Determining the Goals of the Play<br />Module 5.1<br />
An effective way to determine the goals of a play and the motivations for individual characters is to divide the play into the following components:<br />
That portion of the play that exposes the following necessary information to the audience:<br />1. Exposition<br />
Locales & Time (the specific place and time of each scene)<br />Character (the names, types, and relationships of the characters)<br />1. Exposition<br />
Antecedent events ( What important action has occurred before the opening of the curtain)<br />Form & Type (Comedy? Drama? Tragedy? Melodrama? Romance? Epic? Mystery? Satire? Burlesque Farce? Fantasy? Absurd? Social Drama? High comedy of manners? Etc.)<br />1. Exposition<br />
Specific incident (The earliest incident in the play that arouses strong audience interest and exposes the basic conflict)<br />Protagonist (The person about whom the play is written)<br />Antagonist (The person or force opposing the protagonist)<br />2. Point of Attack<br />
The high point of suspense when a decision must be made – the turning point<br />3. Crisis<br />
The moment of highest interest for the audience – the final answer to the basic conflict. In a one-act play the crisis and climax are often the same<br />4. Climax<br />
Action which occurs between the climax and the final curtain.<br />5. Resolution or Falling Action<br />
Personal reaction to the theme, mood, style, dialogue, character development, plot construction, entertainment value, and literary value.<br />6. Evaluation<br />
The theme is generally considered to be the idea that is basic to the thought of the play – is the central idea being presented by the author. Usually the theme can be summarized in a sentence; for instance, “The theme of Agamemnon is that pride, taken to excess, leads to destruction.”<br />Theme<br />
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