CREATING A BALANCED           TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM               (The City of Utrecht, NL, 2011/09/27)8-5-2006           ...
The ultimate European lesson?    “I think we need to make people     aware that our traffic concepts of     today are not ...
Contents• The Netherlands and The City of Utrecht• Why we better go cycling• Improving bicycle facilities• Integrating the...
The Netherlands   (as it was)            Water management .     Architecture .                     Transport .        Oran...
The Netherlands   (as it is)            Water management .     Architecture .                     Transport .        Orang...
Some demographic facts                              United States         Oregon          Eugene          The Netherlands ...
The City of UtrechtFacts• Fourth largest city in the Netherlands.• Over 300,000 inhabitants.• Largest University in the Ne...
Cycling in the City of UtrechtFacts• 36% of all trips < 7.5 km are done  by bicycle.• 91,000 cyclists pass the inner city ...
WHY WE BETTER GO CYCLING                           9
Reason 1: Traffic congestion                        122,000  Imbalance between               Numbers show  incoming & outg...
Reason 2: Air and noise pollution                                    11
Reason 3: Obesity                    12
So … let’s cycle                   13
So … let’s transport                       14
So … let’s feel young                           15
Improving bicycle facilities                               16
Bicycle ProgramMaking an extra investment of€ 67 mln. ($90 mln.) by:A.   Upgrading five busiest routes.B.   Building missi...
A. Upgrading five busiest routes                                   18
B. Building missing links                            New tunnel in a regional bicycle route .                             ...
C. Creating more & better parking                                    20
D. Introducing public bicycle program (OV Fiets)Facts• A public bicycle system for transport  hubs like railway stations, ...
E. Promotion of the bicycle                        en                              First stage of Giro d’Italia 2010 .    ...
Integrating the bicycle                          23
Utrecht Centraal: Busiest railway station in the countryFacts• Major transport hub in the heart of  The Netherlands.• 160,...
Bicycle parking at Utrecht Centraal            Guarded parking (paid) .   Guarded parking (paid) .        Guarded parking ...
Bicycle parking at other stops of public transport           Commuter rail (region) .             Light rail .            ...
Bicycle parking at other locations                     Offices .        Schools .                     Shops .         Thea...
Other aspects of integration          National website OV9292 .             The OV chip card .          Taking bicycles in...
A map of integration (The Hague HS station)  0        100 m                                              29
CYCLING AND ROAD SAFETY    My personal believe:    “There is a DIRECT relation between the increase in     numbers of cycl...
Cycling is safe … isn’t it?                              31
Ventriloquist Jeff Dunham (USA)When visiting Amsterdam ...• He saw the Dutch cycling on busy roads  and was amazed they di...
Personal presumption and expectations                    ”I see, I see what you also see! ... I hope!” .                  ...
How to increase the number of cyclistsSome suggestions (of mine)•   Start investing in the younger children.•   Focus for ...
Young children and trafficFacts•   They can’t locate the sound of an approaching car like we do.•   The front of a car loo...
Primary schools in the City of UtrechtFacts•   Primary schools in NL  children’s age is from 4 until 11 years.•   Most of...
The Utrecht Road Safety Label (UVL)What is the Utrecht Road Safety Label?• It is a quality mark for primary schools (4-11 ...
1. Finding a payable solution for a school zone                                                                     ...
Possible solutions from across Europe                      Brussels (B).   Amersfoort (NL).     Gijon (E).                ...
Create safe and recognizable school zones                                            40
Also create safe routes to and from the schools                                                  41
Some of those new school zones                                 42
2. Parents often show the wrong behaviour                                                 ?                              ...
Influencing the behaviour of parentsWhat to do• Taking anti-parking measures near  the schools.• Only create parking space...
3. Traffic education for the children                                        45
Traffic garden for educational purpose                                         46
Even a school zone in the traffic garden                                           47
Dutch road types                   48
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht                                              49
On a typical RAINY day in The Netherlands   So I waited for two days and start over again ...                            ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht      Rural road between Houten and Utrecht                                    ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht      Bicycle path between Houten and Utrecht                                  ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht      Across a bicycle bridge entering the city                                ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht    Entering a housing area through a park zone                                ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht      Residential street on backside of houses                                 ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht              Crossing a through road                                          ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht   Bicycle path as a short cut between two roads                               ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht            Entering a residential street                                      ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht     Another short cut (passing a school zone)                                 ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht              Approaching a ‘woon erf’                                         ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht          Third short cut within half a mile                                   ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht     Bicycle route using a dead end parking lot                                ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht         Using a standard residential street                                   ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht      Level free crossing under a through road                                 ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht     Direct bicycle link into the downtown area                                ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht           Bicycle street with mixed traffic                                   ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht     Bicycle path instead of planned trunk road                                ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht     One way street is bi-directional for bicycles                             ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht          Trunk road with bicycle facilities                                   ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht          Approaching the down town area                                       ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht        One way residential shopping street                                    ...
Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht    The down town area = destination achieved                                  ...
Thank you for your attention!                     Ronald Tamse, The City of Utrecht (NL), 2011/09/27                      ...
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Presentatie balanced system, 2011 10 20, university of oregon (long version)

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About improving and integrating bicycle facilities and the road safety program for younger children in the City of Utrecht, The Netherlands.

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Presentatie balanced system, 2011 10 20, university of oregon (long version)

  1. 1. CREATING A BALANCED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM (The City of Utrecht, NL, 2011/09/27)8-5-2006 1
  2. 2. The ultimate European lesson? “I think we need to make people aware that our traffic concepts of today are not sustainable and will be of no use for the future of our society and our planet.” Dr. Wolfgang Schuster (Mayor of Stuttgart, Germany) 2
  3. 3. Contents• The Netherlands and The City of Utrecht• Why we better go cycling• Improving bicycle facilities• Integrating the bicycle• Cycling and road safety• The Utrecht Road Safety Label (UVL)• Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht 3
  4. 4. The Netherlands (as it was) Water management . Architecture . Transport . Orange . 4
  5. 5. The Netherlands (as it is) Water management . Architecture . Transport . Orange . 5
  6. 6. Some demographic facts United States Oregon Eugene The Netherlands Utrecht Founded 1776 1859 1846 1579 50 AD Inhabitants (city) 308.7 mln 3.6 mln 156,185 16.7 mln 313,000 (region) 352,000 640,000 Area (sq mi) 3,717,796 98,466 41 16,034 (1) 38.2 Inhabitants (/sq mi) 8.3 36.5 3852.6 1039.6 8179.9 (1) 0,16x State of Oregon 6
  7. 7. The City of UtrechtFacts• Fourth largest city in the Netherlands.• Over 300,000 inhabitants.• Largest University in the Netherlands.• Busiest railway station of the country (more passengers a year then Schiphol Airport).• Still growing economy (despite global recession).Modal split 1885 .• Motor vehicles: 38.5 %• Public transport: 10.8 %• Bicycles: 28.0 %• Pedestrians: 21.2 %• Others: 01.5 % 7
  8. 8. Cycling in the City of UtrechtFacts• 36% of all trips < 7.5 km are done by bicycle.• 91,000 cyclists pass the inner city on working days.• 22,000 bicycle stands around the main railway station and in city centre.• 8 secured bicycle parking’s around the main railway station. 8
  9. 9. WHY WE BETTER GO CYCLING 9
  10. 10. Reason 1: Traffic congestion 122,000 Imbalance between Numbers show incoming & outgoing traffic. 61,700 incoming traffic during morning rush hours. 58,500 10
  11. 11. Reason 2: Air and noise pollution 11
  12. 12. Reason 3: Obesity 12
  13. 13. So … let’s cycle 13
  14. 14. So … let’s transport 14
  15. 15. So … let’s feel young  15
  16. 16. Improving bicycle facilities 16
  17. 17. Bicycle ProgramMaking an extra investment of€ 67 mln. ($90 mln.) by:A. Upgrading five busiest routes.B. Building missing links.C. Creating more & better parking.D. Introducing public bicycle program.E. Increasing promotion of the bicycle. 17
  18. 18. A. Upgrading five busiest routes 18
  19. 19. B. Building missing links New tunnel in a regional bicycle route . 19
  20. 20. C. Creating more & better parking 20
  21. 21. D. Introducing public bicycle program (OV Fiets)Facts• A public bicycle system for transport hubs like railway stations, light rail stops, bus terminals, Park & Ride, etc.• Over 200 rental locations.• Over 60 self-service bicycle dispensers.• More than 850,000 trips in 2010. 21
  22. 22. E. Promotion of the bicycle en First stage of Giro d’Italia 2010 . 22
  23. 23. Integrating the bicycle 23
  24. 24. Utrecht Centraal: Busiest railway station in the countryFacts• Major transport hub in the heart of The Netherlands.• 160,000 daily train and 100,000 bus & light rail passengers on weekdays.• 9 guarded bicycle parkings (total capacity 10.000 bicycles).• Over 7.000 unguarded bicycle parking places. 24
  25. 25. Bicycle parking at Utrecht Centraal Guarded parking (paid) . Guarded parking (paid) . Guarded parking (non-paid) . Street parking . 25
  26. 26. Bicycle parking at other stops of public transport Commuter rail (region) . Light rail . City bus . Regional bus . 26
  27. 27. Bicycle parking at other locations Offices . Schools . Shops . Theatres . 27
  28. 28. Other aspects of integration National website OV9292 . The OV chip card . Taking bicycles into trains . Temporary road signing . 28
  29. 29. A map of integration (The Hague HS station) 0 100 m 29
  30. 30. CYCLING AND ROAD SAFETY My personal believe: “There is a DIRECT relation between the increase in numbers of cyclists and road safety.” 30
  31. 31. Cycling is safe … isn’t it? 31
  32. 32. Ventriloquist Jeff Dunham (USA)When visiting Amsterdam ...• He saw the Dutch cycling on busy roads and was amazed they didn’t fled towards the public footpaths.• In the USA cyclists ride on the public footpaths, when there is a lot of car traffic.• Suddenly he noticed a mother becoming very angry at her own child, because the child was cycling really close to the cars.• Jeff was happy he wasn’t that ‘crazy’!• Then he realised that he heard the mother shouting: “Honey ... that could be more close!” 32
  33. 33. Personal presumption and expectations ”I see, I see what you also see! ... I hope!” . 33
