • Prepare Tapes in Office
        • Could Result in Net Savings (Avoid Building Studios)
    • Improved Quality, Student Satisfaction
      • Priceless …
  • 53. My Recommended Actions – (1)
    • Modify Studios to Accommodate Composite Video Production
      • Add Wiring
      • Modify Touchpads to Facilitate
    • Train/Support Faculty (Standard Look/Feel)
    • Reuse Classes to Make Time for Revision
      • Use Videotape for non-Campus Students
      • Use Streaming for on-Campus Students
    • Investigate Alternates
      • Use Digital Files Transfer rather than Streaming
      • Investigate Alternate (Webcast, DVD) Methods
  • 54. My Recommended Actions – (2)
    • Set Up a Means of Improving
      • Recognize and Reward Innovative Faculty
      • Designate and Underwrite Specific Individuals to Move Use of Technology Forward
        • Release Time (Faculty)
        • Assigned Job Duties (Staff)
        • Provide Equipment/Experimentation Funds
      • Provide Training and Feedback
        • Provide Time to Faculty to Prepare and to Learn to Prepare for Distance Education
        • Peer Review, Assessment, and Suggestions for Improvement of Classes
  • 55. Final Remarks
    • Try It, You and Your Students Will Like It !
    • Electronic Copy of these Slides at:
      • http://okstate.edu/ceat/iem/jnazeme/distance_ed.htm
    • Record your Course Now and Spend Your Time Next Offering on Improving the Worst Pieces of It Rather than Just Re-presenting It.
  • 56.
    • THE END
    • ROLL THE CREDITS 