Research on Open Accessmonographs – a short review      DFG-Workshop „Open Access für wissenschaftliche Monografien“ - 9/5...
Contents• Research based on books by Amsterdam  University Press  – The profits of free books  – OA in developed and devel...
Books by Amsterdam University Press (1/2)“The profits of free books: an experiment to measure theimpact of open access pub...
Books by Amsterdam University Press (2/2)Open Access in developed and developing countries(article under review)• Quantita...
Research based on OAPEN:                  User needs report“Digital Monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences: Repo...
Research based on OAPEN:                OAPEN-NL pilotOAPEN-NL pilotwww.oapen.nl•   Evaluate OA publication model; publish...
OAPEN-NL calculation                                                                                    OA - Peer review  ...
Research based on OAPEN:              OAPEN-UK pilot (1/2)OAPEN-UK pilothttp://oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org/• Qualitative and q...
Research based on OAPEN:                   OAPEN-UK pilot (2/2)OAPEN-UK pilothttp://oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org/First year res...
Research based on OAPEN:  scholarly and scientific impact (1/3)• Measuring usage by several stakeholders• Quantitative; 20...
Research based on OAPEN:scholarly and scientific impact (2/3)                                      Downloads OAPEN Library...
Research based on OAPEN:   scholarly and scientific impact (3/3)• Test of method: used data is just a fraction of all down...
Thank you!More on OAPEN:• www.oapen.org• www.oapen.nl• www.oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org• Twitter:@OapenbooksDirectory of Open A...
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Research on open access monographs – a short review

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Research on open access monographs – a short review

  1. 1. Research on Open Accessmonographs – a short review DFG-Workshop „Open Access für wissenschaftliche Monografien“ - 9/5/2012 Ronald Snijder
  2. 2. Contents• Research based on books by Amsterdam University Press – The profits of free books – OA in developed and developing countries• Research based on OAPEN: – User needs report – OAPEN-NL pilot – OAPEN-UK pilot – Scholarly and scientific impact
  3. 3. Books by Amsterdam University Press (1/2)“The profits of free books: an experiment to measure theimpact of open access publishing ”http://dx.doi.org/10.1087/20100403• Quantitative research; 2010• 400 books – 300 in OA; 100 control titles• Equal data sets: subject; language; print run etc.• Main conclusions: – OA enhances discovery and usage – expected – OA has no influence on sales – unexpected
  4. 4. Books by Amsterdam University Press (2/2)Open Access in developed and developing countries(article under review)• Quantitative research; 2012• Based on same data set: English language books• 180 books – 137 in OA; 43 control titles• Conclusions: – Developing countries profit more from OA: percentage of discovery and usage is significant higher
  5. 5. Research based on OAPEN: User needs report“Digital Monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences: Report onUser Needs”http://bit.ly/J300K6• Qualitative research; 2010• Interviews with 40 experts; two round table discussions; survey on 250 scholars• Main conclusions: – Most important to stakeholders: • Accessibility and dissemination • Quality – Economic viability of monograph publishing is threatened
  6. 6. Research based on OAPEN: OAPEN-NL pilotOAPEN-NL pilotwww.oapen.nl• Evaluate OA publication model; publishing 50 OA monographs• Qualitative and quantitative; 2010-2013• Stakeholder surveys: authors; publishers• Analysis of calculations: costs of OA monographs• Research on discovery; usage; sales: – 94 books – 49 in OA; 45 control titles• Conclusions (based on interim report): – Publishers: OA calculation is probably correct; doubts on financial sustainability – Authors: optimistic about scholarly impact of OA
  7. 7. OAPEN-NL calculation OA - Peer review Print - Marketing OA - Platform € 279 Print - Direct costs € 508 2% € 104 € 782 3% OA - Marketing 1% Print - € 288 5% OA - Editing Royalties € 2,121 2% € 1,060 13% 7% Print - Overhead € 851 5% Distribution OA - Type setting € 1,567 € 1,774 10% 11% OA - Overhead Print costs € 1,348 € 2,882 8% 18% OA - Direct costs € 1,780Print costs: € 8.136 (51%) 11%OA costs: € 7.815 (49%) Cover OA - Royalties € 487 € 119 3% 1%
  8. 8. Research based on OAPEN: OAPEN-UK pilot (1/2)OAPEN-UK pilothttp://oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org/• Qualitative and quantitative; 2010-2015• Stakeholders: publishers; research councils; authors; researchers and institutions• Research on discovery; usage; sales: – 58 books – 29 in OA; 29 control titles• First year results on next slide
  9. 9. Research based on OAPEN: OAPEN-UK pilot (2/2)OAPEN-UK pilothttp://oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org/First year results, key issues for each stakeholder:• Institutions: long-term availability of content; metadata and discovery; functionality; financial issues• Publishers: business models; brand and platforms; users’ needs; consistency; standards & costs• Academics: what matters to academics; formats and rights; drivers for change; barriers to change• HSS funders: future of monographs; funding and business models; transitions and drivers / barriers; quality; benefits of an OA model• Learned societies: business models and income streams; quality; international issues; rights• e-book aggregators: should aggregators get involved; opportunities; barriers; quality assurance• Research managers: who pays?; change in academic cultures; research funding
  10. 10. Research based on OAPEN: scholarly and scientific impact (1/3)• Measuring usage by several stakeholders• Quantitative; 2011-2012• Large amount of data: – 859 monographs – 25,000 downloads – 1,500 providers
  11. 11. Research based on OAPEN:scholarly and scientific impact (2/3) Downloads OAPEN Library - 2011 Academic (National) 4.71%General public (International) Academic (International) 31.79% 23.11% Non-profit (National) 0.19% Non-profit (International) 0.72% Government (National) 0.30% Government (International) Business (National) 1.95% 0.20% Business (International) 0.98% Uncertain (International) General public (National) 8.83% Uncertain 26.61% (National) 0.61%
  12. 12. Research based on OAPEN: scholarly and scientific impact (3/3)• Test of method: used data is just a fraction of all downloads!• The last 12 months: – Almost 192,000 unique visitors – More than 301,000 books downloaded
  13. 13. Thank you!More on OAPEN:• www.oapen.org• www.oapen.nl• www.oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org• Twitter:@OapenbooksDirectory of Open Access Books:• www.doabooks.org• Twitter: @DoabooksContact me:• r.snijder@aup.nl• Twitter: @Ronaldsnijder
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