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Urban America
 

Urban America

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This is a power point presentation on Urban America--when America began to build up instead of out.

This is a power point presentation on Urban America--when America began to build up instead of out.

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Urban America Urban America Presentation Transcript

  • Urban America Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Did You Know? Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Did You Know? The ancestors of almost 1/2 of all the people living in the United States today passed through Ellis Island as immigrants. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Did You Know? The ancestors of almost 1/2 of all the people living in the United States today passed through Ellis Island as immigrants. Today Ellis Island is open to the public. It contains the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Section 1 Immigration Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Section 1 Immigration Europeans Flood into the United States Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Of the 14 million immigrants who arrived between 1860-1900, many were Jews. America offered immigrants employment, few restrictions, a way to avoid military service, religious freedom and a chance to move up the social ladder. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Most immigrants took the trip to America in steerage. (the least expensive accommodations on a steamship) It was a 14 day trip that usually ended at Ellis Island, Ellis Island, a small island in the New York Harbor. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Some were separated from the family and sent back to Europe due to health problems. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Some were separated from the family and sent back to Europe due to health problems. Immigrants settled into cities with neighborhoods separated into ethnic groups. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Some were separated from the family and sent back to Europe due to health problems. Immigrants settled into cities with neighborhoods separated into ethnic groups. Within these neighborhoods they practiced their own religions & spoke their own languages. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Immigrants who learned English adjusted well to the United States. ASIAN IMMIGRATION China suffered poverty and famine, so many Chinese immigrants came to the U.S. in the mid 1800s. In the West, they worked as laborers, servants ect. Many opened up their own laundries. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Japanese immigration increased between 1900 and 1919. In 1910, a barracks was opened on Angel Island in California. Asian immigrants waited here for immigration hearings. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Nativism Immigration led to Nativism, an extreme dislike to foreigners by the people who were born in America. They tried to limit immigration In the 1800s they were against the Irish In the 1900s they were against Asians, Jews & anyone from Eastern Europe. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Two anti-immigration groups formed. The American Protective Association had 500,000 members. Henry Bowers started the American Protective Association & he hated catholics and foreigners. Denis Kearny, an Irish immigrant, started the Workingman’s Party of California. The Workingman’s Party wanted to stop Chinese immigrants & racial violence resulted. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act. It barred Chinese immigration for 10 years. It prevented the Chinese who were already in America from becoming citizens. This act was not repealed until 1943. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Section 2: Urbanization Did You know that the subway from New Jersey to New York City travels two rivers into Long Island? Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Americans Migrate to the Cities Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Americans Migrate to the Cities Immigrants remained in the cities where they worked long hours for little pay. Farmers began moving to cities hoping to find better paying jobs, running water, indoor plumbing, electricity & entertainment. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • As the price of land increased, building owners began to build up instead of out. Skyscrapers designed by Louis Sullivan began to be constructed. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Development of Mass Transit electric trolley cars, elevated railroads Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Definite boundaries existed between the wealthy, middle class and the working class people. Wealthy people lived in the heart of the city in elaborate homes. The middle class (doctors, lawyers, teachers) lived away from the city. Poor people lived in the city in tenements. Tenements were dark crowded multi-family apartments. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Urban Problems Crime Fire Disease Pollution From 1880-1900 there was a huge increase in the murder rate Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Americans blamed immigrants for the increase in the murder rate. Alcohol contributed to the crime rate late in the 1800s. Contaminated water from improper sewage disposal resulted in epidemics of typhoid fever and cholera. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Urban Politics Party Bosses ran the political machines George Plunket, an Irish immigrant, was one of New York City’s most powerful Party Bosses. Politicians got rich due to fraud or graft- getting money through dishonest means. Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Tammany Hall had a party boss named William Tweed. He was sent to prison in 1872 Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • Tammany Hall Sunday, March 1, 2009
  • William Tweed Sunday, March 1, 2009