  34. 34. How to increase the number of cyclistsSome suggestions (of mine)• Start investing in the younger children.• Focus for the future.• Learn children to behave in the right way, when participating in traffic.• Make children walk and cycle, because ...• They will be the car drivers of the next generation! My believe: “Then your future car drivers might become cyclists too!” 34
  35. 35. Young children and trafficFacts• They can’t locate the sound of an approaching car like we do.• The front of a car looks like a smiling face.• Because of their height, we can’t see them (play) between parked cars.• When becoming 8-10 years old, we protect them by putting them in the back seats of our ‘safe’ cars. This is weird, because around this age they finally become able to experience traffic like we do! 35
  36. 36. Primary schools in the City of UtrechtFacts• Primary schools in NL  children’s age is from 4 until 11 years.• Most of the children walk or go by bike to school.• Most of the children travel to school by themselves from the age of 9.• 24,000 pupils on over 80 primary schools (103 locations) in the City of Utrecht ...• ... means 103 different solutions to realise more (road) safety for children  In the old city most parents This school asks children who and children walk or go by bike live nearby the school to leave to their school. their bike at home !!! 36
  37. 37. The Utrecht Road Safety Label (UVL)What is the Utrecht Road Safety Label?• It is a quality mark for primary schools (4-11 years old) that structurally put effort into the road safety around the school and into traffic education.• In exchange the school gets money and support for traffic lessons and small infrastructure improvements in the direct surrounding of the school.• Target: 80% of the primary schools working to receive the label in 2011.A combination of three actions1) Create safe and recognizable school zones and routes.2) Influence on traffic behavior of the parents.3) Traffic education for the pupils. 37
  38. 38. 1. Finding a payable solution for a school zone       38
  39. 39. Possible solutions from across Europe Brussels (B). Amersfoort (NL). Gijon (E). St. John (GB). Copenhagen (DK). Coquelles (F). Guines (F). Vielsalm (B). Almada (P). IJsselstein (NL 39
  40. 40. Create safe and recognizable school zones 40
  41. 41. Also create safe routes to and from the schools 41
  42. 42. Some of those new school zones 42
  43. 43. 2. Parents often show the wrong behaviour  ? 43
  44. 44. Influencing the behaviour of parentsWhat to do• Taking anti-parking measures near the schools.• Only create parking space for cars further away from the school.• Inform parents by news letters and special information sessions.• Submit questionnaires to parents and children. 44
  45. 45. 3. Traffic education for the children 45
  46. 46. Traffic garden for educational purpose 46
  47. 47. Even a school zone in the traffic garden 47
  48. 48. Dutch road types 48
  49. 49. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht 49
  50. 50. On a typical RAINY day in The Netherlands  So I waited for two days and start over again ... 50
  51. 51. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Rural road between Houten and Utrecht 51
  52. 52. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Bicycle path between Houten and Utrecht 52
  53. 53. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Across a bicycle bridge entering the city 53
  54. 54. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Entering a housing area through a park zone 54
  55. 55. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Residential street on backside of houses 55
  56. 56. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Crossing a through road 56
  57. 57. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Bicycle path as a short cut between two roads 57
  58. 58. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Entering a residential street 58
  59. 59. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Another short cut (passing a school zone) 59
  60. 60. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Approaching a ‘woon erf’ 60
  61. 61. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Third short cut within half a mile 61
  62. 62. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Bicycle route using a dead end parking lot 62
  63. 63. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Using a standard residential street 63
  64. 64. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Level free crossing under a through road 64
  65. 65. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Direct bicycle link into the downtown area 65
  66. 66. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Bicycle street with mixed traffic 66
  67. 67. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Bicycle path instead of planned trunk road 67
  68. 68. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht One way street is bi-directional for bicycles 68
  69. 69. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Trunk road with bicycle facilities 69
  70. 70. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht Approaching the down town area 70
  71. 71. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht One way residential shopping street 71
  72. 72. Cycling an average bicycle route in Utrecht The down town area = destination achieved 72
  73. 73. Thank you for your attention! Ronald Tamse, The City of Utrecht (NL), 2011/09/27 73

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